Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow

Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT)

 Background

The Washington-DC-based Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) is a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization founded in 1985 by David Rothbard and Craig Rucker to pursue a free-market approach to environmental issues.  CFACT describes their mission as “relentlessly infusing the environmental debate with a balanced perspective on environmental stewardship.” [1]

According to their website, “Its co-founders, David Rothbard and Craig Rucker, believed very strongly that the power of the market combined with the applications of safe technologies could offer humanity practical solutions to many of the world’s pressing concerns.” [1]

In 1989, Craig Rucker and David Rothbard approached the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA) requesting “corporate involvement and support.” According to CMA's documents, CFACT was established to “fight the Public Interest Research Groups (PIRG) and Ralph Nader-type organizations.” [42]

SourceWatch also describes CFACT as the conservative answer to U.S. Public Interest Research Groups such as NYPIRG, ConnPIRG, and other progressive organizations lobbying for environmental issues. [23]

The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow was highlighted in a paper by Yale University's Dr. Justin Farrell. Farrell’s paper, “Corporate funding and ideological polarization about climate change,” was published in the Proceedings of the Naitonal Academy of Sciences in 2015. It includes a list of 164 organizations who are part of the “climate counter-movement,” as well as which of these groups have received funding from ExxonMobil or the Koch brothers (CFACT has received funding from both). [37], [38]

Note that while ExxonMobil has donated over $580,000 to CFACT over the years, the oil company reports that it no longer funds the organization[6], [46]

 ClimateDepot

In 2009, CFACT hired Marc Morano, a former spokesman for Sen. James Inhofe, to run ClimateDepot.com which describes itself as ”a special project of the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT).” According to Morano, the site was designed to offer research and environmental news that questions the theory of man-made global warming.  Launched in the spring of 2009, Climate Depot claimed it would be “the Senate EPW website on steroids,” and “the most comprehensive information center on climate news and the related issues of environment and energy.”[24]

In the press release, Morano denounced reporters who held the view of mainstream climate scientists, while promoting the “700 list” of Senator James Inhofe: [24]

“Sadly, many of today’s mainstream climate reporters would be better suited writing newsletters for Al Gore than attempting to inform the public about the latest climate science developments,” Morano said. 
 
“Senator Inhofe has courageously stood alone to face the onslaught of Gore, the UN, and media-driven climate fears. As one of the more than 700 international dissenting scientists noted recently, Senator Inhofe will be recognized as nothing short of Churchillian in his efforts to combat unfounded man-made global warming fears,” Morano added.
Inhofe's report is not a scientific study, but rather a Minority Report from Inhofe's staff. As reported at the Huffington Post, the Center for Inquiry (CFI) Office of Public Policy undertook an assessment of the 687 people listed as “dissenting scientists” in the January 2009 version of the 'Inhofe list' and concluded the following: [25]
  • Slightly fewer than 10 percent could be identified as climate scientists.
  • Approximately 15 percent published in the recognizable refereed literature on subjects related to climate science.
  • Approximately 80 percent clearly had no refereed publication record on climate science at all.
  • Approximately 4 percent appeared to favor the current IPCC-2007 consensus and should not have been on the list.

Independent web traffic analysis site Compete.com reports that Climate Depot had over 250,000 visitors in January of 2015. [33]

 EnergyDepot

CFACT launched the Energy Depot (www.EnergyDepot.US) project in April of 2014. According to CFACT, Energy Depot was launched in response to “President Obama’s unrelenting war on U.S. energy production”:  [26]

“Unlike the past, we can go right around the President and the old-guard 'mainstream' media and share the facts directly with the American people,” the CFACT announcement reports. “Freedom needs energy – Not hapless wind turbines and solar panels, but proven, reliable, affordable energy.” 

Collegians for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT Campus)

According to their website, Collegians For A Constructive Tomorrow is a “student run environmental group led by National Director Bill Gilles, Collegians For A Constructive Tomorrow offers college students an opportunity to acquire knowledge, gain experience and get involved in making a difference on important environmental policy matters both on and off campus.” [27]

Collegians For a Constructive Tomorrow attempts to spread a “free-market based approach to environmentalism” that includes talking at university campuses to denounce wind power, and to counteract ”The indoctrination of global warming alarmism at even our nation’s most prestigious universities” with programs like their “Keep Calm Climate Changes” campaign. [28], [29]

Stance on Climate Change

2016

“Earth’s climate changes frequently, sometimes beneficially, sometimes disastrously (as during repeated glacial periods and the Little Ice Age of 1350-1850), as a result of shifting and interacting solar, cosmic,  oceanic, atmospheric and other forces that we are only beginning to understand. While some continue to insist that human “greenhouse gas” emissions are causing potentially catastrophic changes in climate and weather, growing numbers of scientists say nature, not man, rules the climate and causes changes of varying extent and significance every few decades, centuries and millennia.
 
Humans, plants and wildlife have survived and even prospered during past climate changes – and will continue to do so. Indeed, our technology and wealth will make people and civilizations much better able to prepare for and adapt to most climate changes, although another Pleistocene-scale ice age would devastate northern cities, decimate agricultural production, and drive human and species migrations.
 
Computer models are helpful for improving our understanding of how weather and climate systems work and change over time. However, because they are based on poor data and false, questionable or simplistic premises, they are useless in forecasting future climate and weather. Moreover, actual temperature and weather data demonstrate that alarmist warnings of dangerous global warming are not supported by reality. Regulating carbon dioxide may be profitable for certain industries and governments, but will impose enormous costs on society – while having no effect on our weather and climate.
 
Today, the real danger is laws and policies implemented in a misplaced belief that humans can control or prevent climate change. These policies raise energy costs, kill jobs, impose especially heavy burdens on poor families, and make it hard for still impoverished nations to develop, provide affordable energy, create jobs, and improve lives and living standards. Moreover, even drastic reductions in U.S. carbon dioxide emissions will mean nothing globally, because China, India and other developing nations are now emitting far more CO2 than the United States could eliminate even by shutting down its economy.” [2]
2011

CFACT has listed Carbon Dioxide as a “benefit” in the past:

“Many climatologists and astrophysicists believe recent sun spot, Pacific Ocean and global temperature trends suggest that our planet may have entered a cool phase that could last for 25 years. If that is the case, the additional carbon dioxide being emitted by China, India and other developing countries could bring a major additional benefit: helping to protect wildlife habitats, enhance oceanic biota and preserve crop yields under sub-optimal climatic conditions.” [3]

Cooler Heads Coalition (CHC)

CFACT is also a member of the Cooler Heads Coalition, which describes its aim as “dispelling the myths of global warming through sound science and analysis.” [4]

Funding

As of 2016, the Conservative Transparency project breaks down broke CFACT's funding as follows.

View the attached spreadsheet for additional details on the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow's funding by year (.xlsx). Note that not all individual values have been verified by DeSmogBlog for accuracy. [5]
  

Donor Contributions
DonorsTrust $7,839,387
The Carthage Foundation $1,405,000
Sarah Scaife Foundation $935,000
Exxon Mobil $467,000
Donors Capital Fund $345,000
Dunn's Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking $107,000
Armstrong Foundation $20,000
The Robertson-Finley Foundation $18,000
Chase Foundation of Virginia $17,000
The Challenge Foundation $10,000
Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation $5,376
Same Line Foundation $1,000
Grand Total $11,169,763

Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund

As reported above, CFACT received a total of $345,000 from Donors Capital Fund (DCFbetween 2005 and 2010, and a total of $7,839,387 from DonorsTrust (DT) between 2008 and 2012. Both DonorsTrust and DCF distribute millions of dollars to conservative and free enterprise groups while concealing the identity of the original donors. 

DeSmogBlog reports DT and DCF have distributed over $170 million over the years to fund groups blocking climate change action, while $479 million of the group's income can be described as “dark money” that is coming from individuals our groups who have not declared their donations.

ExxonMobil Funding

According to the latest report from ExxonSecrets, CFACT has received $582,000 from ExxonMobil since 1998. [6]

Key People

CFACT Staff (2011 vs 2016)  [7][34]

Name 2011 2016 Description
Bill Gilles Y   Director, Collegians For A Constructive Tomorrow.
Christina Wilson Norman   Y Development Officer.
Craig Rucker Y Y Executive Director, Co-Founder.
David Rothbard Y Y President, Co-Founder.
Duggan Flanakin Y Y Director of Policy Research.
Holger J. Thuss Y   Director, CFACT Europe.
Marc Morano   Y Director of Communications
Paul Driessen Y Y Senior Policy Advisor.
Ryan Nichols Y   Director of Development.

CFACT Board of Advisors (2011 vs 2016) [8][9]

Name 2011 2016 Description
A. Alan Moghissi Y Y Institute for Regulatory Science
Alex Avery   Y Hudson Institute
Ben Bolch Y Y  
Bernard Cohen Y    
Bruce Ames Y    
Bryan Leyland   Y International Climate Science Coalition
Craig T. Idso   Y Center for the Study of CO2 and Global Change
Cyril Boynes, Jr.   Y Congress of Racial Equality (Uganda)
David Evans   Y Science Speaks (Australia)
David Maillie Y    
Dennis T. Avery   Y Hudson Institute
Donald Waite Y Y  
E. Calvin Beisner Y Y Cornwall Alliance for Environmental Stewardship
Elizabeth Whelan Y    
Frederick Seitz Y    
Gerald R. Kleinfeld Y    
Gerd-Rainer Weber Y Y  
Gilbert Brown Y    
H. Sterling Burnett Y Y Heartland Institute
Hardy Bouillon Y Y  
Harry Priem Y Y  
Howard Hayden Y Y  
Hugh Ellsaesser Y Y  
Indur Goklany Y    
Jacqueline Kasun Y    
James Bovard Y Y  
James H. Steele Y    
James M. Beers Y Y  
Jay Richards Y Y Discovery Institute
Jefferson Edgens   Y  
Jo Kwong Y Y Philanthropy Roundtable
John Meredith Y Y Meredith Advocacy Group; Agenda 21
Joseph D. DeLuca Y Y  
Kate Xiao Zhou Y Y  
Kelvin Kemm Y Y Nuclear Africa
Leon Louw Y Y Free Market Foundation of South Africa
Lord Christopher Monckton   Y International Climate Science Coalition
Manfred Kroger Y    
Michael Fumento Y    
Michael Sanera Y Y John Locke Foundation
Nick Nichols Y Y CounterPoint Strategies, Inc.
Patrick J. Michaels Y Y Cato Institute
Pauline Mwinzi Y Y  
Peter Holle Y Y Frontier Centre for Public Policy (Canada)
Richard S. Courtney Y Y  
Robert A. Sirico Y Y Acton Institute
Robert C. Balling Jr. Y Y  
Robert M. Carter   Y  
Robert Novak Y Y  
Roger Bate Y Y  
Roger Helmer   Y Africa Fighting Malaria
Roger Meiners Y Y  
Ruthann Swanson Y    
Sallie Baliunas Y Y  
Sherwood B. Idso Y Y  
Shmuel (Sam) Vaknin Y Y Center for the Study of CO2 and Global Change
Steven F. Hayward Y Y  
Syrulwa Somah Y Y  
Terrence Flower   Y  
Thomas DiLorenzo Y Y Lihede, Inc.
Tung-Ching Lee Y Y  
Vincent Gray   Y  
Wendell Cox   Y  
William Gray   Y New Zealand Climate Science Coalition
William H. Lash III Y    
Willie Soon   Y  

 Actions

December 13, 2015

Writing as a guest blogger on Watts Up With That, CFACT's executive director Craig Rucker denounced the latest UN climate change agreement: [39]

“This agreement will not meaningfully alter the temperature of the Earth, even under the U.N.’s own computer models.

“The bad news is that it plants the seeds of a new UN climate regime that left unchecked will swell into a bureaucratic behemoth.”

December, 2015

CFACT, the Heartland Institute, and the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) hosted a press conference in Paris titled “A Day of Examining the Data” set to coincide with the UN Paris climate conference. [43]

The event, which reportedly “brought climatologists to talk about the state of climate science and economists to talk about the importance of free market energy policy” was met with protestors. [43]

“The overall theme of Heartland’s conference was this: Global warming policies are a costly non-solution to a non-problem. The agreement reached in Paris will only serve to implement more of those policies,” one of the event's speakers writes in The Daily Signal.  [43]

July, 2014 — December, 2015

The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) produced a documentary hosted by Marc Morano, head of communications at CFACT, titled “Climate Hustle: The Global Warming Shakedown.” [13]

Climate Hustle's  “red carpet premiere” (as Morano described it) coincided with the second week of United Nations climate talks talking place in Paris (COP21). DeSmog Canada reported that the the documentary should be seen as “propaganda” and that Morano was “digging around in the trash to look for old news.” [32]

DeSmog journalists, who had RSVP'd to view the opening of the film, were denied entrance at the screening in Paris where Marc Morano and Craig Rucker claimed the event was sold out. DeSMog was later told by attendees that the theatre was only 70 percent full. [36]

In an interview with Ezra Levant, Morano has said that he won't be interviewing mainstream climate scientists for the film:

“I am not interviewing a lot of the main climate sceptical scientists because I feel like they have been interviewed by many other people and their stories have been told. I am trying to find another layer of scientist whose stories have not been out there yet. You will see a lot of new names in this.” [32]

Publicity material listed the following “key scientists” (PDF)  as appearing in the film: [32][35]

The documentary reported to “cool down the global warming hype.” CFACT started with the goal to raise $250,000 in donations to cover the production, marketing, and distribution of the film to get it into as many theaters and large cities as possible.

Trailer below:

According to the film's website, the project received donations from 1,490 backers and reached a total of $251,514 in funding towards production and distribution.

DeSmog notes that Climate Hustle shares a number of experts with a video by the Cornwall Alliance titled “Where the Grass is Greener” including statistician William Briggs,  Tom Harris, Australian “sceptic” Bob Carter, Lord Christopher Monckton and blogger Anthony Watts. [47]

August, 2015

CFACT's Collegians for a Constructive Tomorrow, have been making appearances on university campuses to “challenge the liberal orthodoxy all too rampant on America’s colleges and universities” with regards to climate change. On August 20, representatives met at the University of Alabama, Birmingham, to share a graph showing “there has been no meaningful change in global temperatures for most of those students’ lives.” Video below. [30]

This is part of CFACT's “Keep Calm Climate Changes” campaign, which aims to educate students on the issue of global warming and the importance of energy freedom. [29]

CFACT describes their “Keep Calm Climate Changes Campaign” as follows: [31]

“The primary focus of the Keep Calm Climate Changes campaign is educating students about the facts behind the current climate change debate. This campaign seeks to show students the real facts about climate change, and empower them to bring the discussion to their campus. Issues like the Medieval warm period, different possible causes of climate change (such as solar activity, or even the nature of our climate), studies indicating the last interglacial period was warmer than today, and the failure of recent dire predictions about the climate all show the debate on climate change is not nearly as settled as many global warming proponents would have us believe. Almost no research has been done to determine if climate change is a natural phenomenon, and recent studies indicate there has been no global warming in the last 19 years. Some scientists are even saying we are nearing the beginning of a new period of global cooling. This collegiate grassroots campaign is meant to increase awareness about climate change issues, and give college students the facts they need to intelligently debate man made global warming advocates.”

June, 2015

A fundraising letter was penned on behalf of The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow that seeks $425,000 (requested by S. Fred Singer) in order to work against the United Nations deal on global warming, which Singer calls the “radical, economy-wrecking and sovereignty-destroying UN climate pact.”

A leaked copy of the letter, sent to CFACT supporters, was obtained by The Guardian. “This is a very dangerous treaty and it is something that we think should not be supported by the international community,” said Craig Rucker, the executive director of CFACT. “We want to make sure it doesn’t happen.” [10]

The letter describes 2015 as a “make or break year” for climate, and says the $425,000 would be used to send a group of “climate truth tellers” to the talks in Paris. Additional funds would go to a spoiler film by Marc Morano

June 11 - 12, 2015

CFACT is listed as a co-sponsor of the Heartland Institute's Tenth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC10) held in Washington, DC. [11]

Other co-sponsors of the event included the following organizations:

April 28, 2015

The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) sent representatives to the conference on climate change at the Vatican.

According to the Heartland Institute“Unfortunately, they [Heartland and CFACT representatives] were not allowed to speak at the conference; but they created sensational news across the world by well attended press conferences.” [12]

July 7 - 9, 2014

CFACT's Executive Director Craig Rucker was a moderator at the Heartland Institute's Ninth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC9) in Las Vegas, Nevada. 

Rucker was part of Panel Nine's discussion, “Communicating Climate Change: The Blogosphere,” with Marc MoranoTony Heller, and Russell Cook[40][41]

November, 2013

The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) declared in a UN-sanctioned press conference during COP19 talks that the world should be following Australia's lead in repealing laws to price carbon emissions. [14]
 
CFACT's Marc Morano described coal as “the moral choice, particularly for the developing world.”
“The model for the world right now should be Australia,” Morano said. “Australia gets it. Scientifically they get it, politically they get it and particularly when it comes to the United Nations, they get it. They are pulling out of this, they are repealing their carbon tax and Canada seems to be intrigued by what Australia is doing.”
 
“Australia gets it - they have realised what the United Nations is doing here today. Viva Australia - let's hope the world follows Australia's model,” said Morano.
81-year-old former Apollo astronaut Walter Cunningham also spoke at the CFACT conference, admitting he was no climate scientist.  
“Sceptics like us are challenged to disprove their hypothesis,” Cunningham said. “Scientists are best qualified to deal with the scientific questions but we all have to deal with the financial consequences of any actions taken on bad science.”
“In the 1980s a small group of individuals became concerned about the Earth's temperature and what it might do in the future. I hesitate to call them scientists because they have abandoned their scientific principals by which their guess about temperature increases and the cause could achieve scientific acceptance or rejection.”
He criticised some climate scientists for being “alarmists”, but then described measures to cut greenhouse gas emissions as a “fight to avoid the economic destruction of our society.” He said scientists had “dreamed up” the hypothesis of human caused climate change and had convinced  “most of the media” that the science was solid.
 
See video of the Q&A portion of the press conference below:

May 21 - 23, 2012

CFACT was an official Co-sponsor of the Heartland Institute's Seventh International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC7). [15]

December, 2011

CFACT generated media attention at the COP17 Conference in Durban when they parachuted onto a Durban beach waving “Climategate 2.0” banners. Accompanying them was prominent climate change skeptic Lord Christopher Monckton.

Later in the day, CFACT arranged a press conference with Senator Inhofe where they released Climate Depot's new “A-Z Climate Reality Check” special report. [16]

December, 2009

CFACT hosted an event called The Copenhagen Climate Challenge at the same time as the COP15 conference in Copenhagen.

Craig Rucker, Executive Director of CFACT, spoke to the press:

“We think there is no consensus on climate change and there should not be a treaty from Copenhagen based on a lack of consensus.” [17]

Ian Plimer was reported to be “a star attraction of the two-day event” which also featured Fred Singer, Nils Axel Morner, and other climate change skeptics. [18]

December, 2007

The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow sent a set of delegates to the thirteenth United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), including a number of prominent climate change skeptics including the following: [19]

August 2, 2002

The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow was one of a group of right-wing think tanks including Americans for Tax Reform, the American Enterprise Institute, and the Competitive Enterprise Institute who lobbied for President Bush to boycott the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg. Bush did not attend. [20]

June 7, 2002

CFACT President David Rothbard signed a letter to President Bush that asked him to withdraw the “Climate Action Report 2002.”

The letter summarized that Bush should direct that the report “be re-written on the basis of sound science and without relying on discredited products of the previous administration.”

The report adds that Bush should “dismiss or re-assign all administration employees who are not pursuing your agenda, just as you have done in several similar instances.” [21]

September 27, 2000

CFACT and the National Center for Public Policy Research awarded Congressman Helen Chenoweth- Hage (R-ID) the new “Friend of American Freedom Award” which recognized her for her “distinguished record of defending the United States against environmental treaties, United Nations (U.N.) programs and other globalist policies that pose a threat to the nation's sovereignty.” [22]

1999

CFACT President David Rothbard has been described as the “Driving Force” behind the Cornwall Declaration, a document produced by the Interfaith Stewardship Alliance (ISA) which was later rebranded the Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation. [44]

ThinkProgress offers the following description of ISA/the Cornwall Alliance and CFACT's connection: [45]

“[A] group called the 'Interfaith Stewardship Alliance' (ISA) was launched to oppose action on carbon emissions and to deny the existence of climate chance. One of the men guiding this group was Paul Driessen, a consultant for ExxonMobil, the mining industry, and for CFACT.
 
For 'stream lining' reasons, ISA relaunched as the Cornwall Alliance in 2006. With the new name came a redesigned website, highly produced web videos, and an organized network of churches to distribute climate change denying propaganda to hundreds of pastors around the country. The branding for the Cornwall Alliance is derived from the 'Cornwall Declaration,' a 1999 document pushing back against the creation-care movement in the evangelical community. The Declaration 'stressed a free-market environmental stewardship and emphasized that individuals and private organizations should be trusted to care for their own property without government intervention.'”


March 16, 1989

Craig Rucker and David Rothbard approached the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA) requesting “corporate involvement and support” towards the Committee For a Constructive Tomorrow's efforts, according to CMA document's minutes. The documents describe CFACT's purpose as to “fight the Public Interest Research Groups.” [42]

Related Organizations

 Resources

  1. About,” CFACT. Archived July 15, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6bicN27JK

  2. Climate Change,” CFACT. Archived March 12, 2016.

  3. Carbon and carbon dioxide: Clearing up the confusion,” CFACT News, May 9, 2011.

  4. About GlobalWarming.org. “Archived April 21, 2006.

  5. Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow,” Conservative Transparency. Archived July 15, 2015.

  6. ExxonSecrets Factsheet: CFACT - Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow. Accessed March 12, 2016.

  7. CFACT Staff,” Archived July 15, 2015. 

  8. CFACT Board of Advisors,” CFACT. Archived July 15, 2015.

  9. Who We are…CFACT, archived December 27, 2011. 

  10. Suzanne Goldenberg. “US climate deniers call Paris summit 'a threat' to the world,” The Guardian, June 26, 2015. Archived July 3, 2015.

  11. Sponsors,” ICCC10. Archived July 15, 2015.

  12. James H. Rust. “Pope Francis' Encyclical on Global Warming Fails,” The Heartlander, June 23, 2015. Archived July 15, 2015.

  13. Donald Kendal. “Climate Hustle: The Global Warming Shakedown,” Somewhat Reasonable, November 13, 2014. Archived July 15, 2015.

  14. Graham Readfearn. “Climate Denial Group CFACT Congratulates Australia During Warsaw Talks,” DeSmogBlog, November 19, 2013.

  15. Cosponsors,” 7th International Conference on Climate Change. Archived June 23, 2012.

  16. CFACT makes media waves at COP17 climate talks,” CFACT News, December 8, 2011. Archived July 15, 2015.

  17. Copenhagen climate summit: Behind the scenes at the sceptics' conference,” The Telegraph, December 9, 2009. Archived July 15, 2015.

  18. Lenore Taylor. “Plimer the toast of Copenhagen sceptics meeting,” The Australian, December 10, 2009. Archived with WebCite, July 15, 2015.

  19. List of participants” (PDF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, December 14, 2007. Archived July 15, 2015.

  20. (Press Release) “Africa: Corporate-funded Lobbyists Aimed to Sabotage Johannesburg Summit,” AllAfrica.com (Sub. required), August 19, 2002. Archived July 15, 2015.

  21. Fred L. Smith, Jr. “Joint Letter to President Bush On the EPA's Climate Action Report,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, June 7, 2002. Archived July 15, 2015.

  22. Congressman Helen Chenoweth-Hage Honored With “Friend of American Freedom Award,” Press Release: The National Center fore Public Policy Research, September 28, 2000. Archived July 15, 2015.

  23. Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow,” SourceWatch Profile. Archived September 21, 2015. 

  24. Marc Morano. “Climate Depot Aims To  Redefine Global Warming Reporting,” Climate Depot, April 6, 2009. Archived February 5, 2010. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  25. A. Siegel. “Scientific Inquiry Concludes: Inhofe List 'Not Credible',” Huffington Post, August 26, 2009. Archived September 21, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6bidQH7Hf

  26. CFACT launches Energy Depot — EnergyDepot.US,” CFACT. Archived September 21, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6bieknN5X

  27. CFACT Campus,” CFACT.org. Archived September 22, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6bildva92

  28. Justin Myhra. “CFACT Talks Wind at Iowa State,” cfactcampus.org, September 18, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  29. Adam Houser. “Georgia Tech Enters the Global Warming Fray,” cfactcampus.org, Septembert 1, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  30. Craig Rucker. “Watch students wake up about warming,” CFACT.org, August 20, 2015. Archived September 22, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6binGgHjO

  31. Keep Calm-Climate Changes Campaign,” Cfactcampus.org. Accessed September 21, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  32. Graham Readfearn. “Marc Morano's Climate Hustle Film Set For Paris Premiere With Same Old Denial Myths,” DeSmog Canada, November 12, 2015.

  33. climatedepot.com,” Compete site report. Accessed March 12, 2016.

  34. Board of Advisors,” Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow. Archived November 5, 2011.

  35. “Background on Key Scientists Appearing in Climate Hustle” (PDF), climatehustle.org. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  36. Graham Readfearn. “Scientists Slam Movie Clip from Marc Morano’s Climate Hustle Documentary as 'Patently Stupid' and Misleading,” DeSmog, January 5, 2016.

  37. Graham Readfearn. “Chart Shows Why 'CO2 is Good' For Climate Science Denial Groups Funded By Exxon and Kochs,” DeSmog, January 11, 2016.

  38. Justin Farrell. “Corporate funding and ideological polarization about climate change,” PNAS Vol. 113 no. 1 (January, 2016). View full text (PDF).

  39. Craig Rucker. “Paris #COP21 agreement – Watered down but still dangerous,” Watts Up With That, December 13, 2015. Archived March 14, 2016. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6g0eRE96I

  40. Return of Climate Denial-a-Palooza: Heartland Institute Hitches Anti-Science Wagon to Vegas FreedomFest,” DeSmogBlog, July 7, 2014. Archived July 14, 2014.

  41. 9th International Conference on Climate Change Speakers,” Heartland Institute. Archived July 14, 2014.

  42. Chemical Manufacturers Association Minutes,” Chemical Industry Archives, March 16, 1989. Archived March 14, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. 

  43. Nicolas Loris. “How UN Conferences Have Created a False Climate Narrative,” The Daily Signal, December 18, 2015. Archived March 14, 2016. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6g0gF8wSQ

  44. Conference Speakers,” Freedom21. Archived March 14, 2016. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6g0gwW5To

  45. Lee Fang. “Exclusive: The Oily Operators Behind The Religious Climate Change Denial Front Group, Cornwall Alliance,” ThinkProgress, June 15, 2010. Archived March 14, 2016. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6g0gwW5To

  46. Cindy Baxter. “ExxonMobil, Funder of Climate Change Deniers,” Huffington Post, December 14, 2015. Archived March 14, 2016. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6g0pBnlxB

  47. Graham Readfearn. “The Evangelical Christian Climate Deniers Behind Marc Morano’s Climate Hustle Documentary,” DeSmogBlog, November 19, 2015.

Other Resources