FreedomWorks

FreedomWorks

Background

FreedomWorks was created in 2004 as a merger between Citizens for a Sound Economy (CSE) and Empower America. While CSE was founded by the Koch brothers in 1984 as a powerful think tank promoting deregulation and was originally affiliated with Citizens for a Sound Economy Foundation (CSEF), Koch do not appear active in FreedomWorks itself. Citizens for a Sound Economy Foundation (CSEF) later split off to become Americans for Prosperity. FreedomWorks's 2013 tax forms list Citizens for a Sound Economy as “Dormant,” with FreedomWorks retaining 100% ownership of the organization.  [1]

According to their website, FreedomWorks was founded as Citizens for a Sound Economy in 1984 to “fight for liberty” and since then expanded “from a free-market think tank to a service center for the grassroots freedom movement across the whole country.” [2]

Past FreedomWorks leadership has included former U.S. House Majority Leader Dick Armey who served as chairman, and Matt Kibbe as President. [3]

FreedomWorks is “one of the main political outfits of the conservative movement and an instrumental force within the tea party,” according to a 2012 article in Mother Jones. In 2009, the investigative magazine also rated FreedomWorks as one of their Dirty Dozen of Climate Change Denial.” [4], [5]

FreedomWorks has portrayed itself as a “grassroots” organization that fights for small government and lower taxes. FreedomWorks “recruits, educates, trains and mobilizes millions of volunteer activists to fight for less government, lower taxes, and more freedom.” In addition to the training, rallies, and other events it organizes, FreedomWorks’ website allows people to “take action” on a variety of conservative priorities by signing online petitions and contacting their member of Congress. [6]

In 2009 and 2010, FreedomWorks had a key role in promoting the Tea Party by training activists, leading rallies and promoting candidates. According to IRS filings (PDF), FreedomWorks spent $5.7 million of the $9 million it raised in 2010 on program expenses, with just under $600,000 going to “grassroots mobilization” and the larger portions spent on public affairs including media outreach and advertising, and on “research, education and advocacy on federal and state issues and policies.” [7], [8]

Stance on Climate Change

While FreedomWorks does not have an official statement on climate change, they regularly publish articles on their website questioning the existence of man-made climate change. 

For example, an article in the FreedomWorks blog reads “as the data show, the planet hasn’t warmed since about 1998 and has cooled since 2002.  Sea levels are barely rising…to the tiny extent they are rising, it is much slower than in prior history. Also, 'hurricane intensity is at its lowest since satellite monitoring began' and there is no evidence that droughts have been getting worse.  In fact, in recent years, the planet has been getter greener, not dryer.” [9]

Stephen Kruiswer writes on the FreedomWorks blog: “Much of what has passed for established climate science in the past couple of decades has actually been based on projections and computer models, not on any empirically obtained data. In fact, it's been almost anti-science, with presumptions being treated as fact before being proven.” [10]

The closely-related Citizens for a Sound Economy (CSE) claim that climate scientists are skeptical of global warming. “In the end, it's the opinion of climatologists that matter in the global warming debate, and the polls clearly show that the experts are skeptical,” said CSE President Paul Beckner. This statement contradicts the 97% consensus reported by NASA and 18 scientific associations. [11], [12]

Funding

The below data is compiled from data compiled by the Conservative Transparency Project. Note that not all individual valus have been verified by Desmog.  [13][14], [42]

View the attached spreadsheet for additional information on FreedomWorks, FreedomWorks Foundation, and FreedomWorks for America PAC funding by year (.xlsx)

FreedomWorks for America PAC

Note: In 2011, FreedomWorks set up a PAC titled FreedomWorks for America which shared an office with the existing FreedomWorks 501(c)(4), FreedomWorks Foundation 501(c)(3), and FreedomWorks political action committee.
FreedomWorks is the single largest donor for their PAC, which allows them to flow millions of dollars from undisclosed donors to a group with few electioneering restrictions.  OpenSecrets.org has also compiled expenditures for FreedomWorks for America (PAC, committee ID C00353227). Original reports are available at the Federal Election Committee[15]

FreedomWorks as Recipient

Donor FreedomWorks Foundation FreedomWorks FreedomWorks for America Grand Total
Sarah Scaife Foundation $1,415,000     $1,415,000
DonorsTrust $1,153,423     $1,153,423
FreedomWorks $900,000     $900,000
DeVos Urban Leadership Initiative $755,000 $100,000   $855,000
The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation $690,000 $100,000   $790,000
Dunn's Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking $682,000     $682,000
Donors Capital Fund $572,000     $572,000
Claws Foundation $266,000     $266,000
Crow Holdings     $250,000 $250,000
Searle Freedom Trust $245,000     $245,000
The Vernon K. Krieble Foundation   $193,063   $193,063
Armstrong Foundation $40,000 $115,000   $155,000
American Petroleum Institute   $130,000   $130,000
JM Foundation   $120,000   $120,000
Foster Friess     $100,000 $100,000
Philip M. McKenna Foundation $80,000     $80,000
The Challenge Foundation $80,000     $80,000
The Shelby Cullom Davis Foundation $75,000     $75,000
Diana Davis Spencer Foundation $70,000     $70,000
Stiles-Nicholson Foundation   $70,000   $70,000
Chase Foundation of Virginia   $55,000   $55,000
Newton D. & Rochelle F. Becker Foundation $50,000     $50,000
Newton and Rochelle Becker Charitable Trust $45,000     $45,000
The Rodney Fund $33,000 $5,000   $38,000
National Christian Charitable Foundation $17,150 $8,050   $25,200
Castle Rock Foundation $25,000     $25,000
Reams Foundation $25,000     $25,000
Deramus Foundation $20,000     $20,000
The Randolph Foundation $20,000     $20,000
Lowndes Foundation $10,000     $10,000
MyWireless.org   $10,000   $10,000
The McWethy Foundation   $6,000   $6,000
Robert P. Rotella Foundation   $5,000   $5,000
The Weiler Foundation $5,000     $5,000
The Roe Foundation   $4,000   $4,000
Tepper Family Foundation $500 $2,200   $2,700
Arthur N. Rupe Foundation   $2,000   $2,000
Grand Total $7,274,073 $925,313 $350,000 $8,549,386

FreedomWorks as Donor

Recipient FreedomWorks FreedomWorks Foundation Grand Total
FreedomWorks Foundation $900,000   $900,000
Ground Floor   $128,000 $128,000
Advance America   $70,000 $70,000
Indiana Right to Life $30,000 $20,000 $50,000
United States Justice Foundation   $5,000 $5,000
Grand Total $930,000 $223,000 $1,153,000

Tobacco Industry Funding

According to The Guardian, FreedomWorks has also received money from the tobacco conglomerate Philip Morris. [16]

Other Funding and Expenditures

DeSmogBlog reported that in October 2012, FreedomWorks accepted a $5.7 million donation from a single donor—a Knoxville, Tennessee company that proved difficult to trace. Some of that money went to purchase $1.5 million worth of TV ads attacking Tammy Duckworth, an Iraq war veteran who was running as a Democrat for an Illinois House seat. [17], [18]
 
It was later revealed that FreedomWorks had paid Glenn Beck $1 million and Rush Limbaugh over $400,000 to speak favourably of FreedomWorks on their radio talk shows, ostensibly as a way to help the group raise more money.  [17]

FreedomWorks 990 Forms

 

FreedomWorks Foundation 990 Forms

 

Key People

Board of Directors

As of August, 2015, the following Board Members were listed on the FreedomWorks website: [19]

FreedomWorks Board

  • Robert T.E. Lansing — Chairman, FreedomWorks
  • Mary E. Albaugh — Vice-Chairman, FreedomWorks
  • Adam Brandon — President and CEO, FreedomWorks
  • Ted AbramAmerican Institute for Full Employment
  • Thomas Knudsen — Thomas Publishing Company
  • Frank M. Sands, Sr. — Sands Capital Management
  • Richard J Stephenson — Cancer Treatment Centers of America

FreedomWorks Foundation Board

Board of Directors (2012)

As of October, 2012, FreedomWorks and FreedomWorks Foundation Board Members included the following: [20]

FreedomWorks Board

  • Dick Armey — Chairman.
  • James G. Burnley
  • Matt Kibbe — President and CEO.
  • Thomas Knudsen
  • Richard J. Stephenson
  • Bill Jaeger (Emeritus)

FreedomWorks Foundation Board

  • Dick Armey — Co-Chairman
  • Ted Abram
  • Steve Forbes — Vice-Chairman
  • C. Boyden Gray — Co-Chairman
  • Matt Kibbe
  • Robert T.E. Lansing
  • Frank M. Sands, Sr.

Dick Armey's Departure

In a December, 3, 2012 article in Mother Jones magazine, Dick Armey announced he was departing FreedomWorks, and that as part of the separation Armey had demanded the group stop using his name and likeness on its promotional materials. [21]
 
It was later revealed that Armey was offered an $8 million “consulting” deal ($400,000 a year for the next 20 years) to leave the organization. The donor who supplied the $8 million was Richard J. Stephenson, a FreedomWorks board member and founder of Cancer Treatment Centers of America, who had been an ally of FreedomWorks president – and Armey's rival – tea partier Matt Kibbe, who had quietly been battling Armey for control of FreedomWorks. [22]
 
In a December 13, 2012 article in Nonprofit Quarterly, Armey initially maintained that he left FreedomWorks because he disliked the increasing lack of transparency involved in the donations the group was taking in from businesses. [23]
 
In a tell-all interview with Media Matters after he split with FreedomWorks, Armey told how he had become increasingly alienated from the group. According to Armey, FreedomWorks president Matt Kibbe had conducted activities behind Armey's back and had started withholding key information from him about the group and its operations, including information about the payments made to Beck and Limbaugh for promoting FreedomWorks on the radio. [24]

Freedomworks Contact & Location

FreedomWorks Inc.FreedomWorks Foundation, and Citizens for a Sound Economy are all located at the same address, according to publicly-available tax records: [25], [26]

400 North Capitol Street, NW
Suite 765
Washington, DC 20001

Actions

October 8, 2015

FreedomWorks supported bill H.R. 702, introduced by Rep. Joe Barton (R-TX) which included lifting the ban on exporting American crude oil. 

“Please contact your representative and ask that they support lifting the ban on crude oil exports, while demanding that the cost savings not be passed on to special interest lobbies and Big Labor,” FreedomWorks CEO Adam Brandon wrote. [39] 
September 11, 2015
 
Freedomworks CEO, Adam Brandon, encouraged people to urge their local representative to “support and co-sponsor H.Res. 417 to bring Gina McCarthy to task for violating the trust of the American people.”
 
House Resolution 417 was brought forward by Rep. Gosar, Paul A. (R-AZ-4), and seeks to impeach EPA Administrator Regina McCarthy for “high crimes and misdemeanors,” and accuses her of perjury. [40]
 
An EPA spokeswoman, in response, said Gosar's resolution “has zero merit and is nothing more than political theater.” She added that “Protecting public health and the environment for all Americans should not be a political issue.” [41]

April 16, 2015

FreedomWorks launched a new political action committee (PAC), suggesting it “intends to be a major player backing Tea Party-aligned candidates in the 2016 cycle,” reports The Hill. [27]

The PAC will provide resources to the Senate and House candidates it believes are “true defenders of freedom and are committed to the core FreedomWorks principles of limited government and more freedom,” FreedomWorks said in a statement.

October 10, 2014

FreedomWorks's outreach coordinator, Deneel Borelli, told The Daily Caller that the EPA's new Clean Power Plan is “the green movement’s new Jim Crow law.” Borelli said, “These harmful regulations are going to drive blacks into government dependency. By harming the fossil fuel industry, you’re harming hard-working Americans.”
 
Borelli also discounts benefits to shutting coal-fired power plants:
“I see them as selling out black Americans,” Borelli said. “These are the elites, they can afford energy at any cost. They are harming those who can’t afford to pay for energy at any price.” [28]

July, 2012

FreedomWorks released a report titled “Free Markets, or Government Knows Best?” by Wesley Coopersmith which suggested that taxpayer-funded energy subsidies and loans to renewable energy companies are a waste of of resources, while non-renewable energy is a smarter investment. 
 
broke down the amount of money that the federal government has allocated to renewable energy projects, per the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, and compared the amount of money given to the number of permanent jobs created by each company. [29]
 
Coopersmith said:
“Under the 1705 loan program, taking up half of the funding form the Loan Guarantee Program, 2,378 permanent jobs were claimed to be created. If you do the math right, this works out to costing the taxpayer $6.7 million per job created. I don’t know about you, but if it takes the government $6.7 million to create one permanent job, something is wrong.
 
“The combined amount of money given to alternative energy companies, through the 1705 and 1703 Loan Programs, totals around $19.2 billion. According to the US DOE, 3,498 jobs have been or will be created because of these loans. This comes out to almost $5.5 million in cost per one permanent job created.
 
“Unfortunately, these projected permanent jobs created are an overestimation, if you take away the jobs lost due to six of these companies going bankrupt. Solar Millennium Inc., LSP Energy LP, Ener1 Inc., Beacon Power Corp, Abound Solar, and Solyndra LLC combined have received over $3.5 billion from the Logan Program yet have produced zero jobs and hurt the fragile U.S. economy.”
DeSmogBlog reports how “The problem with Coopersmith’s analysis is that he omitted several important numbers in his calculations. For example, he only lists the permanent jobs created by each company, failing to add in the number of construction jobs that would be created by each project. He also used the total amount of money that had been allocated to each company, not the amount that had actually been paid.” [30]

May, 2012

FreedomWorks launched a new website and advertising campaign suggesting that the Obama administration and the EPA are attempting to destroy American jobs. Their website, EPAkillsjobs.com” supports the stance of climate change skeptic Senator James Inhofe who has created a “resolution of disapproval” in attempt to overturn the EPA's Utility MACT Rule which would reduce the emissions of mercury and other toxins from coal power plants.

The downloaded materials section summarizes FreedomWorks' stance on the EPA with a number of talking points:

 1. New taxes that will impact thousands of businesses—large and small…By increasing complicated regulatory standards, the EPA is hitting American businesses with a brand new tax. Facilities ranging from factories to churches that can’t afford to upgrade their equipment would be forced to close!
 
2. Massive new regulatory taxes on electricity…Expensive new standards targeting coal fired power plants—the source of most of the nation’s electricity—would raise costs for consumers and businesses. Billions in new costs would be passed on to energy consumers and the energy security of millions of Americans would be put in serious jeopardy!
 
3. Costly new regulations on cement plants…Our nation’s cement plants are perhaps in the most precarious position due to the EPA’s aggressive new regulatory agenda. A recent Southern Methodist University study estimated in excess of 15% of plants would be forced to close, costing thousands of jobs, raising costs, and dramatically hurting investments in U.S. infrastructure.
 
4. New restrictions effecting common household products and materials…The EPA wants to re-define coal ash as a hazardous material. In doing so, they will eliminate the use of this product in the making of many things we rely on including building materials like cement and drywall – in turn, driving up the cost of these products!
 
5. New regulations on emissions that would force many communities to impose costly new restrictions on consumers and small businesses…New ozone standards would put many out of reach, triggering extensive new regulations that would have sweeping and devastating new economic consequences affecting virtually all consumers and businesses, with new standards for everything from car tailpipes to factory smokestacks—and everything in between.
DeSmogBlog noted that “these points provide no specific examples, no sources, and no links to help illustrate or back up their points. And there’s a reason for that – these talking points can’t be backed up.” [31]

2009

FreedomWorks was a vocal opponent of proposals by U.S. President Barack Obama including the reformation of the U.S. healthcare system, the Waxman-Markey Climate Bill to address global warming, and of state proposals to raise taxes.

Their website featured a “take action” page looking to recruit grassroots volunteers to “Fight the Left,” and also offered options for volunteers to contact congress to oppose tax increases on everything from internet gambling to cigarette taxes. [32]

September, 2009

FreedomWorks supported the Contract from America initiative, launched on September 1, 2009, which has opposed Cap and Trade legislation.

According to the Contract from America website:

“Adam Brandon, Max Pappas, and Tabitha Hale of FreedomWorks have been instrumental in helping organize and unite a broad-based coalition of grassroots organizations, new media outlets, and public policy experts behind the Contract from America, as have Adam Radman with Americans for Tax Reform, Andrew Moylan with National Taxpayers’ Union, Ginni Thomas with Liberty Central, Adam Waldeck with American Solutions, and Lori Roman with Regular Folks United.” [33]

August, 2009

FreedomWorks was responsible for organizing the original “Tea Party protests” in April of 2009. While the later anti-healthcare, anti-government, anti-tax tea party rallies that occurred in April of 2009 were supposedly orchestrated by the group named the Tea Party Patriots (TPP), internal TPP correspondence revealed that FreedomWorks was directing this group's activities as well. [34]

TPP described its mission as to “restore America’s founding principles of Fiscal Responsibility, Constitutionally Limited Government and Free Markets.” According to their website, the TPP are “100% grassroots, 100% of the time.” [35]

ThinkProgress summarized some of the ways that FreedomWorks influences the Tea Party Movement: [36]

  • Freedom Works staffers coordinate conference calls among protesters, contacting conservative activists to give them “sign ideas, sample press releases, and a map of events around the country.”
  • Freedom Works staffers apparently moved to “take over” the planning of local events in Florida.
  • Freedom Works provides how-to guides for delivering a “clear message” to the public and media.
  • Freedom Works has several domain addresses — some of them made to look like they were set up by amateurs — to promote the protests.
  • Americans for Prosperity is writing press releases and planning the events in New Jersey, Arizona, New Hampshire, Missouri, Kansas, and several other states.
May, 2008, 
 
Dick Armey and FreedomWorks were revealed as being behind a website called AngryRenter.com. The Wall Street Journal described AngryRenter.com as looking “a bit like a digital ransom note, with irregular fonts, exclamation points and big red arrows.”  [37]
 
The site claimed to represent “millions of renters standing up for our rights!” and visitors were led to sign an anti-bailout petition. According to the Wall Street Journal, the site was “designed to look underdoggy and grass-rootsy, with a heavy dose of aw-shucks innocence.”
 
AngryRenter.com failed to disclose was that it was created not by an actual group of “angry renters,” but by Steve Forbes, who worked through FreedomWorks to create it. FreedomWorks put its copyright on the site, but buried it deep on the back pages.
The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) pointed out that while Armey was portraying himself as a representative of the tenant class, as of May, 2008 he “earned $100,833 a year for four hours a week working for FreedomWorks Inc., the organization's advocacy arm, and an additional $403,333 for 32 hours a week working for FreedomWorks Foundation, its tax-deductible, educational wing, according to federal tax filings. Mr. Armey also owns a house on 78.5 acres in Denton County, Texas, north of Dallas. In response to a public-information request, local authorities revealed that the land and house are worth a combined $1.7 million.”
WSJ also pointed out that Forbes, the chairman and CEO of Forbes and a FreedomWorks board member, owned a 7,966 square foot house on 9.5 acres in New Jersey, assessed at $2.78 million, and at least a half a dozen other properties nearby, and that Forbes also owned a chateau in France.

July, 2006

The Washington Post revealed a scheme in which people signing up for high-deductible health insurance plans were told they could also get get tax-free medical savings accounts if they signed a separate, nondescript application form. [38]

Applicants later discovered they had been unwittingly tricked into becoming members of Citizens for a Sound Economy to get the low group rate they had been promised. Their insurance certificates failed to disclose the name of CSE, the group to which the application form was linked.
 
The forced-membership scheme netted CSE/FreedomWorks about 16,000 new members and over $638,000, but led to a class-action lawsuit against the insurance company by people who were tricked into joining CSE as part of their insurance policy application process. 

Related Organizations & Initiatives

Resources

  1. FreedomWorks. (2013) Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax (OMB No 154500047). Retrieved from Scribd. 

  2. About FreedomWorks,” FreedomWorks. Archived August 21, 2015. 

  3. About FreedomWorks: Board of Directors,” FreedomWorks. Archived January 5, 2011. 

  4. David Corn and Andy Kroll. “Exclusive: Dick Armey Quits Tea Party Group in Split Over Direction (UPDATED),” Mother Jones, December 3, 2012. Archived August 21, 2015.

  5. Josh Harkinson. “The Dirty Dozen of Climate Change Denial: No. 9: Freedomworks,” Mother Jones, December 4, 2009. Archived August 21, 2015. 

  6. About FreedomWorks,” FreedomWorks website. Archived October 4, 2012.

  7. The Tea Party Movement: Who's In Charge?”, The Atlantic, April 13, 2009.

  8. Kate Zernike. “Shaping Tea Party Passion Into Campaign Force,” The New York Times, August 25, 2010.

  9. GLOBAL WARMING: IF YOU DON'T HAVE GOOD SCIENCE, LOSE THE SCIENCE YOU HAVE,” FreedomWorks (blog), September 29, 2009. Archived November 5, 2009.

  10. Stephen Kruiser. “Unsettling The Settled Climate Science,” FreedomWorks (blog), September 23, 2013. Archived August 21, 2015.

  11. No Consensus View on Climate Change Science: AGU Statement on Global Warming Disputed,” Freedomworks, February 1, 1999. Archived August 21, 2015. 

  12. Scientific consensus: Earth's climate is warming,” climate.nasa.gov. 

  13. FreedomWorks,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 21, 2015.

  14. FreedomWorks Foundation,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 21, 2015. 

  15. FreedomWorks,” Profile at OpenSecrets.org. Accessed August, 2015

  16. Republicans steal Barack Obama's internet campaigning tricks,” The Guardian, September 18, 2009. Archived August 22, 2015. 

  17. Anne Landman. “FreedomWorks Continues Dick Armey's Defense of Big Tobacco,” DeSmogBlog, January 25, 2013. 

  18. Keenan Steiner. “FreedomWorks makes rare TV buy against Duckworth,” Sunlight Foundation, October 26, 2012. Archived August 22, 2015.

  19. FreedomWorks Board,” FreedomWorks.org. Archived August 21, 2015.

  20. FreedomWorks Board,” FreedomWorks.org. Archived October 10, 2012.

  21. David Corn and Andy Kroll. “Exclusive: Dick Armey Quits Tea Party Group in Split Over Direction (UPDATED),” Mother Jones, December 3, 2012. Archived August 22, 2015. 

  22. David Corn. “The “Smoking Gun” Memo That Triggered the FreedomWorks Feud,” Mother Jones, January 7, 2013. 

  23. Rick Cohen. “Go Armey! Former Tea Party Leader Decries Campaign Donor Secrecy,” Nonprofit Quarterly, December 13, 2012. Archived August 22, 2015.

  24. Joe Strupp. “EXCLUSIVE: Dick Armey Dishes On FreedomWorks' Deals With Beck & Limbaugh,” Media Matters, January 4, 2013. Archived August 22, 2015.  

  25. FREEDOMWORKS INC,” GuideStar profile. Accessed August, 2015. 

  26. Freedomworks Foundation,” GuideStar Profile. Accessed August, 2015.

  27. Jonathan Easley. “FreedomWorks launches PAC ahead of 2016,” The Hill, April 16, 2015. Archived August 22, 2015.

  28. Michael Bastasch. “Report: EPA’s Clean Power Plan To Hit African-American Families Hardest,” The Daily Caller, October 7, 2014. Archived August 22, 2015. 

  29. Free Markets, or Government Knows Best?” FreedomWorks. Archived August 22, 2015.

  30. Farron Cousins. “FreedomWorks Fails Basic Math And Economics To Smear Renewable Energy Investments,” DeSmogBlog, July 6, 2012. 

  31. Farron Cousins. “FreedomWorks Creates Error-Filled Site To Accuse EPA Of 'Killing Jobs',” DeSmogBlog, May 15, 2012.

  32. TAKE ACTION,” freedomworks.org. Archived February 4, 2009.

  33. About Us,” Contract from America. Archived August 22, 2015.

  34. Tim Dickinson. “The Lie Machine,” Rolling Stone, September 23, 2009. Archived Oct 10, 2009.

  35. About Tea Party Patriots,” Teapartypatriots.org. Archived October 20, 2012.

  36. Lee Fang. “Spontaneous Uprising? Corporate Lobbyists Helping To Orchestrate Radical Anti-Obama Tea Party Protests,” ThinkProgress, April 9, 2009. Archived August 22, 2015.

  37. Michael M. Phillips. “Mortgage Bailout Infuriates Tenants (And Steve Forbes),” The Wall Street Journal, May 16, 2008. Archived August 22, 2015. 

  38. Jonathan Weisman. “With Insurance Policy Comes Membership,” The Washington Post, July 23, 2006.

  39. FreedomWorks Supports Lifting the Oil Export Ban without Handouts,” FreedomWorks, October 8, 2015. Archived October 12, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6cESn2tAW

  40. Adam Brandon. “Tell Your Representative: Support Rep. Gosar's Resolution to Impeach EPA Director Gina McCarthy,” FreedomWorks, September 11, 2015. Archived October 12, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6cETg8VSN

  41. GOP lawmaker moves to impeach EPA chief McCarthy,” FoxNews.com, September 15, 2015. Archived October 12, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6cETzGuzm

  42. FreedomWorks” (search results), Conservative Transparency. Data retrieved July 5, 2016.

Other Resources