Frontiers of Freedom (FoF)
Frontiers of Freedom (FoF) is a 501(C)4 nonprofit organization founded in 1995 by U.S. Senator Malcolm Wallup. It describes itself as an educational foundation with the mission “to promote the principles of individual freedom, peace through strength, limited government, free enterprise, free markets, and traditional American values as found in the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.” 
Frontiers of Freedom, Inc. does business as “Frontiers of Freedom,” a 501(C)4 nonprofit which is tax-exempt but can't accept tax-deductible donations, and also maintains a separate “educational organization” called the Frontiers of Freedom Institute that operates under section 501(c)3 of the Internal Revenue Code.  In their original mission statement, the Frontiers of Freedom described themselves as “the antithesis to the Sierra Club and Vice President Al Gore's Earth in the Balance.” 
In 2002, Frontiers of Freedom released “Ten Tenets” as their mission statement. Their ninth tenet reads as follows (emphasis added) “To remove sound science from public policy is legislative and regulatory malpractice. To employ junk science in public policy is unethical and irresponsible.” Notably, the term “Junk Science” was often used by by Steve “The Junkman” Milloy. 
Frontiers of Freedom (FoF) maintains a number of “Centers” on their website including the Center for Constitutional and Political Studies, Center for Economic Liberty and Property Rights, Center for National Security, Center for Science and Public Policy, and Reagan Legacy. 
Stance on Climate Change
“Many scientists are predicting the onset of two or three centuries of cooler weather — which would mean bigger glaciers. That’s despite the world’s growing use of fossil fuels. No matter what humans do, temperature trends go up, and then down; glaciers expand and then recede; sea levels rise and then fall, explains Will Happer, professor emeritus of physics at Princeton.” 
- Cliff D. Ollier
- Craig Idso
- Christopher Monkton
- William Kininmonth
- Nigel Lawson
- Senator James Inhofe
- Richard S. Courtney
- Chris Horner
“The Earth's climate has changed many times with many cooling phases and many warming phases. The Earth’s current modest warming trend (less than 1 degree C over 100 years), is well within historical norms.” 
“Climate has always varied, often with large swings. […] These dramatic climatic ebbs and flows are naturally occurring events. A more appropriate response to potential climate change is the production and employment of resources toward meaningful adaptation strategies.” 
Frontiers of Freedom Institute is the 501(c)(3) arm of FoF. The other arm, Frontiers of Freedom, Inc., is a 501(c)4 organization and so is not required to publicly list their donors. According to the IRS, 501(c)4 organizations are also permitted to attempt to influence legislation, and participate in political campaigns or elections. , 
The following is compiled from data the Conservative Transparency Project collected from publicly available 990 tax forms for Frontiers of Freedom, Inc. 
View the attached spreadsheet for additional information on Frontiers of Freedom Funding by year (.xlsx).
|Frontiers of Freedom||Frontiers of Freedom Institute|
|Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation||$175,000|
|John M. Olin Foundation||$125,000|
|Sarah Scaife Foundation||$100,000|
|The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation||$100,000|
|Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation||$75,000|
|The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation||$48,450|
|The Carthage Foundation||$35,000|
|William H. Donner Foundation||$35,000|
|The Roe Foundation||$7,500|
|The Randolph Foundation||$25,000|
- Paul Georgia, Chief Economist — Past Analyst at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, and past Chief Economist for the National Mining Association.
- Travis Korson, Director of Communications — Also serves as National Committeeman for the DC Young Republicans.
- Ibtihal Khidir, Associate Fellow — Master’s degree candidate at George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution.
- George C. Landrith, President and CEO — Served as the Vice President and General Counsel to the National Legal Center for the Public Interest (now associated with the American Enterprise Institute.)
- Shawn Macomber, Visiting Fellow
- Miklos K. Radvanyi, Executive Vice President
- Peter Roff, Senior Fellow — Was the political director of Newt Gingrich’s GOPAC
- Scott L. Vanatter, Executive Vice President
- Amrita Singh, Director of Publications
- S. Fred Singer — Adjunct Fellow (as of May, 2005) 
- Christopher C. Horner — Adjunct Fellow (as of May, 2005) 
- Myron Ebell — former Policy Director (1996 - 1999) 
- Paul Driessen — Senior Fellow (as of May, 2005) 
- Robert Ferguson — Past Executive Director, FoF's Center for Science and Public Policy 
- Willie Soon — “Chief Science Researcher,” FoF's Center for Science and Public Policy (as of August,2005) 
- Scott L. Vanatter — Previous Executive Vice President and COO (as of 2012). 
- Christopher C. Horner — Past General Counsel and Senior Policy Adviser (2012). 
April 7, 2016
Frontiers of Freedom President George Landrith issued the following statement on proposed renewable energy tax benefits: 
“Millions of Americans are deeply disappointed that Senators John Thune (R-S.D.), Bill Nelson (D-Fla.) and Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) worked to insert sweetheart tax benefits for special interests in the so-called renewable energy industry. Simply stated, hard working Americans who are struggling to make ends meet may now end up paying hundreds of millions of dollars to well-healed 'green energy' companies — like wind and geothermal energy — who can afford the best lobbyists money can buy.Not only do ratepayers pay more on the electrical bill for these forms of 'green energy,' they also pay for the corporate welfare these special interests receive. This is doubly insulting. This is reminiscent of the Solyndra scandal — taxpayers paying hundreds of millions for a failed business model.Just two days ago, Frontiers of Freedom was part of a large coalition of organizations representing millions of Americans expressing our strong opposition to extending expiring renewable energy tax benefits when reauthorizing the Federal Aviation Administration. In that letter, we stated, 'Government subsidies, loans, mandates, and tax policies regarding renewables have consistently failed to deliver on their promises of long-term job creation and economic viability. Americans deserve access to energy solutions that are affordable and reliable — ones that should be able to stand on their own in the marketplace.'Americans have once again been let down by some of their elected representatives in the U.S. Senate. Given the frustration and anger that is plainly visible in the electorate, it is shocking that business continues as usual inside the Beltway. Out of touch politicians often decry the frustrated and angry tone of the public. But if they are concerned about the tone of the electorate, politicians must start listening to regular Americans and abandon cozy corporate welfare deals that have become all too much the norm in Washington. The budget process must return to 'regular order' where the public can see what is being done with their money and where secret backroom deals are prohibited.”
July 27, 2015
Frontiers of Freedom was a signatory to a letter to House members urging them to support a bill that would kill the wind production tax credit (PTC). 
- Thomas Pyle — American Energy Alliance
- Mike Needham — Heritage Action for America
- Brett Gardner — Americans for Prosperity
- Grover Norquist — Americans for Tax Reform
- Adam Brandon — FreedomWorks
- Myron Ebell — Competitive Enterprise Institute
- Phil Kerpen — American Commitment
- Matthew Kendrach — 60 Plus Association
- George Landrith — Frontiers of Freedom
- David Williams — Taxpayers Protection Alliance
- Sabrina Schaeffer — Independent Women’s Forum
- Heather Higgins — Independent Women’s Voice
- Judson Phillips — Tea Party Nation
- Colin Hanna — Let Freedom Ring
- Andrew Moylan — R Street
- Marita Noon — Energy Makes America Great
- Seton Motley — Less Government
- Kristin Fecteau — Campaign to Free America
- Horace Cooper — Project 21
- Tom Brinkman — Coalition Opposed to Additional Spending and Taxes
March 25, 2015
- Competitive Enterprise Institute
- CO2 Science
- Americans for Tax Reform
- Institute for Energy Research
- E&E Legal
- Science and Environmental Policy Project
- SBE Council
- American Commitment
- Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation
- The Heartland Institute
- 60 Plus Association
- National Centre for Public Policy Research
“We, collectively and individually, believe the only reform to this failed government mandate should be to repeal the RFS. Repealing this mandate would bring certainty to the fuel markets and eliminate the harmful impacts this government program has had on businesses and consumers,” the FoF letter reads. “[…] With the recent scandals at EPA showing its lack of transparency and its willingness to break the law to further its agenda, expanding the RFS would only give the EPA another avenue to exercise power over the lives of Americans and further harm the economy.” 
May 21 - 23, 2012
April 12, 2007
ExxonMobil received two grants from ExxonMobil in 2003: one $95,000 grant for “Global Climate Change Outreach,” and another $50,000 grant for “Global Climate Change Activities,” Greenpeace reports. 
June 7, 2002
President George Landrith signed a letter to President Bush, asking him to withdraw the “Climate Action Report 2002.” 
The letter describes the Climate Action Report as “largely a compilation and summary of junk science produced by the Clinton-Gore Administration in order to support their Kyoto agenda,” and calls on Bush to have the report “re-written on the basis of sound science.”
A further demand of the letter is for Bush to “dismiss or re-assign all administration employees who are not pursuing your agenda, just as you have done in several similar instances.” 
May 14, 2002
Held a briefing at the National Press Club, in conjunction with the Cooler Heads Coalition and The Science and Environmental Policy Project, entitled “Experts Discuss Why United States Should Withdraw Its Signature From Kyoto; Whatever Happened To Global Warming Anyway?” 
August 19, 1997
Held a “Countdown to Kyoto” conference in Canberra, Australia “to bolster support for the government's increasingly isolated position on global warming in preparation for Kyoto.”
The conference was co-organized by The Australian APEC Study Centre and featured well known climate change deniers such as Patrick Michaels, John Christy, and Alan Oxley. Other speakers including Jerry Ellis, past Chairman of the multinational BHP Ltd. And Peter Hartley, director of a think tank called the Tasmania Institute. 
At the conference, U.S. Senator Chuck Hagel commented, “I believe we are headed down the wrong path in the negotiations for any global climate treaty to be signed in Kyoto, Japan, this December.” 
- The Center for Science and Public Policy (CSPP) — A past project of FoF, set up in 2003.
- The Alliance for America Network
- The Grassroots ESA Coalition
- Cooler Heads Coalition — Member 
“About Us,” Frontiers of Freedom. Archived February 5, 2003.
“Frontiers of Freedom Mission Statement,” Frontiers of Freedom. Archived August 16, 2000. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
(Press Release). “Frontiers of Freedom Releases 'Ten (Belief) Tenets,'” Frontiers of Freedom, September 20, 2002. Republished by Free Republic. Archived October 17, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cMEr8A1E
“Wake up, Obama, climate change has been happening forever,” Frontiers of Freedom, October 10, 2015. Archived October 18, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cMc4Wtlq
George Landrith. “Climate Change: Fabricating the Numbers,” Frontiers of Freedom, October 3, 2007.
“Global Warming - Papers,” Frontiers of Freedom Centre for Science and Public Policy. Archived July 12, 2010.
Anne Marie Chaker. “Conservatives Seek IRS Inquiry On Environmental Group's Status,” The Wall Street Journal, June 21, 2001 (subscription required).
“Rev. Rul. 68-656, 1968-2 C.B. 216,” (PDF), Internal Revenue Service.
“220.127.116.11 (02-09-1999) Exemption Under IRC 501(c)(4) v. Exemption Under IRC 501(c)(3),” Irs.gov. Accessed October 17, 2015.
“Search String: Frontiers of Freedom,” Conservative Transparency. Search performed May 12, 2016.
ExxonSecrets Factsheet: Frontiers of Freedom, FoF. Accessed October 17, 2015.
“Frontiers of Freedom - Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group,” Greenpeace USA. Archived October 18, 2015.
Willie Soon and Robert Ferguson. “Eat More Fish!” (PDF), The Wall Street Journal Online, August 15, 2005 (Dow Jones Reprints). Archived January 9, 2006.
“Staff,” Frontiers of Freedom. Archived January 3, 2012.
“Consideration of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change effects in NEPA Reviews,” Frontiers of Freedom, March 29, 2015. Archived October 18, 2015.
“Seventh International Conference on Climate Change: Sponsored by the Heartland Institute” (PDF), the Heartland Institute. Archived August 15, 2015.
Michael Fisher. “A Closer Look at Heartland's ICCC7 Denial-a-Palooza Speakers and Sponsors,” DeSmogBlog, May 23, 2012.
“Co-Sponsors,” Third International Conference on Climate Change. Archived July 14, 2010.
Fred L. Smith Jr. “Joint Letter To President Bush On The EPA's Climate Action Report,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, June 7, 2002. Archived October 18, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cMapDVLb
“Experts Discuss Why United States Should Withdraw Its Signature From Kyoto; Whatever Happened To Global Warming Anyway?” U.S. Newswire, May 14, 2002. Archived October 19, 2002.
“Countdown to Kyoto: The Consequences of Mandatory CO2 Emission Reductions,” Monash University. Archived August 6, 1997.
“Countdown to Kyoto” an International Conference on The Consequences of Mandatory Global CO2 Emission Reductions: Remarks by United States Senator Chuck Hagel” (PDF), Retrieved from APEC.org.au. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Cooler Heads Coalition homepage (globalwarming.org). Archived October 18, 2015.
“Durbin, Hagel say global warming a national security threat,” OneNewsNow, April 12, 2007. Archived May 17, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6hZuZ1m6P
“Congressional Staff Seminar” (PDF), Science Hill Watch, February 2, 2004. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Taylor Smith. “Frontiers of Freedom Backs Coalition Supporting Swift Repeal of the Renewable Fuel Standard,” Somewhat Reasonabile (Heartland Institute Blog), October 1, 2013. Archived May 17, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6hZvQZiIP
“Coalition Letter Opposing the Renewable Fuel Standard,” Frontiers of Freedom, September 27, 2014. Archived May 17, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6hZvv4r51
Cindy Baxter. “Exxon Knew Climate Change Was Coming, but What Matters Is What Exxon Did,” Greenpeace USA, November 12, 2015. Archived May 17, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6hZwkzyNw
“Coalition to Congress: Support PTC Elimination Act” (PDF), Marchant.house.gov, July 27, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Elliott Negin. “How the Koch Brothers' 'Bankers' Snuck an Anti-Wind Op-Ed Past the New York Times,” Alternet, January 7, 2016. Archived May 17, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6hZz1hus4
Amy Lieberman and Susanne Rust. “While denying climate change in Washington, Big Oil braced for a hotter planet,” Portland Press Herald, January 11, 2016. Archived May 17, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6ha0EYRzD
“Frontiers of Freedom,” Sourcewatch profile.
“Deniers: Frontiers of Freedom (including Center for Science & Public Policy),” ExxonSecrets Wiki.