Frontiers of Freedom

Frontiers of Freedom (FoF)


According to their Mission Statement, Frontiers of Freedom (FoF) “was founded in 1994 by U.S. Senator Malcolm Wallop. FOF is an educational institute (or think tank) whose mission is to promote conservative public policy based on the principles of individual freedom, peace through strength, limited government, free enterprise, and traditional American values as found in the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.”

Among FoF's “Ten Tenets” is “To remove sound science from public policy is legislative and regulatory malpractice.” because “To employ junk science in public policy is unethical and irresponsible.”

FoF coordinates the activities of The Center for Free Market Environmentalism and Conservation and The Center for Science and Public Policy, both think tanks that promote industry-friendly policies.

Stance on Climate Change

“The Earth's climate has changed many times with many cooling phases and many warming phases. The Earth’s current modest warming trend (less than 1 degree C over 100 years), is well within historical norms.” [1]

See samples of FoF's “Global Warming Papers” here. Many of the articles have been written by well-known climate change deniers including:


Media Transparency breaks down the funding for Frontiers of Freedom Institute as follows: [2]

According to ExxonSecrets, FoF has received a total of $1,272,000 from ExxonMobil since 1998. Greenpeace also reported that FoF received a total of $175,000 from Koch Foundations between 1997 and 2009.  [3], [4]

SourceWatch reports that FoF has also received money from tobacco and oil companies, including Philip Morris Cos, ExxonMobil and RJ Reynolds Tobacco.

Key People


  • George C. Landrith — President and CEO.
  • Scott L. Vanatter — Executive Vice President and COO.
  • Miklos K. Radvanyi — Vice President, International Policy.
  • Christopher C. Horner — General Counsel and Senior Policy Adviser.
  • Amrita Singh — Director of Publications.

Source: [6]


May 21 - 23, 2012

Frontiers of Freedom is listed as an official Co-sponsor of the Heartland Institute's Seventh International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC7).

March, 2009

Frontiers of Freedom is listed as a sponsor of the Heartland Institute's Second International Conference on Climate Change. [7]

June 7, 2002

President George Landrith signed a letter to President Bush, asking him to withdraw the “Climate Action Report 2002.”

The letter describes the Climate Action Report as “largely a compilation and summary of junk science produced by the Clinton-Gore Administration in order to support their Kyoto agenda,” and calls on Bush to have the report “re-written on the basis of sound science.”

A further demand of the letter is for Bush to “dismiss or re-assign all administration employees who are not pursuing your agenda, just as you have done in several similar instances.” [8]

May 14, 2002

Held a briefing at the National Press Club, in conjunction with the Cooler Heads Coalition and The Science and Environmental Policy Project, entitled “Experts Discuss Why United States Should Withdraw Its Signature From Kyoto; Whatever Happened To Global Warming Anyway?” [9]

Speakers included John Daly, S. Fred Singer, and Chris Horner.

August 19, 1997

Held a “Countdown to Kyoto” conference in Canberra, Australia “to bolster support for the government's increasingly isolated position on global warming in preparation for Kyoto.”

The conference was co-organized by The Australian APEC Study Centre and featured well known climate change deniers such as Patrick Michaels, John Christy, and Alan Oxley. Other speakers including Jerry Ellis, past Chairman of the multinational BHP Ltd. And Peter Hartley, director of a think tank called the Tasmania Institute. [10]

At the conference, U.S. Senator Chuck Hagel commented, “I believe we are headed down the wrong path in the negotiations for any global climate treaty to be signed in Kyoto, Japan, this December.” [11]

Related Organizations


  1. George Landrith. “Climate Change: Fabricating the Numbers,” Frontiers of Freedom, October 3, 2007.

  2. Frontiers of Freedom Institute,” Media Matters Action Network. Accessed January, 2012

  3. ExxonSecrets Factsheet: Frontiers of Freedom, FoF.

  4. Frontiers of Freedom - Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group,” Greenpeace.

  5. Willie Soon and Robert Ferguson. “Eat More Fish!” (PDF), The Wall Street Journal Online, August 15, 2005 (Dow Jones Reprints). Retrieved January, 2012, from

  6. Staff,” Frontiers of Freedom. Accessed January, 2012.

  7. Sponsors: ICCC-2,” International Conference on Climate Change.

  8. Fred L. Smith Jr. “Joint Letter To President Bush On The EPA's Climate Action Report,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, June 7, 2002.

  9. Experts Discuss Why United States Should Withdraw Its Signature From Kyoto; Whatever Happened To Global Warming Anyway?” U.S. Newswire, May 14, 2002. Archived October 19, 2002.

  10. Countdown to Kyoto: The Consequences of Mandatory CO2 Emission Reductions,” Monash University. Archived August 6, 1997.

  11. “Countdown to Kyoto” an International Conference on The Consequences of Mandatory Global CO2 Emission Reductions: Remarks by United States Senator Chuck Hagel” (PDF), Retrieved from

  12. Frontiers of Freedom,” Sourcewatch profile.

  13. Frontiers of Freedom - Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group,” Greenpeace.

  14. Deniers: Frontiers of Freedom (including Center for Science & Public Policy),” ExxonSecrets Wiki.

  15. Greenpeace Investigations documents on the Frontiers of Freedom.