The Heritage Foundation was founded in 1973 by Paul Weyrich to “formulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense.” 
The Heritage Foundation has been a fervent opponent of the Kyoto protocol and its online database of “policy experts”(www.policyexperts.org) includes many climate change skeptics such as Patrick Michaels, Sallie Baliunas, Thomas Gale Moore, Robert Balling, and Fred Singer. , 
The Heritage Foundation has had considerable influence over Republican politicians. It is estimated that two-thirds of the policy recommendations it made in 1981 were adopted by the Reagan Administration. The Heritage Foundation has been described as “the most effective media operation in American politics.” , 
Jim DeMint, former South Carolina Republican Senator, became Heritage Foundation president in 2013. According to The New York Times, this marked a shift in the foundation: “Long known as an incubator for policy ideas and the embodiment of the party establishment, it has become more of a political organization feeding off the rising populism of the Tea Party movement.” 
Heritage is a former member of the Cooler Heads Coalition (as of 2004).  Thomas A. Roe, a member of the board of trustees of the Heritage Foundation, founded the State Policy Network in 1991 as a way to promote conservative policies at the state level.
It was also behind the right-wing news website Townhall.com. In 2005, Townhall.com split from The Heritage Foundation “in order to expand the scope of Townhall.com's mission to inform, empower and mobilize citizens for political change.” In 2006, it was acquired by Salem Communications. 
Stance on Climate Change
“[C]limate change […] is a contentious and unproven scientific theory.” — Hans von Spakovsky, Senior Legal Fellow and manager of the Election Law Reform Initiative at The Heritage Foundation. 
“Regardless of one’s opinions on the degree to which climate change is occurring, regulations associated with the Paris accord will have no meaningful impact on the planet’s temperature.” 
“What I conclude from a policy standpoint is that global warming is clearly not a crisis and should not be addressed as one … None of the scary stuff about global warming is true, and what is true about global warming, what the science actually tells us about man's role in changing the climate, is far from terrifying.” — Ben Lieberman, Senior Policy Analyst for Energy and Environment at The Heritage Foundation 
On Carbon Emissions
“I think the serious people, the economists that have looked at this, understand there is a cost to reducing carbon emissions, because CO2 is a necessary byproduct of their most affordable and reliable energy sources, which are the natural resources of coal, natural gas, and petroleum. To take that choice away from people forces them to more expensive sources of energy” — David Kreutzer, research fellow in energy economics and climate change at The Heritage Foundation. 
View the attached spreadsheet for additional information on The Heritage Foundation's funding by year (.xlsx).
|Sarah Scaife Foundation||$24,235,000|
|Howard Charitable Foundation||$19,000,000|
|The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation||$16,072,202|
|The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation||$15,000,000|
|DeVos Urban Leadership Initiative||$13,300,000|
|John M. Olin Foundation||$8,620,835|
|Lillian S. Wells Foundation||$5,742,428|
|Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation||$5,262,571|
|Castle Rock Foundation||$3,098,760|
|The Carthage Foundation||$2,544,000|
|Jaquelin Hume Foundation||$1,725,000|
|F.M. Kirby Foundation||$1,545,000|
|The Roe Foundation||$1,481,000|
|Searle Freedom Trust||$1,275,000|
|National Christian Charitable Foundation||$1,086,950|
|Philip M. McKenna Foundation||$1,025,000|
|The Galbraith Foundation||$1,000,000|
|William E. Simon Foundation||$952,500|
|John Templeton Foundation||$930,821|
|Barney Family Foundation||$870,000|
|John Dawson Foundation||$725,400|
|Scaife Family Foundation||$702,640|
|The Thirteen Foundation||$700,000|
|Stuart Family Foundation||$657,500|
|Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation||$589,274|
|William H. Donner Foundation||$527,000|
|Robert S. and Star Pepper Foundation||$495,000|
|Robert and Audrey Zinser Charitable Foundation||$429,707|
|Peter G. Peterson Foundation||$350,000|
|Bill and Berniece Grewcock Foundation||$345,000|
|Dorothy D. and Joseph A. Moller Foundation||$260,000|
|Pierre F. and Enid Goodrich Foundation||$245,000|
|Sidney A. Swensrud Foundation||$234,812|
|Lovett and Ruth Peters Foundation||$200,000|
|Same Line Foundation||$170,250|
|John William Pope Foundation||$150,000|
|Orville D. and Ruth A. Merillat Foundation||$150,000|
|Ruth & Lovett Peters Foundation||$150,000|
|The Vernon K. Krieble Foundation||$143,400|
|Dick and Betsy DeVos Family Foundation||$120,000|
|The Challenge Foundation||$120,000|
|The Weiler Foundation||$120,000|
|Joyce and Donald Rumsfeld Foundation||$116,000|
|Donors Capital Fund||$96,000|
|Ed Uihlein Family Foundation||$85,000|
|The McWethy Foundation||$80,000|
|Robert and Marie Hansen Foundation||$70,000|
|Tepper Family Foundation||$68,250|
|Walton Family Foundation||$65,000|
|Richard F. Aster Jr. Foundation||$64,000|
|The Rodney Fund||$62,000|
|The Opportunity Foundation||$53,000|
|The Whitcomb Charitable Foundation||$51,000|
|George Edward Durell Foundation||$50,000|
|Arthur N. Rupe Foundation||$48,500|
|The Shelby Cullom Davis Foundation||$45,000|
|Bochnowski Family Foundation||$20,000|
|Neal and Jane Freeman Foundation||$20,000|
|Woodhouse Family Foundation||$12,000|
|Barbara and Barre Seid Foundation||$5,000|
|The Randolph Foundation||$5,000|
|Dunn's Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking||$1,000|
|Thewes Family Foundation||$1,000|
|Foundation for Economic Education||$300|
|It Takes A Family Foundation||$35|
Board of Trustees
|Abby Moffat||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2009|
|Anthony J. Saliba||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2012; Executive Managing Director, ConvergEx Group, Chicago, Ill.|
|Barb Van Andel-Gaby||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 1996; Director, Alticor|
|Brian Tracy||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee since 2003, Heritage Associate, Founder, Brian Tracy International, San Diego, California|
|David R. Brown, M.D.||Y||Y||Y||Chairman Emeritus and Honorary Trustee .Heritage Trustee Since 1978; Emeritus, Orthopedic Associates, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|Douglas F. Allison||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 1998|
|Edwin J. Feulner||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 1973; Founder, The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C.|
|J. Frederic Rench||Y||Secretary. Heritage Trustee Since 1973.|
|Jerry Hume||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 1993; Chairman of the Board, Basic American Inc., San Francisco, California|
|Jim DeMint||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2013; President, The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C.|
|Kathryn Davis||Y||Honorary Trustee since 1994; Partner, Shelby Cullom Davis & Co., LP, New York, New York|
|Kay Coles James||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2005|
|Larry P. Arnn, Ph.D.||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2002; President, Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, Michigan|
|Marion Wells||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee since 2003; Ft. Lauderdale, Florida|
|Mark A. Kolokotrones||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2015; Founder and President, Castle Knoll Investments LLC|
|Meg Allen||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2009; Director, DRAMLA, S.A., Geneva, Switzerland|
|Michael W. Gleba||Y||Heritage Trustee from 2016; Chairman/CEO, Treasurer and Trustee, Sarah Scaife Foundation|
|Midge Decter||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 1981; New York, New York|
|Nersi Nazari, Ph.D.||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee since 2006; Chairman & CEO, Vital Connect, Inc.|
|Phillip N. Truluck||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee from 2001 to 2015;Chairman, Society of Emeritus Trustees, Since 2015|
|Rebekah A. Mercer||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2014; Owner, Ruby et Violette|
|Richard M. Scaife||Y||Vice Chairman. Heritage Trustee Since 1985, Publisher and Owner, Tribune-Review Publishing Co., Inc., Greensburg, Pennsylvania|
|Robert J. Herbold||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2003; Retired Chief Operating Officer, Microsoft|
|Robert Pennington||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2009|
|Steve Forbes||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2001; President and Chief Executive Officer, Forbes Inc.|
|The Hon. Belden H. Bell||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2000|
|The Hon. Frank Shakespeare||Y||Y||Y||Honorary Trustee. Heritage Trustee Since 1979; former U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican, La Jolla, California|
|The Hon. J. William Middendorf II||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 1989; Chairman, Middendorf and Company, Washington, D.C.|
|The Right Honourable The Baroness Thatcher||Y||Patron of the Heritage Foundation. Former British Prime Minister.|
|Thomas A. Saunders III||Y||Y||Y||Chairman. Heritage Trustee Since 2005|
|Todd W. Herrick||Y||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2007; Retired chairman, president and CEO of Tecumseh Products Co.|
|William E. Simon, Jr.||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2008|
|William L. Walton||Y||Y||Heritage Trustee Since 2015; Founder and Chairman, Rappahannock Ventures LLC|
July 12, 2016
The Heritage Foundation, represented by Bridgett Wagner, was among 22 groups represented in a “Coalition” open letter pushing back against what the Heartland Institute describes as an “affront to free speech.” The groups are responding to the recent Web of Denial Resolution brought up in the Senate, calling out fossil fuel industry-funded groups denying climate change. 
According to the Climate Investigations Center, all but one of the open letter's signatory organizations have taken money (totalling at least $92 million since 1997) from the “climate denial web” including Koch Brothers' various foundations, ExxonMobil, and two “Dark Money” organizations, Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund. 
Championed by Senators Whitehouse, Markey, Schatz, Boxer, Merkley, Warren, Sanders, and Franken, the resolution condemns what they are calling the #WebOfDenial — “interconnected groups – funded by the Koch brothers, major fossil fuel companies like ExxonMobil and Peabody Coal, identity-scrubbing groups like Donors Trust and Donors Capital, and their allies – developed and executed a massive campaign to deceive the public about climate change to halt climate action and protect their bottom lines.” 
The open letter addresses the senators, calling them “tyrants”:
“We hear you. Your threat is clear: There is a heavy and inconvenient cost to disagreeing with you. Calls for debate will be met with political retribution. That’s called tyranny. And, we reject it.” 
The full list of signatories and their respective organizations is as follows:
- Grover Norquist — Americans for Tax Reform
- Lisa B. Nelson — American Legislative Exchange Council
- John A. Charles, Jr. — Cascade Policy Institute
- David Rothbard — Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow
- Kent Lassman — Competitive Enterprise Institute
- Nicole Neily — Franklin Center for Government and Policy Integrity
- Benita Dodd — Georgia Public Policy Foundation
- Bridgett Wagner — The Heritage Foundation
- Fred Birnbaum — Idaho Freedom Foundation
- Joseph Bast — The Heartland Institute
- J. Robert McClure III — James Madison Institute
- Brett Healy — The John K. MacIver Institute for Public Policy
- Kory Swanson — John Locke Foundation
- Dave Trabert — Kansas Policy Institute
- Jason Hayes — Mackinac Center for Public Policy
- Brent Mead — Montana Policy Institute
- Sharon J. Rossie — Nevada Policy Research Institute
- Sally Pipes — Pacific Research Institute
- Kevin Kane — Pelican Institute for Public Policy
- Paul J. Gessing — Rio Grande Foundation
- Lynn Taylor — Virginia Institute for Public Policy
- Carol Platt Liebau — Yankee Institute for Public Policy
June 24, 2016
Writing in the Heritage Foundation's The Daily Signal, Heritage policy analyst Katie Tubb describes the striking down of Wyoming's Bureau of Land Management’s hydraulic fracking rule as a “win for good environmental policy.” 
The regulatory rule would have set federal water, chemical disclosure, and construction requirements for fracking operations on federal and Indian lands. 
June 23, 2016
“It is a triumph for the simple idea that Britain should be governed by the British people. And it is a tremendous, crushing rebuke for the European Union, and its desire to override the sovereignty of the nations of Europe,” Bromund writes in The Daily Signal. 
The Heritage Foundation was listed among organizations named in a Massachusetts subpoena looking for communications between ExxonMobil and organizations denying climate change, reports The Washington Times. 
Epstein's response, writes The Washington Times, was “Buzz off, fascist. […] Only he didn’t say 'buzz.'” Organizations named in the Massachusetts subpoena included the following: 
- The Centre for Industrial Progress
- The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty
- The American Enterprise Institute
- Americans for Prosperity
- The American Legislative Exchange Council
- The American Petroleum Institute
- The Beacon Hill Institute at Suffolk University
- The George C. Marshall Institute
- The Heartland Institute
- Mercatus Center at George Mason University
This latest inquiry by Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey is one in a series of investigations into what ExxonMobil knew about climate change and when, started by a coalition of attorneys general in the US. 
April 13, 2016
Three Heritage Foundation researchers, including Nicolas Loris (formerly of the Charles G. Koch Foundation), claim to have modeled the impact of President Obama's plans to combat climate change based on the 2015 UN Climate Change Conference in Paris and found it to have “essentially zero environmental benefits.” , 
According to the authors, “restricting energy production to meet targets like those of the Paris agreement will significantly harm the U.S. economy.” They contend that “ Policymakers should therefore make every effort possible to prevent implementation of these harmful environmental regulations.” 
Shortly after the “backgrounder” was released, Nicolas Loris published a similarly-themed article in The Heritage Foundation's The Daily Signal entitled “Top 5 Reasons Congress Should Reject Obama's Climate Change Treaty.” 
March 4, 2016
Research fellows Salim Furth and David W. Kreutzer of The Heritage Foundation argue against Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards, calling them a “costly mistake.” 
They cite a research article by prominent economist Richard Tol and claim that a 2.5 degree Celsius increase in average world temperature would increase world gross domestic product (GDP) by up to 2.3 percent. 
February 2, 2016
July 7, 2015
The Heritage Foundation's Nicolas Loris published a research report titled “The Many Problems of the EPA’s Clean Power Plan and Climate Regulations: A Primer,” one month prior to President Obama's and the EPA's announcement of the Clean Power Plan. , 
In the report's abstract, Loris writes the “Obama Administration’s proposed climate-change regulations will exact a high price on Americans and have a negligible impact—if any—on global temperatures.” 
July 7 - 9, 2015
The Heritage Foundation was a co-sponsor of The Heartland Institute's Tenth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC10) in Washington, DC. 
July 7-9, 2014
August 28, 2012
The Heritage Foundation's Nicolas Loris published a research report titled “Hydraulic Fracturing: Critical for Energy Production, Jobs, and Economic Growth.” 
Within the report, Loris states that much of the “public concern” over hydraulic fracturing “has been over the possibility of contaminated drinking water, the chemicals used in fracking, the potential to create earthquakes, and wastewater management.” 
Loris then lists what he refers to as the “four most prevalent myths” about hydraulic fracturing:
“Myth #1: Hydraulic fracturing threatens underground water sources and has led to the contamination of drinking water.
Myth #2: The chemicals used in the fracking process are foreign chemicals that industry hides from the public.
Myth #3: Wastewater from hydraulic fracturing is dangerous and unregulated.
Myth #4: Fracking causes earthquakes.” 
May 21 - 23, 2012
November 16, 2011
The Heritage Foundation's Nicolas Loris, who was formerly an associate at the Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation, published a report in the Heritage Foundation's “Energy and Environment” section of its website titled, “New EPA Inspector General Report: One More Reason to Reject Climate-Change Regulation.” 
Loris writes that “Congress should vote to prevent the EPA from regulating greenhouse-gas emissions, and foster a transparent debate about the EPA’s endangerment finding and climate change generally.” Citing Richard Lindzen as a “respected climatologist,” Loris continues by stating “there has been plenty of dissent among the scientific community on the causes and magnitude of climate change.” 
June 30 - July 1, 2011
The Heritage Foundation was a sponsor of The Heartland Institute's Sixth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC6) in Washington, DC. 
DeSmogBlog concluded that 17 of the 43 sponsors of the Heartland Institute's Sixth International Conference on Climate Change, including the Heartland Institute itself, had collectively received over $46 million from either Scaife Foundations, Koch Foundations, or ExxonMobil. 
October 1, 2010
The Heritage Foundation claimed that the Royal Society had “significantly softened its position on global warming,” but Greenpeace's Polluterwatch reports that this was a misrepresentation of the Royal Society's actual position. , 
The Royal Society's view that man-made climate change is a problem is evidenced in the report summary: “[This report] shows that there is strong evidence that over the last half century, the earth's warming has been caused largely by human activity.” 
Nicolas Loris, the author of Heritage's controversial post, is a former associate of the Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation. 
May 16 - 18, 2010
The Heritage Foundation was a sponsor of The Heartland Institute's Fourth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC4) in Chicago, IL. 
DeSmogBlog found that ExxonMobil, Koch Foundations, and Scaife Family Foundations had contributed a combined total of over $40 million to co-sponsors of The Heartland Institute's ICCC4. 
June 2, 2009
The Heritage Foundation was a sponsor of The Heartland Institute's Third International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC3) in Washington, DC. 
May 4, 2009
Heritage held a panel titled “Busting the Myth of Green Jobs” that aimed to “explore the lessons of Spain, and examine some of the fundamental flaws in the green jobs-as-an-economic-salve line of argument.” 
Media Matters found that the entire Heritage panel had received money from ExxonMobil. 
The Heritage Foundation's senior policy analyst Ben Lieberman joined Robert Murphy, an economist at the Institute for Energy Research (IER), on a panel to discuss the study on renewable energy sources (PDF) done by economist Gabriel Calzada that suggested green jobs were harmful to the economy. 
March 8 - 10, 2009
The Heritage Foundation was a sponsor of The Heartland Institute's Second International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC2) in New York. 
DeSmogBlog researched the funding behind Heartland's Second International Conference on Climate Change and found that sponsor organizations had received over $47 million in funding from energy companies and conservative foundations. 
November 5, 2008
In a “WebMemo” published on by the Heritage Foundation, Dr. Donald Kreutzer claimed that policy initiatives to advance green investment hurt economic growth and employment. 
Kreutzer pointed to three studies that contended made false claims that green investment can promote job creation. Robert Pollin, the co-author of one of the studies (“Green Recovery”) responded here. See a PDF version of his response here. 
The Heritage Foundation reportedly encouraged conservatives to work together to “Strangle the environmental movement” as “It's the greatest single threat to the American economy.” 
This originally presented in a blueprint for policy in the 1990s and published in its journal “Policy Review.” 
Heritage Foundation Contact & Location
The Heritage Foundation lists the following contact information on their website: 
The Heritage Foundation
214 Massachusetts Ave NE
Washington DC 20002-4999
Email: [email protected]
ExxonSecrets Factsheet: Heritage Foundation. Accessed April 19, 2016.
“Policy Experts,” PolicyExperts.org. Arhcived April 20, 2016.
Carl Deal. The Greenpeace guide to anti-environmental organizations. Odonian Press, Emeryville, Calif. Distributed through Publishers Group West, 1993.
Norman Solomon. “The Media's Favorite Think Tank,” Extra!” July/August 1996. Archived October 14, 2005. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Jennifer Steinhauer and Jonathan Weisman, “In the DeMint Era at Heritage, a Shift From Policy to Politics,” New York Times, February 23, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“The Cooler Heads Coalition,” GlobalWarming.org. Archived April 12, 2004. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“Townhall.com - the Leading Conservative and Political Opinion Website,” TownHall.com. Archived April 20, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6gtjMGgtv
Nicolas Loris. “Top 5 Reasons Congress Should Reject Obama’s Climate Change Treaty,” The Daily Signal, April 19, 2016. Archived April 20, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6gtv9QoUT
Conn Carroll. “Study Shows Global Warming Will Not Hurt U.S. Economy,” The Daily Signal, January 6, 2009. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6gtoLSQk6
“The Heritage Foundation,” Conservative Transparency. Data retrieved May 28, 2016.
“Board of Trustees,” The Heritage Foundation. Archived December 22, 2011.
Kevin D. Dayaratna, Nicolas Loris, and David W. Kreutzer. “Consequences of Paris Protocol: Devastating Economic Costs, Essentially Zero Environmental Benefits,” The Heritage Foundation, April 13, 2016. Archived April 20, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6gtuhTLCR
“The Many Problems of the EPA’s Clean Power Plan and Climate Regulations: A Primer,” Heritage Foundation, July 7, 2015. Archived April 20, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6gtrevxDS
“Sponsors,” ICCC10. Archived July 15, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“ICCC9 CoSponsors,” Heartland Institute. Archived September 23, 2015.
“Return of Climate Denial-a-Palooza: Heartland Institute Hitches Anti-Science Wagon to Vegas FreedomFest,” DeSmogBlog, July 7, 2014.
“Hydraulic Fracturing: Critical for Energy Production, Jobs, and Economic Growth,” Heritage Foundation, August 28, 2012. Archived September 23, 2015.
“Cosponsors,” 7th International Conference on Climate Change. Archived May 10, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
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“New EPA Inspector General Report: One More Reason to Reject Climate-Change Regulation,” The Heritage Foundation, November 16, 2011. Archived September 22, 2015.
Sixth International Conference on Climate Change Conference Program (PDF), the Heartland Institute. Archived July 25, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Brendan DeMelle. “Denial-a-Palooza 6: Heartland's Sixth International Conference on Climate Change, Courtesy of Koch, Scaife & Exxon,” DeSmogBlog, June 30, 2011.
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“Co-Sponsors,” Third International Conference on Climate Change. Archived July 14, 2010. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
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