Robert (Bob) Carter
- Ph.D., University of Cambridge, Palaeontology, 1968.
- B.Sc. (Hons), University of Otago, Geology, 1963.
Robert (Bob) Carter died in January 2016. He was a former research professor at James Cook University, Queensland, Australia, and advisor to multiple climate science denial organisations around the world. He was head of the university's School of Earth Sciences between 1981 and 1999 and then held unpaid adjunct professorial positions. In January 2013 the university allowed his adjunct status to lapse, citing lack of input  into the university. He is a marine geologist and environmental scientist. , 
In response to claims  made by Carter that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change had not uncovered evidence that global warming was caused by human activity, a former CSIRO  climate scientist stated that Carter was not a credible source on climate change and that “if he [Carter] has any evidence that [global warming over the past 100 years] is a natural variability he should publish through the peer review process.” 
Carter had written numerous newspaper articles  primarily for UK and Australian newspapers that attempt to disprove global warming. He has also written two books.
In reference to his involvement with the Institute for Public Affairs (IPA) , Carter stated in a March 15, 2007  Sydney Morning Herald article: “I don't think it is the point whether you are paid by the coal or petroleum industry.” 
According to leaked documents Carter received $1,667 a month from the Heartland Institute , an organization with an intense focus on climate change skepticism. Carter was to be paid for his work as a co-author and editor on Heartland's Non Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) reports. 
Carter was a co-editor on the 2011 “Interim ” NIPCC report  and is a co-editor and author of the 2013 NIPCC report Climate Change Reconsidered II , timed to coincide with the release of the United Nation's fifth major IPCC report on climate change. , 
Stance on Climate Change
“There IS a problem with global warming… . it stopped in 1998… . That industrial carbon dioxide is not the primary cause of earth's recent decadal-scale temperature changes doesn't seem at all odd to many thousands of independent scientists. They have long appreciated - ever since the early 1990s, when the global warming bandwagon first started to roll behind the gravy train of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - that such short-term climate fluctuations are chiefly of natural origin.” 
“The first thing to be clear about is that carbon dioxide is not a pollutant.” 
“contrary to strong public belief, the effects of increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are generally beneficial. Enhanced plant growth has many obvious benefits, amongst them increased natural vegetation growth in general, and increased agricultural production in particular. And to maintain or slightly increase planetary temperature is also very much a global good if – as Ruddiman and other scientists assert – the human production of greenhouse gases is helping to hold our planetary environment in its historic, benignly warm, interglacial mode.” 
“…the empirical data stressed by climate rationalists will ultimately prevail over the predictions of the unvalidated computer models. Perhaps then we will be able to attend to the real climate policy problem, which is to prepare response plans for extreme weather events, and for climate warmings as well as coolings, in the same way we prepare to cope with all other natural hazards.” 
December 7, 2015
Bob Carter appeared as a “Key Scientist”  in Marc Morano ’s documentary film, Climate Hustle , which debuted on December 7, 2015, in Paris, France during the COP21 United Nations summit on climate change . The film chiefly showcases Morano's personality, a range of discredited scientists, and no new factual information about climate change. 
Other notable “Key Scientists” featured in Climate Hustle include: 
- J udith Curry 
- R ichard Tol 
- Ivar Giaever 
- R oy Spencer 
- Patrick Moore 
- Don Easterbrook 
- Patrick Michaels 
- Christopher Monckton 
- Anthony Watts 
- Leighton Steward 
- Walter Cunningham 
- William Briggs
- Roger Pielke Sr.
- Robert Giegengack
- Caleb Rossiter
- Daniel Botkin
- John Theon
- Dennis Rancourt
November 30, 2015
Bob Carter was an author of a Heartland Institute/NIPCC publication released on the first day of the United Nations' twenty first conference of the parties (COP21) in Paris. According to the the Heartland Institute press release,  The Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change's book, titled Why Scientists Disagree about Global Warming: The NIPCC Report on Consensus “emphatically rejects claims of a 'scientific consensus' on the causes and consequences of climate change.” 
Contrary to the book's premise, multiple studies and surveys have shown that 97 percent or more of actively publishing climate scientists agree that climate warming trends over the past century are due to human activities (NASA for example ). 
In addition to Bob Carter, authors included Craig D. Idso  of the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change  (CSCDGC) and S. Fred Singer  of the Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP). The NIPCC itself is sponsored by the CSCDGC, SEPP, and The Heartland Institute. 
CSDGC, IPA, and SEPP are all secretive about their funding sources. Still, available data at ExxonSecrets and the Conservative Transparency Project  show they have received funding from ExxonMobil , Donors Capital Fund , Scaife , and Koch-related Foundations .
June 11-12, 2015
Bob Carter was a speaker  on Panel 9: “Climate Change Reconsidered II: Human Welfare, Energy, and Policies ,” at the Heartland Institute ’s Tenth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC10) in Washington, D.C., with S. Fred Singer , Craig Idso , and Christopher Monckton . 
View Bob Carter’s Panel 9 presentation at the Heartland Institute’s ICCC10, below: 
Bob Carter was also a speaker  on Panel 11: “Attacks on Scientists and the Corruption of Science ,” at the Heartland Institute ’s Tenth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC10) in Washington, D.C., with William Briggs, Tim Ball , and Christopher Monckton . 
View Bob Carter’s Panel 11 presentation at the Heartland Institute’s ICCC10, below: 
May 12, 2015
Bob Carter was a signatory to an open letter to Pope Francis on climate change . The letter invites the Pope to reconsider his views on climate change before his upcoming encyclical letter on the environment, which is widely expected to call for measures to prevent climate change in the interests of the world’s poor. The open letter was coordinated and signed by Calvin Beisner  of the Cornwall Alliance . 
According to the letter, “Good climate policy must recognize human exceptionalism, the God-given call for human persons to 'have dominion' in the natural world (Genesis 1:28), and the need to protect the poor from harm, including actions that hinder their ascent out of poverty.” 
Another excerpt below:
”[…] the [climate] models are wrong. They therefore provide no rational basis to forecast dangerous human-induced global warming, and therefore no rational basis for efforts to reduce warming by restricting the use of fossil fuels or any other means.”
Judith Curry  comments on her blog Climate Etc. that “Arguably the most effective ‘pushback’ comes from Cal Beisner of the Cornwall Alliance, who coordinated An Open Letter to Pope Francis on Climate Change.” 
Bob Carter spoke up to defend Willie Soon  after pieces were published in The Guardian  and the New York Times  accusing Soon of failing to disclose a conflict of interest in recent scientific papers. The New York Times writes “He has accepted more than $1.2 million in money from the fossil-fuel industry over the last decade while failing to disclose that conflict of interest in most of his scientific papers.” These articles were written in light of documents obtained by Greenpeace through freedom of information filings. , 
The letters defending Soon are addressed to Wille Soon’s supervisor, Dr. Alcock, and colleagues. Carter refers to a recent reference written for Soon where he describes him thus: “If one wanted to sum up Willie Soon in a single sentence, it would be that he radiates scientific expertise, obeisance to empirical data, enthusiasm, commitment to communication, concern for both scientific and personal integrity and good humour in roughly equal measure.“ 
Bob Carter was a contributor to the book Climate Change: The Facts published by the Institute of Public Affairs  and featuring “22 essays on the science, politics and economics of the climate change debate.” The Institute of Public Affairs, while not revealing most of its funders, is known to have received funding from mining magnate Gina Rinehart and at least one major tobacco company. 
The book includes essays and articles from a range of climate change skeptics, with contributors including the following:
- Alan Moran 
- Andrew Bolt 
- Anthony Watts 
- Bernard Lewin
- Christopher Essex 
- Donna Laframboise 
- Garth W. Paltridge
- Ian Plimer 
- J. Scott Armstrong 
- James Delingpole 
- Jennifer Marohasy
- Joanne Nova 
- John Abbot
- Kesten Green 
- Mark Steyn 
- Nigel Lawson 
- Patrick J. Michaels 
- Richard S. Lindzen 
- Robert M. Carter 
- Ross McKitrick 
- Rupert Darwall 
- Stewart Franks 
- Willie Soon 
November 14, 2014
Bob Carter co-wrote an article in The Washington Times  with Tom Harris on President Obama's “Global Warming Propaganda.” They accuse Obama of “grandstanding and attempted sabotage of the agenda” by focusing on climate change issues at the 2014 Group of 20 summit meeting in Brisbane, Australia. 
According to the two authors,
“That global warming stopped 18 years ago and the warming of a few tenths of a degree between 1979 and 1997 shows no sign of being other than of natural origin is apparently unknown to the president. Taking action on climate change is to be a cornerstone of his presidential legacy. Bankrupting the domestic coal-mining companies is just an added bonus in Mr. Obama’s eyes.” […]
“Mr. Obama and other global political leaders need to reconsider their misinformed belief that climate policy and energy policy should be interwoven. In reality, the two policy streams urgently need to be disentangled.”
July 7 - 9, 2014
May 21 - 23, 2012
DeSmogBlog researched the co-sponsors behind Heartland's ICCC7  and found that they had collectively received over $67 million from ExxonMobil, the Koch Brothers and the conservative Scaife family foundations . 
Heartland's president Joe Bast  revealed at the end of the conference that the Institute has no plans for future ICCCs. This could be in part due to the defections of corporate sponsors following Heartland's the unintended release of their  confidential documents  and its unsuccessful Unabomber billboard campaign . Carter was one of the few people to have subsequently backed  Heartland's decision to run the billboard campaign. 
June 30, 2011
March 30, 2009
Bob Carter's signature appears on a full-page ad funded by the CATO institute  that appeared  in numerous newspapers including the Washington Post, the New York Times and the Chicago Tribune in 2009. , 
The advertisement objects to President Obama's declaration that “few challenges facing America and the world are more urgent than combating climate change” and claims that “there has been no net global warming for over a decade ” and that the dangers of global warming are “grossly overstated.” 
The conference was hosted by the industry-funded Heartland Institute  and focuses on “research that contradicts claims that Earth’s moderate warming during the twentieth century primarily was man-made and has reached crisis proportions.”
March 8, 2007
The Great Global Warming Swindle  received critical response from the scientific community, including a letter  to ABC that was signed by thirty-seven British Scientists who claimed “the misrepresentations of facts and views, both of which occur in your programme, are so serious that repeat broadcasts of the programme, without amendment, are not in the public interest. In view of the seriousness of climate change as an issue, it is crucial that public debate about it is balanced and well-informed.” 
Feb 5, 2007
Carter was an “expert reviewer”  of the Independent Summary for Policymakers (ISPM) , essentially a critical review of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report . 
The ISPM is published by the industry-supported Fraser Institute  which received over $60,000 from ExxonMobil and which is also financially-supported by several tobacco companies including Philip Morris and British American Tobacco.
- The Institute for Public Affairs (IPA)  — Past Emeritus Fellow and Science Policy Advisor . 
- Heartland Institute  — Past “Expert .” 
According to a search of 22,000 academic journals, Carter published over 50 original research in peer-reviewed  journals mainly in the area of stratigraphy , the study of rock layers and layering. Carter's articles on global warming have largely appeared in economics journals, rather than mainstream science journals.
Carter has written many opinion columns on climate change, with several published in the Rupert Murdoch-owned The Australian newspaper and minor Australian publication Quadrant. He has written two books sceptical of the science of human-caused global warming.
The first, Climate: The Counter Consensus, was published in July 2010. Reviewing the book, Australian climate scientist David Karoly said Dr Carter lived in a world where “it is OK to select any evidence that supports your ideas and ignore all other evidence ”. Leading New Zealand climate scientist Dr James Renwick said the book was “a curious read, full of misinformation, straw-man arguments, and poorly-documented assertions .”
His second book, Taxing Air: Facts & Fallacies About Climate Change, was released in May 2013 and was co-written with cartoonist John Spooner and fellow sceptics Bill Kininmonth , Martin Feil, Stewart Franks  and Bryan Leyland. The Institute of Public Affairs sent copies of the book  to Australian Members of Parliament and hosted a launch event . Australian mathematical physicist Ian Enting, author of the Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute book Twisted: The distorted mathematics of greenhouse denial , has analysed the book , describing it as being characterised by “half-truths and slanted misrepresentation” and “appalling hypocrisy”.
A list of Carter's publications is available on his website .
- R.M. Carter. “Knock, knock: where is the evidence for dangerous human-caused global warming? ” Economic Analysis & Policy (Journal of the Economic Society of Australia - Queensland), 32(2) (2008), 107-202.
- R.M. Carter, C.R. De Freitas, I.M. Goklany, D. Holland, and R.S. Lindzen. “Climate science and the Stern Review,” (PDF ) World Economics, 8 (2007), 161-182.
- D. Holland, R.M. Carter, C.R. De Freitas, I.M. Goklany, and R.S. Lindzen. “Climate change. Response to Simmonds and Steffen ,” (PDF), World Economics, 8 (2007), 143-151.
“Profile: Robert M. Carter ,” Archived July 23, 2011. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Graham Readfearn. “Australian University Dumps Bob Carter, Advisor To Multiple Global Climate Science Denial Groups ,” DeSmogBlog, July 9, 2013.
“Robert 'Bob' Carter: 6th International Conference on Climate Change ,” the Heartland Institute. Archived November 12, 2011.
Brendan DeMelle. “Heartland Institute Exposed: Internal Documents Unmask Heart of Climate Denial Machine ,” DeSmogBlog, February 14, 2012.
S. Fred Singer, Craig Idso, Robert M. Carter. “Climate Change Reconsidered: 2011 Interim Report ,” The Heartland Institute, August 29, 2011. Archived February 4, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f3pt1Hsk 
(Press Release) “Today: Climate Confernce Call – The Heartland Institute's Latest 'Climate Change Reconsidered' Report ,” PRWeb, September 3, 2013. Archived February 5, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f3pyZwDB 
Bob Carter. “There IS a problem with global warming… it stopped in 1998 ,” The Telegraph, April 9, 2006. Archived with WebCiite February 5, 2016: www.webcitation.org/6f3vL1Izg 
“Clearing the Air ,” TCS Daily, May 5, 2004. Archived February 4, 2009. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“Bob Carter: British report the last hurrah of warmaholics ,” The Australian, November 3, 2006. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f3qEWpgY 
“Background on Key Scientists Appearing in Climate Hustle ,” Climate Hustle. Archived January 11, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
(Press Release). “From The Heartland Institute: 'Why Scientists Disagree about Global Warming,' The NIPCC Report on Consensus ,” PRWeb, November 30, 2015. Archived December 1, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6dSP4CP0d 
“Speakers ,” 10th International Conference on Climate Change. Heartland Institute. Archived June 30, 2015.
“Panel 9: Climate Change Reconsidered II: Human Welfare, Energy, and Policies with S. Fred Singer, Ph.D., Craig Idso, Ph.D., Christopher Monckton, and Bob Carter, Ph.D. ,” Heartland Institute, June 12, 2015.
“Panel 11: Attacks on Scientists and the Corruption of Science with Bob Carter, Ph.D, William Briggs, Tim Ball, and Christopher Monckton ,” Heartland Institute, June 12, 2015.
“An Open Letter to Pope Francis on Climate Change ,” Cornwall Alliance For The Stewardship of Creation. April 27, 2015. Archived February 4, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f3qxYa3S 
Suzanne Goldenberg. “Work of prominent climate change denier was funded by energy industry ,” The Guardian. February 21, 2015. Archived August 24, 2015 . Accessed February 2, 2016. Webcite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f0fMitLM 
Justin Gillis and John Schwarts. “Deeper Ties to Corporate Cash for Doubtful Climate Researcher ,” The New York Times. February 21, 2015. Archived August 24, 2015 . Webcite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f0feJgeP 
“Dr. Wei-Hock Soon’s Peers Fire Back Against Global Warming Witch Hunt ,” Breitbart. February 23, 2015. Archived February 6, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f3rMU2wF 
James Delingpole. “NYT Smears Scientist Willie Soon for Telling the Truth About ‘Global Warming’, ” Breitbart. February 21, 2015. Archived April 25, 2015. Webcite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f0fqOqAR 
“Institute of Public Affairs ,” SourceWatch. Accessed May 27, 2015.
Bob Carter and Tom Harris. “Obama’s global-warming propaganda Down Under: Entangling climate concerns with energy policy is a costly mistake ,” The Washington Times, November 18, 2014. Archived November 21, 2014. Webcite URL: www.webcitation.org/6f0gHuNSh 
“Return of Climate Denial-a-Palooza: Heartland Institute Hitches Anti-Science Wagon to Vegas FreedomFest ,” DeSmogBlog, July 7, 2014. Archived July 14, 2014.
Brendan DeMelle. “Return of Climate Denial-a-Palooza: Heartland Institute Hitches Anti-Science Wagon to Vegas FreedomFest ,” DeSmogBlog, July 7, 2014.
Seventh International Conference on Climate Change Conference Program (PDF) , the Heartland Institute. Archived July 25, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Brendan DeMelle. “Heartland Denial-a-Palooza Sponsors Have Received $67 Million From ExxonMobil, Koch and Scaife Foundations ,” DeSmogBlog, May 22, 2012.
“With all due respect Mr. President, that is not true .” Cato.org. Archived April 2, 2009. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Derek Markham. “Cato Institute Ad Calls Climate Change 'Grossly Overstated' ,” Planetsave, April 6, 2009. Archived February 5, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f3sS2kmo 
“Climate Change Reality ,” The Cato Institute. Archived March 31, 2009.
“Meet The Panel ,” ABC.net. Archived July 15, 2008. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“Climate Change Response ” (Transcript), ABC, April 11, 2005. Archived January 17, 2006. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“The Great Global Warming Swindle: open letter to Martin Durkin from 37 signatories (April 2007) ,” Climate of Denial, April 24, 2007. Archived February 5, 2016 . WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f3sy56vF 
Kevin Grandia. “ABC Australia's Tony Jones and Durkin Transcript ,” DeSmogBlog, July 16, 2007.
“Independent Summary for Policymakers of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (Working Group I) ,” uoguelph.ca (Ross McKitrick's Sub-Page). Archived February 5, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6f3t84Ezk 
“Bob Carter ,” SourceWatch Profile.
“Experts ,” ICECAP. Archived June 2, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.