Koch Industries and Lobbying in Washington
2008 Lobbying Expenditures
Koch Industries lobbying expenditures  in 2008 include:
Capitol Tax Partners--$240,000
Hogan & Hartson--$240,000
SIFF CERDA & LAKE LLP--$220,000
Hunton & Williams--$190,000
Mehlman Vogel Castagnetti, Inc.--$120,000
Peter J. Loughlin--40,000
Nancy Pfotenhauer, Koch, and Lobbying
Nancy Pfotenhauer (formerly Nancy Mitchell) was an advisor to Senator John McCain during his presidential election campaign, and a former director of Koch Industries' Washington office. Pfotenhauer was Koch Industries' chief in-house lobbyist  from 1996 to 2001. Her lobbying efforts were focused on gas pipelines. In 2001, Nancy Pfotenhauer left Koch Industries to become the president of the Independent Women's Forum , a conservative research group that receives funding  from Koch Industries.
In 2003, the Independent Women's Forum became affiliated with the Citizens for a Sound Economy (now Americans for Prosperity). Pfotenhauer served as president and CEO of Americans for Prosperity  and executive vice president of policy for Citizens For a Sound Economy. Citizens for a Sound Economy  was co-founded by David H. Koch and has received $12,906,712  in grants from the Koch Family Foundations. Americans for Prosperity has received $1,000,000 in funding.
The Mercatus Center
The Mercatus Center is a conservative think tank located at George Mason University that regularly lobbies in the federal government . Koch Industries has funded the Mercatus Center since the 1980s.
Koch and the Bush Administration
During George W. Bush's second presidential term, his administration tried several times to appoint individuals who were "pro-industry" to important environmental positions. However, the Senate blocked the president's continued efforts. Included in the president's nominations were Alex Beehler and Susan Dudley, both of whom have connections to Koch Industries.
Susan Dudley  was the director of Regulatory Studies at the Mercatus Center . Dudley opposes federal regulation. She lobbied against  the Environmental Protection Agency's attempts to reduce smog, produce cleaner gasoline, and remove arsenics from drinking water. President Bush nominated Dudley to be the Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget. The person working in this position can interfere, without scrutiny, in the dealings of agencies such as the EPA. This position  can also be used as a conduit for industries to avoid federal health and environmental standards.
Bush also nominated Alex A. Beehler to be the Inspector General of the EPA. The Inspector General oversees EPA management and conducts audits. Beehler's environemental highlights include: lobbying for military activities to be exempt from environmental regulations , and trying to influence the EPA's decision on creating a health standard for percholorate,  a rocket fuel component. Perchlorate can impair fetal brain development and has contaminated water in 25 U.S. states. At Koch Industries, Beehler worked as the director of environemntal and regulatory affairs . He also served as vice president for environmental projects at the Charles G. Koch Foundation.
While the senate was not in session, George W. Bush by-passed the Senate and appointed Susan Dudley to be the Director of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs. She served as Director from 2007 to 2008.