James M. Taylor
- B.A. from Dartmouth College.
- J.D. from Syracuse University College of Law where he was president of the local chapter of the Federalist Society  and founder and editor-in-chief of the Federalist Voice.
James McBee Taylor is president of the Spark of Freedom foundation, a Senior Fellow  with the Heartland Institute  and former managing editor (2001-2014) of the Heartland publication Environment & Climate News . Taylor also writes a regular column for Forbes magazine . , , 
According to his profile at the Heartland Institute, Taylor has presented energy and environment analysis on CNN, Fox News, MSNBC, PBS, CBS, ABC, and other TV and radio outlets across the country. 
He has been a featured speaker at events sponsored by the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) , the State Policy Network (SPN) , Cato Institute , Heritage Foundation , European Institute for Climate and Energy , and many others. 
James Taylor previously served  as a legal analyst for the now-defunct Defenders of Property Rights . He has also been a Senior Fellow  at the Cato Institute , and a member of the Federalist Society . He previously served as managing editor of CCH Incorporated's disability law publications. , 
Stance on Climate Change
“Forget what global warming activists would lead you to believe – 2015 was not even close to the hottest year on record.” 
“The evidence is powerful, straightforward, and damning. NASA satellite instruments precisely measuring global temperatures show absolutely no warming during the past the past 10 years.” 
“Global warming is a greater threat to the American people than global terrorism, you say? Fine, then stop obstructing the hydraulic fracturing (fracking) process that is responsible for approximately half of our natural gas production.” 
James Taylor on Pope Francis, the papal encyclical on the environment, and climate change :
“I think if he were to see the science as it is, then he would understand that it is more important to raise people out of poverty and give them that opportunity rather than fighting a mythical global warming crisis.” 
May 6, 2014
James Taylor is quoted in a National Geographic article entitled, “Climate Report Provides Opportunity for Bridging Political Divide ,” following the release of the US government's National Climate Assessment:
“The report falsely asserts that global warming is causing more extreme weather events, more droughts, more record high temperatures, more wildfires, warmer winters, etc., when each and every one of these false assertions is contradicted by objective, verifiable evidence.” 
May 6, 2014
James Taylor speaks on the Mark Levin show:
“Throughout human history, warmer climates have always been more beneficial to human health and welfare. Just because we have a little warming, even if humans are causing it, doesn’t mean we have to totally restructure our economy, restructure our society to fight this phantom menace [global warming].” 8:23-8:39 — 
“It depends how you define “global climate disruption.” If you define “global climate disruption” as being fewer and less severe hurricanes, fewer and less severe tornadoes, fewer and less severe instances of drought, wildfires, etc., well then I guess I would agree that global warming is causing tremendous [laughs] “global climate disruption.” But, of course, that's all “beneficial disruption” where we see fewer of these extreme events.” 11:13-11:36 — 
November 20, 2013
“Global warming activists claim a serious public concern presently exists and the overwhelming majority of scientists agrees humans are creating a global warming crisis. The survey of AMS meteorologists, however, shows no such overwhelming majority exists. Indeed, to the extent we can assign a majority scientific opinion to whether all the necessary components of a global warming crisis exist, the AMS survey shows the majority does not agree humans are creating a global warming crisis.” 
May 14, 2012
“A primary reason why we are involved in climate change is [that] assertions of a global warming crisis are being utilized to impose restrictions on the economy, on free choices across the economy,” he said in a recent interview.
“To that extent, we want to make sure that the science justifies these restrictions on free markets and on individual liberty, and the best evidence indicates that the science does not justify these restrictions, so that's why we are involved,” he added. 
June 15, 2011
“Without a doubt, the warming of the past 100 years has been a welcome respite from a long and deadly Little Ice Age. The possibility that humans may have contributed to the recent warming does not make it any less welcome.” 
James Taylor wrote an article in Forbes titled “How Conservatives Can Win the Global Warming Policy Debate ,” where he argues that Conservatives “Have a golden opportunity to show political leadership and checkmate the left on global warming policy with a conservative energy agenda championing natural gas, hydro, and nuclear power.” 
“The reason global warming science has become a political issue is political leaders on the left seek to 'solve' global warming by converting our economy into one that relies on expensive and unreliable wind and solar power,” Taylor writes.
“When the liberal media attempt to paint conservative policymakers as 'deniers' and corner them with 'gotcha' global warming questions, conservative policymakers can flip the issue on its head by saying, 'I am skeptical of over-the-top global warming claims. However, I am prepared to demonstrate effective leadership and offer creative solutions by championing affordable energy that will immediately and substantially reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Why won’t liberals do the same?'” 
June 15, 2016
James Taylor wrote a policy report for the Nevada Policy Research Institute  titled “Energy policy, the make or break for Nevada's economy ” focused on giving “policymakers important information necessary to cultivate sustainable economic growth through wise energy policy.” 
Among the report's “key policy proposals” is to “[eliminate] the current standards for green-energy” in Nevada: 
“Nevada’s existing renewable power mandate promotes expensive energy sources that raise prices, kill jobs and reduce Nevada living standards. Moreover, a full-spectrum environmental impact analysis shows Nevada’s existing renewable power mandate promotes some environmentally destructive energy sources at the expense of much greener options,” the report summary reads. 
James Taylor wrote an article in Forbes claiming that 2015 was not the hottest year on record: 
“Forget what global warming activists would lead you to believe – 2015 was not even close to the hottest year on record.
Satellite temperature readings going back to 1979 show 1998 was by far the warmest year in the satellite era, followed by 2010. 2015 comes in third. And these results are only for the period since 1979.” 
“So how can Taylor make this claim? Well, as usual, it’s to cherry-pick a very, very specific set of circumstances: Satellite measurements of a single layer of the atmosphere. As I (and many others) have shown, these satellite measurements are not terribly reliable over the long term, and are nowhere near as accurate as temperatures measured from the ground using thermometers.
Despite this, Taylor states, 'By contrast, temperature measurements at the Earth’s surface are less reliable,' which is just flatly wrong. Seriously. It’s just complete fertilizer.” 
Slate also quotes analyses of Taylor's claims by scientists at Climate Feedback , who used terms like “total fabrication” and “very misleading” and “disingenuous” and “inaccurate” and “wild misrepresentation” with reference to Taylor's claim. They offer the following summary of the “scientists' feedback”: 
“This is an inaccurate and misleading report. It only comments on the temperature in the troposphere (not at the surface of the Earth, where people live) and ignores most of the data available to discuss whether or not Earth’s climate is warming. It is based on a single, unpublished and contested record.” 
December 7, 2015
James Taylor appeared at the United Nation’s Conference on Climate Change, COP21 , in Paris, France with the Heartland Institute , the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) , and the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI)  to “hold a ‘counter-conference’ … called the Day of Examining the Data.” 
Other notable climate change deniers that were in attendance at the “counter-conference,” included: Robert Carter , Willie Soon , Christopher Essex , S. Fred Singer , Patrick Moore , Wolfgang Müller , James Inhofe , and Christopher Monckton . 
August 25, 2015
According to the Affordable Energy Summit's “Events ” webpage, the purpose of the summit was to “discuss the costs of climate change, as well as the fiscal and environmental impact of the so-called 'Clean Power Plan.'” 
It goes on to state that the speakers at the National Clean Energy Summit , which took place just one day earlier, “believe that evidence of man-made global warming is enough to justify any action intended to solve the problem, without regard for effectiveness and without any regard for the expense.” 
James Taylor wrote in Forbes  that, “Unlike the Clean Energy Summit, the Affordable Energy Summit will present the full picture on energy, economics, and the environment.” Taylor asserts that wind and solar power initiatives are “not only prohibitively expensive, but they produce worse environmental damage than the conventional power Obama and Reid seek to vilify.” 
June 11-12, 2015
James Taylor was a speaker  on Panel 7: “Climate Policy and National Security ,” at the Heartland Institute ’s Tenth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC10) in Washington, D.C., with Jay Lehr . 
View James Taylor’s Panel 7 presentation at the Heartland Institute’s ICCC10, below: 
James Taylor is one of several climate change skeptics cc'd on an email from S. Fred Singer  in hopes of countering the documentary film “Merchants of Doubt,” which exposes the network of climate change skeptics and deniers trying to delay legislative action on climate change. Taylor is one of those featured in the film. 
The October, 2014 email (PDF)  was leaked to journalists before the documentary was released. “Can I sue for damages?” Singer asked in the email. “Can we get an injunction against the documentary?” 
InsideClimate News reports in their article “Leaked Email Reveals Who's Who List of Climate Denialists ,” how “Many of those copied on the email thread, such as Singer and communications specialist Steven Milloy, have financial ties to the tobacco, chemical, and oil and gas industries and have worked to defend them since the 1990s.” 
InsideClimate News also documented all those who were cc'd on the email, including the following skeptics and groups:
- Ron Arnold 
- Timothy Ball 
- Joseph “Joe” Bast 
- Joe Bastardi 
- Michael Bastasch
- William Briggs 
- Russell Cook 
- Judith Curry 
- Joe D'Aleo 
- James Delingpole 
- David Paul Driessen 
- James Enstrom 
- Steve Goddard 
- Pierre Gosselin
- Greenie Watch
- William Happer 
- Jim Lakely
- Patrick J. Michaels 
- Steven J. Milloy 
- Christopher Monckton 
- Marc Morano 
- Joanne Nova 
- Roger Pielke Sr. (Or Roger Pielke Jr.  - Unclear in Email)
- Thomas P. Sheahen
- S. Fred Singer 
- Wei-Hock (Willie) Soon 
- Roy Spencer 
- Anthony Watts 
DeSmogBlog covered the emails here: “Merchants of Doubt Film Debuts, Textbook Denial Attack Campaign Led By Fred Singer Ensues ” and DeSmogBlog also archived a full copy of the Singer email thread (PDF) . 
February 9, 2015
James Taylor published an article in Forbes titled “Top 10 Global Warming Lies That May Shock You ,” in response to the Environment Defense Fund's “10 Global Warming Effects That May Shock You.” Below is a summary of the assertions that Taylor makes in his article: 
- “Objective science proves extreme weather events such as hurricanes, tornadoes, heat waves, and droughts have become less frequent and less severe as a result of the Earth’s recent modest warming.”
- “Any attempt to connect a warmer climate to an increase in Lyme Disease must be accompanied by an acknowledgement of a warmer climate’s propensity to reduce influenza incidence and mortality.”
- “Regarding food and water supplies, global crop production has soared as the Earth gradually warms. Atmospheric carbon dioxide is essential to plant life, and adding more of it to the atmosphere enhances plant growth and crop production.” […] “The same holds true for water supplies. Objective data show there has been a gradual increase in global precipitation and soil moisture as our planet warms.”
- “The pace of sea level rise remained relatively constant throughout the 20th century, even as global temperatures gradually rose. There has similarly been no increase in the pace of sea level rise in recent decades.”
- “[A]larmists here are taking overwhelmingly good news about global warming improving plant health and making it seem like this good news is actually bad news because healthier plants mean more pollen.”
- “Alarmists claim warmer winters are causing an increase in pine beetle populations. This assertion is thoroughly debunked by objective, real-world data.” […] “Pine beetles are a natural part of forest ecosystems. Expanding pine forests can support more beetles.”
- “[G]lobal warming realists understand a climate more conducive to richer, more abundant plant life is beneficial rather than harmful.”
- “Severe storms, floods and agricultural losses may cost a great deal of money, but such extreme weather events – and their resulting costs – are dramatically declining as the Earth modestly warms. Accordingly, EDF’s asserted economic costs are actually economic benefits.”
- “Outbreaks of 'new or resurgent diseases' are occurring precisely because governments have caved in to environmental activist groups like EDF and implemented their anti-science agendas.”
- “To the contrary, the Antarctic Ice Sheet has been growing at a steady and substantial pace ever since NASA satellites first began measuring the Antarctic ice sheet in 1979.”
Skeptic Argument: Climate change isn't bad. 
Response: Negative impacts of global warming on agriculture, health & environment far outweigh any positives.
Skeptic Argument: Extreme weather isn't connected to global warming 
Response: Global warming amplifies the risk factors for extreme weather events - and that is all that Climate Science claims.
Skeptic Argument: CO2 is Plant Food 
Response More Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere is not necessarily good for plants.
Skeptic Argument: CO2 Levels were higher in the past 
Response: The Ordovician glaciation was a brief excursion to coldness during an otherwise warm era, due to a coincidence of conditions. It is completely consistent with climate science.
Skeptic Argument: Sea level rise predictions are exaggerated 
Response: Sea levels are rising faster now than in the previous century, and could rise between 50cm to 1.5 metres by 2100
Skeptic Argument: Ice Isn't Melting 
Response: Arctic summer sea ice has shrunk by an area equal to Western Australia, and might be all gone in a decade.
Skeptic Argument: Ice Sheet losses are overestimated 
Response: Wu et al (2010) use a new method to calculate ice sheet mass balance. This method, like all new methods will improve and be revised with time. Although, it does not agree well with most other measurement techniques, Wu et al's (2010) estimate is still at the upper end of IPCC predictions for ice losses and shows extensive land-ice losses from both Antarctica and Greenland.
December 26, 2014
James Taylor writes an article in Forbes titled “Wheat Production Sets New Records Thanks To Global Warming,” where he claims that Reuters and other sources including Grist and the Guardian  have published “false claims about global warming reducing wheat harvests.” , , 
According to Taylor, “This newest round of global warming alarmism –with global warming activists and their willfully ignorant media allies attempting to dupe people into believing global warming is causing a decline in wheat harvests – is a perfect illustration of all that is wrong with the alarmist global warming movement.” 
A number of scientific studies continue to report counter to Taylor's claims. For example, here is a summary of a 2014 study in Nature Climate Change (available at ScienceDaily ):
“Future global wheat harvest is likely to be reduced by six per cent per each degree Celsius of local temperature increase if no adaptation takes place. Worldwide this would correspond to 42 million tons of yield reduction, which equals a quarter of current global wheat trade, experts warn.” 
October 9, 2014
James Taylor is quoted in the Heartland Institute 's press release, “Heartland Institute Climate Experts Comment on 18 Straight Years of No Global Warming ,” which states “the global mean surface temperature has not risen for 18 consecutive years. This extends the so-called 'pause' in global warming to a new record, one not predicted by the climate models of the United Nations' International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).” 
“The ongoing 18 years without any warming strongly contradict alarmist predictions of global warming doom-and-gloom. According to nearly all of the United Nations’ computer models, this lack of warming could not occur. The real-world climate proves the alarmist computer models overstate the warming properties of carbon dioxide. Even when Earth resumes its modest warming, which it likely will at some point in the next couple of decades, the pace of warming will continue to be quite modest and beneficial to human welfare and global ecosystems.” 
James Taylor writes in Forbes that a “NOAA Report Destroys Global Warming Link to Extreme Weather.”  According to Taylor, “Scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have demolished claims by global warming activists that global warming caused or worsened many extreme weather events last year.” 
However, based on the NOAA Report, a summary of which is available online,  Taylor may have cherry picked specific findings that supports his view. For example, while the report does find that three independent studies “did not find conclusive evidence for the impact of human-caused climate change on the ongoing rainfall deficit in California,” it does not claim this with certainty. It continues: “One paper found evidence that atmospheric pressure patterns increased due to human causes, but the influence on the California drought remains uncertain.” 
More importantly, the same study does find connections to specific extreme weather events and man-made climate change. For example, looking at New Zealand's heat waves, “five independent studies all pointed toward human influence having a substantial increase in the likelihood and severity of the record 2013 temperatures in Australia.”
Two more examples are provided from Asia (emphasis added):
“Japan, Korea and China all experienced extremely hot summers in 2013. Studies of these events concluded that human-caused climate change made these heat waves more likely.”
“With an early arrival of monsoon-like atmospheric circulation in June, the heavy precipitation that occurred in northern India was a once-in-a-century event; however, analyses of observed and simulated June precipitation provide evidence that human-caused climate change has increased the likelihood of such an event.” 
August 30, 2014
May 19, 2014
When asked if Taylor is a lawyer by training, but not a scientist by training, Taylor responds, “I'm a lawyer by training, but I don't practice … But I'm a scientist by training as well. I successfully completed Ivy League atmospheric science courses, so I'm a scientist by training.” 
May 6, 2014
James Taylor is asked to be a speaker on The Mark Levin Show to “break down the laughably biased and anti-scientific aspects  of the National Climate Assessment report,” the same day the government's assessment is released. 
July 13, 2013
Months before the UNIPCC COP19 in Warsaw, Poland, James Taylor publishes a report via The Heartland Institute  entitled, “IPCC Lead Author Says Climate Models are Failing .” According to the lead author, Hans von Storch, the planet should be warming much more than it has been–and no one has been able to answer why “climate change seems to be taking a break.” 
November 30 - December 1, 2012
James Taylor was a speaker (PDF)  at the Eighth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC-8)/Fifth International Conference on Climate and Energy (ICCE-5) sponsored by both the Heartland Institute  and the European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE) . Taylor's speech is titled “Setting the Record Straight – Politics, the Media and the Abuse of Science.” 
James Taylor was a keynote speaker  at the Heartland Institute's Sixth International Conference on Climate Change . 
Fox News reported on the conference , describing how Taylor supposedly proved that “global cooling is already happening” because “This past 'decade set a record for largest average global snow extent'.” , 
James Taylor spoke  at the Heartland Institute's 2009 International Conference on Climate Change.  
March 4, 2008
- Spark of Freedom Foundatoin, INC. — President. 
- The Heartland Institute  — Senior Fellow and former managing editor of Environment & Climate News. 
- Cato Institute  — Senior Fellow . 
- Defenders of Property Rights  (Now Defunct)— Former Legal Analyst . 
- Federalist Society  — Member. 
- CCH Incorporated's disability law publications — Former managing editor. 
According to a search of Google Scholar, James M. Taylor has not published any research in peer-reviewed journals. The search does list that he has published numerous articles with the Heartland Institute.
“Contributor: James Taylor ,” Forbes magazine. Accessed September, 2016. Archived .png on file at Desmog.
James Taylor. “Ten Years And Counting: Where's The Global Warming? ”Forbes, June 8, 2011. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/E9bLE 
James Taylor. “Checkmating The Left On Global Warming,” Forbes, May 5, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/lEAq9 
Suzanne Goldenberg. “Republicans' leading climate denier tells the pope to butt out of climate debate ,” The Guardian, June 11, 2015. Archived September 7, 2016 . Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/r1vTW 
Brian Clark Howard, “Climate Report Provides Opportunity to Bridge Political Divide ,” National Geographic, May 6, 2014. Archived September 7, 2016 . Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/faCfu 
Jim Lakely. ”Heartland’s James Taylor Debunks Obama’s Climate Report on The Mark Levin Show ,” The Heartland Institute, May 7, 2014. Archived September 7, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/2lW2O 
James Taylor. ”The Latest Meteorologist Survey Destroys The Global Warming Climate 'Consensus' ,” Forbes Op-Ed, November 20, 2013. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/CICDs 
“Heartland admits 'mistake' in billboard campaign ,” E&E News, May 14, 2012, (subscription req'd).
James Taylor. ”How Conservatives Can Win The Global Warming Policy Debate ,” Forbes, Aug 3, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/QmJ6l 
“A Guide to Energy Policy” (PDF) , Nevada Policy Research Institute, June 15, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
James Taylor. “Energy policy, the make or break for Nevada's economy: A comprehensive guide for responsible and sound energy policy ,” Nevada Policy Research Institute, June 15, 2016. Archived June 25, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/S192c 
“Analysis of James Taylor’s '2015 Was Not Even Close To Hottest Year On Record',” Climate Feedback. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/5OEwV 
“PARIS COP-21: Day of Examining the Data with The Heartland Institute, CFACT, and CEI ,” Heartland Institute, December 7, 2015.
James Taylor. “What The Clean Energy Summit Doesn't Want You To Know ,” Forbes, August 24, 2015. Archived September 3, 2015. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/u7guf 
“Panel 7: Climate Policy and National Security with Capt. Donald K. “Deke” Forbes (USN, ret.), Jay Lehr, Ph.D., and James Taylor ,” Heartland Institute, June 11, 2015. Archived July 20, 2015.
Katherine Bagley. “Leaked Email Reveals Who's Who List of Climate Denialists ,” InsideClimate News. March 12, 2015. Archived September 7, 2016 . Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/CVOi5 
“Re: Re Oreskes: File Grievance with Harvard & Standford & UC” (PDF),  S. Fred Singer. PDF Archived at Desmog.
James Taylor. “Wheat Production Sets New Records Thanks To Global Warming ,” Forbes. December 26, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ooXVj 
Fiona Harvey. “Global warming will cut wheat yields, research shows,” The Guardian, December 23, 2014. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/cYrkY 
Natural Resources Institute Finland. “Global warming reduces wheat production markedly if no adaptation takes place .” ScienceDaily. January 12, 2015. Archived September 7, 2016 .
James Taylor. “Heartland Institute Climate Experts Comment on 18 Straight Years of No Global Warming ,” Heartland Institute, October 9, 2014. Archived October 16, 2014. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/nuCrS 
James Taylor. “NOAA Report Destroys Global Warming Link To Extreme Weather ,” Forbes. September 10, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/blcJb 
“New report finds human-caused climate change increased severity of 2013 heat waves in Asia, Europe and Australia ,” National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. September 29, 2014. Archived September 7, 2016 . Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/FQBFx 
“Episode 6: Winds of Change ,” ClimateClassroom.org.
“8th International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC-8): V International Conference on Climate and Energy (ICCE-5). Hotel Bayerischer Hof, Munich, November 30 – December 1, 2012” (PDF)  retrieved from eike-klima-energy.eu on November 24, 2012.
“4th International Conference on Climate Change (PDF) ,”The Heartland Institute. PDF archived at Desmog.
Gene J. Koprowski. “Global Cooling Is Coming – and Beware the Big Chill, Scientist Warns ,” Fox News, May 19, 2010. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zADBn 
“2008 International Conference on Climate Change: Audio ,” The Heartland Institute. Archived March 1, 2010. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/NrXOK