Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI)
The Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) was founded in 1984 and describes itself  as “a non-profit public policy organization dedicated to advancing the principles of limited government, free enterprise, and individual liberty.” 
CEI pursues what it calls a “full-service approach to advancing public policy.” That includes media advocacy campaigns intended to “reach policy makers, influential opinion leaders, and grassroots activists.” Part of their approach is to “build coalitions, joining with allies to advance specific issues at the state, national, and international levels.”
Oil giant Exxon Mobil is once of CEI's top funders and has contributed over $1.6 million, although they have reportedly stopped finding the organization. DonorsTrust (DT) has donated over $4 million to CEI as of 2013. DT has been described as the “dark money ATM of the conservative movement ” for its ability to take in funds from anonymous donors and distribute them to recipient organizations. 
CEI Center for Energy and Environment
Myron Ebell , chairman of the Cooler Heads Coalition and an outspoken man-made climate change denier, serves as Director of the CEI's Center for Energy and Environment . In March 2010, the Financial Times called Ebell “one of America's most prominent climate-change skeptics.” , 
According to the CEI's website , “CEI's largest program takes on all the hard energy and climate issues. CEI questions global warming alarmism, makes the case for access to affordable energy, and opposes energy-rationing policies, including the Kyoto Protocol, cap-and-trade legislation, and EPA regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. CEI also opposes all government mandates and subsidies for conventional and alternative energy technologies.” 
GlobalWarming.org (Cooler Heads Coalition)
The Cooler Heads Coalition, also known as GlobalWarming.org , is formerly a sub-group of the National Consumer Coalition, but now run as an “informal and ad-hoc group focused on dispelling the myths of global warming by exposing flawed economic, scientific, and risk analysis.”
GlobalWarming.org states , “This website is paid for and maintained by the Competitive Enterprise Institute.” 
According to their website , “we don't need to fear modern chemical technologies. In fact, we should fear the campaigns to ban, regulate, or otherwise deprive customers of the benefits associated with [chemical technologies].” 
Stance on Climate Change2015
“CEI questions global warming alarmism, makes the case for access to affordable energy, and opposes energy-rationing policies, including the Kyoto Protocol, cap-and-trade legislation, and EPA regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. CEI also opposes all government mandates and subsidies for conventional and alternative energy technologies.” 
“Although global warming has been described as the greatest threat facing mankind, the policies designed to address global warming actually pose a greater threat. The Kyoto Protocol and similar domestic schemes to ration carbon-based energy use would do little to slow carbon dioxide emissions, but would have enormous costs.” 
“The fuels that produce CO2 have freed us from a world of backbreaking labor, lighting up our lives, allowing us to create and move the things we need; the people we love. [Ominous Music] Now, some politicians want to label carbon dioxide a pollutant. Imagine if they succeed. What would our lives be like then? Carbon dioxide: they call it pollution. We call it life.” 
The Conservative Transparency Project breaks down CEI's funding as follows (1985 - 2014) : 
View attached spreadsheet for additional information on the Competitive Enterprise Institute's funding by year (.xlsx) . Note that not all individual funding values have been verified by DeSmogBlog for accuracy.
|Dunn's Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking ||$5,917,000|
|Sarah Scaife Foundation ||$3,865,000|
|Exxon Mobil *||$1,690,000|
|Searle Freedom Trust ||$1,560,000|
|The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation ||$1,780,040|
|Donors Capital Fund ||$927,279|
|Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation ||$364,820|
|Scaife Family Foundation||$350,000|
|The Randolph Foundation||$349,885|
|Barbara and Barre Seid Foundation||$343,190|
|David H. Koch Charitable Foundation ||$315,000|
|Earhart Foundation ||$240,000|
|John M. Olin Foundation ||$230,300|
|Chase Foundation of Virginia ||$216,960|
|Castle Rock Foundation ||$210,000|
|Robert W. Wilson Charitable Trust||$210,000|
|American Future Fund ||$150,000|
|William H. Donner Foundation ||$143,708|
|Robert P. Rotella Foundation||$122,500|
|The Shelby Cullom Davis Foundation ||$100,000|
|JM Foundation ||$80,000|
|The Rodney Fund ||$78,000|
|The Roe Foundation ||$70,000|
|Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation ||$119,703|
|The Carthage Foundation ||$60,000|
|Jaquelin Hume Foundation ||$50,000|
|Philip M. McKenna Foundation ||$50,000|
|Ravenel And Elizabeth Curry Foundation||$45,000|
|The Vernon K. Krieble Foundation ||$42,000|
|John William Pope Foundation ||$40,000|
|The Challenge Foundation ||$40,000|
|The Whitcomb Charitable Foundation||$30,500|
|Pierre F. and Enid Goodrich Foundation||$30,000|
|Aequus Institute ||$27,000|
|American Petroleum Institute ||$25,000|
|Crossroads GPS ||$25,000|
|Same Line Foundation||$22,000|
|National Christian Foundation ||$20,000|
|Woodhouse Family Foundation||$18,000|
|Lowndes Foundation ||$15,000|
|The Robertson-Finley Foundation ||$15,000|
|Diana Davis Spencer Foundation||$13,000|
|The Gordon and Mary Cain Foundation||$5,000|
|Abstraction Fund ||$2,000|
|Lynn & Foster Friess  Family Foundation||$1,250|
|Dick  and Betsy DeVos  Family Foundation||$1,000|
|Ed Uihlein Family Foundation||$1,000|
|Leadership Institute ||$500|
* In 2007 ExxonMobil reported that they would no longer be funding CEI. , 
According to the Capital Research Center , other corporations who have funded CEI include Cigna , Chevron, Texaco , Ford Motor Company, Chrysler Corporation, and numerous others. 
- Aequus Institute 
- Amoco  Foundation, Inc.
- Coca-Cola Company 
- E.L. Craig Foundation
- CSX Corporation 
- Fieldstead and Co.
- FMC Foundation 
- Ford Motor Company Fund
- Curtis and Edith Munson Foundation
- Philip Morris Companies, Inc. 
- Pfizer Inc. 
- Precision Valve Corporation
- Prince Foundation 
- Sheldon Rose
- Texaco , Inc.
- Texaco  Foundation
- Alex C. Walker Foundation
|Bill Dunn ||Y||Member emeritus|
|Frances B. Smith||Y||Past Executive Director, Consumer Alert |
|Fred L. Smith, Jr. ||Y||Y||Founder & Past President of CEI|
|James R. Curley||Y||Y||Board of the Reason Foundation |
|James R. Von Ehr||Y||Y||President and founder of Zyvex Labs, LLC|
|Kerry Halferty Hardy||Y|
|Lawson Bader||Y||Past CEI President|
|Leonard Liggio ||Y||Executive vice president for academics, Atlas Network .|
|Michael S. Greve||Y||Y||Chairmain of the board. John G. Searle Scholar at AEI .|
|Michael W. Gleba||Y||President and Trustee of the Sarah Scaife Foundation |
|Thomas Gale Moore ||Y||Senior fellow at the Hoover Institution .|
|Todd J. Zywicki||Y||Chairman of the Board|
|W. Thomas Haynes||Y||Y|
|William A. Dunn ||Y|
|Angela Logomasini ||Y||Y|
|Anna St. John||Y|
|Christopher C. Horner ||Y||Y|
|Clyde Wayne Crews||Y||Y|
|Fred L. Smith, Jr. ||Y||Y|
|Gregory Conko ||Y||Y|
|Iain Murray ||Y||Y|
|Ivan Osorio ||Y||Y|
|Jennifer Jones ||Y||Y|
|Marlo Lewis, Jr. ||Y||Y|
|Mary Beth Gombita||Y||Y|
|Melissa A. Holyoak||Y|
|Myron Ebell ||Y||Y|
|Richard Morrison ||Y||Y|
|Sam Kazman ||Y||Y|
|Angela Logomasini ||Y||Y||Y|
|Anna St. John||Y|
|Cassandra C. Moore||Y|
|Christopher C. Horner ||Y||Y||Y|
|Clyde Wayne Crews||Y||Y||Y|
|Donald J. Boudreaux ||Y|
|F. Vincent Vernuccio||Y|
|Frances B. Smith||Y|
|Fred L. Smith, Jr. ||Y||Y||Y|
|George A. Pieler||Y|
|Gregory Conko ||Y||Y||Y|
|Henry I. Miller ||Y|
|Iain Murray ||Y||Y||Y|
|Ivan Osorio ||Y||Y||Y|
|James Bovard ||Y|
|James L. Gattuso||Y|
|James M. Sheehan||Y|
|James V. DeLong||Y|
|Jeremy Rabkin ||Y|
|Jerome Arnett ||Y|
|Joel Schwartz ||Y|
|Marlo Lewis, Jr. ||Y||Y||Y|
|Melissa A. Holyoak||Y|
|Michael S. Greve||Y|
|Myron Ebell ||Y||Y||Y|
|Richard Tren ||Y|
|Robert H. Nelson||Y|
|Robert J. Smith ||Y|
|Robert L. Bradley Jr. ||Y|
|Sam Kazman ||Y||Y||Y|
|Steven J. Milloy ||Y|
Richard Lindzen, a prominent denier of man-made climate change, appeared on the Competitive Enterprise Institute's Real Clear Radio Hour where he spoke to host Bill Frezza.
Lindzen's comments were transcribed at Marc Morano's Climate Depot (reproduced below): 
Question: How much warming do you expect for a doubling of carbon dioxide?
Lindzen: “Doubling is chosen for a very good reason. The dependence of the greenhouse gas effects what is called logarithmic. Which means if you double CO2 from 280 to 560ppm, you would get the same thing you as you would get from doubling from 560 to 10120. It’s a diminishing return thing.”“There is no obvious trend for at least 18 years in temperature.”
Lindzen on 97% consensus:
Lindzen: “It was the narrative from the beginning. In 1998, [NASA’s James] Hansen made some vague remarks. Newsweek ran a cover that says all scientists agree. Now they never really tell you what they agree on. It is propaganda.”
“So all scientists agree it’s probably warmer now than it was at the end of the Little Ice Age. Almost all Scientists agree that if you add CO2 you will have some warming. Maybe very little warming. But it is propaganda to translate that into it is dangerous and we must reduce CO2 etc.
If you can make an ambiguous remark and you have people who will amplify it ‘they said it not me’ and he response of the political system is to increase your funding, what’s not to like?
If I look through my department, at least half of them keep mum. Just keep on doing your work, trying to figure out how it works.MIT ‘has just announced that they see this bringing in $300 million bucks. It will support all sorts of things.'”
Inverse magazine offers a brief fact check of Lindzen's most recent claims . They also quote climate scientist Ray Perrehumbert's 2012 lecture to the American Geophysical Union: 
“It's OK to be wrong, and [Richard Lindzen] is a smart person, but most people don’t really understand that one way of using your intelligence is to spin ever more clever ways of deceiving yourself. … He has made a career of being wrong in interesting ways about climate science.”
August 5, 2015
The Competitive Enterprise Institute's Myron Ebell  was interviewed alongside of the Environmental Defense Fund’s Jeremy Symons on the August 5 edition of CSPAN's Washington Journal.  During the interview, EDF’s Symons “confronted” Ebell about his sources of funding, asking, “Isn't Murray Energy your biggest funder of your dinner? They're the biggest coal company in the United States for underground mining.” 
Watch Myron Ebell’s interview on CSPAN, below:
July 7 - 8, 2015
The Competitive Enterprise Institute was a co-sponsor to the Heartland Institut e's Tenth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC10)  in Washington, DC. 
October 29, 2014
The Competitive Enterprise Institute filed a lawsuit suing the White House “over a video that claimed global warming might be tied to last year's extreme cold spell, commonly referred to as the 'polar vortex,'” according to a report from ThinkProgress . The White House stated that the video did not “represent the official agency position,” and instead represented the “personal opinions” of the White House's Office of Science and Technology director, John Holdren, and OSTP Senior Communications Advisor, Becky Fried. 
CEI then filed a Freedom of Information Act request “for all White House documents and e-mails discussing whether the validity of the science really does constitute Holdren and Fried’s personal opinions, and all documents related to the cost of producing Holdren’s video.” The White House came forth with some material following the FOIA request, but withheld 47 additional pieces of information that it claimed contained “privileged material.” 
September 26, 2014
CEI's Marlo Lewis attends the “At the Crossroads; Energy & Climate Policy Summit ” in Houston, Texas, hosted by the Texas Public Policy Foundation  and The Heritage Foundation . Lewis presents in “Panel II: Taking Stock of Current Climate Regulation.” 
July 7 - 9, 2014
The Competitive Enterprise Institute was a co-sponsor to the Heartland Institute's Ninth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC9)  in Las Vegas, Nevada. 
June 30 - July 1, 2011
June 2, 2009
The Competitive Enterprise Institute cosponsored the Heartland Institute's Third International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC3) . 
The conference's theme was “Climate Change: Scientific Debate and Economic Analysis,” to reflect Heartland's belief that that “scientific debate is not over.”
March 8 - 10, 2009
The Competitive Enterprise Institute cosponsored the Heartland Institute's Second International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC2) . 
CEI released a national ad campaign  “on the Impact of Al Gore’s Global Warming Policies.” The campaign focused on “the threat to affordable energy posed by Al Gore’s global warming agenda.” See video below: 
“Here's the electricity we use at home. Al Gore uses twenty times as much. Mister gore's friends use lots of energy too. But Al Gore wants to cut our energy use, putting our jobs and our future in jeopardy. Mr Gore's future, on the other hand, couldn't be brighter. We depend on reliable, affordable energy for our food, our transportation, our homes. It's the best protection we have against the hazards of life and it's even more important to people elsewhere who are struggling to survive; to break out of the prison of poverty. For them, affordable energy is something to hope for and something to celebrate. But what will happen to that hope if we restrict energy use? Some people may have a bright future. But don't kid yourself: Without affordable energy, hundreds of millions of people won't have any future at all.”
CEI's Sam Kazman, the ad co-creator, said  that “Global warming activists warn us about the alleged threats from global warming, but are usually silent about the much more immediate threats from global warming policies.” 
March 2 - 4, 2008
The Competitive Enterprise Institute was a cosponsor of the Heartland Institute's First International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC1) . The conference was titled “Global Warming: Truth or Swindle.” 
CEI offered up their in-house staff as global warming “experts”  available to comment on the upcoming release by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
CEI described  the IPCC's Summary for Policymakers as a “propaganda document that will promote global warming alarmism.” 
October 24, 2006
CEI contributed an Amicus (PDF ) in a Supreme Court Co2 case. The argument states that “Contrary to the Climate Scientists’ Amicus Brief, There Is Insufficient Evidence That Carbon Dioxide Emissions Will Endanger Public Health or Welfare.”
The amicus curiae provided by CEI include skeptical scientists Sallie Baliunas , John Christy , Christopher de Freitas , David Legates , Anthony R. Lupo , Patrick Michaels , Joel Schwartz , and Roy Spencer . 
CEI launched a national global warming ad campaign  featuring two 60-second television ads with the tagline “CO2: They Call It Pollution; We Call It Life.”
“There's something in these pictures you can't see. It's essential to life. We breathe it out; plants breathe it in. It comes from animal life, the oceans, the earth, and the fuels we find in it. It's called carbon dioxide, CO2. The fuels that produce CO2 have freed us from a world of backbreaking labor, lighting up our lives, allowing us to create and move the things we need; the people we love. [Ominous Music] Now, some politicians want to label carbon dioxide a pollutant. Imagine if they succeed. What would our lives be like then? Carbon dioxide: they call it pollution. We call it life.”
One of the ads “focuses on the extent to which the public has received only one side of the glacial melting issue.” 
July 20, 2005
The article (PDF)  begins with the admission that “Global warming is happening and man is responsible for at least some of it” but CEI proceeds to argue that “There is no 'scientific consensus' that global warming will cause damaging climate change.” 
February 10, 2005
CEI held an event titled “The Kyoto Protocol and Beyond: A Roundtable Discussion on the Future of International and U. S. Climate Policy ” that examined what Kyoto would mean for future climate policy in the U.S.
Panelists included: 
- Senator James M. Inhofe  (R-Okla.) — Chairman, Senate Environment and Public Works Committee.
- Harlan L. Watson  — Senior Climate Negotiator and Special Representative at the U.S. Department of State.
- William O'Keefe — CEO of the George C. Marshall Institute.
- Myron Ebell  — Director, Global Warming Policy at the Competitive Enterprise Institute.
- Christopher C. Horner  — Counsel to the Cooler Heads Coalition.
- Jeff Kueter  (Moderator) — President of the George C. Marshall Institute.
CEI filed a lawsuit against the U.S. government, citing the Data Quality Act. The institute demanded that the National Assessment, a report on climate change, not be disseminated by the government.
The Bush administration settled the lawsuit by adding a disclaimer to the web site where the report is available, stating that it has not been reviewed under the Data Quality Act. 
October 3, 2000
CEI filed a lawsuit  over the National Assessment with Senator James Inhofe  as a co-plaintiff.
The suit alleged various procedural deficiencies in the report's preparation and demanded the court block the report's production or utilization.
Co-plaintiff Jo Ann Emerson, a Republican representative from Missouri, charged, “The administration is rushing to release a junk science report in violation of current law to try to lend support to its flawed Kyoto Protocol negotiations.” 
Marlo Lewis testified on behalf of the Competitive Enterprise Institute on the issue of “Why Kyoto Is Not an Insurance Policy .”
Lewis concludes that there are “several reasons why we shouldn't worry about global warming,” including how man-kind would supposedly benefit from warming because “plant life grow faster, stronger, and more profusely” with increased carbon dioxide.
Lewis does not cite any scientific studies to support these claims. 
- Cooler Heads Coalition  — Paid for and maintained by CEI. 
- SafeChemicalPolicy.org — Project of CEI and its Coalition Members. 
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“AMICI CURIAE BRIEF OF CLIMATOLOGISTS AND SCIENTISTS SALLIE BALIUNAS, JOHN R.CHRISTY, CHRIS DE FREITAS, DAVID LEGATES, ANTHONY LUPO, PATRICK MICHAELS, JOEL SCHWARTZ, AND ROY W. SPENCER IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS” (PDF ), Competitive Enterprise Institute. Archived July 30, 2015.
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