Institute for Liberty (IFL)
The Institute For Liberty (IFL) is a Washington D.C. think tank known for its opposition health care reform. It promotes a free-market approach to maintaining the health care system in the U.S.
The IFL was founded in 2005 with a focus on technology policy and national security issues. According to its website , IFL's philosophy is “one of keeping the government focused on the primary mission of making sure our nation is safe, while keeping it from unnecessarily interfering in the daily lives of America's entrepreneurs.”
IFL President Andrew Langer,  a former lobbyist, has worked with FreedomWorks  and Americans for Prosperity  to sponsor early Tea Party events in Washington, and published a guide titled “How to Brew a Tea Party.”
As part of it's “track record,” IFL describes how it “Joined the team countering the Administration's move to classify CO2 as a pollutant, has commented on the impact of new ozone regulations on energy prices, and is working to frame the importance of this issue to small business.” 
Stance on Climate Change
“What's the man-made portion of the climate changing? […] You've got credible scientists who are saying it's actually very small. And in point of fact, the changes that we're going to be making, the proposals we're making in order to abate that very small part of it, will cost a tremendous amount of money.” 
According to IFL President Andrew Langer, the group receives no funding from health care firms, but he has declined to provide details. His comment in 2010 was that “This year has been really serendipitous for us. But we don't talk about specific donors.” In 2008, the group brought in less than $25,000 in revenue. 
990 Tax Forms
According to 990 tax forms (PDF) , in 2009 The Institute for Liberty received $1,846,645 in grants, bringing in a total of $242,197 in revenue after expenses. In that year President Andrew Langer received $118,000 in compensation.
- Andrew Langer — President
- Jerry Rogers — Vice-President for Advancement
- Peter Roff — Senior Fellow in Strategic Policy
- Roger Morse — Senior Fellow in Political Economy
- Horace Cooper — Senior Fellow In Legal Policy
June 13, 2016
While the available bankruptcy documents  do not list the scale or dates of funding, they outline Peabody Energy's financial ties to a large network of groups promoting climate change denial. 
Prominent individuals appearing in the documents include climate deniers Willie Soon , Richard Lindzen , Roy Spencer  and Richard Berman . The long list of organizations also includes groups such as Americans for Prosperity , American Legislative Exchange Council , CFACT , Institute for Energy Research , State Policy Network , the U.S. Chamber of Commerce  and dozens more. 
“These groups collectively are the heart and soul of climate denial,” said Kert Davies, founder of the Climate Investigation Center, who has spent 20 years tracking funding for climate denial. “It’s the broadest list I have seen of one company funding so many nodes in the denial machine.”
The company’s filings reveal funding for a range of organisations which have fought Barack Obama’s plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions, and denied the very existence of climate change. […]
Among Peabody’s beneficiaries, the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change has insisted – wrongly – that carbon emissions are not a threat but “the elixir of life” while the American Legislative Exchange Council is trying to overturn Environmental Protection Agency rules cutting emissions from power plants. Meanwhile, Americans for Prosperity campaigns against carbon pricing. The Oklahoma chapter was on the list. […]
“The breadth of the groups with financial ties to Peabody is extraordinary. Thinktanks, litigation groups, climate scientists, political organisations, dozens of organisations blocking action on climate all receiving funding from the coal industry,” said Nick Surgey, director of research for the Center for Media and Democracy.
“We expected to see some denial money, but it looks like Peabody is the treasury for a very substantial part of the climate denial movement.”
Notable organizations listed in the initial documents include:
- 60 Plus Association 
- The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity 
- American Energy Alliance 
- Alliance For Energy And Economic Growth 
- American Energy Alliance 
- American Legislative Exchange Council 
- Americans For Prosperity  Oklahoma
- Atlas Economic Research Foundation 
- Berman And Company, Inc 
- Consumer Energy Alliance 
- Center For Clean Air Policy 
- Center for Energy and Economic Development 
- Center For The Study Of Carbon Dioxide And Global Change 
- Coalition for Responsible Regulation 
- Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow 
- Council on State Taxation 
- DCI Group AZ, LLC 
- Ducks Unlimited 
- Energy & Environment Legal Institute 
- Edison Electric Institute 
- Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity 
- Free Market Environmental Law Clinic 
- Frontiers Of Freedom Institute 
- George C. Marshall Institute 
- Hill Knowlton Strategies 
- Hill Knowlton, Inc 
- Hudson Institute 
- Hunton & Williams 
- Independence Institute 
- Institute For Energy Research 
- Institute for Liberty 
- National Association of Manufacturers 
- National Black Chamber of Commerce 
- National Conference of State Legislatures 
- National Mining Association 
- National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners 
- National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 
- NextGen Energy Council 
- PACE (May refer to Partnership for Affordable Clean Energy )
- Science & Public Policy Institute 
- Sidley Austin LLP 
- State Policy Network 
- Texas Conservative Coalition Research Institute 
- Texas Public Policy Foundation 
- U.S. Chamber of Commerce 
- Western Business Roundtable 
Notable individuals named in the initial documents include the following:
- Kelly Forbes Mader 
- Heather A. Wilson 
- Roy W. Spencer 
- Willie Soon 
- Richard Lindzen 
December 13, 2015
Writing as a guest blogger on Watts Up With That, CFACT's executive director Craig Rucker denounced the latest UN climate change agreement : 
“This agreement will not meaningfully alter the temperature of the Earth, even under the U.N.’s own computer models.
“The bad news is that it plants the seeds of a new UN climate regime that left unchecked will swell into a bureaucratic behemoth.”
“Tom Steyer is a billionaire based in California,” Institute for Liberty President Andrew Langer said. “He argues for greater regulation on his competitors and forces to get subsidies for his green energy boondoggles.”
May 21 - 23, 2012
The Institute for Liberty is listed as a Co-sponsor of the Heartland Institute's Seventh International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC7). 
June 30 - July 1, 2011
The Institute for Liberty was a co-sponsor of the Heartland Institute's Sixth International Conference on Climate Change in Washington, DC.
DeSmogBlog found  that 17 of the 43 sponsors of the Heartland Institute's Sixth International Conference on Climate Change, including the Heartland Institute itself, had collectively received over $46 million from either Scaife Foundations, Koch Foundations, or ExxonMobil. 
May 16 - 18, 2010
DeSmogBlog concluded 19 of the 65 sponsors (including Heartland itself) had received a total of over $40 million in funding since 1985 from ExxonMobil (who funded 13 of the organizations), and/or Koch Industries family foundations (funded 10 organizations) and/or the Scaife family foundations (funded 10 organizations). 
Supported Monsanto  in easing federal restrictions on the company's pesticide-resistant alfalfa. Langer stated that he would “to try out our grass-roots method on that, and frame it as a dairy issue and access to affordable food.” 
As part of that initiative, Langer published an article in the Capitol Hill newspaper Roll Call, where he contends that “Genetically modified crops are the economically sound and environmentally safe answer to increasing food production — specifically herbicide-resistant crops.” 
IFL's web site urged members to speak up and Langer also filed a petition with the Department of Agriculture.
A 2011 New York Times article  revealed that the petition, which included 8,052 comments that had been collected by telephone, may not have been an accurate representation of the participants' views. The comments, although placed under different names, were identical and all began with “I was recently contacted by the Institute for Liberty and asked if I would be willing to lend my voice in support of moving these types of alfalfa to nonregulated status.”
When the Times looked at a random sample of the names, three had been deceased at the time the comments were submitted, and others had no idea their names had been used.
“I vaguely remember responding to a survey as to whether or not the affordability of food for my family was important to me,” one participant said, “But that is far different than setting myself up as an authority on specific genetically engineered crops and authorizing my name for submission on form letters.”
July 4, 2009
The Institute for Liberty was one of a group of conservative organizations including FreedomWorks  that attended a march by the Tea Party at the Capitol to protest health care reform. 
June 2, 2009
March 8 - 10, 2009
DeSmogBlog investigated sponsors of the event, and found that they had collectively received over $47 million in funding from energy companies and right-wing foundations, with 78% of that total coming from Scaife Family foundations. 
March 2 - 4, 2008
According to SourceWatch , cross checking the phone number of IFL leads to several associations: Competitive Enterprise Institute , National Taxpayers Union , and Institute For Liberty Co-Sponsor NoClimateTax.com  Pledge. 
“Andrew Langer Talks Climate Change Policy on WITF ,” YouTube video uploaded by InstituteForLiberty on February 28, 2010.
Dan Eggen. “How interest groups behind health-care legislation are financed is often unclear ,” The Washington Post, January 7, 2010. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cWxbMUQG 
“Our Leadership ,” Institute for Liberty. Archived June 20, 2012.
“Cosponsors ,” 7th International Conference on Climate Change. Accessed May 22, 2012.
Brendan DeMelle. “Denial-a-Palooza 6: Heartland's Sixth International Conference on Climate Change, Courtesy of Koch, Scaife & Exxon ,” DeSmogBog, June 30, 2011.
“Co-Sponsors ,” The 2009 International Conference on Climate Change. Archived April 28, 2011.
Brendan DeMelle. “Denial-a-palooza Round 4: 'International Conference on Climate Change' Groups Funded by Exxon, Koch Industries ,” DeSmogBlog, May 13, 2010.
Andrew Langer. “Langer: Agriculture’s Future Is Steeped in Science ,” Roll Call, June 7, 2010. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cX7kcVoJ 
Ed Hornick. “'Tea Party Express' trucks on with tour aimed at health care ,” CNN, August 28, 2009. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cX7t0G78 
“Co-Sponsors ,” Third International Conference on Climate Change. Archived July 14, 2010.
“Co-Sponsors ,” The 2009 International Conference on Climate Change. Archived April 28, 2011.
“Sponsorships ,” The 2008 International Conference on climate Change. Archived June 10, 2011.
“Institute for Liberty ,” SourceWatch profile. Accessed October 24, 2015.
Nick Surgey. “Peabody Coal Bankruptcy Reveals Climate Denial Network Funding ,” PRWatch, June 13, 2016. Archived June 20, 2016 . WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6iPmXjc4W 
“In re: Peabody Energy Corporation, et al. Debtors ,” United States Bankruptcy Court Eastern District of Missouri Eastern Division, Case 16-42529, May 27, 2016. Retrieved from DocumentCloud.
Farron Cousins. “Court Documents Show Coal Giant Peabody Energy Funded Dozens Of Climate Denial Groups ,” DeSmogBlog, June 13, 2016.
Suzanne Goldenberg and Helena Bengtsson. “Biggest US coal company funded dozens of groups questioning climate change ,” The Guardian, June 13, 2016. Archived June 20, 2016 . WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6iPnEUG1o 
“Institute for Liberty ,” Wikipedia.