Stewart Franks

Stewart Franks


  • PhD, Lancaster University - England
  • Bachelor of Science (Environmental Science), Lancaster University - England

Source: [1]

According to Franks, “I'm primarily a hydrologist, but I study what we call hydro-climatology, and that really is the hydrological impacts of climate variability.” [2]


Stewart Franks is Professor of Environmental Engineering at the University of Tasmania in Australia and former associate professor of Engineering at the University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. He also is the President of the International Commission on the Coupled Land Atmosphere System (ICCLAS), a commission of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS). [1]

Stewart Franks has regularly appeared in the media presenting views skeptical of climate change, and has also expressed his views before a Senate Committee on Climate Policy. [3]

Franks is a hydrologist, not a climatologist, although he sometimes describes himself as a “hydro-climatologist” because, he jokingly says, “nobody knows what that is.” [4]

Stance on Climate Change

“I don't think anybody knows the real role of carbon dioxide in climate change. To say it will be catastrophic is wrong. There is no evidence that CO2 drives climate change, but it continues to be used to scare people into action.

“A key concern is that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which advises governments around the world, has used the Murray-Darling Basin and incorrect science as an example of CO2-induced climate change.” [5]

Key Quotes

“I am concerned that the global public, certainly in the western world, is being railroaded into this notion of disastrous climate change for which there is no empirical evidence. […]

“We must acknowledge that CO2 was not responsible for the warming in the first half of the century and yet we are all convinced that it must be responsible for the warming in the second.  […]

“How can we say CO2 is a scientifically proven theory of disastrous climate change? We cannot. We can be concerned about the future, but until it shows itself demonstrably there is no empirical evidence of CO2 leading to this runaway climate change. […] [3]

“The mistake that Tim Flannery, as well as the numerous expert commentators made, was that they confused climate variability for climate change. The future impact of climate change is very uncertain, but when one 'wants to believe', then it is all too easy to get sucked in and to get it spectacularly wrong.” [6]

Key Deeds


Stewart Franks was a signatory to a petition-style project organised by climate sceptic group the International Climate Science Coalition, which asked people to endorse a statement which read:

We, the undersigned, having assessed the relevant scientific evidence, do not find convincing support for the hypothesis that human emissions of carbon dioxide are causing, or will in the foreseeable future cause, dangerous global warming.

April 15, 2009

Stewart Franks testified with Robert Carter before a Select Committee on Climate Policy in the Australian Parliament. 

Franks' opening argument was against climate policies in general, stating that “our climate policies here in the west are already killing people and climate change has never been shown to have killed a single person.”

The full document can be viewed here, but below are some notable exerpts: [3]

Senator CAMERON — … Seriously, put yourself in the position where you have to make a decision about what to do about the argument for global warming. There seems to be from my perspective a consensus of scientific view—if I can put it as high as that—that global warming is taking place and all of these problems arise, icecaps melting, global warming, all the issues, and on the other hand you come and say it is rubbish, this is not a problem we need to worry about and that we should not spend a cent on it. What if you are wrong? Can politicians be totally adequately comfortable in your position? That is the dilemma we have.

Prof. Franks —I was asked to come here to speak on the issue of the science of climate change. I am not a politician. The Labor Party, and I guess the Greens, brought it as a policy to the election and the electorate voted. They are concerned, rightly or wrongly.

Senator CAMERON —That is not the question. I am asking you if your science is wrong—

Prof. Carter —It is not a matter—

Senator CAMERON —Wait a minute Professor Carter. You can answer the question in a second. If your science is wrong and the consensus of scientific view is correct and government does nothing, what is the implication?

Prof. Franks —I would feel really rather bad about it. But I think I would be first one to put my hand up and say that I got it wrong. What would be the implications? They would be that it would be getting warmer, presumably.

The Senators also question Robert Carter about his association with the Institute of Public Affairs (IPA), an organization that supports Australian climate change skeptics and which receives funding from large corporations such as Western Mining Corporation, and oil companies including Esso Australia:

Senator CAMERON —Professor Carter, you criticize some other scientists for being political, but you are not apolitical are you? You are a member of the Institute of Public Affairs and you write regularly for them, do not you?

Prof. Carter —You have to make your judgement on that, Senator Cameron. I cannot really look at myself. I cannot imagine a more unpolitical animal than me. I am a scientist.

Senator CAMERON —Are you a member of the Institute of Public Affairs.

Prof. Carter —The Institute of Public Affairs is a fine public think tank, and I am proud to be associated with them.

Senator CAMERON —That is good; that is fine. On one hand you both say this is all rubbish.

Prof. Carter —With respect, I did not say that Senator Cameron.

Prof. Franks —That was me.

One of Franks' arguments is that the IPCC ignores feedback due to clouds. This argument is one of many debunked by SkepticalScience, which states that net cloud feedback may actually be positive rather than negative [7]:

Prof. Franks —It is worth pointing out that the CO2 forcing in the IPCC models is only the start of their chain of disaster. It is actually the qualitative feedback with the clouds that generates the extreme disasters of runaway climate. It is not CO2 at all; it is a knock-on consequence. That has no empirical or scientific justification whatsoever. They could very much easily have built in negative feedback and found that the warming was actually reduced.

Senator BOSWELL —Or cooling.

Prof. Franks —Exactly. Because of the cloud feedback. There is no scientific evidence. We do not actually monitor what is the most important parameter for this planet; this is, its reflectivity—its albedo. We do not even measure that. A very small changed in the planetary albeit it would completely swamp any additional forcing by CO2 and we do not even measure it. How can we say CO2 is a scientifically proven theory of disastrous climate change? We cannot. We can be concerned about the future, but until it shows itself demonstrably there is no empirical evidence of CO2 leading to this runaway climate change.

Senator CAMERON —It is a bit like asbestos-related cancer. Wait until it appears. The scientists argued that asbestos would not hurt you.

Prof. Franks —Would you have banned it before it killed anyone?

Senator CAMERON —If we had known.

Prof. Franks —You have to have some negative consequences.

Senator CAMERON —Scientists actually argued it would not hurt and scientists have actually argued that cigarette smoke does not hurt.

Prof. Franks —I have no argument that every scientist is good. Quite the reverse. I am here to argue that they are advocates for CO2.


Stewart Franks has said that he has never received any funding from any industry, both in a major newspaper and on National TV. [8], [4]

However, when Australian Senator Douglas N. Cameron asked what industry grants Franks had received, Franks responded: [3]

“At present, none. I have taken over a new role as Dean of Students, so my research is down to two days a week now. But I previously received funding from Macquarie Generation, which is responsible for about 45 per cent of New South Wales' CO2 emissions. I would like, if I may, to qualify that. No funding from that went to me; it went to employ my rather wayward PhD student to do a post doctoral study while he was still writing up his PhD. […] I have had many other industry sponsors, including the Sydney Catchment Authority.” (Emphasis Added)

Macquarie Generation operates two of the largest coal-fueled power stations in New South Wales. According to the University of Newcastle, Franks received a grant for $85,000 from Macquarie Generation in 2007. [9]


Stewart Franks gave a presentation to a meeting of the Australian climate sceptic Lavoisier Group.



According to Stewart Franks, he has published “about 50 research articles” in climate-related journals including Water Resources Research, Geophysical Research Letters, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, and the Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres.

He said these articles were in relation to “the land surface boundary and how it is represented in global climate models, in relation to multi-decadal climate variability, paleo studies of El Niño and La Niña activity over the last 1,000 years. You name it, I have pretty much done it.” [3]

Franks' primary areas of research are Hydro-climatic Variability, which he describes as “evaluating the predictability of natural climate variability.” According to Franks, “Through industry sponsored grants, I have been evaluating the predictability of natural climate variability across New South Wales.”

Franks was a co-author of climate sceptic book Taxing Air: Facts & Falacies About Climate Change, released in May 2013. The two key authors of the book were geologist Bob Carter and newspaper cartoonist John Spooner. Fellow climate sceptics Bill Kininmonth, Martin Feil and Bryan Leyland were also authors. The Institute of Public Affairs sent copies of the book to Australian Members of Parliament and hosted a launch event

Australian mathematical physicist Ian Enting, author of the Australian Mathematical Scences Institute book Twisted: The distorted mathematics of greenhouse denialhas analysed the book, describing it as being characterised by “half-truths and slanted misrepresentation” and “appalling hypocrisy”.

Franks provides a list of publications in his CV, which is linked to from a profile page at the University of Tasmania.


  1. Stewart Franks,” Profile at The Conversation. Accessed April, 2012.

  2. Why so wet?”, RadioNational Counterpoint (see transcript), February 7, 2011.

  3. SELECT COMMITTEE ON CLIMATE POLICY - 15/04/2009 - Emissions trading and reducing carbon pollution,” Parliament of Australia, April 15, 2009.

  4. Prof Stewie Franks - Climate Change, floods & droughts,” YouTube Video. Uploaded by user Bushvision on January 21, 2008.

  5. Melissa Lyons. “Debate heating up,” Newcastle Herald, November 19, 2009. Retreived from Fairfax Media. Archived with WebCite, April 14, 2012.

  6. Stewart Franks. “Climate and floods: Flannery is no expert, but neither are the experts,” The Conversation, March 6, 2012.

  7. What is the net feedback from clouds?”, SkepticalScience.

  8. Rebels of the sun,” The Australian, March 17, 2007. Archived with WebCite, April 14, 2012.

  9. A/Prof. Stewart Franks: Funding,” The University of Newcastle, Australia. Accessed April, 2012.

  10. A/Prof. Stewart Franks: Highlighted Publications,” The University of Newcastle. Accessed April, 2012.  [Link now dead]

  11. Stewart Franks,” SourceWatch profile.

  12. The University of Newcastle, Researcher report,” The University of Newcastle. Accessed April, 2012.

  13. Stewart Franks quite frankly puzzles,” North Coast Voices, December 21, 2009.


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