Timothy F. Ball (Tim Ball)


Timothy F. Ball (Tim Ball)


  • Ph.D. (Doctor of Science), University of London, England.
  • M.A., University of  Manitoba.
  • B.A., University of Winnipeg.

Source: [1]


Tim Ball was a professor of geography at the University of Winnipeg from 1988 to 1996. He is a prolific speaker and writer in the skeptical science community.

He has been Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the now-defunct Natural Resources Stewardship Project (NRSP), “scientific advisor” to the Exxon-funded Friends of Science (FoS), and is associated with the Frontier Centre for Public Policy (FCPP) as well as numerous other think tanks and right-wing organizations.

The NRSP's list of “scientific advisors” includes Tim Patterson, Tad Murty and Sallie Baliunas, all of which are also listed as advisors to the FOS

DeSmog uncovered that two of the three directors on the board of the Natural Resources Stewardship Project were at one time senior executives of the High Park Advocacy Group, a Toronto-based lobby firm that specializes in “energy, environment and ethics.”

First PhD in Climatology?

Ball and the organizations he is affiliated with have repeatedly made the claim that he is the “first Canadian PhD in climatology.” Ball himself claimed he was “one of the first climatology PhD's in the world.” [3], [4]

Many have pointed out that there have been numerous PhD's in the field prior to Ball. [5]

Ball was a former professor of geography at the University of Winnipeg from 1988 to 1996. The University of Winnipeg never had an office of Climatology. His degree was in historical geography and not climatology.

Stance on Climate Change

“What's wrong with global warming? There are lots of positive benefits to global warming.” [2]

Key Quotes

July, 2016

“The problem is not adequate funding. It is too many people getting too much money for useless projects because there are too many people in universities. It is too many people going to university. The blunt truth is that for the majority of students it is a socially acceptable form of unemployment. Students getting less than a B average should not even be in university; for them, it is simply Grades 13, 14, 15, and (16). Some of this over attendance is because immigrant or newly successful middle-class families want their children to attend university” (Emphasis added). [29]

February, 2015

“Pope Francis advocates the global warming agenda of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with the help of the Obama White House. Apparently, he doesn’t know their ultimate objective of reducing and controlling population generally contradicts Catholic doctrine.” [24]

May, 2006

CFC's were never a problem… . it's only because the sun is changing.” [2]

Key Deeds

July 24, 2016

Writing at Watts Up With That (WUWT), Tim Ball responded to an article in Vox titled “The 7 biggest problems facing science, according to 270 scientists.” [29] While Ball agrees with some of the points, Daily KOS reports he ultimately blames immigrants and the middle class for pursuing higher education: (emphasis added) [30] 

“The problem is not adequate funding,” Ball writes at WUWT. “It is too many people getting too much money for useless projects because there are too many people in universities. It is too many people going to university. The blunt truth is that for the majority of students it is a socially acceptable form of unemployment. Students getting less than a B average should not even be in university; for them, it is simply Grades 13, 14, 15, and (16). Some of this over attendance is because immigrant or newly successful middle-class families want their children to attend university.” [29]

Ball concludes that ““We can solve many of our problems quickly by closing down 75 percent of our universities.” Ball's other complaints include the “the use of science for political agendas,” and that “some scientists exploit” the bias of the media. [29]

March 3, 2016

Tim Ball produced a list of “handy CO2 talking points” to helpo “defeat global warming alarmists.” [28]

“The 'green' activists' focus on CO2 was premeditated and designed to demonize it as the toxic byproduct of fossil-fuel driven industries that was causing runaway global warming,” Ball writes.

In fact, C02 is a gas essential to plant life, and thereby all life, because plants produce oxygen.” 

Ball's list includes a number of common myths that Skeptical Science has previously debunked. Some examples below, with information from Skeptical Science below:

Tim Ball: “The IPCC assume an increase in CO2 causes a temperature increase. It doesn’t. Every record for any period shows temperature increases before CO2.”

SkepticalScience: CO2 does not cause the warming, but rather amplifies it: “When the Earth comes out of an ice age, the warming is not initiated by CO2 but by changes in the Earth's orbit. The warming causes the oceans to release CO2. The CO2 amplifies the warming and mixes through the atmosphere, spreading warming throughout the planet. So CO2 causes warming AND rising temperature causes CO2 rise.  Overall, about 90% of the global warming occurs after the CO2 increase.”

Tim Ball: “Let’s assume CO2 IS causing warming. Then, when its density reaches a certain level, the warming ability is maximized. But it IS currently maximized – so how will the addition of more CO2 have much effect?”

SkepticalScience: “If the CO2 effect was saturated, adding more CO2 should add no additional greenhouse effect. However, satellite and surface measurements observe an enhanced greenhouse effect at the wavelengths that CO2 absorb energy. This is empirical proof that the CO2 effect is not saturated.”

Tim Ball: “CO2 is only approximately 0.0397% of the total atmospheric gases. Figure 2 shows the proportional relationship between atmospheric gases and GHGs.”

SkepticalScience: “Saying that CO2 is 'only a trace gas' is like saying that arsenic is 'only' a trace water contaminant. Small amounts of very active substances can cause large effects.”

June 11-12, 2015

Tim Ball was a speaker on Panel 11: “Attacks on Scientists and the Corruption of Science,” at the Heartland Institute’s Tenth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC10) in Washington, D.C., with Bob Carter, William Briggs, and Christopher Monckton. [26]

View Tim Ball’s Panel 11 presentation at the Heartland Institute’s ICCC10, below: [27]

May 12, 2015

Timothy F. Ball is a signatory to an open letter to Pope Francis on climate change. The letter invites the Pope to reconsider his views on climate change before his upcoming encyclical letter on the environment, which is widely expected to call for measures to prevent climate change in the interests of the world's poor. 

The open letter was coordinated and signed by Calvin Beisner of the Cornwall Alliance. According to the letter, “Good climate policy must recognize human exceptionalism, the God-given call for human persons to 'have dominion' in the natural world (Genesis 1:28), and the need to protect the poor from harm, including actions that hinder their ascent out of poverty.” [22]

Another excerpt below:

”[…] the [climate] models are wrong. They therefore provide no rational basis to forecast dangerous human-induced global warming, and therefore no rational basis for efforts to reduce warming by restricting the use of fossil fuels or any other means.”

Judith Curry comments on her blog Climate Etc. that “Arguably the most effective 'pushback' comes from Cal Beisner of the Cornwall Alliance, who coordinated An Open Letter to Pope Francis on Climate Change.” [23] 

March, 2015

Tim Ball is one of several climate change skeptics cc'd on an email from S. Fred Singer in hopes of countering the documentary film “Merchants of Doubt,” which exposes the network of climate change skeptics and deniers trying to delay legislative action on climate change.

The October, 2014 email was leaked to journalists before the documentary was released. “Can I sue for damages?” Singer asked in the email. “Can we get an injunction against the documentary?”

InsideClimate News reports in their article “Leaked Email Reveals Who's Who List of Climate Denialists,” how “Many of those copied on the email thread, such as Singer and communications specialist Steven Milloy, have financial ties to the tobacco, chemical, and oil and gas industries and have worked to defend them since the 1990s.” [25]

InsideClimate News also documented all those who were cc'd on the email, including the following skeptics and groups:

DeSmogBlog covered the emails here: “Merchants of Doubt Film Debuts, Textbook Denial Attack Campaign Led By Fred Singer Ensues” and DeSmogBlog also archived a full copy of the Singer email thread (PDF).

February 1, 2015

Tim Ball  wrote a guest Opinion piece at Watts Up With That, titled “Pope Francis Apparently Doesn’t Know IPCC Climate Objective Contradicts Catholic Doctrine.”

Ball writes that “IPCC climate objective contradicts Catholic doctrine,” saying its ultimate objective is “reducing and controlling population.”[24]

July 7 - 9, 2014

Tim Ball was a speaker at the Heartland Institute’s Ninth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC9) in Las Vegas, Nevada. [21]

DeSmogBlog has done in-depth research on the other speakers and sponsors from Heartland's ICCC9, which can be found here.

January 21, 2014

Ball publishes a book entitled, “The Deliberate Corruption of Climate Science.” According to the description of the book on Amazon.com, “Dr. Tim Ball exposes the malicious misuse of climate science as it was distorted by dishonest brokers to advance the political aspirations of the progressive left.” [20]

June 30 - July 1, 2011

Ball was a speaker at the Heartland Institute's 6th International Conference on Climate Change. [6]

March 25, 2011

Dr. Michael Mann sued Tim Ball and the Frontier Center For Public Policy for libel. The lawsuit arose from an interview with Ball that was posted on the Frontier Center website.

In the interview, Ball responds to an anonymous questioner regarding the “Climategate” scandal by saying “Michael Mann at Penn State should be in the State Pen, not Penn State.”

May 27, 2011

Timothy F. Ball was one of fourteen Amici, described as “well-qualified climate scientists,” who claimed that the “EPA's endangerment finding is not 'rational' and therefore arbitrary and capricious.” [31]

According to the petitioners, representing the Coalition for Responsible Regulation, Inc.: 

“[T]he Earth's climate is not changing in an unusual or anomalous fashion. The EPA relied on instrumental data that were adjusted to exaggerate the increase in global temperatures.” [31]

Petitioners listed were:

Feb 2, 2011

Andrew Weaver, a University of Victoria Professor and Canada Research Chair in Climate Modeling and Analysis, filed suit for libel against Tim Ball.

The suit arose from an article Ball wrote for Canada Free Press which accused Weaver of being uninformed about climate and unqualified to teach.

October, 2009

Ball appeared as a “climatologist” in a documentary produced by Alex Jones titled The Fall of the Republic: The Presidency of Barack H. Obama. [7]

March, 2008

Ball was a speaker at the Heartland Institute's First International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC1). [8]

March 8, 2007

Tim Ball made a prominent appearance on the Great Global Warming Swindle, appearing as an “eminent scientist.” [9]

Nov 10, 2007

In a 2007 FCPP special report, Tim Ball and Tom Harris criticized The Fifth Estate's broadcast of The Denial Machine, describing it as “docu-ganda.”  Ball claimed that he was filmed without his consent.

Ball also asserted that The Denial Machine violated CBC's “Journalistic Standards and Practices.” He further accused the CBC of misrepresenting the credentials of skeptical scientists. [10]

He goes on to criticize James Hoggan, and more specifically CBC, for not disclosing Hoggan's connection to the David Suzuki Foundation (something Mr. Hoggan has made no attempt to hide). 

Sept 1, 2006

On September 1st, Ball launched a libel suit against Dr. Dan Johnson and the Calgary Herald over a letter the paper ran on April 23, 2006. Johnson is a Professor of Environmental Science at the University of Lethbridge.

Ball had written an article that attacked the qualifications of renowned climate change author Tim Flannery, in which the Herald described Ball as “the first climatology PhD in Canada and … a professor of climatology at the University of Winnipeg for 28 years.”

Johnson's letter to the editor challenged those details, noting that when Ball received his PhD (in Geography) in 1983, “Canada already had PhDs in climatology and it is important to recognize them and their research.” Johnson also pointed out that Ball had been a professor for a much shorter time (Ball later admitted eight years), during which Ball did “not show any evidence of research regarding climate and atmosphere.”

The Calgary Herald's Statement of Defence, filed with the Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench, dismissed Ball’s credibility saying that “The Plantiff (Dr. Ball) is viewed as a paid promoter of the agenda of the oil and gas industry rather than as a practicing scientist.”

Ball subsequently dropped his lawsuit.



A search of 22,000 academic journals shows that over the course of his career Ball published four pieces of original research in peer-reviewed journals on the subject of climate change.

According to Google Scholar, his most recent peer-reviewed article on climate change was published in 1986, titled “Historical evidence and climatic implications of a shift in the boreal forest tundra transition in central Canada.”

Other Publications:

Journal Background: In a 1995 article written by Paul Thacker, Energy and Environment was described as being a journal skeptics can go to when they are rejected by the mainstream peer-reviewed science publications.

Tim Ball is a prolific writer of newspaper articles, opinion pieces, and letters to the editor questioning the existence of climate change. 

Ball is also the lead author of Slaying the Sky Dragon: Death of the Greenhouse Gas Theory, a book published in 2011. Slaying the Sky Dragon is described as a “comprehensive refutation of the greenhouse gas theory (GHG).”


  1. Frontier Research Fellows,” Frontier Center for Public Policy. Accessed November 20, 2011.

  2. Climate of controversy,” Ottawa Citizen, May 18, 2006. Archived with WebCite, February 29, 2012.

  3. About Us: Scientific Advisory Board,” Friends of Science. Archived July 7, 2008.

  4. Dear Mr. Martin,” Letter from Tim Ball to M.P. Paul Martin. Retrieved February, 2012, from John-Daly.com. Archived February 29, 2012, with WebCite.

  5. Tim Lambert. “Dear Tim Ball: sue me,” Deltoid, June 23, 2006.

  6. Timothy Ball: 6th International Conference on Climate Change,” the Heartland Institute.

  7. Fall of the Republic: The Presidency of Barack H. Obama, Alex Jones Productions, October 21, 2009. Archived video at the Internet Archive.

  8. Timothy Ball: 6th International Conference on Climate Change,” the Heartland Institute.

  9. Judi McLeod. “Climatologist Tim Ball's star on the rise,” Canada Free Press, March 6, 2007.

  10. Tim Ball and Tom Harris. “CBC’s continuing denial of the climate science debate” (PDF), Frontier Center for Public Policy, November 10, 2007.

  11. About Us: Scientific Advisory Board,” Friends of Science. Archived July 7, 2008.

  12. Natural Resources Stewardship Project,” SourceWatch.

  13. New Canadian Astroturf Group,” Deltoid, October 13, 2006.

  14. Tim Ball” SourceWatch profile.

  15. Heartland Experts: Timothy Ball,” The Heartland Institute.

  16. Who We Are,” International Climate Science Coalition. Accessed November 20, 2011.

  17. Dr. Tim Ball,” Tech Central Station. Archived April 11, 2005.

  18. NRSP: Not Really Science People,” DeSmogBlog, October 17, 2006.

  19. ExxonSecrets Factsheet: Tim Ball, PhD.

  20. Tim Ball. “The Deliberate Corruption of Climate Science,” Stairway Press, January 21, 2014. Archived July 1, 2014.

  21. Return of Climate Denial-a-Palooza: Heartland Institute Hitches Anti-Science Wagon to Vegas FreedomFest,” DeSmogBlog, July 7, 2014. Archived July 14, 2014.

  22. An Open Letter to Pope Francis on Climate Change,” Cornwall Alliance For The Stewardship of Creation. April 27, 2015. Archived with WebCite June 3, 2015.

  23. Judith Curry. “Pope Francis, climate change, and morality,” JudithCurry.com, April 29, 2015. Archived with Webite May 27, 2015.

  24. Dr. Tim Ball. “Pope Francis Apparently Doesn’t Know IPCC Climate Objective Contradicts Catholic Doctrine.” Watts Up With That? , February 1, 2015. Archived with WebCite May 28, 2015

  25. Katherine Bagley. “Leaked Email Reveals Who's Who List of Climate Denialists,” InsideClimate News. March 12, 2015.

  26. Speakers,” Heartland Institute. Archived June 30, 2015.

  27. Panel 11: Attacks on Scientists and the Corruption of Science with Bob Carter, Ph.D, William Briggs, Tim Ball, and Christopher Monckton,” Heartland Institute, June 12, 2015. Archived July 14, 2015.

  28. Tim Ball. “Defeat global warming alarmists with Dr. Tim Ball's handy C02 talking points!“ The Rebel, March 3, 2016. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6gBYVVXPY

  29. Anthony Watts. “Credibility Loss in Climate Science is Part of a Wider Malaise in Science,” Watts Up With That, July 24, 2016. Archived July 26, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/nGRu5

  30. Julia Belluz, Brad Plumer, and Brian Resnick. “The 7 biggest problems facing science, according to 270 scientists,” Vox.com, July 14, 2016. Archived July 26, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/FvXSC

  31. COALITION FOR RESPONSIBLE REGULATION, INC., ET AL. (Petitioners) v. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY AND LISA P. JACKSON, ADMINISTRATOR, Respondents (PDF). Retrieved from World Climate Report. Archived.pdf on file at Desmog.