American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE)
The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE) is a 501(c)(6) corporation chartered in Washington, DC, and formed by “More than 40 leading U.S. companies from the electricity generation, transportation, coal production, energy technology, and equipment manufacturing industries,” according to an April 2008 press release. 
“ACCCE believes that the use of coal, America’s most abundant energy resource, is essential to providing affordable, reliable electricity for millions of American consumers and a growing domestic economy. ACCCE also supports enhanced public and private sector efforts to develop and deploy new, advanced clean coal technologies that protect and improve the environment,” the press release read. 
ACCCE was formed through the joining of the Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) with Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC). ACCCE took shape in April 2008, at the same time the US Senate was considering new climate legislation. It followed a late-2007 campaign by its predecessor, ABEC, that had introduced an iconic image—an orange power cord plugging into a lump of coal. ACCCE's revised strategy claimed to support limits on CO2 as long as legislation encouraged a “robust utilization of coal.”  
ACCCE's membership has included Alpha Natural Resources, Arch Coal, Inc., Murray Energy Corporation, Southern Company, Western Fuels Association, Union Pacific Railroad, Peabody Energy, CSX, Duke Energy, Detroit Edison, and many other coal and mining companies. On its current website, AmericasPower.org, ACCCE describes itself as “the only national trade organization whose sole mission is to advocate at the federal and state levels on behalf of coal-fueled electricity and the coal fleet.” 
In 2009, ACCCE was listed as number three on the Mother Jones “Dirty Dozen,” a list of groups described as the “loudest members of the chorus claiming that global warming is a joke and that CO2 emissions are actually good for you.” 
The Nation described ACCCE as “The driving force behind coal’s rebranding effort,” consisting of a “a $40 million campaign funded by all the major components of the modern coal industry–mining companies, power plants, railroads, rural electric co-ops.” 
Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC)/ America's Power Army
One year after ACCCE was formed, Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC) sent out a mailer that reported it had changed its name again to “America's Power Army.” The new name was taken “to be consistent with our advertising campaign, 'America's Power' and the corresponding website, Americaspower.org.” 
“Together with our parent organization ACCCE (American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity) we work at the federal, regional, state and local levels on a range of energy policy issues, including climate change, mercury, ozone, and regional haze, as well as the siting of new, high tech clean coal-fueled power plants,” the mailer read. 
Before joining with the Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) to create ACCCE, ABEC had sponsored a range of clean coal ads, including three TV ads that ran in Washington, DC. One report estimated that ABEC spent $8.32 million on TV ads between 2001 and 2002. 
Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED)
The Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) began in 1992 as a partnership between U.S. coal companies and the rail industry. Stephen L. Miller served as president of CEED, and John Snow of CSX Corporation was the founding chairman of the board. Snow explained that CEED was formed because, “our nation's most abundant energy resource was under attack, placing our energy security in jeopardy”. “Something more had to be done,” he added. CEED, one of the two groups joined to create ACCCE, formerly offered the following description on its website: 
“The Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) began in 1992 as a partnership between the U.S. coal and rail industries. CEED's membership has grown dramatically. Utilities, equipment manufacturers, labor unions, and others have also joined in the effort.” 
CEED produced two “educational” videos on climate change. The first was called “America Speaks Out” which promised to “tell the personal stories of real-life Americans who will be negatively affected by this flawed treaty that even the world's scientists can't agree is necessary.” The CEED website also formerly offered the following statement on climate change: 
“We've all heard of climate change or global warming. Many of us even have our own opinion about whether this is a serious problem or an exaggerated concern.
If predicting the weather were easy, we'd never be caught in the rain without an umbrella. Predicting weather conditions a day or two in advance is hard enough […] so just imagine how hard it is to forecast what our climate will be 75 to 100 years in the future.” 
Stance on Climate Change
On climate change:“In the climate change arena, CEED focuses on three areas: opposing government-mandated controls of greenhouse gases (GHG), opposing 'regulation by litigation', and supporting sequestration and technology as the proper vehicles for addressing any reasonable concerns about greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.”
And:“Our belief is that, on climate change like other issues, you must be for something rather than against everything. The combination of carbon sequestration and technology is what we preach and we are looking for more members in the choir.”
On the McCain-Lieberman Bill:
“The McCain-Lieberman bill would create a national CO2 cap and trade program that would be highly injurious to coal-based electricity.”
“And the plan to fight the bill,
“Last week, we activated the Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC) citizen army to call targeted U.S. Senators, urging them to vote against this amendment. Through today, more than 6,000 citizen members have called or e-mailed their senators. Our most recent effort follows on the heels of last fall’s citizen army activation, which generated more than 7,000 calls to target Senators in opposition to McCain-Lieberman. Joe Lucas, our Vice President’s Communications, coordinates this ABEC activity.”
On opposing a regional cap and trade program:“More than a year ago, New York Governor Pataki proposed an eleven-state regional CO2 cap and trade program. CEED has been engaged in this effort from its beginning. Persuading Pennsylvania and Maryland (as major coal-consuming states) to stay on the sidelines, rather than signing onto this initiative, has been one element of our strategy. The other element is to pose voluntary sequestration and technology as the correct policy, rather than mandatory controls.” (Emphasis added).
On “sowing discord” amongst regions:
“In recent weeks, we have persuaded the RGGI (Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative) participants to post the following pieces of CEED research on their web site for consumption by the states:
* A 2003 New Hope study showing reductions in greenhouse gases by the RGGI states would have an infinitesimal affect on global GHG concentrations.
* A 2003 Energy Ventures Analysis (EVA) study revealing negative economic results would flow to northeastern states that constrain CO2 emissions.
* A 2004 Energy Ventures Analysis report analyzing the affect of various cap and trade proposals, along with an output-based standard, on RGGI states as well as Pennsylvania and Maryland. EVA found that the economic consequences vary widely.
We plan to use this research to sow discord among the RGGI states. ” (Emphasis added).
On the EPA decision to regulate greenhouse gas:“About a dozen states sued the EPA last year alleging that the agency must regulate CO2 under the Clean Air Act. CEED was the lead organization for outreach to the vast majority of state attorneys general who intervened on the Bush Administration’s side in new litigation designed to force CO2 regulation under the Clean Air Act.”
On regional carbon sequestration programs:“For almost a year, CEED has participated in six regional carbon sequestration partnerships established by the U.S. Department of Energy. We made modest financial contributions to the partnerships so that we can participate in their substantive decisions. Our staff and Ned Leonard (who is a loaned executive from Western Fuels Association) have interacted with and, where appropriate, guided these regional partnerships in terms of public policy and public outreach. Our goal is straightforward: persuade states that voluntary sequestration activities and technology investments are appropriate policies to address climate change concerns, while government mandatory controls are not.” (Emphasis added).
On Mercury:“Our strategy in dealing with mercury has been two-fold: prevent states from taking precipitous or unwarranted action to regulate mercury and engage in the federal rulemaking to protect the interests of coal-based electricity.”
And,“In 2003, the Quicksilver Caucus with ECOS [Environmental Council of States] tried to pass a resolution calling for the “virtual elimination” of mercury. CEED worked in a coalition with other organizations and companies to convince many states that the Quicksilver strategy was not the right approach and the 'virtual elimination' verbiage failed.”
ACCCE 990 Forms
ABEC 990 Forms
Since 2008, ACCCE has recorded its top 5 highest-compensated “independent contractors” on its public 990 forms. Summary below:
|Independent Contractor||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014||2015||Grand Total|
|WHITE & PARTNERS||$9,574,356||$16,639,046||$23,943,108||$16,169,526||$66,326,036|
|THE HAWTHORN GROUP LC||$1,199,940||$2,106,064||$2,972,810||$2,008,860||$1,591,098||$9,878,772|
|R&R PARTNERS INC||$2,639,390||$2,439,179||$1,626,678||$6,705,247|
|NEW MEDIA STRATEGIES||$672,346||$1,559,938||$4,018,884||$6,251,168|
|NATIONAL ECONOMIC RESEARCH ASSOCIATES||$997,512||$1,369,567||$2,367,079|
|JR MOTORSPORTS LLC||$769,157||$769,157|
|QUINN GUILLESPIE LLC||$506,709||$506,709|
|SEBY LARSEN LLP||$398,479||$398,479|
|REAL CLEAR HOLDINGS LLC||$346,000||$346,000|
|VAN NESS FELDMA||$307,725||$307,725|
|WILKINSON BARKERK NAUER LLP||$240,399||$240,399|
The following is collected from data at OpenSecrets.org, combining data for both the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity and its former iteration, Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (grand totals in bold): 
|American Cltn for Clean Coal Electricity||$21,456,369|
|Americans for Balanced Energy Choices||$7,577,320|
|Brownstein, Hyatt et al||$260,000|
|Center for Energy||$540,000|
|Quinn Gillespie & Assoc||$740,000|
|Scherder & Assoc||$170,000|
|Van Ness Feldman||$30,000|
The following people have been listed on the ACCCE's website, year over year.
|Paul Bailey||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||President and CEO|
|Vicky Sullivan||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Associate Vice President of Policy Development|
|Katherine Sigler||Y||Associate VP of Operations|
|Michelle Bloodworth||Y||Y||Chief Operating Officer|
|Mitchell Baer||Y||Y||Associate Vice President for Policy Analysis|
|Darren Bearson||Y||Y||Y||Senior Vice President for State Affairs and Outreach|
|Laura Sheehan||Y||Y||Y||Senior Vice President for Communications|
|Robert M. “Mike” Duncan||Y||Y||Y||President & CEO|
|Mark Ourada||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Vice President for Central Region|
|Randy Eminger||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Vice President for South Region|
|Bob Paduchik||Y||Y||Y||Y||Chief of Staff|
|Jeff Bloczynski||Y||Y||Y||Associate Vice President for Economic Analysis|
|Maureen Healey||Y||Y||Y||Vice President for Eastern Region|
|Julia Treanor||Y||Senior Director, Communications|
|Bianca Prade||Y||Y||Y||Vice President for Digital Strategy|
|Lisa Camooso Miller||Y||Y||Y||Vice President for Media Relations|
|Ned Leonard||Y||Y||Y||Vice President for Program Services|
|Pat Cavanagh||Y||Y||Y||Vice President for Federal Relations|
|Phil Klingelhofer||Y||Y||Y||Senior Vice President for Strategy Management and Operations|
|Steve Miller||Y||Y||Y||President and CEO|
|Evan Tracey||Y||Y||Senior Vice President for Communications|
|Jayne Somes-Schloesser||Y||Y||Vice President for Administration|
|John Paul||Y||Y||Vice President for East Region|
|Jon Wadsworth||Y||Y||Vice President for Advocacy and Outreach|
|Terry Ross||Y||Vice President for West Region|
The following is taken from publicly available 990 forms.
|Mark Ourada||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - Central Region|
|Charles R Eminger||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - South Region|
|Paul Bailey||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Senior VP - Federal Affairs|
|Joseph Craft III||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|Robert Paduchik||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Chief of Staff|
|Jeffrey Bloczynski||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - Federal Relations|
|Robert M Duncan||Y||Y||Y||Y||President and CEO|
|Maureen Healey||Y||Y||Y||VP - East Region|
|Darren Bearson||Y||Y||Senior VP - State Affairs|
|Laura Sheehan||Y||Y||Senior VP - Communications|
|Victoria Sullivan||Y||Y||VP - Federal Affairs|
|Duane D Higley||Y||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|Warner L Baxter||Y||Director|
|Philip T Klingelhofer||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Secretary-Treasurer|
|Frank Calandra Jr||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|J Brett Harvey||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|Bianca Prade||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - Digital Strategy|
|Evan Tracey||Y||Y||Y||Senior VP - Communications|
|Stephen Miller||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Past President & CEO|
|Lisa Miller||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - Media Relations|
|Edward Leonard||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - Program Services|
|Jayne Somes-Schloesser||Y||Y||VP - Operations|
|John Paul||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - North Region|
|Steven F Leer||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|Gregory H Boyce||Y||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|Patrick Cavanagh||Y||VP - Federal Relations|
|Rosemary L Wilson||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - Policy|
|Terry Ross||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||VP - West Region|
|Shelby Joe Lucas||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Senior VP - Communications|
|Michael G Morris||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|William S Tate||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|L Earl Watkins Jr||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|John Wadsworth||Y||VP - Communications|
|Scott Wiseman||Y||Y||Y||Y||Senior VP - State Affairs|
|Shirley Crawford||Y||Y||Director of Administration|
|Stephen Gates||Y||Y||Communications Director|
|Thomas A Smith||Y||Director|
|Randy Eminger||Y||Y||Y||VP - South Region|
|Nancy C Mohn||Y||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|Gary L Rainwater||Y||Director|
|John R McArthur||Y||Director|
|Kenneth W James||Y||Director|
|Michael P Opalinski||Y||Director|
|Brett Harvey||Y||Y||Vice Chairman|
|John Carroll Jr||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|Richard Walling Sr||Y||Y||Y||Director|
|Irl F. Engelhardt||Y||Chairman|
Top Compensated Directors/Employees
The following data is sourced from publicly available 990 forms.
|Robert M Duncan||$349,617||$1,057,188||$1,000,992||$1,154,303||$3,562,100|
|Philip T Klingelhofer||$118,362||$148,076||$153,005||$197,217||$215,696||$267,392||$306,378||$351,429||$305,196||$319,383||$2,382,134|
|Charles R Eminger||$147,805||$168,017||$216,698||$240,663||$279,194||$230,252||$246,676||$247,954||$270,138||$2,047,397|
|Rosemary L Wilson||$158,983||$194,912||$171,088||$194,910||$217,144||$229,442||$236,665||$1,403,144|
|Shelby Joe Lucas||$60,373||$67,410||$279,280||$224,687||$189,349||$821,099|
September 29, 2017
ACCCE applauded Rick Perry for pushing the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to speed the approval of a proposal which would reward coal and nuclear power for “resilience” they give to the power grid. ACCCE president Paul Bailey said the move “will finally value the on-site fuel security provided by the coal fleet.” , 
“We worry today's proposal would upend competitive markets that save consumers billions of dollars a year,” said Amy Farrell, a senior vice president for American Wind Energy Association. 
Don Santa of the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America said the plan would favor “a very limited set of fuels and technologies.” 
ACCCE had commissioned a study in August that highlighted the “resiliency” of coal-fired power plants. The study, conducted by PA Consulting Group, concluded that “no single electricity resource has all of the attributes necessary for a reliable and resilient grid.” 
“This new report shows the coal fleet is essential to help maintain the reliability and resilience of the electricity grid,” said ACCCE CEO Paul Bailey. “For that reason, we are especially supportive of DOE’s recent recommendation that policymakers need to establish criteria to value attributes, such as on-site fuel, that help protect the grid against low probability events that have extreme consequences.” 
- “Myth … Coal-fired power plants are dirty
- Myth … Coal-fired power plants do not use clean coal technology.
- Myth … Coal-fired power plants are retiring because of low natural gas prices.
- Myth …The U.S. doesn’t need coal-fired power plants.
- Myth … Pollution from coal-fired power plants causes premature mortality.
- Myth … 'The Clean Power Plan … takes real action on climate change.' [EPA Fact Sheet on the Clean Power Plan]” 
For the last myth listed, ACCCE cites a 2015 report by the notorious climate change denier Bjorn Lomborg for support, claiming that “the Clean Power Plan would have a trivial effect on climate change. For example, global average temperature increase — the driver for climate change — would be reduced by an insignificant 0.013 degree (less than 1/80th degree) Celsius by the year 2100. On the other hand, the Clean Power Plan could cost more than $20 billion per year.” 
June 30, 2017
EPA administrator Scott Pruitt spoke at an ACCCE board meeting where he discussed his “red team-blue team” strategy for challenging mainstream climate change science, The New York Times reported. , 
Critics have said that Pruitt's approach would undermine the role of academic research at the EPA. 
I think this is fundamentally a dumb idea,” Andrew Dessler, a professor of atmospheric science at Texas A&M University, told The New York Times in an email. “It’s like a red team-blue team exercise about whether gravity exists.” 
March 28, 2017
“ACCCE commends President Trump for withdrawing bad regulations that are hurting our economy. The Clean Power Plan is the poster child for regulations that are unnecessarily expensive and have no meaningful environmental benefit,” said Paul Bailey, President and CEO of ACCCE. “We look forward to working with EPA Administrator Pruitt to develop sensible policies that protect the environment without shutting down more coal-fueled power plants, one of our most resilient and affordable sources of electricity.” 
E&E News reported that ACCCE commissioned a study by National Economic Research Associates (NERA) Economic Consulting that predicted the Obama administration's plans to reduce CO2 emissions from power plants would cost nearly $300 billion. 
NERA also produced the March 2017 report President Donald Trump used as support for his decision to pull the United States out of the Paris climate agreement. , 
ACCCE released a study titled “The Social Costs of Carbon? No, the Social Benefits of Carbon!“ The Daily Caller reported that the study claimed “the benefits of carbonized fuel, like coal, to society are 50 to 500 times greater than the costs.” , 
The study's lead author, Roger Bezdek, said:
“Even the most conservative estimates peg the social benefit of carbon-based fuels as 50 times greater than its supposed social cost. And the benefits are actual fact; founded on more than two centuries of empirical data, not theoretical summaries based on questionable assumptions, dubious forecasts, and flawed models.” 
Bezdek has been a vocal opponent of greenhouse gas regulations. In 2015, he testified on behalf of Peabody Energy where he went on record to say “CO2 is not harmful and is actually good for the planet.” He has also been a speaker at the Heartland Institute's International Conference on Climate Change. , 
November 13, 2013
“ACCCE has long held that EPA regulations are not an effective way to address concerns about global climate change. Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV) and Representative Ed Whitfield (R-KY) continue to show that bipartisan leadership on this important issue is possible, even in the face of an Administration recklessly determined to phase out coal.
Senator Manchin’s and Representative Whitfield’s newly proposed legislation is an important step in halting EPA from shutting down our nation’s coal plants and preventing the construction of new ones, which won’t even have any meaningful impact on global climate change. Thankfully, Senator Manchin and Representative Whitfield recognize the serious threat to electric reliability if coal is taken offline, but also the real-life economic and social consequences seemingly neglected from EPA’s own analysis.
This new legislation and tomorrow’s House Energy and Power Subcommittee hearing show that both chambers are beginning to recognize the urgency of Congressional action that’s needed to stop EPA’s dangerous rulemaking.”
ACCCE released a report claiming that clean air rules proposed under the Obama administration would cost utilities $17.8 billion per year and raise electricity rates on average 11.5 percent in 2016. The report was conducted by National Economic Research Associates Inc. Bloomberg described the report as “part of a campaign to delay compliance deadlines in the pending rules.” 
“You wouldn’t use a hammer to fix your computer. You don’t use a folding map if you have a GPS. The point is, we don’t use yesterday’s tools to solve today’s challenges. Yet the Environmental Protection Agency has started regulating greenhouse gas emissions under a 40-year-old law that doesn’t even mention the term 'greenhouse gases.' The result could be higher energy prices and lost jobs.” 
They urge listeners to ask their senators to vote for the amendment, which The Hill notes mirrors Sen. James Inhofe’s (R-Okla.) legislation designed to block the EPA. The ads ran in Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and numerous other states. 
- “Chairman” level sponsor, 2011 Annual Conference – $50,000
- “Chairman” level sponsor, 2013 Summer Meeting – $50,000
- “Chairman” level sponsor, 2013 Annual Conference – $50,000
- “Director” level sponsor, 2014 Annual Conference – $Unknown
October 29, 2009
ACCCE President and CEO Joe Miller testified before the House Energy Independence and Global Warming Committee about the forged letters sent by Bonner & Associates. During his testimony, Miller claimed that his organization had never opposed the Waxman-Markey Climate bill. View video below, pulled by Media Matters and reported on by HuffPost: 
“ACCCE cannot support this bill, as it is written, because the legislation still does not adequately protect consumers and the domestic economy or ensure that the American people can continue to enjoy the benefits of affordable, reliable electricity, which has been so important to our nation.” 
- “Benefits over the 20-year period total $111 billion (2008 dollars)
- The benefits in individual categories range from $15 billion in fuel cost savings to $39 billion for capital and technology cost savings in new and existing plants
- Total jobs created total 1.2 million, with an annual average of about 60,000 jobs created” 
August 6, 2009
Despite investigation of a Hawthorn Group subcontractor for sending fraudulent letters to members of Congress, ACCCE proceeded to re-hire the firm for a $1 million campaign to gain support with Senate Democrats, The New York Times reported. 
“While the issue involving these falsified letters is a very serious matter, an outrageous matter, it still remains to be an isolated incident,” said Joe Lucas, an ACCCE spokesman. “We're not going to throw the baby out with the bath water here.” 
The new project would use 225,000 volunteers dubbed “America's Power Army” to visit functions attended by members of Congress and ask questions about energy policy. 
The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity was under investigation for letters sent by Bonner & Associates, a subcontractor of the coalition that had sent letters to members of Congress regarding climate legislation. Markey announced his investigation of ACCCE, with a hearing scheduled for October, 2009. 
“We will not be working with Mr. Bonner again,” Joe Lucas, senior vice president for communications at ACCCE, told NationalJournal.com. “ACCCE did nothing wrong. Looking back, there would be many things we would do differently.” 
View DeSmog reporting on the forged letters:
- “Astroturf King Jack Bonner's Long History of Deceitful 'Grassroots' Lobbying,“ DeSmog, October 28, 2009.
- “House Committee Hearing To Investigate Coal Lobby’s Fraudulent Letters to Congress,” DeSmog, October 13, 2009.
- “Public Support for Energy Bill Shows the Deception in Bonner Astroturf Campaign,” DeSmog, September 3, 2009.
- “Bonner & Associates Never Contacted Rep. Perriello and Several Charities Defrauded In Forged Letter Scandal,” DeSmog, August 31, 2009.
- “Bonner & Associates Coached Employees To Lie To Generate Letters to Congress - Will Congress Rein In Such Astroturf?” DeSmog, August 28, 2009.
- “Bonner & Associates Paid Bonus to Letter Forger Before Firing Him,” DeSmog, August 28, 2009.
- “Bonner & Associates Spin Machine in Full Gear To Defend Sullied Brand,” DeSmog, August 28, 2009.
- “ACCCE Coal Lobby Drops Bonner & Associates Over Forged Letters,” DeSmog, August 21, 2009.
- “Five More Forged Letters Uncovered From Bonner & Associates’ Work for ACCCE - Read Them Here,” DeSmog, August 18, 2009.
According to The New York Times, at least 12 of the letters were fraudulent, purporting to be from groups opposed to the Waxman-Markey climate bill. ACCCE placed the blame on one Bonner & Associates employee. At least 199 letters and over 4,000 phone calls opposing the climate bill were made as the result of work by Bonner & Associates and Lincoln Strategies LLC—both Hawthorn Group subcontractors. 
The Wall Street Journal reported he letters had purported to represent elderly service organizations and seniors centers when, in fact, an aide to Mr. Markey said in an interview, the letters were forgeries. 
“We’ve seen fear-mongering with our nation’s senior citizens with health care, and now we’re seeing fraud-mongering with senior citizens on clean energy,” Edward Markey, chairman of the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, said in a written statement. “We must return to an honest discussion of the issues, and ensure that this sort of campaign does not further poison the well of trustworthy debate.” 
A memo listing “Talking points for ACCCE” was distributed to temporary employees. “Crucially, the talking points specifically instructed employees to lie to the community organizations they were calling, telling them they were working with seniors/veterans groups and that other seniors/veterans groups had written the letter they would be signing. They were in fact working directly for a coal industry front group, and the letter was written by Bonner and associates,” Enviroknow reported. 
View PDF copies of the letters below, courtesy of EnviroKnow:
- Senior Center Inc., Charlottesville, VA
- Creciendo Juntos, Charlottesville, VA [previously made public]
- Jefferson Area Board on Aging, Charlottesville, VA [previously made public]
- American Association of University Women, Charlottesville, VA [previously made public]
- NAACP-Charlottesville, Charlottesville, VA [5 letters] [previously made public]
- NAACP-1, NAACP-2, NAACP-3, NAACP-4, NAACP-5
- Slippery Rock Senior Center, Slippery Rock, PA
- Erie Center on Health & Aging, Eire, PA
- Butler Senior Center, Lyndora, PA
An excerpt from “Frosty the Coalman”:
“Frosty the Coal Man, is a jolly happy soul.
He’s abundant here in America and he helps our economy roll.
Frosty the Coal Man, is getting cleaner every day.
He’s affordable and adorable and helps workers keep their pay.
There must have been some magic in clean coal technology,
For when they looked for pollutants there was nearly none to see.”
Video of the original animations, via TreeHugger, below:
April 17, 2008
- “If we push too hard, too fast, we will force fuel switching away from coal.”
- “The president and the congress have a role to play to make sure the public sector invests in coal-fired power.”
- We've spent a lot of money on t-shirts, trucks, and advertising to affect the primary campaign, and it's working.
As covered by Greenpeace investigations, ACCCE spent over $35 million in 2008 on a major public relations campaign on “clean coal” during the Presidential race. The campaign included the mobilization of over 150,000 supporters, who they called their “civilian army” as well as a print ad campaign. ACCCE also paid CNN $5 million to be a major co-sponsor of six presidential debates. 
The following members of ACCCE have been listed on the ACCCE website, year over year:
|Allegheny Energy, Inc.||Y||Y||Y|
|Alliance Coal, LLC||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Alliance Resource Partners. L.P.||Y|
|Alpha Natural Resources||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|American Electric Power||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Arch Coal, Inc.||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Associated Electric Cooperative, Inc.||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Basin Electric Power Cooperative||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Berwind Natural Resources Corporation||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Big Rivers Electric Corporation||Y|
|Buckeye Industrial Mining Co.||Y||Y||Y|
|Buckeye Power, Inc.||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Bucyrus International, Inc.||Y||Y|
|Carbon Utilization Research Council (CURC)||Y||Y|
|CONSOL Energy Inc.||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Drummond Company, Incorporated||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|DTE Energy (Detroit Edison)||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Duke Energy Corporation*||Y|
|Express Marine, Incorporated||Y|
|First Energy Corporation||Y||Y||Y|
|Foundation Coal Corp.||Y|
|Freightcar America, Inc.||Y||Y|
|General Electric Capital Corporation||Y|
|GMS Mine Repair & Maintenance||Y|
|Inez Deposit Bank||Y|
|International Coal Group||Y||Y|
|Jackson Walker LLP||Y|
|John T. Boyd Company||Y||Y|
|Joy Global Mining||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Kentucky Coal Association||Y|
|Kentucky River Coal Corporation||Y|
|Kentucky River Properties, LLC||Y|
|Komatsu Mining Corporation||Y||Y|
|LG&E KU PPL companies||Y||Y|
|Murray Energy Corporation||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Natural Resource Partners L.P.||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Norfolk Southern Corporation||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|OG&E Energy Corp.||Y|
|Oglethorpe Power Corporation||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Peabody Energy Corporation||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|PowerSouth Energy Cooperative||Y||Y|
|Prairie State Generating Company, LLC||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Progress Energy, Incorporated||Y||Y|
|Rosebud Mining Company||Y|
|Seminole Electric Cooperative||Y|
|SEP Corporation (Sunflower Electric)||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Tri-state Generation & Transmission Assn. Inc.||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Union Pacific Railroad||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Western Farmers Electric Cooperative||Y|
|Western Fuels Association||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|White Stallion Energy||Y|
ACCE has retained a range of PR firms to spread its message, including Bonner & Associates, which was caught sending at least a dozen forged letters to Congress members urging them to vote against clean energy and climate legislation. 
Bonner & Associates
In her book, Global Spin, author Sharon Beder noted that past Bonner clients have included tobacco companies Philip Morris and U.S. Tobacco Co.; the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association; the utility trade group Edison Electric Institute; military contractor McDonnell Douglas; nuclear industry and military services giant Westinghouse; chemical companies Monsanto and Dow Chemical; and the major Detroit auto companies Chrysler, Ford and General Motors (who hired Bonner to help derail Congressional efforts to raise fuel efficiency standards back in the 1990s). 
The New York Times reported that ACCCE paid more than $7 million in 2008 and nearly $3 million in the first half of 2009 to Hawthorn Group towards work designed to influence U.S. climate legislation. 
“This campaign was focused in key states during the 2008 primary and general election campaign. Our challenge was to get the candidates, media, and opinion 'influencers' to start talking about the importance of American coal to our energy future and the need to fund clean coal technology,” the newsletter said. “Building on our existing 200,000-strong grassroots citizen army, we leveraged the presidential candidates' own supporters, finding advocates for clean coal among the crowd to carry our message. “
Replacing Bonner and Associates, ACCCE hired two groups including HDMK, a public relations firm that National Journal reported had strong ties to former President George W. Bush and the Republican Party. , 
HDMK is run by Terry Holt, the national campaign spokesperson for George W. Bush in the 2004 election and the former spokesman for House Minority Leader John Boehner. Other HDMK partners include Trent Duffy, a former deputy press secretary to President George W. Bush, Jim Morrell, former deputy chief of staff to the House Republican Conference and a speechwriter for former Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert (R-IL), and Chad Kolton, another long-time Republican communications operative who served in the Bush administration as press secretary at the OMB and FEMA. 
Howard Consulting Group
Dan Ronayne, a managing director of the Howard Consulting Group, was retained to work with regional reporters alongside HDMK. 
R&R Partners did significant work for ACCCE, including the development of ACCCE's $400,000 (now-defunct) website, CleanCoalUSA.org. An R&R Partners Case Study described their strategy as follows: , 
“R&R and ACCCE created a fully integrated marketing, branding and issue-advocacy campaign to educate our audiences on the importance of coal in their daily lives. Our strategy was to convince our audiences that through the use of modern technology, coal is cleaner than ever and getting cleaner still, and present coal as a vital component in our march toward energy independence.
The ACCCE campaign focused primarily around a fully integrated marketing approach that used the presidential campaign as a platform for our messaging, resulting in highly visible and well-publicized campaign tactics throughout the year. Outreach consisted of grassroots, earned media, paid media and advocacy tactics that created a 'surround-sound' effect targeting each of our audiences through all mediums and communications. Grassroots efforts included street teams, walking billboards, mobile billboards and recruitment and mobilization of an ACCCE Army (supporters of ACCCE and its mission) at presidential primaries, debates, conventions and other key campaign events. Earned media efforts included maintaining ongoing media relations and generating consistent press coverage of ACCCE-related issues and successes. A national television campaign focusing on the ACCCE core-message strategy – along with state and issue-specific campaigns that included news and magazine print, outdoor billboards, and radio and online components – comprised the paid media efforts that supported the overall campaign strategy.”
In an article responding to DeSmog/HuffPost's reporting, ACCCE noted that the website CleanCoalUSA.org was originally a project of a now-defunct group called the Coal-Based Generation Stakeholders (CBGS), and “While CBGS had many of the same members as ACCCE has today, the membership list was not identical.” 
Contact & Address
ACCCE listed the following contact information on its website, as of December 2018: 
1069 West Broad Street, Suite 913
Falls Church, VA 22046
- America's Power on Facebook.
- @AmericasPower on Twitter.
- America's Power in YouTube.
- The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity on LinkedIn.
“New Multi-Industry Coalition Aligns to Advocate Energy Security and Environmental Stewardship,” BusinessWire, April 17, 2008. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/7Do4h
“No. 3: American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity,” Mother Jones, December 4, 2009. Archived August 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/xO7bi
“APA News,” Spring 2009 issue. Archived with Archive.is.
Brendan DeMelle. “ACCCE Coal Lobby Targeting Key Democrats In Senate Climate Debate,” DeSmog, September 23, 2009.
“Legislative Issue Advertising in the 107th Congress,” The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania, July 2003. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Kevin Grandia. “Leaked Clean Coal Strategy Memo to Peabody Energy,” DeSmog, January 16, 2009.
“American Cltn for Clean Coal Electricity,” OpenSecrets.org. Accessed August 2, 2017.
“Myths About Coal-Fired Power Plants” (PDF), ACCCE, July 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Michelle Bloodworth. “ACCCE Applauds President Trump’s Executive Order Halting EPA’s Clean Power Plan,” ACCCE, March 28, 2017. Archived August 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/wzKk4
“'CLIMATE EFFECTS' OF EPA’S FINAL CLEAN POWER PLAN” (PDF), American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity.
“THE SOCIAL COSTS OF CARBON? NO, THE SOCIAL BENEFITS OF” CARBON” (PDF), Management Information Services, Inc., January 2014. Retrieved from Amercaspower.org. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Michael Bastasch. “Report: The social benefits of fossil fuels outweigh the costs 50 to 1,” The Daily Caller, January 22, 2014. Archived August 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/vEDrJ
Kevin Grandia. “Peabody Energy 'Experts' Sow Doubt About Reality of Climate Change,” DeSmog, August 25, 2015.
“Statement on Manchin/Whitfield Legislation and House Energy and Power Subcommittee Hearing,” Americaspower.org, November 13, 2013. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Cplj4
Jim Snyder. “Air Rules to Cost Almost $18 Billion a Year, Coal Group Says,” Bloomberg, June 8, 2011. Archived August 14, 2011. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/k37gL
Ben German. “Coal group presses senators on looming vote to kill EPA climate rules,” The Hill, March 25, 2011. Archived June 4, 2011. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aft1l
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“ACCCE Statement in Regards to the Passage of the American Clean Energy and Security Act,” America's Power, June 26, 2009. Archived July 16, 2010. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/H2FUQ
“BENEFITS OF INVESTMENTS IN CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY,” (PDF), Management Information Services, Inc. Washington, D.C. Retrieved from Americaspower.org. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Anne C. Mulkern. “'Citizen Army' Carries Coal's Climate Message to Hinterlands,” The New York Times, August 6, 2009. Archived August 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/hwVLw
“UPDATE: Select Committee to Hold Hearing on Fraudulent Letters Sent to Congress,” The Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming. Archived December 3, 2009. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/pVI3r
Brendan DeMelle. “ACCCE Coal Lobby Drops Bonner & Associates Over Forged Letters,” DeSmog, August 21, 2009.
Anne C. Mulkern and Alex Kaplun. “Markey Expands ACCCE Investigation From Forged Letters to Lobbying Disclosures,” The New York Times, October 26, 2009. Archived August 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/QXYt2
“Bonner Talking Points Instructed Employees to Lie to Generate Letters to Congress,” Enviroknow, August 28, 2009. Archived September 3, 2009. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/gnwGt
Ryan Powers. “‘Frosty the Coalman’: King Coal Launches Holiday-Themed Greenwashing Campaign,” ThinkProgress, December 10, 2008. Archived August 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Npvpv
Page van der Linden. “Same Front Group, Different Day,” DeSmog, April 21, 2008.
“New coalition touts clean coal in primary states, supports emissions reduction legislation,” OnPoint, April 17, 2008. Archived May 24, 2008. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/m1xX6
“American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricit Greenwashing Dirty Coal,” Greenpeace, September 11, 2008.
Anne C. Mulkern. “Another Company Leaves 'Mixed Messaging' Coal Alliance,” The New York Times, September 9, 2009. Archived August 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/f23SQ
Brad Johnson. “Duke Energy Quits Scandal-Ridden American Coalition For Clean Coal Electricity,” ThinkProgress, September 2, 2009. Archived August 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/mYojA
Brendan DeMelle. “ACCCE Hires New PR Firm With Bush Ties To Push Coal,” DeSmog, February 5, 2010.
Zachary Roth. “Behind The Forged Letters: Jack Bonner’s 'White-Collar Sweatshop',” TalkingPointsMemo, August 4, 2009. Archived August 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zeJif
Kevin Grandia. “Ad firm touts its 'clean coal' persuasion work,” DeSmog, June 1, 2009.
David Koenig. “Administration favors change in electricity pricing,” SFGate, September 29, 2017. Archived October 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/jm2ny
John Siciliano. “Rick Perry urges FERC protect coal, nuclear power plants,” The Washington Examiner, September 29, 2017. Archived September 30, 2017. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/qdPEl
Amanda Durish Cook. “Echoing DOE Report, Industry Study Touts Coal ‘Resiliency’,” RTO Insider, August 30, 2017. Archived October 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/1IJ3c
Emily Holden. “Pruitt will launch program to 'critique' climate science,” E&E News, June 30, 2017. Archived August 15, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/wyjPz
Brad Plumer and Coral Davenport. “E.P.A. to Give Dissenters a Voice on Climate, No Matter the Consensus,” The New York Times, June 30, 2017. Archived October 3, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/x3foH
Graham Readfearn. “Tobacco To Fossil Fuels: Tracing the Roots of Trump's Claims on Paris Climate Deal,” DeSmog, June 1, 2017.
“Impacts of Greenhouse Gas Regulations On the Industrial Sector” (PDF), NERA Economic Consulting, March 2017.
“Rule could cost $300B – industry report,” Greenwire, November 9, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“Coal Is Dirty” — Website by DeSmog debunking some of the top Clean Coal myths.
“American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity ACCCE,” Polluterwatch.