American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity

American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE)

Background

The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE) is a 501(c)(6) corporation chartered in Washington, DC, and formed by “More than 40 leading U.S. companies from the electricity generation, transportation, coal production, energy technology, and equipment manufacturing industries,” according to an April 2008 press release[1]

ACCCE believes that the use of coal, America’s most abundant energy resource, is essential to providing affordable, reliable electricity for millions of American consumers and a growing domestic economy. ACCCE also supports enhanced public and private sector efforts to develop and deploy new, advanced clean coal technologies that protect and improve the environment,” the press release read. [1]

ACCCE was formed through the joining of the Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) with Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC). ACCCE took shape in April 2008, at the same time the US Senate was considering new climate legislation. It followed a late-2007 campaign by its predecessor, ABEC, that had introduced an iconic image—an orange power cord plugging into a lump of coal. ACCCE's revised strategy claimed to support limits on CO2 as long as legislation encouraged a “robust utilization of coal.” [1] [2]

ACCCE's membership has included Alpha Natural ResourcesArch Coal, Inc.Murray Energy CorporationSouthern CompanyWestern Fuels Association, Union Pacific Railroad, Peabody Energy, CSX, Duke Energy, Detroit Edison, and many other coal and mining companies. On its current website, AmericasPower.org, ACCCE describes itself as “the only national trade organization whose sole mission is to advocate at the federal and state levels on behalf of coal-fueled electricity and the coal fleet.” [3]

In 2009, ACCCE was listed as number three on the Mother Jones “Dirty Dozen,” a list of groups described as the “loudest members of the chorus claiming that global warming is a joke and that CO2 emissions are actually good for you.” [4]

The Nation described ACCCE as “The driving force behind coal’s rebranding effort,” consisting of a “a $40 million campaign funded by all the major components of the modern coal industry–mining companies, power plants, railroads, rural electric co-ops.” [5]

Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC)/ America's Power Army

One year after ACCCE was formed, Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC) sent out a mailer that reported it had changed its name again to “America's Power Army.” The new name was taken “to be consistent with our advertising campaign, 'America's Power' and the corresponding website, Americaspower.org.” [6]

“Together with our parent organization ACCCE (American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity) we work at the federal, regional, state and local levels on a range of energy policy issues, including climate change, mercury, ozone, and regional haze, as well as the siting of new, high tech clean coal-fueled power plants,” the mailer read. [6]

DeSmog reported that the mailer also laid out plans to target key Democratic senators to ensure that energy and climate legislation would benefit the clean coal lobby. [7]

Before joining with the Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) to create ACCCE, ABEC had sponsored a range of clean coal ads, including three TV ads that ran in Washington, DC. One report estimated that ABEC spent $8.32 million on TV ads between 2001 and 2002. [8]

Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED)

The Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) began in 1992 as a partnership between U.S. coal companies and the rail industry. Stephen L. Miller served as president of CEED, and John Snow of CSX Corporation was the founding chairman of the board. Snow explained that CEED was formed because, “our nation's most abundant energy resource was under attack, placing our energy security in jeopardy”. “Something more had to be done,” he added. CEED, one of the two groups joined to create ACCCE, formerly offered the following description on its website: [9]

The Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) began in 1992 as a partnership between the U.S. coal and rail industries. CEED's membership has grown dramatically. Utilities, equipment manufacturers, labor unions, and others have also joined in the effort.” [9]

CEED produced two “educational” videos on climate change. The first was called “America Speaks Out” which promised to “tell the personal stories of real-life Americans who will be negatively affected by this flawed treaty that even the world's scientists can't agree is necessary.” The CEED website also formerly offered the following statement on climate change: [9]

“We've all heard of climate change or global warming. Many of us even have our own opinion about whether this is a serious problem or an exaggerated concern.
If predicting the weather were easy, we'd never be caught in the rain without an umbrella. Predicting weather conditions a day or two in advance is hard enough […] so just imagine how hard it is to forecast what our climate will be 75 to 100 years in the future.” [9]

Stance on Climate Change

2004

A leaked 2004 memo from Steve Miller, CEO of the Center for Energy and Economic Development (the forerunner to ACCCE), to Peabody Energy outlined the group's strategies on a range of issues: [10]

On climate change:

“In the climate change arena, CEED focuses on three areas: opposing government-mandated controls of greenhouse gases (GHG), opposing 'regulation by litigation', and supporting sequestration and technology as the proper vehicles for addressing any reasonable concerns about greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.”

And:

“Our belief is that, on climate change like other issues, you must be for something rather than against everything. The combination of carbon sequestration and technology is what we preach and we are looking for more members in the choir.”

On the McCain-Lieberman Bill:

The McCain-Lieberman bill would create a national CO2 cap and trade program that would be highly injurious to coal-based electricity.”

“And the plan to fight the bill,

Last week, we activated the Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC) citizen army to call targeted U.S. Senators, urging them to vote against this amendment. Through today, more than 6,000 citizen members have called or e-mailed their senators. Our most recent effort follows on the heels of last fall’s citizen army activation, which generated more than 7,000 calls to target Senators in opposition to McCain-Lieberman. Joe Lucas, our Vice President’s Communications, coordinates this ABEC activity.”

On opposing a regional cap and trade program:

“More than a year ago, New York Governor Pataki proposed an eleven-state regional CO2 cap and trade program. CEED has been engaged in this effort from its beginning. Persuading Pennsylvania and Maryland (as major coal-consuming states) to stay on the sidelines, rather than signing onto this initiative, has been one element of our strategy. The other element is to pose voluntary sequestration and technology as the correct policy, rather than mandatory controls.” (Emphasis added).

On “sowing discord” amongst regions:

“In recent weeks, we have persuaded the RGGI (Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative) participants to post the following pieces of CEED research on their web site for consumption by the states:

* A 2003 New Hope study showing reductions in greenhouse gases by the RGGI states would have an infinitesimal affect on global GHG concentrations.

* A 2003 Energy Ventures Analysis (EVA) study revealing negative economic results would flow to northeastern states that constrain CO2 emissions.

* A 2004 Energy Ventures Analysis report analyzing the affect of various cap and trade proposals, along with an output-based standard, on RGGI states as well as Pennsylvania and Maryland. EVA found that the economic consequences vary widely.

We plan to use this research to sow discord among the RGGI states. ” (Emphasis added).

On the EPA decision to regulate greenhouse gas:

“About a dozen states sued the EPA last year alleging that the agency must regulate CO2 under the Clean Air Act. CEED was the lead organization for outreach to the vast majority of state attorneys general who intervened on the Bush Administration’s side in new litigation designed to force CO2 regulation under the Clean Air Act.”

On regional carbon sequestration programs:

“For almost a year, CEED has participated in six regional carbon sequestration partnerships established by the U.S. Department of Energy. We made modest financial contributions to the partnerships so that we can participate in their substantive decisions. Our staff and Ned Leonard (who is a loaned executive from Western Fuels Association) have interacted with and, where appropriate, guided these regional partnerships in terms of public policy and public outreach. Our goal is straightforward: persuade states that voluntary sequestration activities and technology investments are appropriate policies to address climate change concerns, while government mandatory controls are not.” (Emphasis added).

On Mercury:

“Our strategy in dealing with mercury has been two-fold: prevent states from taking precipitous or unwarranted action to regulate mercury and engage in the federal rulemaking to protect the interests of coal-based electricity.”

And,

“In 2003, the Quicksilver Caucus with ECOS [Environmental Council of States] tried to pass a resolution calling for the “virtual elimination” of mercury. CEED worked in a coalition with other organizations and companies to convince many states that the Quicksilver strategy was not the right approach and the 'virtual elimination' verbiage failed.”

Funding

ACCCE 990 Forms

ABEC 990 Forms

Independent Contractors

Since 2008, ACCCE has recorded its top 5 highest-compensated “independent contractors” on its public 990 forms. Summary below:

Contractor 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Grand Total
WHITE & PARTNERS $9,574,356 $16,639,046 $23,943,108 $16,169,526 $66,326,036
VIRILION $14,033,820 $5,004,538 $19,038,358
THE HAWTHORN GROUP LC $1,199,940 $2,106,064 $2,972,810 $2,008,860 $1,591,098 $9,878,772
DCI GROUP $1,187,219 $2,811,881 $2,083,525 $1,583,262 $673,111 $490,770 $8,829,768
R&R PARTNERS INC $2,639,390 $2,439,179 $1,626,678 $6,705,247
NEW MEDIA STRATEGIES $672,346 $1,559,938 $4,018,884 $6,251,168
NATIONAL ECONOMIC RESEARCH ASSOCIATES $997,512 $1,369,567 $2,367,079
DDC ADVOCACY $387,902 $1,093,877 $1,481,779
VENABLE LLP $455,612 $812,101 $134,494 $1,402,207
JR MOTORSPORTS LLC $769,157 $769,157
VAN NESS FELDMAN $307,725 $223,716 $167,446 $698,887
JDA FRONTLINE $650,108 $650,108
EUGENE TRISKO $270,833 $286,353 $557,186
BLUEPRINT COMMUNICATIONS $240,000 $300,000 $540,000
CAUSEWAY SOLUTIONS $513,891 $513,891
QUINN GUILLESPIE LLC $506,709 $506,709
SEBY LARSEN LLP $398,479 $398,479
REAL CLEAR HOLDINGS LLC $346,000 $346,000
BRACEWELL & GIULIANI LLP $342,302 $342,302
RT STRATEGIES $335,711 $335,711
NJI MEDIA $313,775 $313,775
HUNTON WILLIAMS LLP $261,736 $261,736
STATESIDE ASSOCIATES $252,045 $252,045
WILKINSON BARKERK NAUER LLP $240,399 $240,399
HHQ VENTURES $142,500 $142,500
Grand Total $2,768,805 $29,165,731 $27,727,919 $30,136,096 $24,336,294 $4,915,978 $3,185,424 $3,131,055 $2,585,051 $1,196,946 $129,149,299

Lobbying Expenditures

The following is collected from data at OpenSecrets.org, combining data for both the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity and its former iteration, Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (grand totals in bold): [11]

American Cltn for Clean Coal Electricity $21,456,369
2006 $20,000
2007 $40,000
2008 $9,945,276
2009 $1,557,557
2010 $2,993,536
2011 $3,370,000
2012 $1,720,000
2013 $780,000
2014 $620,000
2015 $280,000
2016 $10,000
2017 $120,000
Americans for Balanced Energy Choices $7,577,320

2005

$1,994,329
2006 $2,562,991
2007 $3,020,000
Brownstein, Hyatt et al $260,000
2013 $130,000
2014 $130,000
Center for Energy $540,000
2001 $60,000
2002 $120,000
2003 $120,000
2004 $120,000
2005 $100,000
2006 $20,000
Hobart Ventures $80,000
2017 $80,000
Keelen Group $50,000
2008 $40,000
2009 $10,000
Podesta Group $1,220,000
2009 $350,000
2010 $450,000
2012 $350,000
2013 $70,000
Quinn Gillespie & Assoc $740,000
2008 $480,000
2009 $260,000
Scherder & Assoc $170,000
2003 $30,000
2004 $60,000
2005 $60,000
2006 $20,000
Van Ness Feldman $30,000
2013 $30,000
Willard Group $110,000
2001 $50,000
2002 $60,000
Grand Total $32,233,689

Key People

The following people have been listed on the ACCCE's website, year over year.

Name 2010 2011 2012 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Description
Paul Bailey Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y President and CEO
Vicky Sullivan Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Associate Vice President of Policy Development
Katherine Sigler Y Associate VP of Operations
Michelle Bloodworth Y Y Chief Operating Officer
Mitchell Baer Y Y Associate Vice President for Policy Analysis
Darren Bearson Y Y Y Senior Vice President for State Affairs and Outreach
Laura Sheehan Y Y Y Senior Vice President for Communications
Robert M. “Mike” Duncan Y Y Y President & CEO
Mark Ourada Y Y Y Y Y Vice President for Central Region
Randy Eminger Y Y Y Y Y Vice President for South Region
Bob Paduchik Y Y Y Y Chief of Staff
Jeff Bloczynski Y Y Y Associate Vice President for Economic Analysis 
Maureen Healey Y Y Y Vice President for Eastern Region
Julia Treanor Y Senior Director, Communications
Bianca Prade Y Y Y Vice President for Digital Strategy
Lisa Camooso Miller Y Y Y Vice President for Media Relations
Ned Leonard Y Y Y Vice President for Program Services
Pat Cavanagh Y Y Y Vice President for Federal Relations
Phil Klingelhofer Y Y Y Senior Vice President for Strategy Management and Operations
Steve Miller Y Y Y President and CEO
Evan Tracey Y Y Senior Vice President for Communications
Jayne Somes-Schloesser Y Y Vice President for Administration
John Paul Y Y Vice President for East Region
Jon Wadsworth Y Y Vice President for Advocacy and Outreach
Terry Ross Y Vice President for West Region

ACCCE Directors

The following is taken from publicly available 990 forms.

Name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Description
Mark Ourada Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y VP - Central Region
Matthew Rose Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Robert Murray Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Charles R Eminger Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y VP - South Region
Paul Bailey Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior VP - Federal Affairs
Stephen Little Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Joseph Craft III Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Anthony Ahern Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Bryan Ronck Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Garry Drummond Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Kevin Crutchfield Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Thomas Fanning Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Robert Paduchik Y Y Y Y Y Chief of Staff
Michael Ward Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Jeffrey Bloczynski Y Y Y Y VP - Federal Relations
John Eaves Y Y Y Y Director
Robert M Duncan Y Y Y Y President and CEO
Maureen Healey Y Y Y VP - East Region
James Jura Y Y Y Y Y Director
Darren Bearson Y Y Senior VP - State Affairs
Laura Sheehan Y Y Senior VP - Communications
Mike McInnes Y Y Director
Paul Sukut Y Y Director
Ted Doheny Y Y Director
Victoria Sullivan Y Y VP - Federal Affairs
Wyatt Hogan Y Y Director
Charles Price Y Y Y Y Director
Duane D Higley Y Y Y Y Director
Nicholas Akins Y Y Y Y Director
Stuart Lowry Y Y Director
Ben Yamagata Y Director
Don Gaston Y Director
Fred Parker Y Director
Gary Smith Y Director
Glenn Kellow Y Director
James Boyd Y Director
Jim Matern Y Director
Jim Squires Y Director
Ken Taylor Y Director
Lance Fritz Y Director
Lisa Kost Y Director
Meri Sandin Y Director
Mike Nasi Y Director
Mike Smith Y Director
Nicholas Delulis Y Director
Peter Glaser Y Director
Vic Staffieri Y Director
Warner L Baxter Y Director
Duane Richards Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Gerard Anderson Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Charles Moorman Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Christopher Curfman Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Clay Robbins Y Y Y Y Y Director
David Sinclair Y Y Y Y Y Director
Clare Gustin Y Y Y Director
John Koraleski Y Y Y Director
Joseph Power Y Y Director
Bennett Hatfield Y Y Director
Dennis Welch Y Y Director
Ashlie Kuehn Y Director
Kemal Williamson Y Director
Kirkley Thomas Y Director
Nicholas Deluliis Y Director
Philip T Klingelhofer Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Secretary-Treasurer
Michael Sutherlin Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Nick Carter Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Peter Dequattro Y Y Y Y Y Director
Kenneth Anderson Y Y Y Y Y Director
Frank Calandra Jr Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
J Brett Harvey Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Bianca Prade Y Y Y Y VP - Digital Strategy
David Fiorelli Y Y Y Y Director
Evan Tracey Y Y Y Senior VP - Communications
Andrew Serri Y Y Director
Frederick Palmer Y Y Director
Scott Hutter Y Y Director
Stephen Miller Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Past President & CEO
Lisa Miller Y Y Y Y VP - Media Relations
Edward Leonard Y Y Y Y VP - Program Services
David Lynch Y Y Director
Jayne Somes-Schloesser Y Y VP - Operations
Thomas Voss Y Y Y Director
John Paul Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y VP - North Region
Ronald Harper Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Steven F Leer Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director
Mark Dudzinski Y Y Y Y Director
Gregory H Boyce Y Y Y Y Director
James Young Y Y Y Director
David Mengebier Y Y Director
Gary Voigt Y Y Director
Joel Kaplan Y Y Director
Anthony Alexander Y Director
Patrick Cavanagh Y VP - Federal Relations
Rosemary L Wilson Y Y Y Y Y Y Y VP - Policy
Terry Ross Y Y Y Y Y Y Y VP - West Region
Shelby Joe Lucas Y Y Y Y Y Senior VP - Communications
Michael G Morris Y Y Y Director
Paul Evanson Y Y Y Director
William S Tate Y Y Y Director
L Earl Watkins Jr Y Y Y Y Y Director
John Wadsworth Y VP - Communications
Scott Wiseman Y Y Y Y Senior VP - State Affairs
Paul Thompson Y Y Y Y Y Director
Shirley Crawford Y Y Director of Administration
Stephen Gates Y Y Communications Director
Thomas A Smith Y Director
Randy Eminger Y Y Y VP - South Region
Nancy C Mohn Y Y Y Y Director
Gary L Rainwater Y Director
John R McArthur Y Director
Kenneth W James Y Director
Mark Premo Y Director
Michael P Opalinski Y Director
Scott Darling Y Director
David Ratcliffe Y Y Y Chairman
Brett Harvey Y Y Vice Chairman
David Slump Y Y Y Director
Don Blankenship Y Y Y Director
Edward Hamberger Y Y Y Director
Eric Hennen Y Y Y Director
Gary Roulet Y Y Y Director
Glenn English Y Y Y Director
Greg Kraft Y Y Y Director
J.M. Shafer Y Y Y Director
James Roberts Y Y Y Director
John Carroll Jr Y Y Y Director
John Grisham Y Y Y Director
Randy Haymaker Y Y Y Director
Richard Midulla Y Y Y Director
Richard Walling Sr Y Y Y Director
Thomas Kuhn Y Y Y Director
Tom Schelat Y Y Y Director
Douglas McFarlan Y Y Director
Ed Pettigrew Y Y Director
Kraig Naasz Y Y Director
Marcella Szel Y Y Director
Mark Nelson Y Y Director
Scott Miller Y Y Director
Steve Sharp Y Y Director
Colin Marshall Y Director
John Wendling Y Director
Mark Smith Y Director
Mike McCall Y Director
Robert Marshall Y Director
Vicky Will Y Director
William Barbieri Y Director
Bret Clayton Y Y Director
Charles Wakild Y Y Director
Clifford Miercort Y Y Director
David Wilks Y Y Director
Dwight Evans Y Y Director
Michael Menne Y Y Director
Richard Davidson Y Y Director
Rick Lancaster Y Y Director
Rick Thomas Y Y Director
Robert Powers Y Y Director
Roy Palk Y Y Director
Steven Parker Y Y Director
Theodore Tobeck Y Y Director
Fredrick Kuester Y Director
Kelly Prasser Y Director
Steve Holloway Y Director
Albert Pitcher Y Director
D. Menzies Y Director
David Goode Y Director
Irl F. Engelhardt Y Chairman
Jack Coffman Y Director
Jack Gerard Y Director
John Grubb Y Director
Richard Benson Y Director
Richard White Y Director
Rick Sallee Y Director
Steven Sharp Y Director

Top Compensated Directors/Employees

The following data is sourced from publicly available 990 forms.

Name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Grand Total
Stephen Miller $524,765 $610,000 $969,460 $850,000 $1,010,675 $1,615,135 $1,437,636 $1,235,135 $8,252,806
Paul Bailey $358,670 $626,890 $662,783 $597,016 $651,512 $670,005 $690,091 $4,256,967
Robert M Duncan $349,617 $1,057,188 $1,000,992 $1,154,303 $3,562,100
Philip T Klingelhofer $118,362 $148,076 $153,005 $197,217 $215,696 $267,392 $306,378 $351,429 $305,196 $319,383 $2,382,134
Mark Ourada $161,362 $177,025 $193,334 $203,548 $282,302 $231,001 $233,110 $246,667 $244,846 $259,734 $2,232,929
Robert Paduchik $380,247 $354,747 $410,572 $424,571 $493,991 $2,064,128
Charles R Eminger $147,805 $168,017 $216,698 $240,663 $279,194 $230,252 $246,676 $247,954 $270,138 $2,047,397
John Paul $190,000 $192,721 $196,194 $211,827 $223,297 $240,794 $241,333 $244,108 $1,740,274
Rosemary L Wilson $158,983 $194,912 $171,088 $194,910 $217,144 $229,442 $236,665 $1,403,144
Terry Ross $155,182 $166,259 $168,372 $191,244 $210,053 $218,579 $227,901 $1,337,590
Jeffrey Bloczynski $242,021 $254,050 $261,393 $236,590 $994,054
Scott Wiseman $156,727 $184,357 $210,089 $379,059 $930,232
Evan Tracey $320,762 $357,749 $250,276 $928,787
Bianca Prade $222,640 $221,427 $218,653 $227,951 $890,671
Edward Leonard $181,257 $221,572 $243,123 $235,497 $881,449
Shelby Joe Lucas $60,373 $67,410 $279,280 $224,687 $189,349 $821,099
Lisa Miller $151,737 $221,505 $222,005 $207,723 $802,970
Laura Sheehan $348,770 $388,736 $737,506
Maureen Healey $241,395 $242,231 $226,789 $710,415
Darren Bearson $248,497 $347,780 $596,277
Randy Eminger $170,256 $191,791 $207,452 $569,499
Jayne Somes-Schloesser $247,884 $225,044 $472,928
Victoria Sullivan $223,603 $236,283 $459,886
Shirley Crawford $108,096 $126,008 $234,104
Patrick Cavanagh $227,822 $227,822
Stephen Gates $105,222 $113,741 $218,963
John Wadsworth $187,076 $187,076

Actions

September 29, 2017

ACCCE applauded Rick Perry for pushing the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to speed the approval of a proposal which would reward coal and nuclear power for “resilience” they give to the power grid. ACCCE president Paul Bailey said the move “will finally value the on-site fuel security provided by the coal fleet.” [47], [48]

Advocates for both natural gas and renewables were critical of Perry's proposal[47]

“We worry today's proposal would upend competitive markets that save consumers billions of dollars a year,” said Amy Farrell, a senior vice president for American Wind Energy Association. [47]

Don Santa of the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America said the plan would favor “a very limited set of fuels and technologies.” [47]

ACCCE had commissioned a study in August that highlighted the “resiliency” of coal-fired power plants. The study, conducted by PA Consulting Group, concluded that “no single electricity resource has all of the attributes necessary for a reliable and resilient grid.” [49]

“This new report shows the coal fleet is essential to help maintain the reliability and resilience of the electricity grid,” said ACCCE CEO Paul Bailey. “For that reason, we are especially supportive of DOE’s recent recommendation that policymakers need to establish criteria to value attributes, such as on-site fuel, that help protect the grid against low probability events that have extreme consequences.” [49]

July, 2017

ACCCE released a document on the “Myths about coal-fired power plants” including the following: [12]

  • “Myth … Coal-fired power plants are dirty
  • Myth … Coal-fired power plants do not use clean coal technology. 
  • Myth … Coal-fired power plants are retiring because of low natural gas prices.
  • Myth …The U.S. doesn’t need coal-fired power plants. 
  • Myth … Pollution from coal-fired power plants causes premature mortality.
  • Myth … 'The Clean Power Plan … takes real action on climate change.' [EPA Fact Sheet on the Clean Power Plan]” [12]

For the last myth listed, ACCCE cites a 2015 report by the notorious climate change denier Bjorn Lomborg for support, claiming that “the Clean Power Plan would have a trivial effect on climate change. For example, global average temperature increase — the driver for climate change — would be reduced by an insignificant 0.013 degree (less than 1/80th degree) Celsius by the year 2100. On the other hand, the Clean Power Plan could cost more than $20 billion per year.” [12]

June 30, 2017

EPA administrator Scott Pruitt spoke at an ACCCE board meeting where he discussed his “red team-blue team” strategy for challenging mainstream climate change science, The New York Times reported. [50], [51]

Critics have said that Pruitt's approach would undermine the role of academic research at the EPA[51]

I think this is fundamentally a dumb idea,” Andrew Dessler, a professor of atmospheric science at Texas A&M University, told The New York Times in an email. “It’s like a red team-blue team exercise about whether gravity exists.” [51]

March 28, 2017

ACCCE released a statement commending Donald Trump for signing an Executive Order that would overturn the EPA's Clean Power Plan: [13]

ACCCE commends President Trump for withdrawing bad regulations that are hurting our economy. The Clean Power Plan is the poster child for regulations that are unnecessarily expensive and have no meaningful environmental benefit,” said Paul Bailey, President and CEO of ACCCE.  “We look forward to working with EPA Administrator Pruitt to develop sensible policies that protect the environment without shutting down more coal-fueled power plants, one of our most resilient and affordable sources of electricity.” [13]

November, 2015

E&E News reported that ACCCE commissioned a study by National Economic Research Associates (NERA) Economic Consulting that predicted the Obama administration's plans to reduce CO2 emissions from power plants would cost nearly $300 billion. [54]

NERA also produced the March 2017 report President Donald Trump used as support for his decision to pull the United States out of the Paris climate agreement[52], [53]

August, 2015

ACCCE released a paper titled “Climate Effects of EPA’s Final Clean Power Plan.” The paper concluded that climate effects of the EPA’s Clean Power Plan are “meaningless.” [14] 

January, 2014

ACCCE released a study titled “The Social Costs of Carbon? No, the Social Benefits of Carbon!“ The Daily Caller reported that the study claimed “the benefits of carbonized fuel, like coal, to society are 50 to 500 times greater than the costs.” [15], [16]

The study's lead author, Roger Bezdek, said: 

Even the most conservative estimates peg the social benefit of carbon-based fuels as 50 times greater than its supposed social cost. And the benefits are actual fact; founded on more than two centuries of empirical data, not theoretical summaries based on questionable assumptions, dubious forecasts, and flawed models.” [16]

Bezdek has been a vocal opponent of greenhouse gas regulations. In 2015, he testified on behalf of Peabody Energy where he went on record to say “CO2 is not harmful and is actually good for the planet.” He has also been a speaker at the Heartland Institute's International Conference on Climate Change. [17], [18]

November 13, 2013

ACCCE released the following statement on EPA regulations: [19]

ACCCE has long held that EPA regulations are not an effective way to address concerns about global climate change. Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV) and Representative Ed Whitfield (R-KY) continue to show that bipartisan leadership on this important issue is possible, even in the face of an Administration recklessly determined to phase out coal.

Senator Manchin’s and Representative Whitfield’s newly proposed legislation is an important step in halting EPA from shutting down our nation’s coal plants and preventing the construction of new ones, which won’t even have any meaningful impact on global climate change. Thankfully, Senator Manchin and Representative Whitfield recognize the serious threat to electric reliability if coal is taken offline, but also the real-life economic and social consequences seemingly neglected from EPA’s own analysis.

This new legislation and tomorrow’s House Energy and Power Subcommittee hearing show that both chambers are beginning to recognize the urgency of Congressional action that’s needed to stop EPA’s dangerous rulemaking.”

June, 2011

ACCCE released a report claiming that clean air rules proposed under the Obama administration would cost utilities $17.8 billion per year and raise electricity rates on average 11.5 percent in 2016. The report was conducted by National Economic Research Associates Inc. Bloomberg described the report as “part of a campaign to delay compliance deadlines in the pending rules.” [20]

March, 2011

ACCCE ran radio ads opposing the Clean Air Act, shortly before Congress would vote on the issue. The Hill reported that the ads, which ran during a congressional recess, stated: [21]

You wouldn’t use a hammer to fix your computer. You don’t use a folding map if you have a GPS. The point is, we don’t use yesterday’s tools to solve today’s challenges. Yet the Environmental Protection Agency has started regulating greenhouse gas emissions under a 40-year-old law that doesn’t even mention the term 'greenhouse gases.' The result could be higher energy prices and lost jobs.” [21]

They urge listeners to ask their senators to vote for the amendment, which The Hill notes mirrors Sen. James Inhofe’s (R-Okla.) legislation designed to block the EPA. The ads ran in Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and numerous other states.  [21]

2011—

ACCCE has been a regular sponsor of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) annual meetings since at least 2011. Examples have included: [22]

  • Chairman” level sponsor, 2011 Annual Conference – $50,000
  • Chairman” level sponsor, 2013 Summer Meeting – $50,000
  • Chairman” level sponsor, 2013 Annual Conference – $50,000
  • Director” level sponsor, 2014 Annual Conference – $Unknown

October 29, 2009

ACCCE President and CEO Joe Miller testified before the House Energy Independence and Global Warming Committee about the forged letters sent by Bonner & Associates. During his testimony, Miller claimed that his organization had never opposed the Waxman-Markey Climate bill. View video below, pulled by Media Matters and reported on by HuffPost: [23]

Note that, in a June 2009 press release, ACCCE had issued the following statement: [24]

ACCCE cannot support this bill, as it is written, because the legislation still does not adequately protect consumers and the domestic economy or ensure that the American people can continue to enjoy the benefits of affordable, reliable electricity, which has been so important to our nation.” [24]

October, 2009

Released a study titled “Benefits of Investments in Clean Coal Technology.” The study concluded: [25]

  • “Benefits over the 20-year period total $111 billion (2008 dollars)
  • The benefits in individual categories range from $15 billion in fuel cost  savings to $39 billion for capital and technology cost savings in new and existing plants
  • Total jobs created total 1.2 million, with an annual average of about 60,000 jobs created” [25]

August 6, 2009

Despite investigation of a Hawthorn Group subcontractor for sending fraudulent letters to members of Congress, ACCCE proceeded to re-hire the firm for a $1 million campaign to gain support with Senate Democrats, The New York Times reported. [26]

“While the issue involving these falsified letters is a very serious matter, an outrageous matter, it still remains to be an isolated incident,” said Joe Lucas, an ACCCE spokesman. “We're not going to throw the baby out with the bath water here.” [26]

The new project would use 225,000 volunteers dubbed “America's Power Army” to visit functions attended by members of Congress and ask questions about energy policy. [26]

August, 2009

The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity was under investigation for letters sent by Bonner & Associates, a subcontractor of the coalition that had sent letters to members of Congress regarding climate legislation. Markey announced his investigation of ACCCE, with a hearing scheduled for October, 2009. [27]

ACCCE dropped Bonner & Associates as a result of the scandal: [28]

“We will not be working with Mr. Bonner again,” Joe Lucas, senior vice president for communications at ACCCE, told NationalJournal.com. “ACCCE did nothing wrong. Looking back, there would be many things we would do differently.” [29]

View DeSmog reporting on the forged letters:

According to The New York Times, at least 12 of the letters were fraudulent, purporting to be from groups opposed to the Waxman-Markey climate bill. ACCCE placed the blame on one Bonner & Associates employee. At least 199 letters and over 4,000 phone calls opposing the climate bill were made as the result of work by Bonner & Associates and Lincoln Strategies LLC—both Hawthorn Group subcontractors. [30]

The Wall Street Journal reported he letters had purported to represent elderly service organizations and seniors centers when, in fact, an aide to Mr. Markey said in an interview, the letters were forgeries. [31]

We’ve seen fear-mongering with our nation’s senior citizens with health care, and now we’re seeing fraud-mongering with senior citizens on clean energy,” Edward Markey, chairman of the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, said in a written statement. “We must return to an honest discussion of the issues, and ensure that this sort of campaign does not further poison the well of trustworthy debate.” [31]

A memo listing “Talking points for ACCCE” was distributed to temporary employees. “Crucially, the talking points specifically instructed employees to lie to the community organizations they were calling, telling them they were working with seniors/veterans groups and that other seniors/veterans groups had written the letter they would be signing. They were in fact working directly for a coal industry front group, and the letter was written by Bonner and associates,” Enviroknow reported. [32]

View PDF copies of the letters below, courtesy of EnviroKnow:

Perriello:


Dahlkemper:


Carney:


December, 2008

As reported at ThinkProgress, ACCCE released a campaign through the holidays promoting clean coal. The “Clean Coal Carolers” described coal as “clean,” “affordable,” and “adorable.” [33], [34]

An excerpt from “Frosty the Coalman”:

“Frosty the Coal Man, is a jolly happy soul.
He’s abundant here in America and he helps our economy roll.
Frosty the Coal Man, is getting cleaner every day. 
He’s affordable and adorable and helps workers keep their pay.
There must have been some magic in clean coal technology,
For when they looked for pollutants there was nearly none to see.”

Video of the original animations, via TreeHugger, below:

April 17, 2008

Stephen Miller, ACCCE's president, was interviewed by E&ETV/OnPoint. View a transcript here. Key points included: [35], [36]

  • If we push too hard, too fast, we will force fuel switching away from coal.”
  • The president and the congress have a role to play to make sure the public sector invests in coal-fired power.”
  • We've spent a lot of money on t-shirts, trucks, and advertising to affect the primary campaign, and it's working.

2008

As covered by Greenpeace investigations, ACCCE spent over $35 million in 2008 on a major public relations campaign on “clean coal” during the Presidential race. The campaign included the mobilization of over 150,000 supporters, who they called their “civilian army” as well as a print ad campaign. ACCCE also paid CNN $5 million to be a major co-sponsor of six presidential debates. [37]

Related Organizations

Websites

Members

The following members of ACCCE have been listed on the ACCCE website, year over year:

Member 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2017 2018
ALCOA Y
Allegheny Energy, Inc. Y Y Y
Alliance Coal, LLC Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Alliance Resource Partners. L.P. Y
Alpha Natural Resources Y Y Y Y Y
Alstom Power* Y
AMEREN Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y
American Electric Power Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Arch Coal, Inc. Y Y Y Y Y Y
Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y
Associated Electric Cooperative, Inc. Y Y Y Y
Basin Electric Power Cooperative Y Y Y Y Y Y
Berwind Natural Resources Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
BHP Billiton Y
Big Rivers Electric Corporation Y
BNSF Railway Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Buckeye Industrial Mining Co. Y Y Y
Buckeye Power, Inc. Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
BUCYRUS Y
Bucyrus International, Inc. Y Y
Carbon Utilization Research Council (CURC) Y Y
Caterpillar Incorporated Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Charah, Inc. Y Y Y Y
CONSOL Energy Inc. Y Y Y Y Y Y
Consumers Energy Y Y Y Y
Crounse Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
CSX Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Drummond Company, Incorporated Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
DTE Energy (Detroit Edison) Y Y Y Y Y Y
Duke Energy Corporation* Y
E.ON U.S. Y Y Y Y
Express Marine, Incorporated Y
First Energy Corporation Y Y Y
Foundation Coal Corp. Y
Freightcar America, Inc. Y Y
GE Energy Y Y Y
General Electric Capital Corporation Y
GMS Mine Repair & Maintenance Y
Inez Deposit Bank Y
International Coal Group Y Y
Jackson Walker LLP Y
Jennmar Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
John T. Boyd Company Y Y
Joy Global Mining Y Y Y Y Y Y
Kentucky Coal Association Y
Kentucky River Coal Corporation Y
Kentucky River Properties, LLC Y
Komatsu Mining Corporation Y Y
LG&E KU PPL companies Y Y
Luminant Y Y Y Y Y
Martin Engineering Y
Midwest Generation Y Y
Mirant Corporation Y Y
Murray Energy Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Natural Resource Partners L.P. Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Norfolk Southern Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
OG&E Energy Corp. Y
Oglethorpe Power Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Ohio CAT Y
Peabody Energy Corporation Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
PowerSouth Energy Cooperative Y Y
Prairie State Generating Company, LLC Y Y Y Y Y Y
Progress Energy, Incorporated Y Y
Rosebud Mining Company Y
Seminole Electric Cooperative Y
SEP Corporation (Sunflower Electric) Y Y Y Y Y Y
Southern Company Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Tenaska, Inc. Y Y Y
Trapper Mining Y
Tri-state Generation & Transmission Assn. Inc. Y Y Y Y Y Y
Union Pacific Railroad Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Western Farmers Electric Cooperative Y
Western Fuels Association Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
White Stallion Energy Y
Grand Total 48 41 38 35 35 31 28 31

*In 2009, both Duke Energy and Alstom Power left ACCCE, citing concerns about the Alliance's opposition to the Waxman-Markey Climate Bill. [38], [39]

PR Firms

ACCE has retained a range of PR firms to spread its message, including Bonner & Associates, which was caught sending at least a dozen forged letters to Congress members urging them to vote against clean energy and climate legislation. [40]

Bonner & Associates

In her book, Global Spin, author Sharon Beder noted that past Bonner clients have included tobacco companies Philip Morris and U.S. Tobacco Co.; the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association; the utility trade group Edison Electric Institute; military contractor McDonnell Douglas; nuclear industry and military services giant Westinghouse; chemical companies Monsanto and Dow Chemical; and the major Detroit auto companies Chrysler, Ford and General Motors (who hired Bonner to help derail Congressional efforts to raise fuel efficiency standards back in the 1990s). [40]

Bonner has referred to his own firm as a “white collar sweatshop,” run largely by temporary employees and interns paid low hourly wages. [41]

Hawthorn Group

The New York Times reported that ACCCE paid more than $7 million in 2008 and nearly $3 million in the first half of 2009 to Hawthorn Group towards work designed to influence U.S. climate legislation. [30]

In a December, 2008 newsletter “To Hawthorn Friends & Family,” the group outlined some of the work it had done for ACCCE. [42]

“This campaign was focused in key states during the 2008 primary and general election campaign. Our challenge was to get the candidates, media, and opinion 'influencers' to start talking about the importance of American coal to our energy future and the need to fund clean coal technology,” the newsletter said. “Building on our existing 200,000-strong grassroots citizen army, we leveraged the presidential candidates' own supporters, finding advocates for clean coal among the crowd to carry our message. “

HDMK

Replacing Bonner and Associates, ACCCE hired two groups including HDMK, a public relations firm that National Journal reported had strong ties to  former President George W. Bush and the Republican Party. [40], [43]

HDMK is run by Terry Holt, the national campaign spokesperson for George W. Bush in the 2004 election and the former spokesman for House Minority Leader John Boehner.  Other HDMK partners include Trent Duffy, a former deputy press secretary to President George W. Bush, Jim Morrell, former deputy chief of staff to the House Republican Conference and a speechwriter for former Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert (R-IL), and Chad Kolton, another long-time Republican communications operative who served in the Bush administration as press secretary at the OMB and FEMA[40]

Howard Consulting Group

Dan Ronayne, a managing director of the Howard Consulting Group, was retained to work with regional reporters alongside HDMK[40]

R&R Partners

R&R Partners did significant work for ACCCE, including the development of ACCCE's $400,000 (now-defunct) website, CleanCoalUSA.org. An R&R Partners Case Study described their strategy as follows: [44], [45]

R&R and ACCCE created a fully integrated marketing, branding and issue-advocacy campaign to educate our audiences on the importance of coal in their daily lives. Our strategy was to convince our audiences that through the use of modern technology, coal is cleaner than ever and getting cleaner still, and present coal as a vital component in our march toward energy independence.

The ACCCE campaign focused primarily around a fully integrated marketing approach that used the presidential campaign as a platform for our messaging, resulting in highly visible and well-publicized campaign tactics throughout the year. Outreach consisted of grassroots, earned media, paid media and advocacy tactics that created a 'surround-sound' effect targeting each of our audiences through all mediums and communications. Grassroots efforts included street teams, walking billboards, mobile billboards and recruitment and mobilization of an ACCCE Army (supporters of ACCCE and its mission) at presidential primaries, debates, conventions and other key campaign events. Earned media efforts included maintaining ongoing media relations and generating consistent press coverage of ACCCE-related issues and successes. A national television campaign focusing on the ACCCE core-message strategy – along with state and issue-specific campaigns that included news and magazine print, outdoor billboards, and radio and online components – comprised the paid media efforts that supported the overall campaign strategy.”

In an article responding to DeSmog/HuffPost's reporting, ACCCE noted that the website CleanCoalUSA.org was originally a project of a now-defunct group called the Coal-Based Generation Stakeholders (CBGS), and “While CBGS had many of the same members as ACCCE has today, the membership list was not identical.” [46]

Contact & Address

ACCCE listed the following contact information on its website, as of December 2018: [55]

ACCCE
1069 West Broad Street, Suite 913
Falls Church, VA 22046

202-459-4800

[email protected]

Social Media

Resources

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Other Resources