American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)

American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)

Background

The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) is a national trade association representing 98 percent of oil refining capacity in the United States. The American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers describes itself as the “trade association representing high-tech American manufacturers of virtually the entire U.S. supply of gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, other fuels and home heating oil, as well as the petrochemicals used as building blocks for thousands of vital products in daily life.” [1]

The AFPM was formerly known as the National Petrochemical & Refiners Association, before rebranding in 2012. Both James Mahoney and Charles Drevna have served in leadership capacities at the association. Mahoney twice served as chairman of the board of the organization, once while it was the NPRA and then again during the group’s rebranding in 2012. Drevna served as President of the AFPM[2]

The AFPM hasn't hidden its position promoting oil interests, and they oppose any legislation that could reduce profits for their sector. For example, they oppose renewable fuel standards, support increasing domestic oil and gas production on public and private lands, and argue that the EPA has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions.  [3], [4], [5]

Stance on Climate Change

“Greenhouse gases are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency under the Clean Air Act, even though the Clean Air Act never authorized such regulation. AFPM believes that using this 40-year-old law to control of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions threatens our nation's economic and energy security. The Clean Air Act applies only to U.S. companies and was never intended to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. Even the EPA has admitted Clean Air Act GHG emissions will do nothing to reduce global concentrations of these emissions.” [5]

Funding

The Conservative Transparency project lists only four transactions for American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers, and for their AFPM's PAC: [27]

Donor Recipient Amount Year
Koch Industries PAC American Fuels and Petrochemical Manufacturers Association PAC $5,000 2015
Koch Industries PAC American Fuels and Petrochemical Manufacturers Association PAC $5,000 2014
American Petroleum Institute American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers $30,000 2012
American Petroleum Institute American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers $75,000 2011

990 Forms

Annual Reports

Key People

Executive Committee (2016) [6]

Position Name Organization
Chairman of the Board Gregory J. Goff Tesoro Corporation
Vice Chair  Lawrence M. Ziemba Phillips 66
Past Chair  David Lamp Western Refining Company
Treasurer  Dennis Seith INEOS Olefins & Polymers USA
Member  Patrick Quarles Celanese Ltd.
Member  Mike Coyle Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Member  James S Loving CHS Inc.
Member  Jack Lipinski CVR Energy, Inc.
Member  Jerry Wascom Exxon Mobil Corporation
Member  Jeff Ramsey Flint Hills Resources, LP
Member  George Damiris HollyFrontier Corporation
Member  Kevin W Brown Lyondell Basell Industries
Member  Gary R Heminger Marathon Petroleum Corporation
Member  Thomas J. Nimbley PBF Energy Inc.
Member  Joseph W. Gorder Valero Energy Corporation
AFPM Secretary  Chet Thompson American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)
Staff Coordinator  Rebbie J Riley American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)

Board of Directors (2016) [7]

Position Name Organization
Chairman of the Board  Gregory J. Goff Tesoro Corporation
Vice Chair  Lawrence M. Ziemba Phillips 66
Past Chair  David Lamp Western Refining Company
Treasurer  Michael Jennings HollyFrontier Corporation
Member  Raphael Crawford Albemarle Corporation
Member  Paul Eisman Alon USA
Member  Tim Brown American Refining Group, Inc.
Member  Richard Rennard Arkema Inc.
Member  Jim Macaluso Baker Hughes Incorporated
Member  Heidi S. Alderman BASF Corporation
Member  Mark R Keim Big West Oil, LLC
Member  Luis Sierra BP Petrochemicals
Member  Doug Sparkman BP Products North America
Member  Mark G. Nikolich Braskem America, Inc.
Member  Russ Willmon Calcasieu Refining Company
Member  Timothy Go Calumet Specialty Products Partners, L.P.
Member  Patrick Quarles Celanese Ltd.
Member  Mark Lashier Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
Member  Mike Coyle Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Member  James S Loving CHS Inc.
Member  Eduardo Assef CITGO Petroleum Corporation
Member  Paul Mikesell Cornerstone Chemical
Member  Matthew Smorch Countrymark Cooperative Holding Corporation
Member  Robert Trout Criterion Catalysts & Technologies
Member  Jack Lipinski CVR Energy, Inc.
Member  Frederec C Green Delek Refining Ltd.
Member  Zachary Levine Deltech Corporation
Member  Glenn Liolios DuPont
Member  Michael Berry Eastman Chemical Company
Member  Corey Johnson Enterprise Products Operating LLC
Member  H. Don Davis Ergon, Inc.
Member  Jerry Wascom Exxon Mobil Corporation
Member  Bruce H. March ExxonMobil Chemical Co.
Member  Jeff Ramsey Flint Hills Resources, LP
Member  Paul Huang Formosa Plastics Corporation, USA
Member  Raymon C. Barlow GE Water & Process Technologies
Member  Albert Beninati Grace Catalysts Technologies
Member  George Damiris HollyFrontier Corporation
Member  Sridhar Srinivasan Honeywell Inc.
Member  Tom Schmitt Hunt Refining Company
Member  Douglas H Culpon Huntsman Corporation
Member  Bob Baird Husky Energy
Member  Dennis Seith INEOS Olefins & Polymers USA
Member  David C. Dotson Koch Industries, Inc.
Member  Kevin W Brown LyondellBasell Industries
Member  Raymond L. Brooks Marathon Petroleum Corporation
Member  Gary R Heminger Marathon Petroleum Corporation
Member  Michael Newton Martin Operating Partners
Member  Kendra Lee Merichem Company
Member  Graeme Burnett Monroe Energy, LLC
Member  Dan Romasko Motiva Enterprises LLC
Member  Danny Rey NALCO Champion
Member  Naushad Jamani NOVA Chemicals Corporation
Member  Robert Peterson Occidental Chemical Corporation
Member  John McIntosh Olin Chlor Alkali Products
Member  Purnendu Rai Oxea Corporation
Member  Joseph Israel Par Petroleum LLC
Member  Fernando Feitosa de Oliveira Pasadena Refining System, Inc.
Member  Thomas J. Nimbley PBF Energy Inc.
Member  Philip Rinaldi Philadelphia Energy Solutions (PES)
Member  Dan Robinson Placid Refining Company
Member  Khalid Almazyed SABIC
Member  Tim Bennett Sasol Chemicals (USA) LLC
Member  Tom Rizzo Shell Chemical Company
Member  Clint W Ensign Sinclair Oil Corporation
Member  Shruti Singhal Solenis
Member  Simon Upfill-Brown South Hampton Resources, Inc.
Member  Joseph A. Vetrone Suncor Energy, Inc.
Member  Douglas May The Dow Chemical Company
Member  Ross Reucassel The International Group, Inc.
Member  Raghu Menon The Linde Group
Member  John Dearborn The Williams Companies
Member  Philippe Doligez Total Petrochemicals & Refining USA, Inc.
Member  Edward J. Dineen TPC Group
Member  Daniel Yoder U.S. Oil & Refining Co.
Member  Rebecca Liebert UOP LLC - A Honeywell Company
Member  Joseph W. Gorder Valero Energy Corporation
Member  Lane Riggs Valero Energy Corporation
Member  Albert Chao Westlake Chemical Corporation
Member  James Runyan Wyoming Refining Company
AFPM Secretary  Chet Thompson American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)
Staff Coordinator  Rebbie J Riley American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)
Ex Officio  Charlie Drevna

Past People

James Mahoney

James Mahoney has been employed by Koch Industries, Inc. since 1988 and serves as their Vice President for Operations Excellence and Compliance, and is a member of the board (he has also been past chairman). [8], [9] James Mahoney served as the chairman of the NPRA from 2007 to 2008 and served as chairman of the board of directors of the AFPM from 2012 to 2014.

Mahoney helped develop Fueling U.S. Forward, a Koch-funded campaign designed to promote the benefits of fossil fuels. As investigative journalist Peter Stone revealed in the Huffington Post in February 2016, James Mahoney and Charlie Drevna teamed up to pitch the concept of launching a pro-petroleum campaign to refining companies Valero and Tesoro and other energy interests. [10]

In his piece, The Kochs Are Plotting A Multimillion-Dollar Assault On Electric Vehicles, Stone wrote that the “fledgling Mahoney and Drevna efforts seem to signal an expansion of Koch-backed drives against subsidies and tax breaks for alternative fuels to the transportation sector, at a time when support may be on the rise in Washington and some states for boosting electric vehicles.” [10]

Charles Drevna

Charles Drevna, former lobbyist for the oil refining industry, was a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Energy Research (IER), and previous President of American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers. He is currently heading the Fuelling U.S. Forward campaign, operating as President and CEO. [11]

According to IER’s website, while he was a Senior Fellow, Drevna advised IER on a variety of energy topics, particularly fuel and refining issues. Though Drevna told DeSmog’s Sharon Kelly that IER is not involved with this Fueling U.S. Forward campaign, it’s worth noting that Drevna developed Fueling U.S. Forward while officially serving as a fellow at IER. [12], [13]

Committees

The AFPM is operated by experts among its 450+ member companies through a variety of committees and subcommittees including the following. (Committee member lists can only be viewed by authorized members): [14]

  • Communications Committee
  • Environmental Committee
  • Fuels Committee
  • Government Relations Committee
  • Issues Committee
  • Labor Relations and Human Resources Committee
  • Base Oils & Waxes Committee
    • Waxes Subcommittee
  • Legal Committee
  • Reliability & Maintenance Committee
  • Manufacturing Committee
  • Petrochemical Committee
  • Petrochemical Steering Committee
    • Petrochemical Statistics Subcommittee
  • Plant Automation & Decision Support Committee
    • Cybersecurity Subcommittee
  • Safety & Health Committee
  • Industrial Hygiene Subcommittee
  • Regional Process Safety Networks
  • Security Committee

Actions

July, 2016

The Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) reports that AFPM President Chet Thompson attended private, undisclosed meetings with republican attorneys general to coordinate on defending ExxonMobil and push back against climate change legislation. [15]

Thompson spoke at the event alongside prominent climate change denier Myron Ebell of the Competitive Enterprise Institute, who was recently selected to head Donald Trump's “EPA transition team.” Audio obtained by CMD below. [15]

CMD reports that Chet Thompson “thanked the attorneys general for their ‘leadership’ and ‘support’ in the investigations of oil companies, and asked for further assistance in blocking the EPA ‘social cost of carbon’ disclosure rules for the fossil fuel industry and halting the college divestment campaigns.” [15]

October 23, 2015

The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) joined U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers, and others in filing a petition for review (PDFattempting to block the Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Power Plan. [16]

The full list of petitioners is as follows:

March 13, 2015

American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPMsued Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) for allegedly violating its common carrier obligation under federal law. A DeSmog investigation suggested that there may be more to the lawsuit than initially meets the eye, and may serve as a distraction to the center issues in the oil-by-rail debate. [17], [18]

The suit was filed in in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division. AFPM sued BNSF “for violating its common carrier obligation by imposing a financial penalty” for those carrying oil obtained via hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in North Dakota's Bakken Shale basin and other hazardous petroleum products in DOT-111 rail cars. Bloomberg reported how 

This $1,000 surcharge on certain PHMSA-authorized rail cars breaches BNSF’s common carrier duty to ship hazardous materials under the auspices of PHMSA’s comprehensive regime governing hazardous materials transportation,” wroteAFPM's legal team. [17], [18]

BNSF began imposing a $1,000 surcharge for companies carrying explosive Bakken fracked oil in DOT-111 cars, as opposed to “safer” CPC-1232 cars, at the beginning of 2015. [19], [20]

November, 2014

The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) released studies that oil producers used to counter oil-by-rail safety measures in the Bakken region. The Wall Street Journal reported that AFPM's testing methods “may understate the explosive risk of the crude” from the region. [21]

Bakken oil gained coverage after the July 2013 oil train derailment in Lac-Magentic, Quebec that killed 47 people. Since that initial incident, seven more oil trains have derailed. Desmog reported that “We now know that oil produced in North Dakota's Bakken Shale formation is extremely volatile due to its high natural gas liquid content — resulting in the 'bomb train' phenomenon.” [22], [23]

Oil producers rejected calls to stabilize the oil, citing studies by both AFPM and the North Dakota Petroleum Council. The Wall Street Journal notes that while the AFPM study's author, Frits Wybenga, claimed that their tests were adequate, a more stringent study by the U.S. government did find more volatile compounds in the Bakken crude. AFPM released a “survey” of Bakken crude on May 14, where it stressed it could be transported using existing railroad cars, under existing rules. [21]

March 19, 2012

Charles Drevna, then the president of AFPM, testified to Congress. Drevna, representing AFPM, opposed limits on carbon dioxide under the Clean Air act, and also cautioned that we should not move to electric vehicles (read more about the Industry's fight against electric vehicles at Desmog's Koch vs. Clean project): [24]

“As Congress and the Administration seek ways to increase our energy security, economic security, and national security, AFPM urges policymakers to weigh the full spectrum of trade-offs. While weaning the U.S. off oil is a good talking point, artificially forcing the market to adopt expensive new technologies that rely on the fair trade practices of China could bring a new set of challenges. In the meantime, the U.S. can instead develop its own abundant supply of energy, which can increase our energy, economic and national security. The U.S. can do so without subsidies or mandates, all our industry needs is the room to do it. As we look to diversify our energy sources, we must not turn our back on petroleum-derived fuels that we will continue to depend upon for decades to come. To do so would simply disadvantage the consumer, harm our national economy and erode our energy security.” [24]

Regarding the regulation of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) under the Clean Air Act, Drevna argued that it would make the U.S. less competitive: 

“In the absence of a comprehensive global approach to GHG emissions, imposing these burdens on the U.S. would unilaterally cripple the ability of U.S. manufacturers to compete on a world market against other nations – notably India, China and Brazil – with less stringent environmental regulations. [24]

June, 2012

Both the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) and the American Petroleum Institute (API) challenged the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard in court, calling renewables “phantom fuels.” [25]

Related Organizations

As of October, 2016, AFPM had nearly 400 member organizations listed on its website. Notable examples include Chevron, DuPont, Exxon Mobil Corporation, Husky Energy, Koch Industries, Inc.,  Shell Chemical Company, and The Dow Chemical Company. [26]

View the attached spreadsheet for a complete list of AFPM members (.xlsx).

National Petrochemical & Refiners Association (NPRA)

Former name for the AFPM before rebranding in 2012. [2]

Resources

  1. ABOUT AFPM,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/UNtwN

  2. NATIONAL PETROCHEMICAL & REFINERS ASSOCIATION BECOMES AMERICAN FUEL & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS,” AFPM, January 25, 2012. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/dFneh

  3. Policy Position - Renewable Fuel Standards,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/UDzNV

  4. Policy Position - Increasing Domestic Oil & Gas Production,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/SZsEw

  5. Policy Position - Greenhouse Gas Regulations,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/geJX8

  6. Executive Committee,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Xq4iy

  7. Board of Directors,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016.

  8. Executive Profile: James Mahoney,” Bloomberg. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Fh191#selection-1089.0-1103.13

  9. Executive Committee Roster,” NPRA. Archived August 6, 2007. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/X3Wmv

  10. Peter Stone. “The Kochs Are Plotting A Multimillion-Dollar Assault On Electric Vehicles,” The Huffington Post, February 19, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/jXPA4

  11. Jennifer A. Dlouhy. “Former refining lobbyist joins Institute for Energy Research,” FuelFix, May 26, 2015. Archived August 30, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/NByMt

  12. Charles Drevna,” Institute for Energy Research. Archived April 1, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ax61J

  13. Charles Drevna,” Koch Vs. Clean. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/mbDp5

  14. Committees,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Wcox2

  15. GOP ATTORNEYS GENERAL HELD PRIVATE MEETINGS WITH FOSSIL FUEL LOBBYISTS ON EXXON INVESTIGATION,” The Center for Media and Democracy, September 23, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/iePD8

  16. PETITION FOR REVIEW No. 15-1382 (October 23, 2015). USCA Case #15-1382 Document #1579899.  Retrieved from consideringthegrid.com. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog.

  17. AMERICAN FUEL & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS,  Plaintiff v.  BNSF RAILWAY COMPANY, Defendant. Civil Action No. 4:15-cv-682, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS HOUSTON DIVISION (PDF), Filed March 13, 2015. Archived at Desmog.

  18. Steve Horn. “Purposeful Distraction? Unpacking the Oil Refiners' 'Bomb Trains' Lawsuit vs. Warren Buffett's BNSF,” Desmog, March 24, 2015.

  19. Thomas Black, Dan Murtaugh and Mario Parker. “Berkshire’s BNSF to Add Surcharge on Older Oil Tank Cars,” Bloomberg, October 24, 2014. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/csQex

  20. Eric de Place. “WHY NEW IMPROVED OIL TRAINS ARE NOT NEARLY GOOD ENOUGH,” Sightline Institute, January 28, 2015. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/DSLAV

  21. Chester Dawson and Russell Gold. “Accuracy of Bakken Volatility Tests Face More Challenges,” The Wall Street Journal, November 12, 2014.  Archived .pdf on file at Desmog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/aTiET

  22. Brendan DeMelle. “Deadly Quebec Oil Train Disaster and Athabasca River Spill On Same Day as Tar Sands Healing Walk,” Desmog, July 6, 2013. 

  23. Brendan DeMelle. “VIDEO: Government, Industry Ignore Scientific Case For Improving Crude By Rail Safety, Let Bomb Trains Roll On,” Desmog, September 17, 2015.

  24. WRITTEN STATEMENT OF AMERICAN FUEL & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS AS SUBMITTED TO THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON COUNTERTERRORISM AND INTELLIGENCE” (PDF), Committee on Homeland Security United States House of Representatives, March 19, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog.

  25. Chris Hatch. “Industry Lobbying to Weaken B.C.’s Clean Fuel Rules, Despite Soaring Profits,” Desmog Canada, October 8, 2014.

  26. MEMBERSHIP DIRECTORY,” AFPM. Accessed October 11, 2016.

  27. Seach for “American Fuel,” Conservative Transparency. Perfomed May 31, 2017.