American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)


American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)

Background

The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) is a national trade association representing 98 percent of oil refining capacity in the United States. The American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers describes itself as the “trade association representing high-tech American manufacturers of virtually the entire U.S. supply of gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, other fuels and home heating oil, as well as the petrochemicals used as building blocks for thousands of vital products in daily life.” [1]

The AFPM was formerly known as the National Petrochemical & Refiners Association, before rebranding in 2012. Both James Mahoney and Charles Drevna have served in leadership capacities at the association. Mahoney twice served as chairman of the board of the organization, once while it was the NPRA and then again during the group’s rebranding in 2012. Drevna served as President of the AFPM[2]

The AFPM hasn't hidden its position promoting oil interests, and they oppose any legislation that could reduce profits for their sector. For example, they oppose renewable fuel standards, support increasing domestic oil and gas production on public and private lands, and argue that the EPA has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions.  [3], [4], [5]

Stance on Climate Change

“Greenhouse gases are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency under the Clean Air Act, even though the Clean Air Act never authorized such regulation. AFPM believes that using this 40-year-old law to control of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions threatens our nation's economic and energy security. The Clean Air Act applies only to U.S. companies and was never intended to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. Even the EPA has admitted Clean Air Act GHG emissions will do nothing to reduce global concentrations of these emissions.” [5]

Funding

The Conservative Transparency project lists only four transactions for American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers, and for their AFPM's PAC: [27]

Donor Recipient Amount Year
Koch Industries PAC American Fuels and Petrochemical Manufacturers Association PAC $5,000 2015
Koch Industries PAC American Fuels and Petrochemical Manufacturers Association PAC $5,000 2014
American Petroleum Institute American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers $30,000 2012
American Petroleum Institute American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers $75,000 2011

990 Forms

Annual Reports

 

Key People

Executive Committee

Name 2016[6] 2019 Description Company (If Listed)
Chet Thompson Y Y AFPM Secretary American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)
David Lamp Y Y Member Western Refining Company
Gary R Heminger Y Y Vice Chair Marathon Petroleum Corporation
George Damiris Y Y Treasurer HollyFrontier Corporation
Jeff Ramsey Y Y Member Flint Hills Resources, LP
Joseph W Gorder Y Y Chairman of the Board Valero Energy Corporation
Rebbie J Riley Y Y Staff Coordinator American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)
Thomas J Nimbley Y Y Member PBF Energy Inc.
Daniel Coombs   Y Member LyondellBasell Industries
Doug Sparkman   Y Member BP Products North America
Graeme Burnett   Y Member Monroe Energy, LLC
Ian Carr   Y Member Exxon Mobil Corporation
Mark Lashier   Y Member Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
Michael Coyle   Y Member Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Michael Nagle   Y Member INEOS Olefins & Polymers USA
Robert Herman   Y Member Phillips 66
Dennis Seith Y   Treasurer INEOS Olefins & Polymers USA
Gregory J Goff Y   Chairman of the Board Tesoro Corporation
Jack Lipinski Y   Member CVR Energy, Inc.
James S Loving Y   Member CHS Inc.
Jerry Wascom Y   Member Exxon Mobil Corporation
Kevin W Brown Y   Member LyondellBasell Industries
Lawrence M Ziemba Y   Vice Chair Phillips 66
Mike Coyle Y   Member Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Patrick Quarles Y   Member Celanese Ltd.

Board of Directors

Name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016[7] 2017 2019 Description Company
Albert Chao           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Westlake Chemical Corporation
Frederec C Green           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Delek Refining Ltd.
Jeff Ramsey           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Flint Hills Resources, LP
Matthew Smorch           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Countrymark Cooperative Holding Corporation
Richard Rennard           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Arkema Inc.
Gregory J Goff               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Tesoro Corporation
Lane Riggs               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Valero Energy Corporation
Doug Sparkman                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member BP Products North America
Graeme Burnett                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Monroe Energy, LLC
Mark Lashier                 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Member Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
Joseph W Gorder                   Y Y Y Y Y Y Chair Valero Energy Corporation
Ross Reucassel                   Y Y Y Y Y Y Member The International Group, Inc.
Thomas J Nimbley                   Y Y Y Y Y Y Member PBF Energy Inc.
Luis Sierra                     Y Y Y Y Y Member BP Petrochemicals
Mark G Nikolich                     Y Y Y Y Y Member Braskem America, Inc.
Chet Thompson                       Y Y Y Y AFPM Secretary American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)
Joseph Israel                       Y Y Y Y Member Par Petroleum LLC
Patrick Quarles                       Y Y Y Y Member Celanese Ltd.
Gary R Heminger             Y Y Y Y Y   Y Y Y Vice Chair Marathon Petroleum Corporation
Danny Rey                         Y Y Y Member NALCO Champion
Edward J Dineen                         Y Y Y Member TPC Group
George Damiris                         Y Y Y Member HollyFrontier Corporation
Paul Huang                         Y Y Y Member Formosa Plastics Corporation, USA
Raphael Crawford                         Y Y Y Member Albemarle Corporation
Raymond L Brooks                         Y Y Y Member Marathon Petroleum Corporation
Tom Schmitt                         Y Y Y Member Hunt Refining Company
Brian Zolkos                           Y Y Member American Refining Group, Inc.
Christophe Gerondeau                           Y Y Member Total Petrochemicals & Refining USA, Inc.
Daniel Coombs                           Y Y Member LyondellBasell Industries
Heather Remley                           Y Y Member BASF Corporation
John Edward Schumann                           Y Y Member Solenis
Michael Coyle                           Y Y Member Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Robert Herman                           Y Y Member Phillips 66
Thomas Petti                           Y Y Member W. R. Grace & Co.
David Lamp           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y Member Western Refining Company
Rebbie J Riley                         Y   Y Staff Coordinator American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM)
Arthur M Klein                             Y Member CITGO Petroleum Corporation
Brenda Stout                             Y Member Shell Oil Products U.S.
Brian Lever                             Y Member Limetree Bay Refining, LLC
Brian S Coffman                             Y Member Motiva Enterprises LLC
Burnis J Hebert                             Y Member Occidental Chemical Corporation
Darren Cross                             Y Member Shell Catalysts & Technologies LP
Erwin Dijkman                             Y Member Eastman Chemical Company
Francis Murphy                             Y Member Flint Hills Resources, LLC
Frank Chris D'Anna                             Y Member Enterprise Products Operating LLC
Frank Niznik                             Y Member Baker Hughes
Ian Carr                             Y Member Exxon Mobil Corporation
James Carver                             Y Member SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions
James Guilfoyle                             Y Member LyondellBasell Industries
Jerry Miller                             Y Member Husky Energy
Joe Blommaert                             Y Member ExxonMobil Chemical Co.
John Gugel                             Y Member Honeywell UOP
John Traeger                             Y Member CHS Inc.
Keith Cleason                             Y Member The Dow Chemical Company
Lance Puckett                             Y Member Ergon, Inc.
Loic Vivier                             Y Member Exxon Mobil Corporation
Marc Mageau                             Y Member Suncor Energy, Inc.
Michael Nagle                             Y Member INEOS Olefins & Polymers USA
Michael Swanson                             Y Member Big West Oil, LLC
Monte Edlund                             Y Member Huntsman Corporation
Niall McConville                             Y Member SABIC
Robert Beadle                             Y Member Placid Refining Company
Steve Sondergard                             Y Member Sinclair Oil Corporation
Thomas Yura                             Y Member Cornerstone Chemical
Kevin W Brown   Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Vice President LyondellBasell Industries
Dennis Seith         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director INEOS Olefins & Polymers USA
Lawrence M Ziemba         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Chair Phillips 66
Jack Lipinski           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Vice President CVR Energy, Inc.
James S Loving           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Vice President CHS Inc.
John McIntosh           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Olin Chlor Alkali Products
Naushad Jamani           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director NOVA Chemicals Corporation
Raymon C Barlow           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director GE Water & Process Technologies
Clint W Ensign             Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Sinclair Oil Corporation
Glenn Liolios             Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director DuPont
Jerry Wascom             Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Exxon Mobil Corporation
Purnendu Rai             Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Oxea Corporation
Russ Willmon             Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Calcasieu Refining Company
Michael Berry               Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Eastman Chemical Company
Eduardo Assef                 Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director CITGO Petroleum Corporation
John Dearborn                 Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director The Williams Companies
Joseph A Vetrone                 Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Suncor Energy, Inc.
Mark R Keim                 Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Big West Oil, LLC
Paul Mikesell                 Y Y Y Y Y Y   Director Cornerstone Chemical
Bruce H March                   Y Y Y Y Y   Director ExxonMobil Chemical Co.
Douglas H Culpon                   Y Y Y Y Y   Director Huntsman Corporation
Albert Beninati                     Y Y Y Y   Director Grace Catalysts Technologies
Dan Romasko                     Y Y Y Y   Director Motiva Enterprises LLC
Douglas May                     Y Y Y Y   Director The Dow Chemical Company
Jim Macaluso                     Y Y Y Y   Director Baker Hughes Incorporated
Robert Peterson                     Y Y Y Y   Director Occidental Chemical Corporation
Simon Upfill-Brown                     Y Y Y Y   Director South Hampton Resources, Inc.
David C Dotson                       Y Y Y   Director Koch Industries, Inc.
Kendra Lee                       Y Y Y   Director Merichem Company
Dan Robinson           Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y Y   Director Placid Refining Company
Bob Baird                         Y Y   Director Husky Energy
Corey Johnson                         Y Y   Director Enterprise Products Operating LLC
Rebecca Liebert                         Y Y   Director UOP LLC - A Honeywell Company
Sridhar Srinivasan                         Y Y   Director Honeywell Inc.
David Friedman         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y   VP of Regulatory Affairs  
Gerald van de Velde         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y   Chief Financial Officer  
Susan Yashinskie           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y   SVP of Member Services  
Brendan Williams             Y Y Y Y Y Y   Y   EVP  
Richard Moskowitz               Y Y Y Y Y   Y   General Counsel   
Heidi Alderman                   Y Y Y   Y   Director  
Helen Kutska                   Y       Y   Senior Director of Convention Services  
Andy John Gosse                           Y   Director  
Cameron Proudfoot                           Y   Director  
Derrick Morgan                           Y   SVP of Federal Affairs  
Edward Connors                           Y   Director  
Geoff Moody                           Y   VP of Government Relations  
Greg Willms                           Y   Director  
Jaime Zarraby                           Y   SVP of Communications  
Jim McCloskey                           Y   VP of Petrochemicals  
Kris Patrick                           Y   Director  
Mike Humby                           Y   Director  
Mike Walsh                           Y   Director  
MJ Aguiar                           Y   Director  
Rebecca Adler                           Y   Senior Director of Communications  
Rodrigo Abramof                           Y   Director  
Scott Sharp                           Y   Director  
Tomeu Vadell                           Y   Director  
Paul Eisman     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Member Alon USA
Charles Drevna       Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Ex Officio  
Raghu Menon           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Member The Linde Group
Zachary Levine           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y     Member Deltech Corporation
James Runyan               Y Y Y Y Y Y     Member Wyoming Refining Company
Tim Brown                 Y Y Y Y Y     Member American Refining Group, Inc.
Khalid Almazyed                   Y Y Y Y     Member SABIC
Philip Rinaldi                   Y Y Y Y     Member Philadelphia Energy Solutions (PES)
Philippe Doligez                   Y Y Y Y     Member Total Petrochemicals & Refining USA, Inc.
Robert Trout                   Y Y Y Y     Member Criterion Catalysts & Technologies
Michael Jennings             Y       Y Y Y     Treasurer HollyFrontier Corporation
Daniel Yoder                     Y Y Y     Member U.S. Oil & Refining Co.
Tim Bennett                     Y Y Y     Member Sasol Chemicals (USA) LLC
H Don Davis           Y Y         Y Y     Member Ergon, Inc.
Michael Newton                       Y Y     Member Martin Operating Partners
Shruti Singhal                       Y Y     Member Solenis
Fernando Feitosa de Oliveira                         Y     Member Pasadena Refining System, Inc.
Heidi S Alderman                         Y     Member BASF Corporation
Mike Coyle                         Y     Member Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Timothy Go                         Y     Member Calumet Specialty Products Partners, L.P.
Tom Rizzo                         Y     Member Shell Chemical Company
James Mahoney Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Past Chair  
Richard Meeks     Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Treasurer  
Jeffrey Hazle         Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Senior Director of Refining  
C Douglas Shannon           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Director  
Paul Foster           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Director  
Rajeev Gautam           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Director  
Stan Ueng           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Director  
Terry Burleson           Y Y Y Y Y Y Y       Director  
Gary Yesavage               Y Y Y Y Y       Vice President  
Richard Bedell               Y Y Y Y Y       Director  
Aamir Farid             Y Y   Y Y Y       Director  
Frank Whitsura                   Y Y Y       Director  
Steve Harrington                   Y Y Y       Director  
David Carroll                 Y   Y Y       Director  
Fernando Oliveira                     Y Y       Director  
Graham Bacon                     Y Y       Director  
Keith West                     Y Y       Director  
Melissa Hockstad                     Y Y       VP of Petrochemicals  
Sarah Magruder Lyle                     Y Y       VP of Strategic Planning  
Bill Anderson           Y Y Y Y     Y       Director  
Charlie Graham                       Y       Director  
Donald Templin                       Y       Vice President  
Silvio Ghyoot                       Y       Director  
Jeffrey Byrne           Y Y Y Y Y Y         Director  
Laura Ruiz           Y Y Y Y Y Y         Director  
Scott Richardson               Y   Y Y         Director  
Jennifer Straumins                   Y Y         Director  
Mike McDonnell                   Y Y         Vice President  
Christopher Jobb                     Y         Director  
D Michael Wilson                     Y         Director  
Dave Kirshner                     Y         Director  
Kirk Novak                     Y         Director  
James Cooper         Y Y Y Y Y Y           Senior Advisor, Petrochemicals  
Alan Cabodi           Y Y Y Y Y           Director  
Brian Ames           Y Y Y Y Y           Director  
Chuck Anderson           Y Y Y Y Y           Director  
Michael Pesch           Y Y Y Y Y           Director  
Mike Ebert           Y Y Y Y Y           Director  
Nicholas Carter           Y Y Y Y Y           Director  
Robert Pease           Y Y Y Y Y           Director  
Terry Hurlburt           Y Y Y Y Y           Director  
Bruce Rubin             Y Y Y Y           Director  
Hank Jeans             Y Y Y Y           Director  
Shawn Abrams             Y Y Y Y           Director  
Francisco de Cerqueira Neto               Y Y Y           Director  
Nick Spencer               Y Y Y           Director  
William P Brown             Y   Y Y           Director  
Doug Towns                 Y Y           Director  
Amy Hebert                   Y           Director  
David Fischer                   Y           Director  
Jason Akey                   Y           Director  
Patrick Hickey                   Y           Director  
William Klesse Y Y Y     Y Y Y Y             Past Chair  
Brian Smith           Y Y Y Y             Director  
Bruce Macklin           Y Y Y Y             Director  
Fred Dohmann           Y Y Y Y             Director  
Kenneth Currie           Y Y Y Y             Director  
Luther Jones           Y Y Y Y             Director  
Mark Zyskowski           Y Y Y Y             Director  
Darius Sweet             Y Y Y             Director  
McMillan Hummel             Y Y Y             Director  
Thomas O'Malley             Y Y Y             Vice President  
Janice Latz           Y   Y Y             Director  
Jerry Basconi           Y   Y Y             Director  
Michael McGarry           Y   Y Y             Director  
Russ Crockett               Y Y             Vice President  
Steve Rathweg           Y     Y             Director  
Amy Motto                 Y             Director  
Dan Sheets                 Y             Director  
Jeff Warmann                 Y             Director  
Kevin Mcquade                 Y             Director  
Mark Oberle                 Y             Director  
Patrick Kimmet                 Y             Director  
Gregory Scott         Y Y Y Y               Executive Vice President  
Daniel Knepper           Y Y Y               Director  
Harry Halloran           Y Y Y               Director  
Joel Elstein           Y Y Y               Director  
John A Matson           Y Y Y               Director  
John Nicols           Y Y Y               Director  
Mike Dusterhoff           Y Y Y               Director  
Robert Kent           Y Y Y               Director  
Ronald Williams           Y Y Y               Director  
Stephen Hunkus           Y Y Y               Director  
Stephen Kirk           Y Y Y               Director  
Terry Jackson           Y Y Y               Director  
Lynn Elsenhans             Y Y               Vice President  
Darrell Jacob               Y               Director  
James Sparkman               Y               Director  
John Quinn               Y               Director  
Tim Taylor               Y               Director  
William J Finnerty   Y Y Y Y Y Y                 Vice Chair  
Jerry C Welch       Y Y Y Y                 Vice President  
Vince J Kelley       Y Y Y Y                 Vice President  
Greg Garland         Y Y Y                 Vice President  
Charles Shaver           Y Y                 Vice President  
David Huffman           Y Y                 Director  
Donald Lindley           Y Y                 Director  
F R de Cerqueira Neto           Y Y                 Director  
Jas Gill           Y Y                 Director  
John Fotheringham           Y Y                 Director  
Pat Havener           Y Y                 Director  
Peter Cella           Y Y                 Director  
Randy Newcomer           Y Y                 Director  
Robert Gengelbach           Y Y                 Director  
Steve Douglas           Y Y                 Director  
Steven Burtch           Y Y                 Director  
Sylvian de Lescazes           Y Y                 Director  
Terry Begley           Y Y                 Director  
Nigel Dunn             Y                 Director  
Scott Telesz             Y                 Director  
Michael Brown     Y Y Y Y                   Former Treasurer  
Richard J Marcogliese       Y Y Y                   Former Treasurer  
Joseph Lee         Y Y                   Vice President  
William Holbrook         Y Y                   Director  
Robert Genovese           Y                   Director  
Steven Abrams           Y                   Director  
Maurice McBride Y Y Y Y Y                        
Catherine Karen         Y                        
James Gallogly Y Y Y Y                       Director  
Robert Slaughter Y Y Y Y                       President  
W Norman Phillips Y Y Y Y                       Director  
Joel Maness Y Y Y                         Treasurer  
Larry M Echelberger Y Y Y                         Vice President  
Peter Huntsman   Y Y                         Vice Chair  
Ray Wilcox     Y                         Vice Chair  
Don Daigle Y Y                           Vice President  
Duane Gilliam Y Y                           Past Chair  
Jerry E Thompson Y Y                           Vice President  
Bruce Smith Y                             Vice President  
Chris Gaan Y                             Treasurer  

James Mahoney

James Mahoney has been employed by Koch Industries, Inc. since 1988 and serves as their Vice President for Operations Excellence and Compliance, and is a member of the board (he has also been past chairman). [8], [9] James Mahoney served as the chairman of the NPRA from 2007 to 2008 and served as chairman of the board of directors of the AFPM from 2012 to 2014.

Mahoney helped develop Fueling U.S. Forward, a Koch-funded campaign designed to promote the benefits of fossil fuels. As investigative journalist Peter Stone revealed in the Huffington Post in February 2016, James Mahoney and Charlie Drevna teamed up to pitch the concept of launching a pro-petroleum campaign to refining companies Valero and Tesoro and other energy interests. [10]

In his piece, The Kochs Are Plotting A Multimillion-Dollar Assault On Electric Vehicles, Stone wrote that the “fledgling Mahoney and Drevna efforts seem to signal an expansion of Koch-backed drives against subsidies and tax breaks for alternative fuels to the transportation sector, at a time when support may be on the rise in Washington and some states for boosting electric vehicles.” [10]

Charles Drevna

Charles Drevna, former lobbyist for the oil refining industry, was a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Energy Research (IER), and previous President of American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers. He is currently heading the Fuelling U.S. Forward campaign, operating as President and CEO. [11]

According to IER’s website, while he was a Senior Fellow, Drevna advised IER on a variety of energy topics, particularly fuel and refining issues. Though Drevna told DeSmog’s Sharon Kelly that IER is not involved with this Fueling U.S. Forward campaign, it’s worth noting that Drevna developed Fueling U.S. Forward while officially serving as a fellow at IER. [12], [13]

Committees

The AFPM is operated by experts among its 450+ member companies through a variety of committees and subcommittees including the following. (Committee member lists can only be viewed by authorized members): [14]

  • Communications Committee
  • Environmental Committee
  • Fuels Committee
  • Government Relations Committee
  • Issues Committee
  • Labor Relations and Human Resources Committee
  • Base Oils & Waxes Committee
    • Waxes Subcommittee
  • Legal Committee
  • Reliability & Maintenance Committee
  • Manufacturing Committee
  • Petrochemical Committee
  • Petrochemical Steering Committee
    • Petrochemical Statistics Subcommittee
  • Plant Automation & Decision Support Committee
    • Cybersecurity Subcommittee
  • Safety & Health Committee
  • Industrial Hygiene Subcommittee
  • Regional Process Safety Networks
  • Security Committee

Actions

The Intercept reported how, in the midst of the Coronavirus Pandemic, the Critical Infrastructure Protection Act was signed by the West Virginia Gov. Jim Justice. The law would create new felony penalties for protests against oil and gas facilities. [30]

The law mimics model legislation promoted by the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC). [30]

Records obtained by The Intercept and the Energy and Policy Institute revealed that a network of lobbyists working for the natural gas industry had played a part in advancing the bill, including representatives for Dominion Energy, which owns the Atlantic Coast pipeline; the West Virginia Oil and Natural Gas Association; and the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers. [30]

The West Virginia Critical Infrastructure Protection Act was introduced by Delegate John Kelly. Kelly received numerous emails about the bill from constituents, including one where he provided detail of the bill's origins: [30]

Simple explanation, this bill reinforces property rights. when a person goes on private property and does intentional damage,” Kelly replied to a constituent. “The bill was requested by the natural gas industry, because protesters entered a drilling site, and destroyed equipment.” [30]

The first critical infrastructure laws aimed at pipeline protestors emerged following the uprising against the Dakota Access pipeline near the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation in North Dakota. After Dakota implemented anti-protest laws in May 2017, ALEC swiftly moved to create its own model legislation. [30]

An AFPM lobbyist reportedly worked with ALEC to help create that model: [30]

AFPM advocated for the model legislation because of its importance for refineries and for the pipeline infrastructure that delivers products to and from our facilities,” the association’s spokesperson told The Intercept[30]

According to analysis from Greenpeace, some of the most influential companies pushing for critical infrastructure laws nationally included Marathon Petroleum, Exxon Mobil, and Koch Industries. [30]

November 8, 2019

French oil company Total announced its withdrawal from the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers trade association. Bloomberg reported Total decided not to renew its membership due to “different views on the Paris agreement, carbon pricing and renewable energies.” [29]

Total’s decision came months after Royal Dutch Shell withdrew its AFPM membership for similar reasons. [29]

April 2019

Royal Dutch Shell withdrew its membership in the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers, citing differences over climate change. The Washington Post reported “Shell said that it was at odds with the refining and petrochemical group on the Paris climate agreement, carbon pricing, fuel mandates and the reduction of methane emissions.” [28]

July 2016

The Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) reports that AFPM President Chet Thompson attended private, undisclosed meetings with republican attorneys general to coordinate on defending ExxonMobil and push back against climate change legislation. [15]

Thompson spoke at the event alongside prominent climate change denier Myron Ebell of the Competitive Enterprise Institute, who was recently selected to head Donald Trump's “EPA transition team.” Audio obtained by CMD below. [15]

CMD reports that Chet Thompson “thanked the attorneys general for their ‘leadership’ and ‘support’ in the investigations of oil companies, and asked for further assistance in blocking the EPA ‘social cost of carbon’ disclosure rules for the fossil fuel industry and halting the college divestment campaigns.” [15]

October 23, 2015

The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) joined U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers, and others in filing a petition for review (PDFattempting to block the Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Power Plan. [16]

The full list of petitioners is as follows:

March 13, 2015

American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPMsued Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) for allegedly violating its common carrier obligation under federal law. A DeSmog investigation suggested that there may be more to the lawsuit than initially meets the eye, and may serve as a distraction to the center issues in the oil-by-rail debate. [17], [18]

The suit was filed in in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division. AFPM sued BNSF “for violating its common carrier obligation by imposing a financial penalty” for those carrying oil obtained via hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in North Dakota's Bakken Shale basin and other hazardous petroleum products in DOT-111 rail cars. Bloomberg reported how 

This $1,000 surcharge on certain PHMSA-authorized rail cars breaches BNSF’s common carrier duty to ship hazardous materials under the auspices of PHMSA’s comprehensive regime governing hazardous materials transportation,” wroteAFPM's legal team. [17], [18]

BNSF began imposing a $1,000 surcharge for companies carrying explosive Bakken fracked oil in DOT-111 cars, as opposed to “safer” CPC-1232 cars, at the beginning of 2015. [19], [20]

November, 2014

The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) released studies that oil producers used to counter oil-by-rail safety measures in the Bakken region. The Wall Street Journal reported that AFPM's testing methods “may understate the explosive risk of the crude” from the region. [21]

Bakken oil gained coverage after the July 2013 oil train derailment in Lac-Magentic, Quebec that killed 47 people. Since that initial incident, seven more oil trains have derailed. Desmog reported that “We now know that oil produced in North Dakota's Bakken Shale formation is extremely volatile due to its high natural gas liquid content — resulting in the 'bomb train' phenomenon.” [22], [23]

Oil producers rejected calls to stabilize the oil, citing studies by both AFPM and the North Dakota Petroleum Council. The Wall Street Journal notes that while the AFPM study's author, Frits Wybenga, claimed that their tests were adequate, a more stringent study by the U.S. government did find more volatile compounds in the Bakken crude. AFPM released a “survey” of Bakken crude on May 14, where it stressed it could be transported using existing railroad cars, under existing rules. [21]

March 19, 2012

Charles Drevna, then the president of AFPM, testified to Congress. Drevna, representing AFPM, opposed limits on carbon dioxide under the Clean Air act, and also cautioned that we should not move to electric vehicles (read more about the Industry's fight against electric vehicles at Desmog's Koch vs. Clean project): [24]

“As Congress and the Administration seek ways to increase our energy security, economic security, and national security, AFPM urges policymakers to weigh the full spectrum of trade-offs. While weaning the U.S. off oil is a good talking point, artificially forcing the market to adopt expensive new technologies that rely on the fair trade practices of China could bring a new set of challenges. In the meantime, the U.S. can instead develop its own abundant supply of energy, which can increase our energy, economic and national security. The U.S. can do so without subsidies or mandates, all our industry needs is the room to do it. As we look to diversify our energy sources, we must not turn our back on petroleum-derived fuels that we will continue to depend upon for decades to come. To do so would simply disadvantage the consumer, harm our national economy and erode our energy security.” [24]

Regarding the regulation of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) under the Clean Air Act, Drevna argued that it would make the U.S. less competitive: 

“In the absence of a comprehensive global approach to GHG emissions, imposing these burdens on the U.S. would unilaterally cripple the ability of U.S. manufacturers to compete on a world market against other nations – notably India, China and Brazil – with less stringent environmental regulations. [24]

June, 2012

Both the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) and the American Petroleum Institute (API) challenged the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard in court, calling renewables “phantom fuels.” [25]

Related Organizations

AFPM has hundreds of member organizations listed on its website. Notable examples include Chevron, DuPont, Exxon Mobil Corporation, Husky Energy, Koch Industries, Inc.,  Shell Chemical Company, and The Dow Chemical Company. View a full list below: [26]

Member 2016 2019
Associate Member    
A.T. Kearney, Inc. Y  
Advanced Refining Technologies Y Y
AdvanSix   Y
AECOM Y Y
AEGION Energy Services   Y
Aegis Energy Advisors Corp. Y Y
Afton Chemical Corporation Y  
Aggreko, LLC Y  
Air Liquide Large Industries U.S. LP Y Y
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.   Y
Airgas, Inc. Y Y
Akzo Nobel Polymer Chemicals Y  
Alfa Laval Packinox Y Y
AlixPartners LLP Y Y
All4 Inc. Y Y
Allied Universal Y Y
Allied Universal Security Y Y
AltairStrickland, Inc. Y Y
Altran North America Y  
Ambitech Engineering Corporation Y  
Amec Foster Wheeler Y  
Amerisafe Consulting & Safety Services Y  
Apex Companies, LLC Y  
Apprion, Inc. Y  
Aramco Y  
Argo, Inc. Y Y
Argus Media Y Y
ASM Catalysts, LLC Y  
Aspen Technology, Inc. Y  
Asset Performance Networks Y Y
Athlon Solutions Y  
Athlon, A Halliburton Service   Y
Atlantic Methanol Production Co. Y Y
Austin Industrial, Inc. Y  
AVEVA   Y
Axens North America Y Y
AZZ WSI Y  
Babcock & Wilcox   Y
BAKER & O'BRIEN Y Y
Baker Engineering and Risk Consultants, Inc. Y  
Bantrel Co.   Y
Barr Engineering Company Y Y
Bay Ltd. Y Y
Becht Engineering Co., Inc. Y Y
Bechtel Corporation Y Y
BIC Alliance Y  
Blue Ridge Partners Y  
Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc. Y  
Bouchard Transportation Co., Inc. Y Y
Brand Energy and Infrastructure Services Y  
BrandSafway   Y
Brenntag North America, Inc. Y Y
Brinderson, L.P. Y  
Broadspectrum Y  
Brock Group Y Y
Brown & Root Industrial Services, LLC   Y
Brown and Caldwell Y  
Burns & McDonnell Y Y
C&I Engineering Y Y
Cajun Industries, LLC   Y
Campbell Fittings, Inc. Y  
CARBER Y  
Cat Tech International Ltd   Y
CB&I Y  
Cenovus Energy Inc. Y Y
CenterPoint Energy   Y
CertifiedSafety, Inc. Y Y
CF Industries, Inc.   Y
CH2M Y  
Chem32 LLC   Y
Chemical Data Y Y
Chemium International Corp. Y  
ChemTreat, Inc. Y  
Cheniere Energy   Y
CHEP - Catalyst & Chemical Containers Y Y
Chevron Lummus Global LLC Y Y
CIRCON Environmental   Y
Clariant Corporation Y Y
Clean Air Engineering Y Y
Clean Harbors Energy and Industrial Services Corp. 2  
CMC - Commercial Metals Company Y  
CME Group Y  
Colfax Fluid Handling - Reliability Services Y  
Contract Fabricators, Inc. Y  
Cooling Tower Depot, Inc. Y  
Crystaphase Y Y
Cust-O-Fab, Inc. Y Y
Deloitte Y Y
DEWright, Inc. Y  
Distribution Now Y  
Dorf Ketal Chemicals, LLC Y Y
Downstream Advisors, Inc. Y Y
Dresser-Rand Y  
DuPont Clean Technologies   Y
DuraTherm, Inc. Division of Clean Harbors ES Y  
EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, Inc. Y  
Echo Group, Ltd.   Y
Electronic Data, Inc. Y  
Emerson Automation Solutions   Y
Emerson Process Management Y  
Emission Monitoring Services, Inc.(EMSI) Y Y
Environmental Resources Management Y Y
Envirosystems Inc. Y  
EthosEnergy Field Services, LLC Y  
Ethylene Strategies International, L.P.   Y
Eurecat U.S. Incorporated Y Y
Evergreen North America Industrial Services Y Y
Excel Modular Scaffold Y Y
Firestone Polymers Y  
Flexitallic L.P. Y  
Fluor Corporation Y Y
Furmanite Y  
G. W. Aru, LLC   Y
Gallop Tower Field Service Y Y
Gantrade Corporation Y Y
Gayesco-WIKA USA   Y
GP Strategies Corporation Y  
Graywolf Industrial Company Y  
GTC Technology US, LLC Y  
Gulf Chemical & Metallurgical Corp. Y  
Gulf Energy Information   Y
Gulf Publishing - Hydrocarbon Processing Y  
Gulfspan Industrial, LLC Y Y
Hagemeyer North America - Technical Services Y  
Haldor Topsoe, Inc. Y Y
Hargrove Engineers + Constructors Y  
Helm AG Y Y
Hertz Equipment Rental Corporation Y  
HOERBIGER Compression Technology Y  
Houston Area Safety Council (HASC)   Y
HTI Y  
Hunter Buildings & Manufacturing, LP Y  
HydroChem LLC Y  
HydroChemPSC   Y
IAG Y  
ICIS Y Y
ICL Y Y
IHS Chemical Y  
IHS Markit Y Y
IMI Z&J Y Y
Industrial Info Resources Y  
Infineum USA L.P. Y Y
Ingenero Y  
Innospec Fuel Specialties LLC Y Y
INOVX Solutions Y  
Inserv - Integrated Service Company LLC Y Y
InterAtlas Chemical Inc. Y Y
Interchem USA Y  
Intertek PARC Y  
ioMosaic Corporation Y Y
J.J. White, Inc. Y Y
Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. Y Y
James & Luther, Inc. Y  
JCL Safety Services Y Y
JO Tankers Inc. Y  
Johnson Matthey   Y
Johnson Matthey Process Technologies Y  
Katten Muchin Rosenman LLP Y Y
KBC Advanced Technologies, Inc. Y Y
KBR Y Y
KH Neochem Americas, Inc. Y  
Kiewit Y Y
KiOR, Inc. Y  
Kirby Inland Marine, LP Y Y
Kolmar Americas, Inc. Y Y
KP Engineering, LP Y Y
KPMG LLP Y Y
Lane Power & Energy Solutions, Inc.   Y
LANXESS Corporation Y Y
Lauren Engineers & Constructors, Inc. Y  
LBC Houston, LP Y Y
Leidos Engineering LLC Y  
Lewis Goetz Y  
Linde Engineering North America Inc.   Y
Liskow & Lewis Y  
Loadstar Product Handling Services, LLC   Y
Lucite International Inc. Y Y
Lummus Technology Y Y
Magellan Midstream Partners LP   Y
MAHLE Industrial Filtration Y  
Masterank America Inc. Y  
Matheson Y Y
Matrix Service Y Y
McDermott   Y
McKinsey & Company Y  
Merichem Company   Y
Meridium Inc. Y  
MERRICK & Company Y Y
Messer North America   Y
METECS   Y
Middough Inc. Y Y
MISTRAS Group Inc. Y Y
Montrose Environmental Group, Inc. Y Y
Muse, Stancil & Company Y  
Navigant Consulting, Inc. Y  
Nexant Inc. Y  
Nooter Corporation Y Y
North West Redwater Partnership (NWR) Y  
Norton Engineering Consultants, Inc. Y Y
Nouryon   Y
NovaPex Y Y
Odfjell USA (Houston) Inc. Y Y
Ohmstede Y Y
Oiltanking Y Y
Old World Industries, LLC Y Y
Olin Chlor Alkali Products and Vinyls   Y
Omni Vision International, Inc. Y  
Opportune LLP Y Y
OSIsoft Y Y
ParFab Companies Y Y
Parpinelli Tecnon Y Y
Partner Industrial, LP   Y
PAS Global, LLC   Y
PCL Industrial Construction Co. Y Y
PCS Sales Y  
Performance Contractors, Inc. Y Y
Perstorp Specialty Chemicals Y Y
Petroleum Service Corporation Y Y
Petrotechnics USA, Inc. Y  
Pilko & Associates, Inc. Y Y
Plant Automation Services, Inc. Y  
Plant Performance Services LLC (P2S) Y  
Porocel International, LLC Y Y
Praxair Inc. Y Y
PricewaterhouseCoopers Y Y
Process Consulting Services Inc. Y Y
Procter and Gamble Company Y Y
Provenance Consulting, LLC Y  
PSC Y  
RAMBOLL   Y
RAMBOLL ENVIRON Y  
RAVAGO LM Y  
Recon Refractory Engineering & Const. Y  
RedGuard Y  
Refractory Construction Services Co., LLC Y  
Reichhold Y  
Reliability Management Group (RMG) Y Y
Rentech Boiler Services, Inc. Y Y
Repcon, Inc. Y Y
Richard Industrial Group, Inc. Y Y
Rive Technology, Inc Y Y
RLG International Inc.   Y
Roddey Engineering Services, Inc.   Y
S&B Engineers and Constructors Ltd. Y Y
S8 Engineering Inc   Y
Sabin Metal Corporation Y Y
Safway Group Y  
Sage ATC Environmental Consulting Y Y
Satellite Shelters, Inc. Y Y
Savage Services Y Y
Scheck Mechanical Corporation Y  
Schneider Electric Y  
SCS Energy LLC Y  
Securitas Critical Infrastructure Services, Inc. Y  
Sentinel Integrity Solutions Y  
Service Radio - Industrial Blind Solutions Y  
SGS Y  
Shaw Stone & Webster Y Y
Shermco Industries Y  
SI Group Y Y
Siemens Energy, Inc. - Water Solutions Y  
SLR   Y
SLR/E.Vironment, LLC Y  
Smith & Burgess, LLC Y  
SNC-Lavalin   Y
SNC-Lavalin Hydrocarbons & Chemicals USA Y  
Sojitz Corporation of America Y Y
Solomon Associates LLC Y Y
Sonneborn, LLC Y  
South Chicago Packing Co. Y  
Southern Chemical Corporation Y Y
Spiral Software Limited Y Y
Spirit Environmental Y  
SPX Cooling Technologies Y  
SRI Consulting Y Y
Stancil & Co. Y Y
STARCON International Inc. Y Y
STC Y  
STI Group Y  
Stolt-Nielsen USA, Inc. Y  
Structural Group, Inc. Y  
Sulzer Chemtech USA, Inc. Y Y
Summit Petrochemical Trading Inc. Y  
Sunbelt Rentals   Y
Superheat FGH Services Y  
Swift Fuels, LLC Y Y
Systech Environmental Corporation Y  
Systran, Inc. Y  
T.A. Cook Y Y
TapcoEnpro, LLC. Y Y
Tauber Oil Company Y Y
TEAM, Inc. Y Y
Technip USA Y  
TechnipFMC   Y
Tecnon OrbiChem Ltd. Y Y
Tetra Tech, Inc.   Y
Texas Aromatics L.P. Y Y
Textron Aviation Y  
The Babcock & Wilcox Co. Y  
The Equity Engineering Group Y Y
The Mundy Companies Y  
Third Coast International Y Y
TIC - The Industrial Company Y Y
TIMEC   Y
Total Energy Corp. Y  
Total Safety U.S., Inc. Y Y
Toyota Tsusho America, Inc. Y  
Trammo, Inc. Chemicals Division Y  
TRC Y Y
Tricon Energy, Ltd. Y Y
TRICORD Consulting, LLC   Y
Trihydro Corporation Y Y
Trinity Consultants, Inc. Y Y
TrinityRail Y Y
Tristar Global Energy Solutions, Inc. Y  
Turnaround Logistics, Inc Y  
Turner Industries Group, LLC Y Y
Turner, Mason & Company Y Y
United Rentals, Inc. Y Y
United Shutdown Safety Y  
Univar USA Inc. Y Y
Universal Plant Services, Inc. Y Y
Vapor Point Y Y
Veolia North America Y Y
Vopak Americas   Y
Vopak North America Inc. Y  
Waid Environmental Y Y
Watson Millican & Co. Y  
Weaver Y  
William W. Rutherford & Associates Y  
Wink Engineering, LLC Y  
Wood   Y
Wood Group Mustang Y  
Wood Mackenzie Y Y
WorleyParsons Y Y
Woven Metal Products   Y
Yokogawa Y Y
Zachry Group Y Y
Zeeco, Inc. Y  
International Manufacturing Member    
Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation Y Y
Axion Energy Y Y
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited   Y
China Petrochemical Technology Company Limited Y Y
Consumers' Co-operative Refineries Ltd Y  
Delamine B.V. Y Y
Essar Oil Limited Y  
Evonik Corporation Y Y
Grupo Idesa Y Y
HPCL - Mittal Energy Ltd. Y Y
Irving Oil Limited Y Y
ITOCHU Chemicals America Inc. Y Y
Marubeni America Corporation Y Y
MEGlobal Y Y
Mitsubishi International Corporation Y Y
Mitsui & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. Y Y
Nayara Energy Limited   Y
Parkland Refining (B.C.) Ltd.   Y
Petrojam Limited Y  
PETROTRIN Y  
Reliance Industries Ltd. Y Y
Samsung C&T America, Inc. Y Y
SK Energy   Y
Solvay Y Y
Sumitomo Corporation of Americas Y Y
The Co-op Refinery Complex   Y
UBE Industries (America), Inc. Y  
Versalis S.p.A. Y Y
Regular Member    
Albemarle Corporation Y Y
Alon USA Y  
American Refining Group, Inc. Y Y
Arkema Inc. Y Y
Baker Hughes Incorporated Y Y
BASF Corporation Y Y
Big West Oil, LLC Y Y
BP Petrochemicals Y Y
BP Products North America Y Y
Braskem America, Inc. Y Y
Calcasieu Refining Company Y  
Calumet Specialty Products Partners, L.P. Y  
Celanese Ltd. Y  
Chemical Safety & Hazard Investigation   Y
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP Y Y
Chevron U.S.A. Inc. Y Y
CHS Inc. Y Y
CITGO Petroleum Corporation Y Y
City of Edmonton   Y
Cornerstone Chemical Y Y
Countrymark Cooperative Holding Corporation Y Y
Criterion Catalysts & Technologies Y  
CVR Energy, Inc. Y Y
Defense Logistics Agency Energy   Y
Delek US Y Y
Deltech Corporation Y  
DuPont Y  
Eastman Chemical Company Y Y
Enterprise Products Operating LLC Y Y
Ergon, Inc. Y Y
Exxon Mobil Corporation Y Y
ExxonMobil Chemical Co. Y Y
Flint Hills Resources Y Y
Formosa Plastics Corporation, USA Y Y
Gary-Williams Corporation Y  
GE Water & Process Technologies Y  
Government of Alberta   Y
Grace Catalysts Technologies Y  
HollyFrontier Corporation Y Y
Honeywell Inc. Y  
Honeywell UOP Y Y
Houston Refining, LP Y Y
Hunt Refining Company Y Y
Huntsman Corporation Y Y
Husky Energy Y Y
INEOS Olefins & Polymers USA Y Y
Koch Industries, Inc. Y Y
Limetree Bay Refining, LLC   Y
Louisiana Dept. of Economic Development   Y
LyondellBasell Industries Y Y
Marathon Petroleum Corporation Y Y
Martin Operating Partners Y  
Merichem Company Y  
Monroe Energy, LLC Y Y
Motiva Enterprises LLC Y Y
NALCO Champion Y Y
NOVA Chemicals Corporation Y  
Occidental Chemical Corporation Y Y
Olin Chlor Alkali Products and Vinyls Y  
Oxea Corporation Y Y
Par Petroleum LLC Y Y
Pasadena Refining System, Inc. Y  
PBF Energy Inc. Y Y
Philadelphia Energy Solutions (PES) Y  
Phillips 66 Y Y
Placid Refining Company Y Y
SABIC Y Y
Sasol Chemicals (USA) LLC Y  
Shell Catalysts & Technologies LP   Y
Shell Chemical Company Y  
Shell Oil Products U.S.   Y
Sinclair Oil Corporation Y Y
Solenis Y Y
South Hampton Resources, Inc. Y Y
State of Kansas Dept. of Health & Environment   Y
Strategic Petroleum Reserve   Y
SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions   Y
Suncor Energy, Inc. Y Y
TCEQ   Y
Tesoro Corporation Y  
The Dow Chemical Company Y Y
The International Group, Inc. Y Y
The Linde Group Y  
The Williams Companies Y  
Total Petrochemicals & Refining USA, Inc. Y Y
TPC Group Y Y
U.S. Coast Guard   Y
U.S. Department of Energy   Y
U.S. Department of Homeland Security   Y
U.S. Department of Labor   Y
U.S. EPA/HQ   Y
U.S. Oil & Refining Co. Y  
Valero Energy Corporation Y Y
W. R. Grace & Co.   Y
Western Refining Company Y  
Westlake Chemical Corporation Y Y
Wyoming Refining Company Y  

National Petrochemical & Refiners Association (NPRA)

Former name for the AFPM before rebranding in 2012. [2]

Resources

  1. ABOUT AFPM,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/UNtwN

  2. NATIONAL PETROCHEMICAL & REFINERS ASSOCIATION BECOMES AMERICAN FUEL & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS,” AFPM, January 25, 2012. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/dFneh

  3. Policy Position - Renewable Fuel Standards,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/UDzNV

  4. Policy Position - Increasing Domestic Oil & Gas Production,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/SZsEw

  5. Policy Position - Greenhouse Gas Regulations,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/geJX8

  6. Executive Committee,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Xq4iy

  7. Board of Directors,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016.

  8. Executive Profile: James Mahoney,” Bloomberg. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Fh191#selection-1089.0-1103.13

  9. Executive Committee Roster,” NPRA. Archived August 6, 2007. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/X3Wmv

  10. Peter Stone. “The Kochs Are Plotting A Multimillion-Dollar Assault On Electric Vehicles,” The Huffington Post, February 19, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/jXPA4

  11. Jennifer A. Dlouhy. “Former refining lobbyist joins Institute for Energy Research,” FuelFix, May 26, 2015. Archived August 30, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/NByMt

  12. Charles Drevna,” Institute for Energy Research. Archived April 1, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ax61J

  13. Charles Drevna,” Koch Vs. Clean. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/mbDp5

  14. Committees,” AFPM. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Wcox2

  15. GOP ATTORNEYS GENERAL HELD PRIVATE MEETINGS WITH FOSSIL FUEL LOBBYISTS ON EXXON INVESTIGATION,” The Center for Media and Democracy, September 23, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/iePD8

  16. PETITION FOR REVIEW No. 15-1382 (October 23, 2015). USCA Case #15-1382 Document #1579899.  Retrieved from consideringthegrid.com. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog.

  17. AMERICAN FUEL & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS,  Plaintiff v.  BNSF RAILWAY COMPANY, Defendant. Civil Action No. 4:15-cv-682, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS HOUSTON DIVISION (PDF), Filed March 13, 2015. Archived at Desmog.

  18. Steve Horn. “Purposeful Distraction? Unpacking the Oil Refiners' 'Bomb Trains' Lawsuit vs. Warren Buffett's BNSF,” Desmog, March 24, 2015.

  19. Thomas Black, Dan Murtaugh and Mario Parker. “Berkshire’s BNSF to Add Surcharge on Older Oil Tank Cars,” Bloomberg, October 24, 2014. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/csQex

  20. Eric de Place. “WHY NEW IMPROVED OIL TRAINS ARE NOT NEARLY GOOD ENOUGH,” Sightline Institute, January 28, 2015. Archived October 11, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/DSLAV

  21. Chester Dawson and Russell Gold. “Accuracy of Bakken Volatility Tests Face More Challenges,” The Wall Street Journal, November 12, 2014.  Archived .pdf on file at Desmog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/aTiET

  22. Brendan DeMelle. “Deadly Quebec Oil Train Disaster and Athabasca River Spill On Same Day as Tar Sands Healing Walk,” Desmog, July 6, 2013. 

  23. Brendan DeMelle. “VIDEO: Government, Industry Ignore Scientific Case For Improving Crude By Rail Safety, Let Bomb Trains Roll On,” Desmog, September 17, 2015.

  24. WRITTEN STATEMENT OF AMERICAN FUEL & PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS AS SUBMITTED TO THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON COUNTERTERRORISM AND INTELLIGENCE” (PDF), Committee on Homeland Security United States House of Representatives, March 19, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at Desmog.

  25. Chris Hatch. “Industry Lobbying to Weaken B.C.’s Clean Fuel Rules, Despite Soaring Profits,” Desmog Canada, October 8, 2014.

  26. MEMBERSHIP DIRECTORY,” AFPM. Accessed October 11, 2016.

  27. Seach for “American Fuel,” Conservative Transparency. Perfomed May 31, 2017.

  28. Shell quits trade group over climate-change positions,” The Washington Post, April 2, 2019. Archived April 3, 2019. Archive.fo URL: https://archive.fo/XWEZm

  29. Amanda Jordan. “Total Quits U.S. Oil Lobby Group Over Climate Policy Stance,” Bloomberg, November 8, 2019. Archived November 8, 2019. Archive.is URL: http://archive.is/qz7sA

  30. Alleen Brown. “A POWERFUL PETROCHEMICAL LOBBYING GROUP ADVANCED ANTI-PROTEST LEGISLATION IN THE MIDST OF THE PANDEMIC,” The Intercept, June 7, 2020. Archive URL: https://archive.vn/2Ehvw