Americans for Prosperity (AFP)
Conservative Transparency describes Americans for Prosperity as “the centerpiece of the Kochs’ political machine” and highlights its connection to the Tea Party movement. As of 2015, AFP listed state chapters in thirty-four states. David Koch, who has been a key figure in funded think-tanks and organizations distorting climate change science, is still the chairman of the AFP Foundation. ,  
AFP is also the sister organization to FreedomWorks, an organization that formed in 2004 when Citizens for a Sound Economy merged with the think tank Empower America. Both the Citizens for a Sound Economy and Citizens for a Sound Economy Foundation were created by the Koch brothers. , 
AFP Mission Statement
AFP originally described itself as a grassroots organization committed to engaging “citizens in the name of limited government and free markets on the local, state, and federal levels.” It educates citizens about economic policy and attempts to mobilize those citizens to become advocates in the public policy process. 
Americans for Prosperity's revised mission is to:
“[M]obilize citizens to advocate for policies that cut red tape and increase opportunity, put the brakes on government overspending, and get the economy working for hard workers– not special interests.” 
“Americans for Prosperity exists to recruit, educate, and mobilize citizens in support of the policies and goals of a free society at the local, state, and federal level, helping every American live their dream – especially the least fortunate. […]
[…] “Together, we’re persuading public officials to embrace an agenda of economic freedom, educating our friends and neighbors on the issues shaping our economy, and getting everyone involved in building a culture of freedom at the local, state and federal levels. ” (Emphasis added). 
Americans for Prosperity Foundation (AFPF)
The Americans for Prosperity Foundation is the 501(c)(3) sister organization to Americans for Prosperity, which itself operates as a 501(c)(4) organization.
The AFP Foundation describes its mission as “educating and training citizens to be courageous advocates for the ideas, principles, and policies of a free society — knowing that leads to the greatest prosperity and wellbeing for all — especially the least fortunate.” 
Stance on Climate Change
While AfP does not appear to have a direct statement regarding climate change, the group consistently opposes government regulation over power generation:
“Abundant, affordable energy is a key driver of prosperity. We must unleash resources by removing regulatory barriers and eliminating corporate welfare that favors certain energy sources over others. When energy prices increase or government distorts the market, it disproportionately affects low and middle income families.” 
“Abundant, affordable energy is a key driver of prosperity. We must unleash resources by removing regulatory barriers and keeping taxes low. The environment improves with economic growth and prosperity, so an overriding goal of environmental policy should be to avoid burdening employers and entrepreneurs.” 
On the Keystone XL Pipeline Act which would force approval of the Keystone XL tar sands pipeline:
“We applaud Representatives Ryan, Sensenbrenner, Grothman, Duffy and Ribble on their votes to provide much needed relief for middle class families. With 8.7 million Americans still out of work, we simply cannot afford to deny access to 42,000 good-paying jobs. American families need secure jobs and the American economy needs secure energy. The Keystone Pipeline provides both. The President and Senate should act quickly to sign this bill into law and get Americans back to work.” 
Americans for Prosperity (AFP) & AFP Foundation
Americans for Prosperity is a non-profit organization that does not have to disclose its donors. It works closely with its 501(c)(3) sister organization, the Americans for Prosperity Foundation. The Conservative Transparency project reports the group boasts 90,000 individual donors, but a significant portion of its funding is tied to the Koch brothers. , , 
Conservative Transparency highlights two organizations associated with the Kochs, Freedom Partners and the Center to Protect Patient Rights, which had combined contributions of over $80 million to Americans for Prosperity since 2009. , , 
Below is a summary of data the Conservative Transparency project collected from publicly available 990 tax forms. Note that not all individual donations have been verified by DeSmogBlog for accuracy. , 
- See the attached spreadsheet for additional details on Americans for Prosperity & AFP Foundation funding (.xlsx).
|Center to Protect Patient Rights||$16,016,079||$16,016,079|
|David H. Koch Charitable Foundation||$6,206,853||$1,000,000||$7,206,853|
|DeVos Urban Leadership Initiative||$3,000,000||$3,000,000|
|John William Pope Foundation||$2,725,000||$2,725,000|
|Marshall Heritage Foundation||$1,550,000||$1,550,000|
|Donors Capital Fund||$1,413,000||$1,413,000|
|Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation||$674,484||$234,913||$909,397|
|The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation||$880,000||$880,000|
|Walton Family Foundation||$575,000||$575,000|
|Barney Family Foundation||$400,000||$400,000|
|John Dawson Foundation||$325,000||$325,000|
|The Challenge Foundation||$250,000||$250,000|
|Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice||$21,000||$168,500||$189,500|
|Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation||$150,000||$150,000|
|American Energy Alliance||$100,000||$100,000|
|Castle Rock Foundation||$50,000||$50,000||$100,000|
|Lovett and Ruth Peters Foundation||$100,000||$100,000|
|Ruth & Lovett Peters Foundation||$100,000||$100,000|
|Chase Foundation of Virginia||$70,000||$70,000|
|National Christian Charitable Foundation||$64,500||$64,500|
|The Vernon K. Krieble Foundation||$32,500||$32,500|
|Dorothy D. and Joseph A. Moller Foundation||$25,000||$25,000|
|Philip M. McKenna Foundation||$10,000||$10,000|
|The Rodney Fund||$8,000||$8,000|
|American Democracy Alliance||$6,000||$6,000|
|The Roe Foundation||$5000||$5000|
|Foundation for Economic Education||$1,000||$1,000|
|The Whitcomb Charitable Foundation||$1,000||$1,000|
Before 2003, when the AFP was still named the Citizens for a Sound Economy Foundation, it received $18,460,912 in funding. 84% of that funding came from the Koch Family Foundations ($12,906,712) and the Scaife Family Foundations ($2,510,000). 
Koch Family Foundations are connected to Koch Industries, the second-largest privately-held company according to Forbes and the largest privately owned energy company in the United States. 
|Year||Charles Koch Foundation||Charles Koch Institute||Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation||David H. Koch Charitable Foundation||Grand Total|
Americans for Prosperity as Donor
|Enterprise Freedom Action||$200,000|
|Center to Protect Patient Rights||$100,000|
|Tax Fairness for All Wichitans||$43,000|
|New Hampshire Advantage Coalition||$20,000|
|NPIB - The Voice of Free Enterprise||$20,000|
|We The People Convention||$20,000|
|American Energy Alliance||$15,000|
|Keep Albuquerque Working||$12,000|
|Clark County School District||$11,000|
|Hampton Roads Tea Party||$7,700|
|New Mexico Business Coalition||$7,500|
|American Principles in Action||$7,259|
|Conservative Alliance for Community Growth||$6,400|
|Citizens for Community Values||$5,800|
|Smart Girl Politics||$5,650|
AFP Political Spending
OpenSecrets reports the Americans for Prosperity FEC-reported spending from Jan 2004-Dec 2014 at $40,871,480, and lists it at #8 for its long-term political activity ranking. 
Americans for Prosperity 990 Forms
Americans for Prosperity Foundation 990 Forms
|James C. Miller III||Y||Y|
|James E. Stephenson||Y||Y|
|Adam Stryker||Vice President, Strategic Initiatives||Y|
|Brent Gardner||Vice President, Government Affairs||Y||Y|
|Chris Fink||Chief Operating Officer||Y||Y|
|Dennis D. Vegas||Chief Marketing Officer||Y|
|Luke Hilgemann||Chief Executive Officer||Y||Y|
|Robert Heaton||Chief Financial Officer||Y||Y|
|Teresa Oelke||Vice President, State Operations||Y||Y|
|Victor E. Bernson, Jr.||Vice President, General Counsel||Y||Y|
Board of Directors (AFP Foundation) 
- David Koch — Chairman. Executive vice president and member of the board of directors for Koch Industries, Inc.
- Richard Fink — Director. Executive vice president and member of the board of directors of Koch Industries, Inc.
- Debra Humphreys — Director.
- Walter Williams — Director. Professor of Economics at George Mason University.
- Nancy Pfotenhauer — Director
- Cy Nobles — Director
A past director for the AFP Foundation was Art Pope, The President and Vice-Chairman of the board of directors for Variety Wholesalers Inc.
Americans for Prosperity's “Grassroots Leadership Academy” hosted Alex Epstein on a speaking tour at a number of AfP chapters across America on the “Moral Case for Fossil Fuels - Insight to Action.” Venues and listed dates include the following:
- June 15, 2017 — Dover, NH
- June 14, 2017 — Manchester, NH
- June 1, 2017 — Kenai, AK
- May 31, 2017 — Palmer, AK
- May 24, 2017 — Bountiful, UT
- May 18, 2017 — Americans for Prosperity Headquarters
- April 27, 2017 — Carmel, IN
- April 13, 2017 — Emory, VA
- February 9, 2017 — Billings, MT
- February 9, 2017 — Yellowstone, MT
“In this presentation, we consider the reasons for the left’s alarmist statements on energy production, and we examine Epstein’s key arguments and explain how a turn away from fossil fuel use would ultimately be disastrous to humanity — especially the poorest of the poor.”
May 8, 2017
Americans for Prosperity, represented by Chrissy Harbin (Vice President of External Affairs), is listed on an open letter to President Donald J. Trump urging him “to withdraw fully from the Paris Climate Treaty and to stop all taxpayer funding of UN global warming programs.” 
DeSmog reported that the 40 groups represented in the letter, including the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), The Heartland Institute, and the Heritage Foundation, have received a combined total of millions of dollars from the Koch Brothers, ExxonMobil, and other industry groups. 
Analysis also showed that the groups accepted about $80 million through Donors Capital Fund and Donors Trust, two groups that have been confirmed is a key financial source for key U.S-based climate change denial groups. 
June 13, 2016
Prominent individuals appearing in the documents include climate deniers Willie Soon, Richard Lindzen, Roy Spencer and Richard Berman. The long list of organizations also includes groups such as Americans for Prosperity, American Legislative Exchange Council, CFACT, Institute for Energy Research, State Policy Network, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and dozens more. 
“These groups collectively are the heart and soul of climate denial,” said Kert Davies, founder of the Climate Investigation Center, who has spent 20 years tracking funding for climate denial. “It’s the broadest list I have seen of one company funding so many nodes in the denial machine.”
The company’s filings reveal funding for a range of organisations which have fought Barack Obama’s plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions, and denied the very existence of climate change. […]
Among Peabody’s beneficiaries, the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change has insisted – wrongly – that carbon emissions are not a threat but “the elixir of life” while the American Legislative Exchange Council is trying to overturn Environmental Protection Agency rules cutting emissions from power plants. Meanwhile, Americans for Prosperity campaigns against carbon pricing. The Oklahoma chapter was on the list. […]
“The breadth of the groups with financial ties to Peabody is extraordinary. Thinktanks, litigation groups, climate scientists, political organisations, dozens of organisations blocking action on climate all receiving funding from the coal industry,” said Nick Surgey, director of research for the Center for Media and Democracy.
“We expected to see some denial money, but it looks like Peabody is the treasury for a very substantial part of the climate denial movement.”
Notable organizations listed in the initial documents include:
- 60 Plus Association
- The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity
- American Energy Alliance
- Alliance For Energy And Economic Growth
- American Energy Alliance
- American Legislative Exchange Council
- Americans For Prosperity Oklahoma
- Atlas Economic Research Foundation
- Berman And Company, Inc
- Consumer Energy Alliance
- Center For Clean Air Policy
- Center for Energy and Economic Development
- Center For The Study Of Carbon Dioxide And Global Change
- Coalition for Responsible Regulation
- Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow
- Council on State Taxation
- DCI Group AZ, LLC
- Ducks Unlimited
- Energy & Environment Legal Institute
- Edison Electric Institute
- Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- Free Market Environmental Law Clinic
- Frontiers Of Freedom Institute
- George C. Marshall Institute
- Hill Knowlton Strategies
- Hill Knowlton, Inc
- Hudson Institute
- Hunton & Williams
- Independence Institute
- Institute For Energy Research
- Institute for Liberty
- National Association of Manufacturers
- National Black Chamber of Commerce
- National Conference of State Legislatures
- National Mining Association
- National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners
- National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
- NextGen Energy Council
- PACE (May refer to Partnership for Affordable Clean Energy)
- Science & Public Policy Institute
- Sidley Austin LLP
- State Policy Network
- Texas Conservative Coalition Research Institute
- Texas Public Policy Foundation
- U.S. Chamber of Commerce
- Western Business Roundtable
Notable individuals named in the initial documents include the following:
Americans for Prosperity (AfP) was among organizations named in a Massachusetts subpoena looking for communications between ExxonMobil and organizations denying climate change, reports The Washington Times. 
Organizations named in the Massachusetts subpoena include the following: 
- The Centre for Industrial Progress
- The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty
- The American Enterprise Institute
- Americans for Prosperity
- The American Legislative Exchange Council
- The American Petroleum Institute
- The Beacon Hill Institute at Suffolk University
- The George C. Marshall Institute
- The Heartland Institute
- Mercatus Center at George Mason University
This latest inquiry by Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey is one in a series of investigations into what ExxonMobil knew about climate change and when, started by a coalition of attorneys general in the US. 
Americans for Prosperity released an internet ad thanking Governor Pence for rejecting the federal government's rule to restrict greenhouse gas emissions from power plants.
IndyStar reports this was not the first time Americans for Prosperity supported Pence's position. In their analysis, they also write the ad “ignores the fact that if Indiana does not submit a plan to comply with the federal rule, the Environmental Protection Agency will impose one on the state. So any of the negative effects the group says will result from the Clean Power Plan would come regardless. And the utility industry has told the Indiana Department of Environmental Management it’s better to have the state figure out how to comply.” 
The ad ran soon after Pence said that he would not comply with the federal rule, even if it survived legal challenges. 
View the video below:
“When you're at the crossroads, you have a choice to make. Thank you Governor Pence for making the right choice for Indiana. Thank you for choosing to protect our jobs, keep our power plants open, and ensure our energy is always abundant, affordable, and there when we need it.
You had the courage to say 'no' to president Obama's flawed and expensive energy regulations. Visit FightForIndiana.com and thank Governor Pence for steering Indiana in the right direction.”
Americans for Prosperity said it would spend $750 million in the election—having already spent over $400 million as of February, 2016—and that any efforts to address climate change would put candidates in “political peril” and at a “severe disadvantage.” , 
As reported at the Huffington Post, there is speculation the Koch Brothers have influenced New Jersey Governor Chris Christie's decision to withdraw Jersey from the regional carbon reduction program, known as RGGI. 
In a New York Times profile of Christie's refusal to participate in RGGI, an AFP representative said, “We were exceedingly pleased that the governor got New Jersey out of the R.G.G.I. boondoggle. … It's something that A.F.P. in New Jersey worked hard on.” According to the Times, the AFP representative “said the move would be sure to help Mr. Christie's efforts in the Republican primaries, should he run.” 
June 4, 2015
“There’s actually no such thing, on a large scale, as solar power and wind power. There’s just solar-coal, solar-gas, and solar-oil because they are dependent sources of energy,” Epstein said. 
Americans for Prosperity filed a lawsuit in New York's Supreme Court seeking to reverse a key piece of state action on climate change.
New York joined the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) in 2005 when former governor George Pataki (R) approved the state’s participation in the program. The Competitive Enterprise Institute also supported the lawsuit, reported the Times Union. 
The suit alleged that New York is illegally (coercively) taxing residents by taking part in the market-based 10 Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states’ Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI). The AFP complaint also asserts that carbon emissions trading is unconstitutional because it infringes on federal authority to set rules on air pollution and electrical power transmission across states. , 
AFP took their “Running on Empty” campaign tour to Virginia, Michigan, and Ohio with the purpose to “teach” Americans about how AFP believes President Obama is making them pay higher prices at the pump.
AFP claims that Obama is intentionally keeping gas prices high because he refuses to allow oil companies to drill for oil in protected areas of the United States.
Americans for Prosperity is behind the “No Climate Tax Pledge” where congress members promised not to spend any federal money to fight climate change without equal tax cuts. According to a 2013 investigative Report on Koch Industries, most pledge signers had also received campaign contributions from Koch Industries. 
March 22, 2010
AFP’s 2010 Regulation Reality Tour, featuring Smart cars and “carbon cops” at stops across the country, was launched to obstruct U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulation of major greenhouse gas emitters and undermine the seriousness of climate change. 
Citizens observing the tour were given fake citations for mowing their lawns or filling gas tanks, falsely alleging that the EPA would regulate individual consumers. 
December 28, 2010
Republican Congressman Fred Upton, described as a “moderate who took global warming seriously until, in 2010, he wanted to be chair of the House Energy and Commerce Committee,” co-authored a highly publicized Op-Ed in the Wall Street Journal alongside the head of Americans for Prosperity, Tim Phillips. 
The WSJ Op-Ed, titled “How Congress Can Stop the EPA's Power Grab,” describes the EPA's move to regulate carbon dioxide emissions as “an unconstitutional power grab that will kill millions of jobs—unless Congress steps in.” 
December 2, 2010
At the 2010 international climate negotiations in Cancun, Mexico, AFP had a live broadcast of its Hot Air Tour featuring Senate climate denier James Inhofe (R-OK) and conservative blogger Andrew Breitbart. Video below:
AFP California supported Proposition 23, the ballot attack on state climate legislation that was heavily financed by Koch Industries and other oil companies.
Americans for Prosperity started a nation-wide campaign to stop the senate and congress from passing President Obama’s $827 Million Stimulus Plan. The key to AFP’s campaign was a petition which stated:
“Congress should not enact an expensive spending bill under the pretense of stimulus or recovery. We cannot spend our way to prosperity, and such an expansion of the federal government will put a crushing burden on taxpayers in the long-term.”
AFP embarked on a nation wide campaign against global warming titled the “Hot Air Tour.” AFP traveled in a hot air balloon to forty cities in the United States and held events in those cities.
The tour carried the slogan, “Global Warming Alarmism: Lost Jobs, Higher Taxes, Less Freedom.”
During the Hot Air Tour, AFP president Tim Phillips said that AFP's purpose was to prevent cap-and-trade and other climate change legislation from being passed in government. He declared if any cap and trade legislation were passed it would create a massive tax burden on American citizens, kill the economy, and harmfully infringe on personal freedoms.
In a public address, Tim Phillips stated there would be a $1.2 Trillion tax increase if a cap-and-trade bill was passed and that 1.2-1.8 million jobs would be lost with cap-and-trade legislation. He cited the “American Capital Formation Foundation” as his source. While the American Capital Formation Foundation does not in fact exist, the American Council for Capital Formation (ACCF) does, and it has consistently lobbied in Washington against green initiatives, especially the Kyoto protocol, claiming these actions would have severe effects on the national economy.
On its website, the ACCF calls itself “one of the most influential organizations operating behind the scenes in the Washington policymaking arena.” According to ExxonSecrets, between 1998-2006, the American Council for Capital Formation received $1,674,523 from ExxonMobil. The group has also received funding from Koch foundations. , 
Americans for Prosperity Contact & Location
As of May 2016 the listed contact address and phone number for Americans for Prosperity was as follows: 
1310 N. COURTHOUSE RD. SUITE 700
ARLINGTON, VA 22201
- The AFP Foundation — 501(c)(3) arm of AFP.
- Citizens for a Sound Economy (CSE) — CSE split into AFP and Freedomworks. 
- FreedomWorks — Merger of Citizens for a Sound Economy and Empower America 
- NoClimateTax.com — Project of Americans for Prosperity. 
- Internet Freedom Coalition — Member. 
- AegisPAC (Aegis Strategic) — Headed by several former leaders of AFP. 
Americans for Prosperity once maintained an official affiliation with the Independent Women’s Forum (IWF).
A 2003 IWF press release said that “while the two organizations will share leadership and senior staff and be co-located in IWF’s new suite of offices in Washington, D.C., each will be a separate organization with its own board of directors.” , 
The former president of the Independent Women’s Forum, Nancy Pfotenhauer, also acted as the president of Americans for Prosperity, but that arrangement ended in July 2005. She is currently (as of 2016) a director on the AfP board. 
According to Pfotenhauer's profile at Americans for Prosperity, “She is the former President and C.E.O. of the Independent Women’s Forum (IWF), serving in that position from 2000-05. She was Vice Chairman of IWF’s Board of Directors from 2005-07. Ms. Pfotenhauer joined IWF after leaving Koch Industries, the largest privately held company in the country with more than $80 billion in assets, where she was Director of the Washington, D.C. office.” 
- The Heartland Institute's International Conference on Climate Change
- Internet Freedom Coalition
Internet Freedom Coalition
Internet Freedom Coalition members also include Americans for Tax Reform, the Competitive Enterprise Institute, Frontiers of Freedom, the Independent Women's Forum, the Reason Foundation, among others. 
“About Americans for Prosperity,” AFP. Archived March , 2011.
“Americans for Prosperity Foundation (AFP): Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group,” Greenpeace USA. Archived March 13, 2017. Most recent data on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/c7gWL
“Our Board of Directors,” Americans for Prosperity. Archived July 10, 2015.
Ben Geman. “Coal group presses senators on looming vote to kill EPA climate rules,” E2 Wire, March 25, 2011. Archived July 10, 2015.
“Carbon Cops,” Regulation Reality Tour. Archived January 2, 2011.
“The Koch brothers' dirty money in California,” Polluterwatch, September 23, 2010.
David Anderson. “Koch-funded group mounts cut-and-paste attack on regional climate initiatives,” Grist, March 16, 2011.
“Senator James Inhofe speaks at AFP NoStimulus Rally,” YouTube Video. Uploaded by AforP, February 6, 2009.
“'Regulation Reality Tour' Peddles Polluter Lies, Endangering American Prosperity,” Thinkprogress, March 20, 2010. Archived July 10, 2015.
“About Americans for Prosperity,” Americans For Prosperity. Archived July 10, 2015.
“Energy & Environment,” Americans for Prosperity, January 21, 2012. Archived July 10, 2015.
“Americans for Prosperity & Americans for Prosperity Foundation,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed March 10, 2016.
“Americans for Prosperity,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed March 10, 2016.
“Americans for Prosperity Foundation,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed March 10, 2016.
“Leadership Team,” Americans for Prosperity. Archived July 10, 2015.
“About Us,” American Council for Capital Formation. Archived July 10, 2015.
Brian Nearing. “Group linked to billionaire Koch brothers seeks end to New York role in greenhouse gas curb,” Times Union, June 29, 2011. Archived July 10, 2015.
“RGGI Complaint,” Accessed online at Scribd. Archived July 10, 2015.
“Suit hits Cuomo, DEC, NYSERDA over cap-and-trade,” Capitol Confidential, June 28, 2011. Archived July 10, 2015.
Heather Taylor-Miele. “Chris Christie Not 'Telling It Like It Is' on Climate Change,” Huffington Post, July 9, 2015. Archived July 10, 2015.
Coral Davenport. “With Eye on 2016, Christie Resists Climate Change Plan,” New York Times, September 18, 2014.
CHARLES LEWIS , ERIC HOLMBERG , ALEXIA FERNANDEZ CAMPBELL , LYDIA BEYOUD. “Koch millions spread influence through nonprofits, colleges,” Investigative Reporting Workshop. July 1st, 2013. Archived July 10, 2015.
“Aggregated Grants from the Charles G. Koch, David H. Koch, and Claude R. Lambe Foundations,” Media Transparency. Archived June 2, 2009. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Americas for Prosperity Homepage. Archived April 14, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
(Press Release). “Independent Women's Forum Announces Exciting New Partnership; Affiliates with Americans for Prosperity,” PR Newswire, October 29, 2003. Archived October 11, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6fuysvOqs
“IWF Announces Exciting New Partnership,” Independent Women's Forum, October 28, 2003. Archived November 19, 2003. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“Nancy Pfotenhauer,” Americans for Prosperity. Archived March 11, 2016.
“State Chapters,” Americans for Prosperity. Archived July 10, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Jane Mayer. “Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right,” January 19, 2016.
“CAMPAIGN 2016:Obama climate rule looms large in Mont. governor's race,” ClimateWire, March 10, 2016. Retrieved from E&E Publishing LLC. Archived March 11, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6fwFGLsFc
Patrick O'Connor. “A Frustrated Koch Brother Decides It’s Time to 'Spout Off',” The Wall Street Journal (Sub. required), October 26, 2015.
Sheldon Whitehouse. “The Climate Movement Needs More Corporate Lobbyists,” Sustainable Brands, February 26, 2016. Archived March 11, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6fwFjZmrr
Fred Upton and Tim Phillips. “How Congress Can Stop the EPA's Power Grab,” The Wall Street Journal (Sub. Required), December 28, 2010.
Henry Farrell, Alexander Hertel-Fernandez, and Theda Skocpol. “Trump will won or lose. Either way, the Koch network will still shape the Republican Party,” The Washington Post, February 29, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6fwHphHA6
“Republican-controlled House votes for Keystone pipeline,” Wisconsin Gazette, January 9, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6fwI7eA9K
Maureen Groppe. “Truth Squad: Does Koch brothers group's ad stretch the truth for Gov. Mike Pence?“ IndyStar, March 11, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6fwKcaNvS
Maureen Groppe. “Pence to defy coal plant rules,” IndyStar, February 20, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6fwKYQqLY
Nick Surgey. “Peabody Coal Bankruptcy Reveals Climate Denial Network Funding,” PRWatch, June 13, 2016. Archived June 20, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6iPmXjc4W
“In re: Peabody Energy Corporation, et al. Debtors,” United States Bankruptcy Court Eastern District of Missouri Eastern Division, Case 16-42529, May 27, 2016. Retrieved from DocumentCloud.
Farron Cousins. “Court Documents Show Coal Giant Peabody Energy Funded Dozens Of Climate Denial Groups,” DeSmogBlog, June 13, 2016.
Suzanne Goldenberg and Helena Bengtsson. “Biggest US coal company funded dozens of groups questioning climate change,” The Guardian, June 13, 2016. Archived June 20, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6iPnEUG1o
Valerie Richardson. “Exxon fights Mass. AG’s ‘political’ probe into climate change dissent,” The Washington Times, June 15, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6iVfnzUhc
Ben Jervey. “State Investigations Into What Exxon Knew Double, and Exxon Gets Defensive,” Desmog, April 1, 2016.
“Dear Mr. President” (PDF), retrieved from Competitive Enterprise Institute. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Graham Readfearn. “Conservative Groups Pushing Trump To Exit Paris Climate Deal Have Taken Millions From Koch Brothers, Exxon,” DeSmog, May 10, 2017.
Susanne Goldberg. “Conservative groups spend up to $1bn a year to fight action on climate change,” The Guardian, December 20, 2013. Archived May 12, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/TB2yy
“AFP Foundation AK: Insight to Action Forum - Moral Case for Fossil Fuels -…” EventBrite. Retrieved May 23, 2017. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ITX08
Josh Kaib. “This man wants to completely change the way you think about fossil fuels,” Watchdog.org, June 5, 2015. Archived May 23, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/S3gYX
“The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels with Alex Epstein,” YouTube video uploaded by user AFPFoundation, June 9, 2015. Archived .mp4 on file at Desmog.
“Koch Industries: Stil Fuelling Climate Denial 2011 Update,” Greenpeace report.
“Degrading the American Dream: inside Koch’s Americans for Prosperity convention,” Greenpeace, November 10, 2011.
“Americans for Prosperity,” FactCheck.org, August 9, 2010.