Beacon Hill Institute (BHI)
The Beacon Hill Institute for Public Policy Research (BHI) started as the research arm of the Department of Economics at Suffolk University in Boston originally founded in 1991 by the Republican politician Ray Shamie. According to their website, the Beacon Hill Institute “specializes in the development of state-of-the-art economic and statistical models for policy analysis.” , 
In December 2015, after a policy was put in place that restricted BHI's fundraising activities, the Beacon Hill Institute announced it would be severing ties with Suffolk University by the end of 2016. 
The Beacon Hill Institute's mission is as follows:
“The Beacon Hill Institute engages in rigorous economic research and conducts educational programs for the purpose of producing and disseminating readable analyses of current public policy issues to voters, taxpayers, opinion leaders and policy makers.” 
The Beacon Hill Institute has worked with the State Policy Network to release and disseminate policy studies opposing legislation that would limit greenhouse gas emissions including the Clean Power Plan, as well as renewable energy standards across the United States. 
BHI has received funding from various conservative foundations such as the Castle Rock Foundation (funded by Coors), and the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation. David G. Tuerck, Executive Director of the Beacon Hill Institute, is the former director of the Center for Research and Advertising at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), a group that has received more than $3.5 million for ExxonMobil.
Stance on Climate Change
“The debate isn’t over. Honest people still do disagree about the causes and consequences of climate change. For this reason, policy recommendations that rely upon debatable assumptions and flawed economic principles as a basis for drawing further conclusions deserve special scrutiny.” 
“The national debate on climate change has been marked by vehement disagreement between those who believe that global warming is a severe problem requiring urgent solutions and skeptics who argue that the scientific evidence on climate change remains inconclusive. Only the passage of time and the collection of additional data will settle the issue.” 
“The only way to slow global warming is to allow entrepreneurs to create more energy-efficient products and technologies. As the demand for these products grows, entrepreneurs will naturally react to market forces and direct their energies to producing more energy-efficient products at a cheaper cost. Government intervention is not the solution to this problem, the free market is.” 
The following funding is based on data compiled by the Conservative Transparency project. Note that not all funding values have been verified by DeSmog. 
View attached spreadsheet for additional information on Beacon Hill Institute & Suffolk University funding by year (.xlsx).
|The Roe Foundation||$207,500|
|Searle Freedom Trust||$162,975|
|Donors Capital Fund||$140,000|
|State Policy Network||$117,000|
|The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation||$113,240|
|Castle Rock Foundation||$60,000|
|Americans for Tax Reform Foundation||$25,250|
Suffolk University Funding
According to Conservative Transparency (based on publicly-available 990 tax records), The Suffolk University has received over $1M in funding from the Charles G. Koch Foundation. It is reasonable to deduce that some of this funding may have gone to the Beacon Hill Institute. 
|Year||Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation||JM Foundation||Grand Total|
- David G. Tuerck — Executive Director
- Paul Bachman — Director of Research
- Frank A. Conte —Director, Communications and Information Services
- Jonathan Haughton — Senior Economist
- Michael Head — Research Economist
- Charles E. Rounds, Jr. — Resident Scholar
The Beacon Hill Institute (BHI) was among organizations named in a Massachusetts subpoena looking for communications between ExxonMobil and organizations denying climate change, reports The Washington Times. 
Organizations named in the Massachusetts subpoena include the following: 
- The Centre for Industrial Progress
- The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty
- The American Enterprise Institute
- Americans for Prosperity
- The American Legislative Exchange Council
- The American Petroleum Institute
- The Beacon Hill Institute at Suffolk University
- The George C. Marshall Institute
- The Heartland Institute
- Mercatus Center at George Mason University
This latest inquiry by Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey is one in a series of investigations into what ExxonMobil knew about climate change and when, started by a coalition of attorneys general in the US. 
After a policy was put in place that restricted BHI's fundraising activities, Executive Director David Tuerck announced that the Beacon Hill Institute would be severing ties with Suffolk University by the end of 2016. 
“I’m going to recruit a board and engage in fundraising so we can establish ourselves as a freestanding institution,” Tuerck said. He also said that the Koch Foundation is among those he will approach for funding to set up the independent institute. 
The Beacon Hill Institute had long been the target of the student activist group “UnKoch My Campus” due to the institute's finding from the Koch Brothers, however Tuerck said he was unsure if the group had played a role.
“I know the UnKoch My Campus strategy is to attack the quality of the Beacon Hill Institute work to the end of getting the university to (refuse to) accept any more Koch funding,” but, he said, “It’s such a phony attack that I’d be surprised if it motivated the head of the university.” 
January - March, 2015
- Virginia: The Costs of New EPA Rules to Virginia: with Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy, (March 2015 — PDF)
- Louisiana: The Costs of New EPA Rules to Louisiana with Pelican Institute for Public Poliicy (February 2015 — PDF)
- New Mexico: The Economics Effects of New EPA Rules on the State of New Mexico with the Rio Grande Foundation (January 2015 — PDF)
- South Carolina: New EPA Rules Will Cost South Carolina a Fortune with Palmetto Promise Institute (February 2015 — PDF)
- Wisconsin: The Economic Effects of the New EPA Rules on the State of Wisconsin with the MacIver Institute, (January 2015 — PDF)
- North Carolina: The Economic Effects of the New EPA rules on the State of North Carolina with the Civitas Institute (January 2015 — PDF)
- Iowa: Obama-Inspired EPA Carbon-Dioxide Regulations May Bankrupt Iowans with Iowa Public Interest Institute (January 2015 — PDF)
- National: Clean Power Plan: The Economic Effects of the New EPA Rules on the United States (January 2015 — PDF)
“Success will take the form of media recognition, dissemination to stakeholders, and legislative activity that will pare back or repeal RGGI,” the funding proposal said. 
“The stated research goals, as written, were inconsistent with Suffolk University's mission,” Greg Gatlin, the university's vice-president for marketing and communications, said in an email.
“The University has existing protocols in place that require approval for all grant proposals,” Gatlin said. “The Beacon Hill Institute's grant proposal did not go through the university's approval process. The university would not have authorized this grant proposal as written.” 
September 21, 2012
The Beacon Hill Institute and the Mackinac Center for Public Policy co-released a study that worked to stall Michigan's Proposal 3 which proposes to increase the state's use of renewable energy sources including wind and solar 25% by 2025. The study, titled “The Projected Economic Impact of Proposal 3 and Michigan’s Renewable Energy Standard” (PDF), was authored by Beacon Hill Executive Director David Tuerck, Paul Bachman, and Michael Head. , 
The study was commissioned by the American Tradition Institute (ATI), a group associated with the State Policy Network (SPN). The Mackinac Center, ATI and the State Policy Network have all received funding from Koch sources. According to Jeff Deyette, senior energy analyst at the Union of Concerned Scientists, Beacon hill analysts: 
- Excluded the cost cap, a key component of the policy;
- Ignored the fact that the state already has a standard in place, enabling them to inflate the costs of implementing the stronger standard;
- Made assumptions about renewable energy technologies, often citing out-of-date, controversial or unsubstantiated material to support their assertions instead of using real-world cost and performance data from local projects;
- And failed to factor in the new standard's benefits, including economic development, job growth, cleaner air and reduced carbon pollution.
Beacon Hill Institute research economist Michael Head admitted to the Washington Post that he had excluded the cost caps in their analysis:
“We just left it out so we could provide the actual analysis of the policy itself,” Head said, adding that the central question is not whether renewable energy costs more but “the matter of degree. You’re certainly going to have these higher electricity prices. They will have profound negative consequences for the states’ economies.” 
Head also admitted that the studies had been behind the funding for the studies, although he said that “Koch certainly has not had the only role in funding these studies” – this suggests that other anonymous donors were also involved.
May 21 - 23, 2012
DeSmogBlog researched co-sponsors behind the conference and discovered that they had received a total of over $67 Million from ExxonMobil, Koch, and Scaife family foundations. 
June 2, 2009
The Beacon Hill Institute (BHI) conducted a “Peer Review” (PDF) of the Maryland Commission on Climate Change Climate Action Plan (MCCC). According to the Beacon Hill Institute, the MCCC's Climate Action Plan (CAP) report is “unsuitable for making any informed policy decisions.” 
The Beacon Hill Institute (BHI) published a “Policy Study” (PDF) critical of regulations proposed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in South Carolina. According to BHI, “the proposals would exert significant negative effects on the state economy.” 
“Because South Carolina’s GHG emissions are so small relative to the rest of the world’s emissions, it is quite apparent that no policy adopted by South Carolina would have any discernable impact on global climate change and thus no measurable economic benefit,” the study reads. 
The John Locke Foundation (JLF) commissioned a “peer review” (PDF) by the Beacon Hill Institute of a report by the North Carolina Climate Action Plan Advisory Group (NC-CAPAG) and an accompanying jobs analysis from Appalachian State University. , 
According to the John Locke Foundation's press release, “The peer review raises red flags about the model’s projections.” JLF's Vice President for Research, Roy Cordato, said that “Trained economists conducting this new peer review found that the model is so flawed that no one should trust the results.” 
Beacon Hill Institute Contact & Location
As of June 2016, the Beacon Hill Institute listed the following contact information on its website: 
Beacon Hill Institute at Suffolk University
8 Ashburton Place
Boston, MA 02108
73 Tremont Street
Boston, MA 02108
- Alabama Policy Institute
- Altria Corporation
- American Council on Education
- Associated Builders and Contractors of Connecticut
- Associated Builders and Contractors of Massachusetts
- AT&T Foundation
- Center of the American Experiment
- Commonwealth Foundation
- CSE Foundation
- DCI Group
- Egan Family Foundation
- Ernst &Young
- Flint Hills Center for Public Policy
- Heritage Foundation
- Institute for Policy Innovation
- KPMG Peat Marwick
- Maine Public Policy Institute
- Manhattan Institute
- Microsoft Corporation
- Mississippi Center for Public Policy
- New England Cable Television Association
- New Hampshire Commission to Assess the Operating Efficiency of State Government
- New Hampshire First
- Oklahoma Office of State Finance
- Pacific Research Institute
- Quincy Medical Center
- Rio Grande Foundation
- Roe Foundation
- Small Business Survival Committee
- State of Oklahoma
- Texas Public Policy Foundation
- Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy
- United States Agency for International Development
- Wisconsin Policy Research Institute, Inc.
- Zeron Foundation
Denise Robbins & Andrew Seifter.”A Web Of Climate Deception: The Beacon Hill Institute, Richard Berman, And The State Policy Network,” Media Matters for America, April 13, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cEGwEU65
Benjamin Powell. “Continuing the Debate: Challenging the Economics of Montana’s Climate Change Action Plan” (PDF), The Beacon Hill Institute, March, 2008. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Paul Bachman. “Phase II of Florida’s Plan for Energy and Climate Change: Avoiding the Mistakes Made by Others” (PDF), The James Madison Institute, Backgrounder Number 57 (September, 2008). Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“Beacon Hill Institute,” Conservative Transparency. Data retrieved July 5, 2016.
“Suffolk Univesity,” Conservative Transparency. Data retrieved July 5, 2016.
Naveena Sadasivam. “Koch-Supported Group Offers Skewed Argument Against Clean Power Plan,” InsideClimate News, April 16, 2015. Archived October 11, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cCh4CO6U
Laurie Johnson. “Beacon Hill Study: Bizarre algebra, crazy assumptions, and the wrong policy,” Switchboard (Natural Resources Defense Council Blog), February 24, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cDQgakk0
Aliya Haq. “Dr. Evil and polluters exposed (again) in attacks on Clean Power Plan,” Switchboard (Natural Resources Defence Council Staff Blog), February 24, 2015. Archived October 12, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cDQtlQP5
Suzanne Goldenberg. “Lobbyist dubbed Dr Evil behind front groups attacking Obama power rules,” The Guardian, February 23, 2015. Archived October 12, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cDRP8NSG
Suzanne Goldenberg. “Free-market research group's climate proposal denounced by host university,” The Guardian, December 5, 2013. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cEHzFzvV
“Fact Check: Koch-Funded Group Misleads Michigan Voters on Clean Energy,” The Equation (Union of Concerned Scientists Blog), October 5, 2012. Archived October 10, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cBt2ZToq
David G. Tuerck, Paul Bachman and Michael Head. “The Projected Economic Impact of Proposal 3 and Michigan’s Renewable Energy Standard” (PDF), Mackinack Center for Public Policy Brief S2012-07, Sept. 21, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Elliott Negin. “Koch Brothers Fund Bogus Studies to Kill Renewable Energy,” Huffington Post, December 7, 2012. Archived October 11, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cBuHdH1T
“Climate skeptic group works to reverse renewable energy mandates,” The Washington Post, November 24, 2012. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6cBuPksko
“Seventh International Conference on Climate Change: Sponsored by the Heartland Institute” (PDF), the Heartland Institute. Archived August 15, 2015.
Michael Fisher. “A Closer Look at Heartland's ICCC7 Denial-a-Palooza Speakers and Sponsors,” DeSmogBlog, May 23, 2012.
“Peer Review: Maryland Commission on Climate Change Climate Action Plan” (PDF), The Beacon Hill Institute, September, 2008. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“The Economics of Climate Change Proposals in South Carolina: A Preliminary Look” (PDF), The Beacon Hill Institute, August, 2008. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
“Unlocking One Think Tank's Oily Secrets,” PR Watch, November 15, 2007.
“Press Releases: N.C. energy policy model 'not credible',” John Locke Foundation, January 9, 2008. Archived October 9, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6c9tquYKr
Mitchell Anderson. “Phony “Peer Review Tries to Undermine Climate Action in North Carolina,” DeSmogBlog, January 17, 2008.
“Co-Sponsors,” Third International Conference on Climate Change. Archived July 14, 2010.
Lindsay Kalter. “Director: Beacon Hill Institute to sever ties to Suffolk University,” Boston Herald, December 1, 2015. Archived December 2, 2015. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6dUDYqXni
Valerie Richardson. “Exxon fights Mass. AG’s ‘political’ probe into climate change dissent,” The Washington Times, June 15, 2016. Archived June 24, 2016. WebCite URL: http://www.webcitation.org/6iVfnzUhc
Ben Jervey. “State Investigations Into What Exxon Knew Double, and Exxon Gets Defensive,” Desmog, April 1, 2016.