Center for Energy and Economic Development

Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED)


The Center for Energy and Economic Development (CEED) began in 1992 as a “partnership between the U.S. coal and rail industries.” The president of CEED was Stephen L. Miller and the founding chairman of the board was John Snow, President and CEO of CSX Corporation.

CSX Corporation is a major transporter of coal to electricity plants in the U.S. [1], [2] 

CEED describes itself as “a non-profit group dedicated to protecting the viability of coal-based electricity.” It offered the following description on its website: [3]

“Working at the local, state, and regional levels, CEED communicates the truth about coal—conducting research, dispelling falsehoods, and educating the public and government officials about coal-based electricity's importance to our way of life.”

Snow has said that CEED was formed because, “our nation's most abundant energy resource was under attack, placing our energy security in jeopardy. Something more had to be done.” According to an archive of the CEED website: [1]

CEED's early battles focused on plant siting and opposing state environmental externality initiatives. With early wins under its belt and new issues on the horizon, CEED proved to be an effective advocate on behalf of coal-based electricity generation.” [3]

According to a 2006 press release, CEED joined with Americans for Balanced Energy Choices (ABEC) to form the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE), a group of “more than 40 leading U.S. companies from the electricity generation, transportation, coal production, energy technology, and equipment manufacturing industries.” The group would become “The driving force behind coal’s rebranding effort.” [4], [5]

Oregon Petition

CEED actively marketed the Oregon Petition and Tobacco Scientist Frederick Seitz

CEED called to the thoroughly discredited Oregon Petition as the “Seitz Petition” in reference to the originator of the petition, Dr. Fred Seitz. Prior to his work with conservative think tanks on climate change, Seitz was the prinicpal scientific advisor to the RJ Reynolds medical research program. But as far back as 1989, the tobacco industry believed that the elderly Seitz (who is now deceased) was “not sufficiently rational to offer advice.”

CEED archived webpage screenshot below:

Stance on Climate Change


According to an archive of CEED's website, one of its “major areas of engagement” has been the “Global Climate Debate”: [6]

Global Climate Debate. CEED is working to raise public awareness on this issue. CEED is opposed to the proposed U.N. Global Climate Treaty (the Kyoto Protocol), which will result in the loss of about 3.2 million American jobs and raise energy and consumer costs in all U.S. households for a treaty that scientists cannot even agree is necessary.” [6]

At the time, CEED also promoted a range of petitions under “Kyoto Science” including the Leipzig Accord, the Heidelberg Appeal, and the infamous “Oregon Petition.” [7], [8], [9]

CEED called to the thoroughly discredited Oregon Petition as the “Seitz Petition” in reference to the originator of the petition, Dr. Fred Seitz. Prior to his work with conservative think tanks on climate change, Seitz was the principal scientific advisor to the RJ Reynolds medical research program. But as far back as 1989, the tobacco industry believed that the elderly Seitz (who is now deceased) was “not sufficiently rational to offer advice.”

September 6, 2000

In a digital newsletter, CEED President Steve Miller claimed that “”Research is not supporting apocalyptic predictions of climatic tragedies from global climate change.” [10]


The following is a screenshot from a 1998 PowerPoint presentation titled “Broken Promises-Shattered Dreams) by CEED: (View a PDF version here). [11]


990 Forms

In 2008, CEED's 990 forms were posted under the “American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity” (ACCE), sharing the same EIN of 52-1799853. See 990s for both below:

Key People


The following names were listed in publicly available 990 forms, before CEED became ACCCE in 2008.

Name 2004 2005 2006 2007 Description
Anthony Ahern Y Y Y Y Director
John Paul Y Y Y Y VP - North Region
Philip T Klingelhofer Y Y Y Y Secretary-Treasurer
Rosemary L Wilson Y Y Y Y VP - Policy
Stephen Miller Y Y Y Y Past President & CEO
Terry Ross Y Y Y Y VP - West Region
David Ratcliffe Y Y Y Chairman
Brett Harvey Y Y Vice Chairman
Mark Ourada Y Y VP - Central Region
Randy Eminger Y Y VP - South Region
Scott Wiseman Y Y Senior VP - State Affairs
Bryan Ronck Y Y Y Director
David Slump Y Y Y Director
Don Blankenship Y Y Y Director
Duane Richards Y Y Y Director
Edward Hamberger Y Y Y Director
Eric Hennen Y Y Y Director
Frank Calandra Jr Y Y Y Director
Garry Drummond Y Y Y Director
Gary Roulet Y Y Y Director
Gerard Anderson Y Y Y Director
Glenn English Y Y Y Director
Greg Kraft Y Y Y Director
J.M. Shafer Y Y Y Director
James Jura Y Y Y Director
James Roberts Y Y Y Director
John Carroll Jr Y Y Y Director
John Grisham Y Y Y Director
Joseph Craft III Y Y Y Director
L Earl Watkins Jr Y Y Y Director
Matthew Rose Y Y Y Director
Michael Ward Y Y Y Director
Nancy C Mohn Y Y Y Director
Paul Thompson Y Y Y Director
Randy Haymaker Y Y Y Director
Richard Midulla Y Y Y Director
Richard Walling Sr Y Y Y Director
Ronald Harper Y Y Y Director
Steven F Leer Y Y Y Director
Thomas Kuhn Y Y Y Director
Tom Schelat Y Y Y Director
Charles Moorman Y Y Director
Christopher Curfman Y Y Director
Douglas McFarlan Y Y Director
Ed Pettigrew Y Y Director
Gregory H Boyce Y Y Director
Kraig Naasz Y Y Director
Marcella Szel Y Y Director
Mark Nelson Y Y Director
Robert Murray Y Y Director
Scott Miller Y Y Director
Steve Sharp Y Y Director
Colin Marshall Y Director
Dennis Welch Y Director
James Young Y Director
John Wendling Y Director
Mark Smith Y Director
Mike McCall Y Director
Robert Marshall Y Director
Vicky Will Y Director
William Barbieri Y Director
Bret Clayton Y Y Director
Charles R Eminger Y Y VP - South Region
Charles Wakild Y Y Director
Clifford Miercort Y Y Director
David Wilks Y Y Director
Dwight Evans Y Y Director
J Brett Harvey Y Y Director
Michael Menne Y Y Director
Richard Davidson Y Y Director
Rick Lancaster Y Y Director
Rick Thomas Y Y Director
Robert Powers Y Y Director
Roy Palk Y Y Director
Shelby Joe Lucas Y Y Senior VP - Communications
Steven Parker Y Y Director
Theodore Tobeck Y Y Director
Fredrick Kuester Y Director
Kelly Prasser Y Director
Steve Holloway Y Director
Albert Pitcher Y Director
D. Menzies Y Director
David Goode Y Director
Irl F. Engelhardt Y Chairman
Jack Coffman Y Director
Jack Gerard Y Director
John Grubb Y Director
Kevin Crutchfield Y Director
Richard Benson Y Director
Richard White Y Director
Rick Sallee Y Director
Steven Sharp Y Director

Leadership & Staff

As of 2000, CEED listed the following information on its “leadership”: [12]

“Charles McCrary, President of Generation for Southern Company, serves as the Chairman of CEED's Board of Directors; and Steven Leer, President and CEO of Arch Coal, Inc., serves as Vice Chairmen.

Stephen L. Miller serves as CEED's President and CEO. He directs the CEED staff, which is comprised of 15 full-time employees, and oversees an annual budget of $5 million. CEED's National Office is located in Alexandria, Virginia, and four regional offices are located in New Jersey, Missouri, Texas, and Colorado.” [12]

Some individual staff members were also listed on the CEED website: [13]

Name Description
Shirley Allen Manager of Membership & Special Events
Shirley Crawford Manager of Human Resources and Administration
Randy Eminger Vice President, South Region
Diann Forshee Program Coordinator, Midwest Region
Phil Klingelhofer Vice President, Finance & Administration
Joe Lucas Vice President, Communications
Mary McWatters Program Coordinator
Steve Miller President
John Paul Vice President, North Region
Jennifer Peterson Receptionist, CEED National Headquarters
Terry Ross Vice President, West Region
Shani Watts Technical and Information Specialist
Teri Werner Program Coordinator
Rosemary Wilson Vice President, Midwest Region

Member Companies (2000)

Board of Directors [14]

Contributing Members [15]

Associate Members [16]

  • Ailphatrac, Incorporated
  • Alabama Coal Association
  • Alabama State Energy Office
  • Alaska Miners Association, Inc.
  • Alberta Power Limited
  • AlphaTRAC, Inc.
  • American Commercial Barge Line Company
  • Arkansas Railroad Association
  • Arkansas State Chamber of Commerce
  • Bullock & Associates
  • Canadian Pacific Rail System
  • Charles S. McNeil & Company
  • Chriswell D. Langhorne, Jr.
  • Coal Association of Canada
  • Coal Sales Consulting, Inc.
  • Coal Operators & Associates, Inc.
  • Colorado Mining Association
  • Elkhorn-Hazard Coal Land Corporation
  • Energy Resources International, Inc.
  • Florida Electric Cooperatives Association
  • Georgia Industry Association
  • Hawaiian Electric Company
  • Huntington Regional Chamber of Commerce
  • Hunton & Williams
  • Illinois Coal Association
  • Indiana Coal Council, Incorporated
  • Jack D. Lovely, Sr.
  • JML, INC.
  • John Van Gieson Media Relations
  • Kentucky Association of Electric Cooperatives
  • Kentucky Coal Association
  • Kentucky Coal Marketing & Export Council
  • Louisiana Association of Business & Industry
  • Maryland Coal Association
  • Maxie Davie, Consultant
  • Michigan Railroad Association
  • Missouri Basin Systems Group
  • Montana Coal Council
  • Mt. Poso Cogeneration Company
  • National Coalition for Public Lands & Natural Resources
  • National Energy Education Development
  • National Energy Foundation
  • Nebraska Railroad Association
  • Odyssey Strategies, Inc.
  • Ohio Coal Development Office
  • Ohio Mining and Reclamation Association
  • Oklahoma Railroad Association, Incorporated
  • Oklahoma State Chamber/Association of Bussiness & Industry
  • Oregon Railroad Association
  • Penn, Stuart, & Eskridge
  • Pennsylvania Coal Association
  • People for the USA
  • Pocahontas Coal Association
  • Quintain Development LLC
  • Retread Resources Ltd.
  • Roberts & Schaefer Company
  • Silver City Consolidated Schools
  • Specific Surface Corporation
  • Strategic America
  • Sullivan & Associates
  • Tennessee Valley Authority/Paradise Plant
  • The Coal Association of Canada
  • The Elk River Railroad, Incorporated
  • The Mining Record
  • United Mine Workers of America
  • United Transportation Union
  • Utah Mining Association
  • Venable, Baetjer, Howard, & Civiletti, LLP
  • Virginia Coal Association
  • Virginia Coal Council
  • Virginia Mining Association
  • West Virginia Coal Association
  • West Virginia Mining & Reclamation Assoc.
  • Western Coal Council
  • Western Kentucky Coal Association
  • Western States Coalition
  • Women in Mining: Battle Mountain Chapter
  • Women in Mining: Denver Chapter
  • Women in Mining: National Organization
  • Women in Mining: Ohio Chapter
  • World Coal Institue
  • Wyoming Mining Association
  • Young Law Offices


2001 – 2006

As of 2001, CEED was still promoting the message that there was a high degree of uncertainty around climate change. See archived screenshot:

According to DeSmog's assessment of archived web data, CEED continued to spread the message that the realities of climate change were in doubt amongst scientists and that it would not be prudent to introduce greenhouse gas emission reduction strategies until the end of 2006.

Up until 2006, the CEED website stated on climate change that:

“We've all heard of climate change or global warming. Many of us even have our own opinion about whether this is a serious problem or an exaggerated concern.
If predicting the weather were easy, we'd never be caught in the rain without an umbrella. Predicting weather conditions a day or two in advance is hard enough … so just imagine how hard it is to forecast what our climate will be 75 to 100 years in the future.”


“Some scientists believe that the one degree of warming that has taken place over the past 100 years is evidence that potential catastrophic climate change is an imminent threat. However, other equally-qualified experts are not so sure. They point to the fact that most of the warming that occurred in the 20th century happened prior to the 1920's - when manmade emissions began a rapid increase.”

CEED archived webpage screenshot:

CEED claimed in the “global climate change” section of their website that:

“More than a decade ago, global climate change emerged from the realm of science into the world of politics. Global climate change refers to the theory that certain emissions of “greenhouse gases” (including carbon dioxide or CO2) will, over time, contribute to a dangerous warming of the Earth's climate. Unfortunately, when climate change entered the political arena, political agendas trumped scientific inquiry in addressing the issue.”

Archived screenshot:


CEED produced two “educational” videos on climate change. The first was called “America Speaks Out” which promised to “tell the personal stories of real-life Americans who will be negatively affected by this flawed treaty that even the world's scientists can't agree is necessary.” [17]

The second video was called “A Flawed Treaty Impacts America” that claimed to show how a “flawed international negotiations process produced a flawed treaty—the Kyoto Protocol” and described how, “if implemented, the Kyoto Protocol, or Global Climate Treaty, could negatively impact our economy and sovereignty.” [17]

November, 1998

CEED released a statement following the Clinton Administration's signing of the Kyoto Protocol, claiming the act “shows once again that this Administration is more interested in promoting a political agenda than protecting the future of American working families, small businesses, and senior citizens.” [18]

July 31, 1998

CEED published a presentation titled “Broken Promises-Shattered Dreams” which it claimed “walks you through the flaws of the United Nations Global Climate Treaty – the Kyoto Protocol.” [19], [20]

The report argued that the Kyoto Accord is “just plain wrong: wrong in its science, wrong in its approach, wrong to surrender, wrong for America.” It also made a range of common arguments made by industry to oppose the regulation of greenhouse gases—for example, it claims:

  1. CO2 only makes up about 3% of the atmosphere and therefore cannot play a significant role in climate change.
  2. C02 is a basic building block of life, so how could it be considered a pollutant.
  3. Scientists predicted global “cooling” before they predicted global “warming.”
  4. Climate change is nothing more than natural variations in temperature.

View the presentation as a PDF here.

Digital Newsletter

CEED formerly released a digital newsletter on its website. Archived pages below:

Related Organizations

Companies listed in CEED's archived directory of “Board Members” are:

List of Companies listed under a category called “Contributing Members (additional financial contributors):

Alabama Electric Cooperative, Inc.

The American Coal Company


Ausley & McMullen

Coyle Kelly & Associates

Empire District Electric Company

Executive Associates, Inc

Friedlob Sanderson Raskin Paulson & Tourtillott, LLC Law Firm

John T. Boyd Company

Joy Mining Machinery

KenAmerican Resources, Inc.

Kentucky River Coal Corporation

Kurt Brenner, P.E.

Lignite Energy Council

Lloyd, Gosselink, Blevins, Rochelle, Baldwin & Townsend, P.C.

Maple Creek Mining, Inc.

Minnkota Power

Northwestern Resources

Oklahoma Gas & Electric Services

PennAmerican Coal Company

Red River Coal Company, Incorporated

Savage Industries, Incorporated

Shook, Hardy, & Bacon, LLP

Tidewater Coal Inspection Bureau, Incorporated

Trapper Mining Incorporated

United Utility Supply Cooperative Corp.

Western Farmers Electric Cooperative

Wyatt, Tarrant & Combs, LLP

Western Pocahontas Properties

Contact & Address

CEED listed the following address on its website as of October, 2000: [21]

National Office, CEED
1800 Diagonal Road
Suite 370
Alexandria, VA 22314    

703-684-6292 (phone)
E-mail: [email protected]

Social Media

CEED was not active on social media. ACCCE, however, can be found here:


  1. About CEED: History,” Archived February 5, 2003. URL:

  2. Coal,” CSX. Archived August 4, 2017. URL:

  3. About CEED,”  Archived October 26, 2000. URL:

  4. New Multi-Industry Coalition Aligns to Advocate Energy Security and Environmental Stewardship,” BusinessWire, April 17, 2008. URL

  5. Ari Berman. “The Dirty on Clean Coal,” The Nation, March 26, 2009. Archived August 1, 2017. URL

  6. About CEED: Mission,” Archived October 27, 2000. URL:

  7. Issues: Kyoto Science,” Archived October 27, 2000. URL

  8. The Leipzig Accord on Global Climate Change, Archived October 28, 2000. URL:

  9. The Heidelberg Appeal,” Archived October 28, 2000. URL:

  10. Digital Newsletter:  Global Warming Believers Change Their Tune Kyoto Protocol Takes Some Hits,”, September 6, 2000. Archived OCtober 26, 2000. URL:

  11. Issues: Gobal Climate: Slide 14 of 35,” CEED. Archived October 28, 2000. URL:

  12. About CEED: Leadership,” Archived October 27, 2000. URL:

  13. Contact Us: Employee Directory,” Center for Energy and Economic Development. Archived October 27, 2000. URL:

  14. About CEED: Member Information: Board of Directors,” Archived October 27, 2000. URL: 

  15. About CEED: Member Information: Contributing Members,” Archived October 27, 2000. URL:

  16. About CEED: Member Information: Associate Members,” Archived October 27, 2000. URL:

  17. Resources: CEED Videos,” Archived October 27, 2000. URL:

  18. CEED Responds to Clinton Administration's Signing of the Kyoto Protocol - A Flawed Treaty that Impacts America,” Archived October 28, 2000. URL:

  19. Broken Promises–Shattered Dreams,” 8/31/98. Archived October 27, 2000. URL:

  20. Issues: Global Climate,” Archived October 27, 2000. URL:

  21. Contact US,” Archived October 26, 2000. URL:

Other Resources

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