Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT)
The Washington-DC-based Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) is a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization founded in 1985 by David Rothbard and Craig Rucker to pursue a free-market approach to environmental issues. CFACT describes their mission as “relentlessly infusing the environmental debate with a balanced perspective on environmental stewardship.” 
According to their website, “Its co-founders, David Rothbard and Craig Rucker, believed very strongly that the power of the market combined with the applications of safe technologies could offer humanity practical solutions to many of the world’s pressing concerns.” 
In 1989, Craig Rucker and David Rothbard approached the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA) requesting “corporate involvement and support.” According to CMA's documents, CFACT was established to “fight the Public Interest Research Groups (PIRG) and Ralph Nader-type organizations.” 
SourceWatch also describes CFACT as the conservative answer to U.S. Public Interest Research Groups such as NYPIRG, ConnPIRG, and other progressive organizations lobbying for environmental issues. 
The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow was highlighted in a paper by Yale University's Dr. Justin Farrell. Farrell’s paper, “Corporate funding and ideological polarization about climate change,” was published in the Proceedings of the Naitonal Academy of Sciences in 2015. It includes a list of 164 organizations who are part of the “climate counter-movement,” as well as which of these groups have received funding from ExxonMobil or the Koch brothers (CFACT has received funding from both). , 
Note that while ExxonMobil has donated over $582,000 to CFACT over the years, the oil company reports that it no longer funds the organization. , 
In 2009, CFACT hired Marc Morano, a former spokesman for Sen. James Inhofe, to run ClimateDepot.com which describes itself as ”a special project of the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT).” According to Morano, the site was designed to offer research and environmental news that questions the theory of man-made global warming. Launched in the spring of 2009, Climate Depot claimed it would be “the Senate EPW website on steroids,” and “the most comprehensive information center on climate news and the related issues of environment and energy.”
“Sadly, many of today’s mainstream climate reporters would be better suited writing newsletters for Al Gore than attempting to inform the public about the latest climate science developments,” Morano said.“Senator Inhofe has courageously stood alone to face the onslaught of Gore, the UN, and media-driven climate fears. As one of the more than 700 international dissenting scientists noted recently, Senator Inhofe will be recognized as nothing short of Churchillian in his efforts to combat unfounded man-made global warming fears,” Morano added.
- Slightly fewer than 10 percent could be identified as climate scientists.
- Approximately 15 percent published in the recognizable refereed literature on subjects related to climate science.
- Approximately 80 percent clearly had no refereed publication record on climate science at all.
- Approximately 4 percent appeared to favor the current IPCC-2007 consensus and should not have been on the list.
CFACT launched the Energy Depot (www.EnergyDepot.US) project in April of 2014. According to CFACT, Energy Depot was launched in response to “President Obama’s unrelenting war on U.S. energy production”: 
“Unlike the past, we can go right around the President and the old-guard 'mainstream' media and share the facts directly with the American people,” the CFACT announcement reports. “Freedom needs energy – Not hapless wind turbines and solar panels, but proven, reliable, affordable energy.”
Collegians for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT Campus)
According to their website, Collegians For A Constructive Tomorrow is a “student run environmental group led by National Director Bill Gilles, Collegians For A Constructive Tomorrow offers college students an opportunity to acquire knowledge, gain experience and get involved in making a difference on important environmental policy matters both on and off campus.” 
Collegians For a Constructive Tomorrow attempts to spread a “free-market based approach to environmentalism” that includes talking at university campuses to denounce wind power, and to counteract ”The indoctrination of global warming alarmism at even our nation’s most prestigious universities” with programs like their “Keep Calm Climate Changes” campaign. , , 
Stance on Climate Change
- “The scientific reality is that on virtually every claim — from A to Z — the promoters of manmade climate fears are falling short or going in the opposite direction.”
- “Global temperatures have been virtually flat for about 18 years according to satellite data, and peer-reviewed literature is now scaling back predictions of future warming.”
- “Sea level rise rates have been steady for over a century, with recent deceleration.”
- “Droughts and floods are neither historically unusual nor caused by mankind, and there is no evidence we are currently having any unusual weather.
- “Polar bears are doing fine, with their numbers way up since the 1960s.”
Additional quotes below:
“Carbon Dioxide – CO2 – is a harmless trace essential gas in the atmosphere that humans exhale from their mouth (after inhaling oxygen). […] Carbon dioxide fertilizes algae, trees, and crops to provide food for humans and animals. We inhale oxygen and exhale CO2. Slightly higher atmospheric CO2 levels cannot possibly supplant the numerous complex and inter-connected forces that have always determined Earth’s climate.”
“So-called ‘hottest year’ claims are just a fancy way of saying that the ‘global warming pause’ has essentially continued.”
“Arctic ice changes are not ‘proof’ of manmade global warming, nor are they unprecedented, unusual, or cause for alarm, according to experts and multiple peer-reviewed studies.”
“Sea levels have been rising since the last ice age ended more than 10,000 years ago. There is currently no acceleration in sea level rise. “
“ Dr. Mann was at the center of the Climategate scandal. His graph and the data and methodology behind it have been scrutinized and debunked in peer-reviewed studies by numerous climate scientists, statisticians, and other experts.”
“Many in the media repeatedly cite the various Climategate investigations as an ‘exoneration’ of the UN global warming scientists. But a closer look reveals that the investigations were nothing more than the global warming industry pretending to investigate itself, and of course finding no wrongdoing.”
“The reality is that politicians who say government 'can do something about droughts, floods, sea levels, hurricanes, and tornadoes are practicing the equivalent of medieval witchcraft.”
The following is from CFACT's website, on the section “Climate Change”:
“Earth’s climate changes frequently, sometimes beneficially, sometimes disastrously (as during repeated glacial periods and the Little Ice Age of 1350-1850), as a result of shifting and interacting solar, cosmic, oceanic, atmospheric and other forces that we are only beginning to understand. While some continue to insist that human “greenhouse gas” emissions are causing potentially catastrophic changes in climate and weather, growing numbers of scientists say nature, not man, rules the climate and causes changes of varying extent and significance every few decades, centuries and millennia.
Humans, plants and wildlife have survived and even prospered during past climate changes – and will continue to do so. Indeed, our technology and wealth will make people and civilizations much better able to prepare for and adapt to most climate changes, although another Pleistocene-scale ice age would devastate northern cities, decimate agricultural production, and drive human and species migrations.
Computer models are helpful for improving our understanding of how weather and climate systems work and change over time. However, because they are based on poor data and false, questionable or simplistic premises, they are useless in forecasting future climate and weather. Moreover, actual temperature and weather data demonstrate that alarmist warnings of dangerous global warming are not supported by reality. Regulating carbon dioxide may be profitable for certain industries and governments, but will impose enormous costs on society – while having no effect on our weather and climate.
Today, the real danger is laws and policies implemented in a misplaced belief that humans can control or prevent climate change. These policies raise energy costs, kill jobs, impose especially heavy burdens on poor families, and make it hard for still impoverished nations to develop, provide affordable energy, create jobs, and improve lives and living standards. Moreover, even drastic reductions in U.S. carbon dioxide emissions will mean nothing globally, because China, India and other developing nations are now emitting far more CO2 than the United States could eliminate even by shutting down its economy.” 
CFACT has listed carbon dioxide as a “benefit” in the past:
“Many climatologists and astrophysicists believe recent sun spot, Pacific Ocean and global temperature trends suggest that our planet may have entered a cool phase that could last for 25 years. If that is the case, the additional carbon dioxide being emitted by China, India and other developing countries could bring a major additional benefit: helping to protect wildlife habitats, enhance oceanic biota and preserve crop yields under sub-optimal climatic conditions.” 
The following data is based on publicly available 990 tax records, and information from the Conservative Transparency project's breakdown of CFACT's funding. 
View the attached spreadsheet for additional details on the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow's funding by year (.xlsx). Note that not all individual values have been confirmed by DeSmogBlog 
|The Carthage Foundation||$1,565,000|
|Sarah Scaife Foundation||$1,335,000|
|Donors Capital Fund||$395,000|
|Dunn's Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking||$107,000|
|Chase Foundation of Virginia||$47,000|
|Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation||$31,537|
|The Robertson-Finley Foundation||$18,000|
|The Challenge Foundation||$10,000|
|Same Line Foundation||$1,000|
Donors Trust (DT) & Donors Capital Fund (DCF)
As reported above, CFACT received a total of $345,000 from Donors Capital Fund (DCF) between 2005 and 2010, and a total of $7,839,387 from DonorsTrust (DT) between 2008 and 2012. Both DonorsTrust and DCF distribute millions of dollars to conservative and free enterprise groups while concealing the identity of the original donors.
DeSmogBlog reports DT and DCF have distributed over $170 million over the years to fund groups blocking climate change action, while $479 million of the group's income can be described as “dark money” that is coming from individuals our groups who have not declared their donations.'
|Bill Gilles||Y||Collegians For A Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) Director|
|Christina Wilson Norman||Y||Y||Development Officer|
|Craig Rucker||Y||Y||Y||Executive Director, Co-Founder|
|David Rothbard||Y||Y||Y||President, Co-Founder|
|Duggan Flanakin||Y||Y||Y||Director of Policy Research|
|Holger J. Thuss||Y||CFACT Europe Director|
|Marc Morano||Y||Y||Director of Communications|
|Paul Driessen||Y||Y||Y||Senior Policy Advisor|
|Ryan Nichols||Y||Director of Development|
CFACT Board of Advisors
|A. Alan Moghissi||Y||Y||Y||President, Institute for Regulatory Science|
|Alex Avery||Y||Y||Director of Research and Education, Center for Global Food Issues, Hudson Institute|
|Ben Bolch||Y||Y||Y||Emeritus Professor of Economics, Rhodes College|
|Bernard Cohen||Y||Professor, Department of Physics, University of Pittsburgh|
|Bruce Ames||Y||Professor, University of California at Berkeley|
|Bryan Leyland||Y||Y||Electrical and mechanical engineer, International Climate Science Coalition|
|Craig T. Idso||Y||Y||Chairman, Board of Directors, Center for the Study of CO2 and Global Change|
|Cyril Boynes Jr.||Y||Y||Director of International Affairs, Congress of Racial Equality (Uganda)|
|David Evans||Y||Y||Principal, Science Speaks (Australia)|
|David Maillie||Y||Professor Emeritus of Biophysics, University of Rochester|
|Dennis T. Avery||Y||Y||Director, Center for Global Food Issues, Hudson Institute|
|Donald Waite||Y||Y||Y||Emeritus Professor of Family Medicine, Michigan State University|
|E. Calvin Beisner||Y||Y||Y||National Spokesman, Cornwall Alliance for Environmental Stewardship|
|Frederick Seitz||Y||President Emeritus, Rockefeller University|
|Gerald R. Kleinfeld||Y||Consortium for Atlantic Studies, Arizona State University|
|Gerd-Rainer Weber||Y||Y||Y||Energy and environmental policy expert (Germany)|
|Gilbert Brown||Y||Professor, University of Massachusetts at Lowell|
|H. Sterling Burnett||Y||Y||Y||Managing Editor, Environment & Climate News, Heartland Institute|
|Hardy Bouillon||Y||Y||Y||Professor of Philosophy, University of Trier (Germany)|
|Harry Priem||Y||Y||Y||Emeritus Professor of Isotope and Planetary Geology, Utrecht University (Netherlands)|
|Howard Hayden||Y||Y||Y||Emeritus Professor of Physics, University of Connecticut|
|Hugh Ellsaesser||Y||Y||Y||Meteorologist (retired), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory|
|Indur Goklany||Y||Independent Scholar and Author|
|Jacqueline Kasun||Y||Professor Emeritus of Economics, Humboldt State University, California|
|James Bovard||Y||Y||Y||Author and Lecturer|
|James H. Steele||Y|
|James M. Beers||Y||Y||Wildlife biologist, IWMC World Conservation Trust|
|Jay Richards||Y||Y||Y||Senior Fellow, Discovery Institute|
|Jefferson Edgens||Y||Y||Professor of Political Science, Director of EGSC, East Georgia State College – Augusta|
|Jim Beers||Y||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (retired).|
|Jo Kwong||Y||Y||Y||Director of Economic Opportunity Programs, Philanthropy Roundtable|
|John Meredith||Y||Y||Y||Founder, Meredith Advocacy Group. Member, Agenda 21|
|Joseph D. DeLuca||Y||Y||Y||Associate Director, Keck Biotechnology Genomics Services, Yale University School of Medicine|
|Kate Xiao Zhou||Y||Y||Y||Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Hawaii|
|Kelvin Kemm||Y||Y||Y||Nuclear engineer, CEO, Nuclear Africa, South Africa|
|Leon Louw||Y||Y||Y||Executive Director, Free Market Foundation of South Africa|
|Lord Christopher Monckton||Y||Y||Chief Policy Advisor, International Climate Science Coalition|
|Manfred Kroger||Y||Professor Emeritus of Food Science, Pennsylvania State University|
|Michael Fumento||Y||Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute|
|Michael Sanera||Y||Y||Y||Director of Research and Local Government Studies, John Locke Foundation|
|Nick Nichols||Y||Y||Y||Principal, CounterPoint Strategies, Inc.|
|Patrick J. Michaels||Y||Y||Y||Senior Fellow, Cato Institute|
|Pauline Mwinzi||Y||Y||Y||Principal Scientist, Kenya Medical Research Institute|
|Peter Holle||Y||Y||Y||Founding President, Frontier Centre for Public Policy (Canada)|
|Richard S. Courtney||Y||Y||Y||Independent energy consultant (U.K.)|
|Robert A. Sirico||Y||Y||Y||President, Acton Institute|
|Robert C. Balling Jr.||Y||Y||Y||Professor, Dept. of Geographical Sciences, Arizona State University|
|Robert M. Carter||Y||Y||Marine Geophysical Laboratory, James Cook University (Australia)|
|Robert Novak||Y||Y||Y||Professor, Dept. of Global Health, University of South Florida|
|Roger Bate||Y||Y||Y||Director, Africa Fighting Malaria|
|Roger Helmer||Y||Y||Member of the European Parliament for the East Midlands|
|Roger Meiners||Y||Y||Y||Professor of Economics and Law, University of Texas at Arlington|
|Sallie Baliunas||Y||Y||Y||Astrophysicist, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophyics|
|Sherwood B. Idso||Y||Y||Y||President, Center for the Study of CO2 and Global Change|
|Shmuel (Sam) Vaknin||Y||Y||Y||Editor in Chief, Global Politician (Macedonia)|
|Steven F. Hayward||Y||Y||Y||Ronald Reagan Distinguished Visiting Professor, Pepperdine University|
|Syrulwa Somah||Y||Y||Y||Executive Director, Lihede, Inc. Associate Professor, North Carolina A & T University|
|Terrence Flower||Y||Y||Emeritus Professor of Physics and Astronomy, St. Catherine’s University|
|Thomas DiLorenzo||Y||Y||Y||Department of Economics, Loyola College of Maryland|
|Tung-Ching Lee||Y||Y||Y||Department of Food Sciences, Rutgers University|
|Vincent Gray||Y||Y||Founder, New Zealand Climate Science Coalition|
|Wendell Cox||Y||Y||Transportation consultant. Principal, Demographia|
|William Gray||Y||Y||Emeritus Professor of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University|
|William H. III Lash||Y||Professor of Law, George Mason University|
|Willie Soon||Y||Y||Astrophysicist, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics|
September 13, 2018
“I (Craig Rucker), as Al Gore, stepped to the fore and said, 'I ride around the world in personal jets and limo’s, everyone else should take public transportation.' 'Save the Earth stop global warming' the climate zombies replied,” Rucker wrote at CFACT. 
Rucker and the CFACT group repeated a number of myths around global warming, claiming “Climate models have never been right, but that doesn’t matter. […] Sea levels have risen at the same rate for centuries. Polar bears are increasing. Who cares?” 
CFACT put up a billboard on the I-10 in Louisiana reach reads “Russia funneled Green groups millions of dollars to oppose fracking & cripple American energy,” and “How’s that for COLLUSION?” CFACT's Graham Beduze and Adam Houser “spearheaded” the effort. 
A number of CFACT representatives also spoke on a panel at the Heartland Insite's 2018 America First Energy Conference (AFEC 2018) in New Orleans Louisiana titled “Battling Russia and America's Big Green Machine,” which similarly promoted the idea that “Russians have funneled millions to groups in the West to oppose energy exploration, especially fracking.” 
April 23, 2018
The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT), represented by Craig Rucker, was among 22 groups signed on to an open letter asking President Trump to ignore recent criticism of EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt. 
In a speech to the U.S. Senate, a group of Democratic senators identified the organizations as front groups for the Koch Brothers and other wealthy donors, nicknamed the “Web of Deceit.” The senators outlined how, in addition to funding from the Koch network, many of the groups use untraceable “dark money” funneled through groups like Donors Capital Fund and Donors Trust to influence legislation, particularly with regards to climate and pollution.
Senator Whitehouse outlined it as “a web of deceit conceived and bankrolled by the Koch brothers and other self-interested billionaires to advocate for very selfish and unpatriotic policies.” Whitehouse added: “This web of deceit has infiltrated and populated the Trump administration, and it is swamping the interests of everyday Americans. 
The full list of pro-Pruitt signatories and their respective organizations is as follows:
- Saulius “Saul” Anuzius - 60 Plus Association
- Fred Birnbaum - Idaho Freedom Foundation
- L. Brent Bozell III - Media Research Center
- Amy Oliver Cooke - Independence Institute
- Wesley Denton - Conservative Partnership Institute
- Viv Forbes - The Carbon Sense Coalition
- Frank J Gaffney - Center for Security Policy
- Steve Goreham - Climate Science Coalition of America
- Phil Kerpen - American Commitment
- Andrew Langer - Institute for Liberty
- Lisa B. Nelson - American Legislative Exchange Council
- Rick Manning - Americans for Limited Government
- Jenny Beth Martin - Tea Party Patriots Citizens Fund
- William Perry Pendley - Mountain States Legal Foundation
- Thomas Pyle - American Energy Alliance
- George Rasley - ConservativeHQ.com
- Sandy Rios - American Family Association
- Craig Richardson - Energy & Environment Legal Institute
- Craig Rucker - Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT)
- Dr Jameson Taylor - Missisippi Center for Public Policy
- Kyle Wingfield - Georgia Public Policy Foundation
February 5, 2018
Writing at CFACT, David Wojick alleges that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) “starts with its conclusion then mines the scientific literature for ways to justify it. One might call this Reverse Science, an analog to Reverse Engineering,” and describes their draft as “hyper-alarmist.” 
Wojick claims that the Paris Climate Agreement targets of limited future warming to 2.0 degrees C is “silly” as is the “sillier” target of 1.5 degrees. 
“The big reason for this is money,” Wojick claims. “Given the goofy computer models it will be much harder, hence much more expensive, to hit the 1.5 degrees of warming target. In fact immediate drastic action is required. Hence the developing countries, which control the Paris process, get a lot more money a lot sooner.” 
“So basically the alarmists have created a problem for themselves. They first made the models “hot,” which means highly sensitive to CO2, in order to hype the scare. Now they have made the warming-limit target impossibly low for political correctness (and revenue enhancement).
“Demanding the impossible is the road to failure. Let’s hope so.” 
September 28, 2017
A fundraising mailer, obtained by Greenpeace, detailed CFACT's goals to influence students in America's schools and college campuses. The mailer began with a letter from climate change denier John Coleman, who claimed that climate change is not a threat: 
“Unlike so many of my colleagues, who are caught up in climate change hysteria, I am confident that 'man-made' global warming does not pose a catastrophic threat (as Al Gore says) to the future of mankind and the Earth itself,” Coleman wrote. “I've studied this subject for decades. I know beyond any doubt the science behind the global warming frenzy is based on a completely failed theory. There is nothing alarming in any of the actual evidence.” 
Coleman claims that “politicians and Radical Green activists step over the bounds of what science actually reveals and into the realms of political advocacy and demagoguery.” 
He ended with a call to action for the reader to “join my friend David Rothbard and his Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) in raising the alarm over the rampant climate indoctrination infesting America's schools and colleges.” 
Following Coleman's letter was one by Rothbard where he outlined his need for funds and strategy to counter climate “alarmism” in classrooms: 
“Together, we must make sure CFACT's programs - especially designed to push back against Green indoctrination in America 's classrooms - are fully funded and ready to immediately counteract Left-wing climate alarmism in classrooms and on campuses across America,” Rothbard wrote. 
Rothbard further suggested that environmentalists have a “socialist” agenda that must be countered: 
“'Genuine environmental stewardship' means that instead of the Green socialists’ agenda of alarm and hysteria based on poor science, CFACT advances practical solutions and sensible approaches based on facts. […]
There can be no doubt: The Green Left’s stranglehold on the minds of our nation’s children and young people today is staggering. It’s a huge problem.” 
It then outlined a plan to combat mainstream climate education in classrooms: 
“First, we need to assess the scope of the problem. We have commissioned a major new study to determine what kids are being taught. Is climate indoctrination universal? Or is it worse in some places than others? […]”
“The second part of our plan is to use our national assessment study to identify the worst offenders. […]”
“The third part of our plan is a public policy solution.”
Rothbard's described a significant “victory” where CFACT swayed the school board in West Virginia to teach skeptical climate change material, and suggested they would follow it as a template for other states. 
“CFACT was able to convince school board leaders in the state that students deserve to learn all the facts and are smart enough to weigh alternative explanations,” he said, noting that this initiative would “serve as a model for similar programs in other states.” He announced that CFACT's goal “is to take our West Virginia success model to at least two other states this year. And more if funding allows.” 
He then outlined the fourth element of the CFACT plan, which would be to target children outside of school: 
“The fourth part of our plan is to go around the in-classroom indoctrination and open our own communication channel to students outside of school. This effort begins with the development of a series of humorous and educational short videos to be presented on YouTube - one of the most popular Internet destinations for young people. […] We have plans to dramatically expand our social media presence, especially to young people.” 
He lists other social media platforms that would be integrated into the campaign including Facebook, Instagram, and Twitch. Another key element, focusing on college students, is CFACT's existing Collegians program: 
“The fifth part of our plan to fight climate indoctrination is to intensify the impact and reach of our already highly successful - and one of a kind — CFACT Collegians program. […] CFACT Collegians is the only program in America solely dedicated to confronting global warming hysteria and other misinformation spewed by the radical environmentalists at America’s colleges and universities.”
”[…] Right now, CFACT has set up Collegians chapters on 44 campuses. That’s 44 out of more than 4000 colleges and universities in the nation. CFACT would like to establish many more chapters - at least 20 more this school year in our fight against campus indoctrination.” 
Rothbard mentions that the Collegians chapters “are also an excellent place to showcase CFACT’s groundbreaking documentary, Climate Hustle, on college campuses.” 
CFACT's entire “anti-climate indoctrination budget” comes to $470,000, broken down as follows: 
- $50,000 for an “indoctrination survey”
- $50,000 “to tour 'red' America with our West Virginia success model to get other states with sympathetic leadership to help us fight climate indoctrination.”
- $85,000 “to develop the entertaining short videos we plan for YouTube and to expand our social media outreach to young people.”
- $100,000 for “promotion of Climate Hustle over the next few months”
- $200,000 for “20 new Collegians chapters in four regions of the country”
July 12- Melbourne, Australia
Village Roadshow Theatrette- State Library of Victoria
Doors open at 5:30 PM, film to start at 6:00 PM
Reception and Q/A session to follow
July 15- Brisbane, Australia
Sponsored by the Australian Institute for Progress
New Farm Cinema
Doors open at 4:30 PM
July 18- Sydney, Australia
Club Five Dock
Doors open at 7:00 PM
Steffen is an emeritus professor at Australian National University and a member of the not-for-profit Climate Council. He said: “This is just the usual rubbish from the usual suspects - a re-hash of misleading and downright incorrect arguments that denialists have trotted out for a long time.” 
Reviewing a section that downplays the role of carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, Steffen noted it “misrepresents how the carbon cycle works” by ignoring how oceans and land absorb CO2 – a very basic and well-known mechanism in the carbon cycle. 
Steffen added, “What the film didn't say is that both oxygen and nitrogen, which comprise about 99 per cent of the atmospheric gases, are transparent to UV, visible and heat radiation. They don't play a role in the energy balance at the Earth's surface.” 
Dr. Andrew King, a climate scientist at Monash University in Melbourne, also had an opportunity to look at the film. He described the section on carbon dioxide's role as “muddled.” 
“Whilst there are certainly other potential drivers of changes in the climate we know that over the last century we have greatly increased the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere and, through detection and attribution analyses, we know that the rising levels of atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases have driven the rise in global temperature,” King said. “Changes in other potential drivers, like solar activity, simply can't explain the 1C rise in global temperature we have observed.” 
Morano would be accompanied in Australia by CFACT's Executive Director Craig Rucker, as well as CFACT president and founder David Rothbard. 
Rucker said: “CFACT has a lot of fans and followers in Australia who have long wanted us to make a trip. We were beckoned to come and are excited to premiere our film Climate Hustle.”
Nova also listed some groups involved in organising the trip included the Galileo Movement (once managed by current One Nation Senator Malcolm Roberts), the Australian Environment Foundation, the Australian Tax Payers Alliance, and the Australian Institute for Progress. 
May 8, 2017
CFACT, represented by Craig Rucker, is listed on an open letter to President Donald J. Trump urging him “to withdraw fully from the Paris Climate Treaty and to stop all taxpayer funding of UN global warming programs.” 
DeSmog reported that the 40 groups represented in the letter, including the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), The Heartland Institute, and the Heritage Foundation, have received a combined total of millions of dollars from the Koch Brothers, ExxonMobil, and other industry groups. 
Analysis also showed that the groups accepted about $80 million through Donors Capital Fund and Donors Trust, two groups that have been confirmed is a key financial source for key U.S-based climate change denial groups. 
April 29, 2017
CFACT representatives attended The People's Climate March, handing out copies of their new report titled “How to talk about Climate Change issues 2017.” According to Climate Depot, the” talking points memo […] is a complete skeptics’ guide for elected officials, media and the public on how to discuss global warming backed up by dozens of citations to peer-reviewed research.” , 
“We look forward to wading into the crowds at the march and presenting the scientific facts to counter this utter nonsense, ” Morano said. “Make no mistake, climate campaigners who tout UN agreements and EPA regulations as a way to control Earth’s temperature and storminess are guilty of belief in superstition,” he added. 
Notably, the so-called “peer reviewed research” mentioned by CFACT appears to include opinion pieces by prominent climate change deniers including Richard Tol, Roy Spencer & Joseph Bast (Wall Street Journal article), Patrick Moore, blogger Tony Heller, David Rose, Will Happer, Roger Pielke Jr., and articles from Climate Depot. 
November 15, 2016
“Here at the UN climate conference they know the game has changed. They are uncertain how much. CFACT will make sure they find out,” Craig Rucker wrote, discussing the report's release and Donald Trump's victory in the US election. 
The report's introduction makes a number of assertions, and begins by claiming that “Slightly higher atmospheric CO2 levels cannot possibly supplant the numerous complex and inter-connected forces that have always determined Earth’s climate.” According to Morano's report, there has been no global warming for 18 years, severe weather events haven't increased, we are having more snow, sea levels have not risen, and polar bears “are doing fine” — virtually identical claims to those Morano made in “Climate Truth File 2016,” which CFACT released in October 2016.
October 4, 2016
The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) released a report titled “Climate Truth File 2016” (PDF) written by Marc Morano, which claims that “The scientific reality is that on virtually every claim — from A to Z — the promoters of manmade climate fears are falling short or going in the opposite direction.” The document appears to be an update to CFACT's previously published “Climate Truth File: 2014” (PDF), which begins with a nearly identical introductory statement. Below are the document's summarized claims: , 
- “Global temperatures have been virtually flat for about 18 years according to satellite data, and peer-reviewed literature is now scaling back predictions of future warming.”
- “The U.S. has had no Category 3 or larger hurricane make landfall since 2005 – the longest spell since the Civil War.”
- “Strong F3 or larger tornadoes have been in decline since the 1970s.”
- “Despite claims of snow being ‘a thing of the past,’ cold season snowfall has been rising.”
- “Sea level rise rates have been steady for over a century, with recent deceleration.”
- “Droughts and floods are neither historically unusual nor caused by mankind, and there is no evidence we are currently having any unusual weather.
- So-called hottest year claims are based on year-to-year temperature data that differs by only a few HUNDREDTHS of a degree to tenths of a degree Fahrenheit – differences that are within the margin of error in the data. In other words, global temperatures have essentially held very steady with no sign of acceleration.”
- “A 2015 NASA study found Antarctica was NOT losing ice mass and ‘not currently contributing to sea level rise.’”
- “2016 Arctic sea ice was 22% greater than the recent low point of 2012. The Arctic sea ice is now in a 10-year ‘pause’ with ‘no significant change in the past decade’”
- “Deaths due to extreme weather have declined dramatically.”
- “Polar bears are doing fine, with their numbers way up since the 1960s.”
The document celebrates the success of climate change deniers in blocking bills in congress: “ and every time a climate bill has come before the U.S. Congress it has failed to pass. There never was any real climate debate!” it reads. It also denounces the UN Paris climate agreement, claiming “so-called ‘solutions’ to global warming are purely symbolic when it comes to climate.”
Morano also makes the often-repeated argument that climate change measures will harm the poor: “ Attempting to control weather and climate will have no impact on climate, but a huge impact on economic development of poor nations due to so-called ‘solutions’ of global warming that would limit development and ban many forms of life-saving carbon based energy.”
According to the report, “The reality is that politicians who say government 'can do something about droughts, floods, sea levels, hurricanes, and tornadoes are practicing the equivalent of medieval witchcraft.”
July 12, 2016
The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT), represented by David Rothbard, was among 22 groups represented in a “Coalition” open letter pushing back against what the Heartland Institute describes as an “affront to free speech.” The groups are responding to the recent Web of Denial Resolution brought up in the Senate, calling out fossil fuel industry-funded groups denying climate change. 
According to the Climate Investigations Center, all but one of the open letter's signatory organizations have taken money (totalling at least $92 million since 1997) from the “climate denial web” including Koch Brothers' various foundations, ExxonMobil, and two “Dark Money” organizations, Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund. 
Championed by Senators Whitehouse, Markey, Schatz, Boxer, Merkley, Warren, Sanders, and Franken, the resolution condemns what they are calling the #WebOfDenial — “interconnected groups – funded by the Koch brothers, major fossil fuel companies like ExxonMobil and Peabody Coal, identity-scrubbing groups like Donors Trust and Donors Capital, and their allies – developed and executed a massive campaign to deceive the public about climate change to halt climate action and protect their bottom lines.” 
The open letter addresses the senators, calling them “tyrants”:
“We hear you. Your threat is clear: There is a heavy and inconvenient cost to disagreeing with you. Calls for debate will be met with political retribution. That’s called tyranny. And, we reject it.” 
The full list of signatories and their respective organizations is as follows:
- Grover Norquist — Americans for Tax Reform
- Lisa B. Nelson — American Legislative Exchange Council
- John A. Charles, Jr. — Cascade Policy Institute
- David Rothbard — Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow
- Kent Lassman — Competitive Enterprise Institute
- Nicole Neily — Franklin Center for Government and Policy Integrity
- Benita Dodd — Georgia Public Policy Foundation
- Bridgett Wagner — The Heritage Foundation
- Fred Birnbaum — Idaho Freedom Foundation
- Joseph Bast — The Heartland Institute
- J. Robert McClure III — James Madison Institute
- Brett Healy — The John K. MacIver Institute for Public Policy
- Kory Swanson — John Locke Foundation
- Dave Trabert — Kansas Policy Institute
- Jason Hayes — Mackinac Center for Public Policy
- Brent Mead — Montana Policy Institute
- Sharon J. Rossie — Nevada Policy Research Institute
- Sally Pipes — Pacific Research Institute
- Kevin Kane — Pelican Institute for Public Policy
- Paul J. Gessing — Rio Grande Foundation
- Lynn Taylor — Virginia Institute for Public Policy
- Carol Platt Liebau — Yankee Institute for Public Policy
June 22, 2016
After a Massachusetts court sided with a group of teenagers by ruling the state had failed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions,  Marc Morano—executive director of CFACT's ClimateDepot project—claimed today's youth are being indoctrinated by the environmental movement: 
“It’s a brilliant tactic by the environmental left,” Morano said. “It gives the kids something tangible they can hold on to and it radicalizes them about the environment early on. However, kids are being spoon-fed a version of science that does not comport with reality.
“The environmental left carefully censors or bans opposing ideas, like in Portland, Oregon, where you now can’t even mention in school textbooks climate change may not be as bad as we thought,” Morano said.
“Accurate climate science is being suppressed, meaning the kids don’t get to hear opposing views,” said Morano. “It’s narrative-crafting, the same kind of thing you would expect from any partisan campaign group.
“And then you add in the media, with people like Leonardo DiCaprio and Laurie David telling kids if you’re a global warming skeptic, you are not cool,” said Morano. “I guess they’re afraid the kids will instantly become skeptics if they hear any opposing ideas.”
June 20, 2016
CFACT Advisor Larry Bell writes that we should “cut ExxonMobil some slack for not giving the matter [of climate change] full attention.” Bell is writing with reference to the recent investigations by state attorneys general into how much ExxonMobil knew about climate change while it was denying it existence publicly and to shareholders. 
“Sure, they’ll probably try to confuse us with trick questions: Like why, apart from natural 1998 and 2015 El Nino spikes, satellites haven’t recorded any statistically significant global warming for nearly two decades; why sea levels have been rising at a constant rate of 7 inches per century without acceleration; and why no category 3-5 hurricanes have struck the U.S. coast since October 2005 — a record lull since 1900.
“But don’t trust your lyin’ eyes; continue to be assured that the science is settled. Global warming is an imminent threat, we’re causing it, and ExxonMobil, the evil profiteering culprit, should have told us.
Instead, they callously continued to produce oil and gas without informing investors and the public of dire climate change consequences.”
June 13, 2016
Prominent individuals appearing in the documents include climate deniers Willie Soon, Richard Lindzen, Roy Spencer and Richard Berman. The long list of organizations also includes groups such as Americans for Prosperity, American Legislative Exchange Council, CFACT, Institute for Energy Research, State Policy Network, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and dozens more. 
“These groups collectively are the heart and soul of climate denial,” said Kert Davies, founder of the Climate Investigation Center, who has spent 20 years tracking funding for climate denial. “It’s the broadest list I have seen of one company funding so many nodes in the denial machine.”
The company’s filings reveal funding for a range of organisations which have fought Barack Obama’s plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions, and denied the very existence of climate change. […]
Among Peabody’s beneficiaries, the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change has insisted – wrongly – that carbon emissions are not a threat but “the elixir of life” while the American Legislative Exchange Council is trying to overturn Environmental Protection Agency rules cutting emissions from power plants. Meanwhile, Americans for Prosperity campaigns against carbon pricing. The Oklahoma chapter was on the list. […]
“The breadth of the groups with financial ties to Peabody is extraordinary. Thinktanks, litigation groups, climate scientists, political organisations, dozens of organisations blocking action on climate all receiving funding from the coal industry,” said Nick Surgey, director of research for the Center for Media and Democracy.
“We expected to see some denial money, but it looks like Peabody is the treasury for a very substantial part of the climate denial movement.”
Notable organizations listed in the initial documents include:
- 60 Plus Association
- The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity
- American Energy Alliance
- Alliance For Energy And Economic Growth
- American Energy Alliance
- American Legislative Exchange Council
- Americans For Prosperity Oklahoma
- Atlas Economic Research Foundation
- Berman And Company, Inc
- Consumer Energy Alliance
- Center For Clean Air Policy
- Center for Energy and Economic Development
- Center For The Study Of Carbon Dioxide And Global Change
- Coalition for Responsible Regulation
- Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow
- Council on State Taxation
- DCI Group AZ, LLC
- Ducks Unlimited
- Energy & Environment Legal Institute
- Edison Electric Institute
- Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- Free Market Environmental Law Clinic
- Frontiers Of Freedom Institute
- George C. Marshall Institute
- Hill Knowlton Strategies
- Hill Knowlton, Inc
- Hudson Institute
- Hunton & Williams
- Independence Institute
- Institute For Energy Research
- Institute for Liberty
- National Association of Manufacturers
- National Black Chamber of Commerce
- National Conference of State Legislatures
- National Mining Association
- National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners
- National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
- NextGen Energy Council
- PACE (May refer to Partnership for Affordable Clean Energy)
- Science & Public Policy Institute
- Sidley Austin LLP
- State Policy Network
- Texas Conservative Coalition Research Institute
- Texas Public Policy Foundation
- U.S. Chamber of Commerce
- Western Business Roundtable
Notable individuals named in the initial documents include the following:
December 13, 2015
Writing as a guest blogger on Watts Up With That, CFACT's executive director Craig Rucker denounced the latest UN climate change agreement: 
“This agreement will not meaningfully alter the temperature of the Earth, even under the U.N.’s own computer models.
“The bad news is that it plants the seeds of a new UN climate regime that left unchecked will swell into a bureaucratic behemoth.”
CFACT, the Heartland Institute, and the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) hosted a press conference in Paris titled “A Day of Examining the Data” set to coincide with the UN Paris climate conference. 
The event, which reportedly “brought climatologists to talk about the state of climate science and economists to talk about the importance of free market energy policy” was met with protestors. 
“The overall theme of Heartland’s conference was this: Global warming policies are a costly non-solution to a non-problem. The agreement reached in Paris will only serve to implement more of those policies,” one of the event's speakers writes in The Daily Signal. 
July, 2014 — December, 2015
Climate Hustle's “red carpet premiere” (as Morano described it) coincided with the second week of United Nations climate talks talking place in Paris (COP21). DeSmog Canada reported that the the documentary should be seen as “propaganda” and that Morano was “digging around in the trash to look for old news.” 
DeSmog journalists, who had RSVP'd to view the opening of the film, were denied entrance at the screening in Paris where Marc Morano and Craig Rucker claimed the event was sold out. DeSMog was later told by attendees that the theatre was only 70 percent full. 
In an interview with Ezra Levant, Morano has said that he won't be interviewing mainstream climate scientists for the film:
“I am not interviewing a lot of the main climate sceptical scientists because I feel like they have been interviewed by many other people and their stories have been told. I am trying to find another layer of scientist whose stories have not been out there yet. You will see a lot of new names in this.” 
- Robert Giegengack
- Judith Curry
- Richard Tol
- Caleb Rossiter
- Ivar Giaever
- Roy Spencer
- Daniel B. Botkin
- Patrick Moore
- Don J. Easterbrook
- Robert M. Carter
- John Theon
- Dennis Rancourt
- William M. Briggs
- Roger Pielke Sr.
- Walter Cunningham
- Patrick J. Michaels
The documentary reported to “cool down the global warming hype.” CFACT started with the goal to raise $250,000 in donations to cover the production, marketing, and distribution of the film to get it into as many theaters and large cities as possible.
According to the film's website, the project received donations from 1,490 backers and reached a total of $251,514 in funding towards production and distribution.
DeSmog notes that Climate Hustle shares a number of experts with a video by the Cornwall Alliance titled “Where the Grass is Greener” including statistician William Briggs, Tom Harris, Australian “sceptic” Bob Carter, Lord Christopher Monckton and blogger Anthony Watts. 
CFACT's Collegians for a Constructive Tomorrow, have been making appearances on university campuses to “challenge the liberal orthodoxy all too rampant on America’s colleges and universities” with regards to climate change. On August 20, representatives met at the University of Alabama, Birmingham, to share a graph showing “there has been no meaningful change in global temperatures for most of those students’ lives.” Video below. 
This is part of CFACT's “Keep Calm Climate Changes” campaign, which aims to educate students on the issue of global warming and the importance of energy freedom. 
“The primary focus of the Keep Calm Climate Changes campaign is educating students about the facts behind the current climate change debate. This campaign seeks to show students the real facts about climate change, and empower them to bring the discussion to their campus. Issues like the Medieval warm period, different possible causes of climate change (such as solar activity, or even the nature of our climate), studies indicating the last interglacial period was warmer than today, and the failure of recent dire predictions about the climate all show the debate on climate change is not nearly as settled as many global warming proponents would have us believe. Almost no research has been done to determine if climate change is a natural phenomenon, and recent studies indicate there has been no global warming in the last 19 years. Some scientists are even saying we are nearing the beginning of a new period of global cooling. This collegiate grassroots campaign is meant to increase awareness about climate change issues, and give college students the facts they need to intelligently debate man made global warming advocates.”
A fundraising letter was penned on behalf of The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow that seeks $425,000 (requested by S. Fred Singer) in order to work against the United Nations deal on global warming, which Singer calls the “radical, economy-wrecking and sovereignty-destroying UN climate pact.”
A leaked copy of the letter, sent to CFACT supporters, was obtained by The Guardian. “This is a very dangerous treaty and it is something that we think should not be supported by the international community,” said Craig Rucker, the executive director of CFACT. “We want to make sure it doesn’t happen.” 
The letter describes 2015 as a “make or break year” for climate, and says the $425,000 would be used to send a group of “climate truth tellers” to the talks in Paris. Additional funds would go to a spoiler film by Marc Morano.
June 11 - 12, 2015
CFACT is listed as a co-sponsor of the Heartland Institute's Tenth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC10) held in Washington, DC. 
Other co-sponsors of the event included the following organizations:
- Reality News Media Group LLC
- National Association of Scholars (NAS)
- Carbon Sense Coalition
- The Heritage Foundation
- John Locke Foundation
- Competitive Enterprise Institute
- Media Research Centre
- Texas Public Policy Foundation
- Leadership Institute
- The American Spectator
- Co2 Science
- Pacific Research Institute
- Northern Virginia Chapter of SEEE
- International Climate Science Coalition
- European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE)
- Australian Taxpayers' Alliance
- Science & Environmental Policy Project
- Ayn Rand Institute
April 28, 2015
The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) sent representatives to the conference on climate change at the Vatican.
According to the Heartland Institute, “Unfortunately, they [Heartland and CFACT representatives] were not allowed to speak at the conference; but they created sensational news across the world by well attended press conferences.” 
July 7 - 9, 2014
CFACT's Executive Director Craig Rucker was a moderator at the Heartland Institute's Ninth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC9) in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Rucker was part of Panel Nine's discussion, “Communicating Climate Change: The Blogosphere,” with Marc Morano, Tony Heller, and Russell Cook. , 
“The model for the world right now should be Australia,” Morano said. “Australia gets it. Scientifically they get it, politically they get it and particularly when it comes to the United Nations, they get it. They are pulling out of this, they are repealing their carbon tax and Canada seems to be intrigued by what Australia is doing.”“Australia gets it - they have realised what the United Nations is doing here today. Viva Australia - let's hope the world follows Australia's model,” said Morano.
“Sceptics like us are challenged to disprove their hypothesis,” Cunningham said. “Scientists are best qualified to deal with the scientific questions but we all have to deal with the financial consequences of any actions taken on bad science.”
“In the 1980s a small group of individuals became concerned about the Earth's temperature and what it might do in the future. I hesitate to call them scientists because they have abandoned their scientific principals by which their guess about temperature increases and the cause could achieve scientific acceptance or rejection.”
May 21 - 23, 2012
CFACT generated media attention at the COP17 Conference in Durban when they parachuted onto a Durban beach waving “Climategate 2.0” banners. Accompanying them was prominent climate change skeptic Lord Christopher Monckton. 
Later in the day, CFACT arranged a press conference with Senator Inhofe where they released Climate Depot's new “A-Z Climate Reality Check” special report. 
CFACT hosted an event called The Copenhagen Climate Challenge at the same time as the COP15 conference in Copenhagen.
Craig Rucker, Executive Director of CFACT, spoke to the press:
“We think there is no consensus on climate change and there should not be a treaty from Copenhagen based on a lack of consensus.” 
The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow sent a set of delegates to the thirteenth United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), including a number of prominent climate change skeptics including the following: 
August 2, 2002
The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow was one of a group of right-wing think tanks including Americans for Tax Reform, the American Enterprise Institute, and the Competitive Enterprise Institute who lobbied for President Bush to boycott the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg. Bush did not attend. 
June 7, 2002
CFACT President David Rothbard signed a letter to President Bush that asked him to withdraw the “Climate Action Report 2002.”
The letter summarized that Bush should direct that the report “be re-written on the basis of sound science and without relying on discredited products of the previous administration.”
The report adds that Bush should “dismiss or re-assign all administration employees who are not pursuing your agenda, just as you have done in several similar instances.” 
September 27, 2000
CFACT and the National Center for Public Policy Research awarded Congressman Helen Chenoweth- Hage (R-ID) the new “Friend of American Freedom Award” which recognized her for her “distinguished record of defending the United States against environmental treaties, United Nations (U.N.) programs and other globalist policies that pose a threat to the nation's sovereignty.” 
CFACT President David Rothbard has been described as the “Driving Force” behind the Cornwall Declaration, a document produced by the Interfaith Stewardship Alliance (ISA) which was later rebranded the Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation. 
ThinkProgress offers the following description of ISA/the Cornwall Alliance and CFACT's connection: 
“[A] group called the 'Interfaith Stewardship Alliance' (ISA) was launched to oppose action on carbon emissions and to deny the existence of climate chance. One of the men guiding this group was Paul Driessen, a consultant for ExxonMobil, the mining industry, and for CFACT.For 'stream lining' reasons, ISA relaunched as the Cornwall Alliance in 2006. With the new name came a redesigned website, highly produced web videos, and an organized network of churches to distribute climate change denying propaganda to hundreds of pastors around the country. The branding for the Cornwall Alliance is derived from the 'Cornwall Declaration,' a 1999 document pushing back against the creation-care movement in the evangelical community. The Declaration 'stressed a free-market environmental stewardship and emphasized that individuals and private organizations should be trusted to care for their own property without government intervention.'”
March 16, 1989
Craig Rucker and David Rothbard approached the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA) requesting “corporate involvement and support” towards the Committee For a Constructive Tomorrow's efforts, according to CMA document's minutes. The documents describe CFACT's purpose as to “fight the Public Interest Research Groups.” 
CFACT Contact & Location
Committee For A Constructive Tomorrow
P.O. Box 65722
Washington, DC 20035
Phone: (202) 429-2737
- Cooler Heads Coalition (CHC)
- CFACT SoCAl (Now Defunct)
- Collegians For A Constructive Tomorrow
- CFACT Europe
- Cornwall Alliance — “Driving Force” behind the Cornwall Declaration. 
“Carbon and carbon dioxide: Clearing up the confusion,” CFACT News, May 9, 2011. Archived May 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ilTqO
“Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed May 1, 2017. Data on file at DeSmog.
ExxonSecrets Factsheet: CFACT - Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow. Accessed May 1, 2017.
Suzanne Goldenberg. “US climate deniers call Paris summit 'a threat' to the world,” The Guardian, June 26, 2015. Archived May 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Y5fp9
Graham Readfearn. “Climate Denial Group CFACT Congratulates Australia During Warsaw Talks,” DeSmogBlog, November 19, 2013.
“Copenhagen climate summit: Behind the scenes at the sceptics' conference,” The Telegraph, December 9, 2009. Archived May 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/BIUd9
Lenore Taylor. “Plimer the toast of Copenhagen sceptics meeting,” The Australian, December 10, 2009. Archived with WebCite, July 15, 2015.
(Press Release) “Africa: Corporate-funded Lobbyists Aimed to Sabotage Johannesburg Summit,” AllAfrica.com (Sub. required), August 19, 2002. Archived July 15, 2015.
Fred L. Smith, Jr. “Joint Letter to President Bush On the EPA's Climate Action Report,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, June 7, 2002. Archived May 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/qwAHM
“Congressman Helen Chenoweth-Hage Honored With “Friend of American Freedom Award,” The National Center fore Public Policy Research, September 28, 2000. Archived May 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/E7QRu
“Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow,” SourceWatch Profile. Archived September 21, 2015.
Marc Morano. “Climate Depot Aims To Redefine Global Warming Reporting,” Climate Depot, April 6, 2009. Archived February 5, 2010. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/hg7pa
A. Siegel. “Scientific Inquiry Concludes: Inhofe List 'Not Credible',” Huffington Post, August 26, 2009. Archived May 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/fC0fL
“Keep Calm-Climate Changes Campaign,” Cfactcampus.org. Accessed September 21, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Graham Readfearn. “Marc Morano's Climate Hustle Film Set For Paris Premiere With Same Old Denial Myths,” DeSmog Canada, November 12, 2015.
“Background on Key Scientists Appearing in Climate Hustle” (PDF), climatehustle.org. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.
Graham Readfearn. “Scientists Slam Movie Clip from Marc Morano’s Climate Hustle Documentary as 'Patently Stupid' and Misleading,” DeSmog, January 5, 2016.
Graham Readfearn. “Chart Shows Why 'CO2 is Good' For Climate Science Denial Groups Funded By Exxon and Kochs,” DeSmog, January 11, 2016.
Justin Farrell. “Corporate funding and ideological polarization about climate change,” PNAS Vol. 113 no. 1 (January, 2016). View full text (PDF).
Craig Rucker. “Paris #COP21 agreement – Watered down but still dangerous,” Watts Up With That, December 13, 2015. Archived March 14, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/WUhrC
“Return of Climate Denial-a-Palooza: Heartland Institute Hitches Anti-Science Wagon to Vegas FreedomFest,” DeSmogBlog, July 7, 2014. Archived July 14, 2014.
“9th International Conference on Climate Change Speakers,” Heartland Institute. Archived July 14, 2014. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/L5hQx
Nicolas Loris. “How UN Conferences Have Created a False Climate Narrative,” The Daily Signal, December 18, 2015. Archived March 14, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/hBgoL
Lee Fang. “Exclusive: The Oily Operators Behind The Religious Climate Change Denial Front Group, Cornwall Alliance,“ ThinkProgress, June 15, 2010. Archived May 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Uir8X
Graham Readfearn. “The Evangelical Christian Climate Deniers Behind Marc Morano’s Climate Hustle Documentary,” DeSmogBlog, November 19, 2015.
Nick Surgey. “Peabody Coal Bankruptcy Reveals Climate Denial Network Funding,” PRWatch, June 13, 2016. Archived June 20, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Bb3o1
“In re: Peabody Energy Corporation, et al. Debtors,” United States Bankruptcy Court Eastern District of Missouri Eastern Division, Case 16-42529, May 27, 2016. Retrieved from DocumentCloud.
Farron Cousins. “Court Documents Show Coal Giant Peabody Energy Funded Dozens Of Climate Denial Groups,” DeSmogBlog, June 13, 2016.
Suzanne Goldenberg and Helena Bengtsson. “Biggest US coal company funded dozens of groups questioning climate change,” The Guardian, June 13, 2016. Archived June 20, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/OrVtG
Ben Jervey. “State Investigations Into What Exxon Knew Double, and Exxon Gets Defensive,” DeSmog, April 1, 2016.
“Massachusetts Court Sides with Teenagers in 'Historic' Climate Victory,” CommonDreams, May 17, 2016. Archived June 23, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/7wyKw
“Massachusetts Loses Climate Action Case Brought by Youths,” Heartland Institute, June 22, 2016. Archived June 23, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/hk4JL
“CFACT Board of Advisors,” Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow. Archived July 10, 2016.
Jim Lakely. “#WebOfDenial Push by Senate Dems Exposes Their Hatred of Free Speech,” Somewhat Reasonable (Heartland Institute Blog), July 12, 2016. Archived July 14, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/vvL0t
Brendan Demelle. “Senators Launch Resolution, Speech Blitz Calling Out #WebOfDenial Blocking Climate Action,” DeSmog, July 11, 2016.
Coalition Letter to Senate Web of Denial Resolution (PDF). Retrieved from the Heartland Institute. Archived .pdf on file at DeSMogBlog.
Cindy Baxter. “Front Groups Attacking #WebofDenial Senate Action Took Over $92M in Dark, Dirty Money,” Desmog, July 14, 2016. Originally posted at Climate Investigations Center.
“Climate Truth File 2016” (PDF), CFACT, October 4, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“CFACT Climate Truth File: 2014” (PDF), October 6, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“2016 State of the Climate Report” (PDF), CFACT, November 15, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Craig Rucker. “CFACT delivers 'State of the Climate' report to UN COP 22,” CFACT, November 15, 2016. Archived November 21, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ZeNRn
“Koch Industries: Secretly Funding the Climate Denial Machine,” Greenpeace USA. Archived March 14, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/au7P4
“Skeptics Attend People’s Climate March With New Report & Billboards – Denied Media Credentials,” Climate Depot, April 29, 2017. Archived May 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/CKQpj
“How to talk about Climate Change issues 2017” (PDF), Climate Depot & CFACT, April 21, 2017.
“Dear Mr. President” (PDF), retrieved from Competitive Enterprise Institute. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Graham Readfearn. “Conservative Groups Pushing Trump To Exit Paris Climate Deal Have Taken Millions From Koch Brothers, Exxon,” DeSmog, May 10, 2017.
Susanne Goldberg. “Conservative groups spend up to $1bn a year to fight action on climate change,” The Guardian, December 20, 2013. Archived May 12, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/TB2yy
“Finally, see 'Climate Hustle' in Australia — Melbourne, Brisbane, Sydney.” JoNova, June 27, 2017. Archived July 7, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/nvByX
Graham Readfearn. “Notorious Climate Science Denier Marc Morano Flying to Australia With Misleading Climate Hustle Movie,” DeSmog, July 6, 2017.
“Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow CFACT Weather Channel Mailer 2017-09-28,” DocumentCloud. Contributed Skyler Kopko, Greenpeace.
“Dear Mr. President” (PDF) retrieved from the Heartland Institute. Archived .pdf file at DeSmog.
“CFACT exposes 'climate zombies' at California conference,” CFACT, September 14, 2018. Archived September 17, 2018. Archive URL: https://archive.fo/A4JA5
“CFACT billboard — Russia funneled cash to Greens to cripple energy,” CFACT, July 21, 2018. Archived September 17, 2018. Archive URL: https://archive.fo/pA6VB
“PANEL 5B. BATTLING RUSSIA AND AMERICA’S BIG GREEN MACHINE,” America First Energy Conference. Archived September 17, 2018. Archive URL: https://archive.fo/eqySk
“Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow,” Wikipedia entry.