Heartland Institute

The Heartland Institute

Background

The Heartland Institute is a Chicago-based free market think tank and 501(c)(3) charity that has been at the forefront of denying the scientific evidence for man-made climate change. The Heartland Institute has received at least $676,500 from ExxonMobil since 1998 but no longer discloses its funding sources. The Union of Concerned Scientists found (PDF) that “Nearly 40% of the total funds that the Heartland Institute has received from ExxonMobil since 1998 were specifically designated for climate change projects.” [1]

David Padden founded The Heartland Institute in 1984 and served as its Chairman between 1984 and 1995, co-chairing with Joseph Bast. Padden was also one of the original members of the Board of Directors of the Cato Institute. Padden, a Chicago, IL-based investment banker and then owner of Padden & Company, passed away in October 2011. [13]

Padden also served on the original Board of Directors of another organization founded that year, Citizens for a Sound Economy, which later split into two groups, FreedomWorks and Americans for Prosperity (AFP). The Cato Institute and both of these organizations received their initial seed money from Koch Industries[14]

According to a July 2011 Nature editorial,

“Despite criticizing climate scientists for being overconfident about their data, models and theories, the Heartland Institute proclaims a conspicuous confidence in single studies and grand interpretations… . makes many bold assertions that are often questionable or misleading. … Many climate skeptics seem to review scientific data and studies not as scientists but as attorneys, magnifying doubts and treating incomplete explanations as falsehoods rather than signs of progress towards the truth. … The Heartland Institute and its ilk are not trying to build a theory of anything. They have set the bar much lower, and are happy muddying the waters.” [15]

2012 Heartland Document Leak

In 2012, leaked documents revealed some of the Heartland Institute's initiatives and climate change strategy including a tailored high school curriculum. As reported at the New York Times, (“Leak Offers Glimpse of Campaign Against Climate Science) the Heartland Institute would have help from the Charles G. Koch Foundation to “cast doubt on the scientific finding that fossil fuel emissions endanger the long-term welfare of the planet.”  

The documents also discussed “Operation Angry Badger,” which the New York Times described as “a plan to spend $612,000 to influence the outcome of recall elections and related fights … in Wisconsin over the role of public-sector unions.” [2], [3]

Heartland has promoted itself using a partial quote from The Economist that describes Heartland as “the world's most prominent think-tank promoting scepticism about man-made climate change.” However, the full paragraph in The Economist's 2012 article provides a more complete picture: “The Heartland Institute, the world's most prominent think-tank promoting scepticism about man-made climate change, is getting a lot of heat.”

Heartland lost an estimated $825,000 in expected donations, a number of directors and almost its entire branch in Washington, DC shortly after putting up a billboard comparing those who believed in man-made global warming to the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski. At its annual meeting in Chicago, the institute's president, Joseph Bast, said Heartland had 'discovered who our real friends are.' The 100-odd guests who failed to show up for the '7th Climate Conference' were not among them.” [4], [5]

Heartland Institute and Tobacco

In the 1990s, the Heartland Institute worked with the tobacco company Philip Morris to question the science linking second-hand smoke to health risks, and lobbied against government public health reforms. Heartland continues to maintain a “Smoker's Lounge” section of their website which brings together their policy studies, Op-Eds, essays, and other documents that purport to “[cut] through the propaganda and exaggeration of anti-smoking groups.” [6]

In a 1998 op-ed, former Heartland president Joe Bast claimed that “moderate” smoking doesn't raise lung cancer risks, and that there were  “few, if any, adverse health effects” associated with smoking. In a fundraising letter to Phillip Morris, Bast wrote to a Phillip Morris executive  that “Heartland does many things that benefit Philip Morris’s bottom line, things that no other organization does.” Later, in 2014 Bast denied that he had claimed cigarettes were not harmful, until confronted with his own op-ed. [7], [182], [8]

Roy Marden, past Corporate Affairs Policy Analyst and Manager of Industry Affairs at Philip Morris, served as a board member at the Heartland Institute from 1996 until 2008. According to Heartland, “The public health community's campaign to demonize smokers and all forms of tobacco is based on junk science.” Joseph Bast, current President and CEO, was a strong defender of RJ Reynolds brand Camel's “Joe Camel” campaign, which some have argued (here, and here, for example)  targeted younger children. [9], [10], [11], [12]

Incoming President Tim Huelskamp

In June, 2017, The Heartland Institute announced Kansas Rep. Tim Huelskamp would be replacing Joe Bast as president, to begin working starting July, 2017. Bast said he would remain with Heartland as CEO until some time in 2018. [182]

Huelskamp is former chairman of the Tea Party Caucus and a member of the far-right House Freedom Caucus. Huelskamp maintains a lifetime score of 5% with the League of Conservation Voters, with a score of 0% in 2016. A full list of legislation sponsored or cosponsored by Huelskamp is available at Congress.gov. According to his voting record tracked at OnTheIssues, Huelskamp has consistently voted against any legislation that would combat fossil fuel emissions or climate change. [183][184], [185], [186]

According to data from OpenSecrets, Huelskamp's top donor is Koch Industries and he has received the highest lifetime campaign contributions from the Oil and Gas industry, totally over one-quarter of a million dollars. Below are career totals added up by OpenSecrets. [187], [188]

Industry Total Contributor Total Indivs PACs
Oil & Gas $252,393 Koch Industries $40,900 $3,400 $37,500
Retired $209,441 Watco Companies $36,200 $36,200 $0
Crop Production & Basic Processing $196,178 American Bankers Assn $35,000 $0 $35,000
Republican/Conservative $167,254 B&G Production $34,400 $34,400 $0
Leadership PACs $152,163 House Freedom Fund $34,025 $250 $33,775
Health Professionals $124,755 National Assn of Home Builders $32,500 $0 $32,500
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing $102,850 Russell Stover Candies $32,200 $32,200 $0
Commercial Banks $93,600 Vess Oil Corp $30,000 $30,000 $0
Real Estate $75,310 Hodgdon Powder $28,700 $28,700 $0
Railroads $67,848 Onyx Collection $25,500 $25,500 $0
Agricultural Services/Products $65,700 KMG Tool $24,400 $24,400 $0
General Contractors $59,647 Berexco Inc $23,700 $23,700 $0
Food & Beverage $59,550 National Auto Dealers Assn $22,500 $0 $22,500
Home Builders $58,900 Citizens United $22,000 $0 $22,000
Securities & Investment $55,286 Every Republican is Crucial PAC $20,000 $0 $20,000
Misc Finance $53,250 AT&T Inc $19,500 $500 $19,000
Livestock $51,025 American Medical Assn $19,000 $1,000 $18,000
Insurance $50,613 National Assn of Realtors $19,000 $0 $19,000
Retail Sales $44,700 Ariel Corp $18,900 $18,900 $0
Lawyers/Law Firms $42,422 Ag Services $18,250 $18,250 $0

Tim Huelskamp also a signatory to Americans for Prosperity's “No Climate Tax” pledge. The pledge reads as follows:[189]

“I, ________________, pledge to the American people that I will oppose any legislation relating to climate change that includes a net increase in government revenue”

He also told HuffPost that he didn't believe that climate change was “settled “science.” [190]

I don’t think there’s a scientific consensus on that,” Huelskamp said. “If you want to print that life begins at conception, that’s settled science.”

Stance on Climate Change

“Probably two-thirds of the warming in the 1990s was due to natural causes; the warming trend already has stopped and forecasts of future warming are unreliable; and the benefits of a moderate warming are likely to outweigh the costs.

“Global warming, in other words, is not a crisis.” [16]

“You may also know us from our work exposing the shoddy science and missing economics behind the global warming delusion. Our videos, books, studies, and international conferences changed the debate and led to the defeat of 'cap and trade.'” [17]

“Some environmentalists call for a 'save-the-day' strategy to 'stop global warming,' saying it is better to be safe than sorry. Such a position seems logical until we stop to think: Immediate action wouldn't make us any safer, but it would surely make us poorer. And being poorer would make us less safe.” [18]

“Unfortunately, global warming is an issue that is well suited to political demagoguery, which can be defined as pandering to misinformed voters and promising unrealistic solutions. Since opinion polls indicate a majority of the public believes warming is happening, politicians might think the safe strategy is to say 'I believe global warming is a serious problem and I support measures to reduce global warming pollution by supporting renewable fuels and energy efficiency.' Such politicians should be 'outed' for claiming to be smarter than scientists who have studied climate for many years and for using scare tactics to win elections.” [19]

“There is no consensus about the causes, effects, or future rate of global warming.” [20]

Funding

501(c)(3) Charitable Status

According to Heartland in 2011, “Approximately 1,800 supporters support an annual budget of $6 million. Heartland does not accept government funding. Contributions are tax-deductible under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.” As of June 2015, that number has increased to 8,300 supporters, (budget remains listed at $6 million). [21], [22]

Computer scientist John Mashey filed a complaint in 2012 with the IRS questioning Heartland's charitable status

“I believe there was a massive abuse of 501c(3),” Mashey said. “My extensive study of these think tanks showed numerous specific actions that violated the rules – such as that their work is supposed to be factually based. Such as there was a whole lot of behavior that sure looked like lobbying and sending money to foreign organizations that are not charities.” [23]

Mashey's 2012 report on the Heartland Institute (see PDF) also examines the finances and actions of other organizations including the Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP), and the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change (CDCDGC).

According to his report (p. 39), the Heartland Institute has received roughly $395,000 from the tobacco company Philip Morris.

Heartland no longer reveals their individual donors, they explain, because “listing our donors in this way allowed people who disagree with our views to accuse us of being 'paid' by specific donors to take positions in public policy debates, something we never do. After much deliberation and with some regret, we now keep confidential the identities of all our donors.” [24]

Greenpeace's ExxonSecrets reports that the Heartland Institute has received $676,500 from ExxonMobil since 1998. Greenpeace also reports that Heartland received at least $55,000 from Koch Industries. [25], [26]

990 Forms

Heartland Institute as Recipient

The following is based on data from the Conservative Transparency project and from publicly available 990 forms. Not all funding values have been verified by DeSmogBlog. [27]

See the attached spreadsheet for additional information on Heartland Institute funding by year (.xlsx).  [27]

Donor Total Contributions
Donors Capital Fund $19,310,544
Mercer Family Foundation $5,888,000
Dunn's Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking $1,330,000
The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation $1,215,500
Barbara and Barre Seid Foundation $1,037,977
DonorsTrust $632,000
Exxon Mobil $531,500
Walton Family Foundation $400,000
Chase Foundation of Virginia $364,500
Sarah Scaife Foundation $325,000
Searle Freedom Trust $300,000
American Action Network $300,000
Barney Family Foundation1 $280,000
Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice $205,100
Jaquelin Hume Foundation $201,000
The Rodney Fund $194,000
Charlotte and Walter Kohler Charitable Trust $190,500
Stuart Family Foundation $175,000
Ed Uihlein Family Foundation $150,000
The McWethy Foundation $125,000
Castle Rock Foundation $110,000
PhRMA $90,000
JM Foundation $82,000
Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation $62,578
Armstrong Foundation $60,000
National Association of Manufacturers $52,500
John William Pope Foundation $50,000
Windway Foundation $47,000
Arthur N. Rupe Foundation $44,000
Robert P. Rotella Foundation $42,500
The Roe Foundation $41,500
Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation $40,000
John M. Olin Foundation $40,000
American Petroleum Institute $25,000
Hickory Foundation $23,000
The Robertson-Finley Foundation $18,000
Woodhouse Family Foundation $12,500
The Carthage Foundation $10,000
Deramus Foundation2 $10,000
Hoover Institution $10,000
The Challenge Foundation $6,000
Foundation for Economic Education $255
Grand Total $34,032,454

1Has funded to DonorsTrust, a group that has distributed over $80 million to conservative causes, many of which deny man-made climate change.

2Has funded Philanthropy Roundtable, a spinoff of DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund. They all operate in a similar way to cloak the identity of donors by having donations under the name of DonorsTrust, Donors Capital Fund, or Philanthropy Roundtable.

Heartland Institute as Donor

Heartland Institute donations are listed on their 990 forms up to the year 2010. Current values are not available. [27][28]

Recipient Total
Shimer College $500,000
Moving Picture Institute $250,000
Texas Public Policy Foundation $100,000
Americans for Prosperity Foundation $50,000
Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy $50,000
Evergreen Freedom Foundation $50,000
Maine Heritage Policy Center $50,000
James Madison Institute $50,000
International Climate Science Coalition $45,000
Galen Institute $43,000
Alabama Policy Institute $40,000
Free Enterprise Education Institute $25,000
Africa Fighting Malaria $25,000
Frontier Centre for Public Policy $25,000
Kansas Taxpayers Network $25,000
New Zealand Climate Science Coalition $25,000
Natural Resources Stewardship Project $25,000
Council for Affordable Health Insurance $20,000
Science & Environmental Policy Project $15,000
South Carolina Policy Council $10,000
Grand Total $1,423,000

Koch Funding

According to Greenpeace USA, Koch Foundations contributed $55,000 to the Heartland Institute between 1997 and 2011. [26]

*Original tax forms prior to 1997 are no longer available for verification. If you include these values, the grand total jumps to $100,000 in Koch funding from 1987 to 2011. [26]

Year Charles Koch Foundation Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation Grand Total
*1987 $5,000 $5,000
*1988 $5,000 $5,000
*1989 $5,000 $5,000
*1992 $10,000 $10,000
*1995 $10,000 $10,000
*1996 $10,000 $10,000
1997 $10,000 $10,000
1998 $10,000 $10,000
1999 $10,000 $10,000
2011 $25,000 $25,000
Grand Total $60,000 $40,000 $100,000

The Heartland Institute's leaked 2012 Fundraising Plan states that “The Charles G. Koch Foundation returned as a Heartland Donor in 2011. We expect to ramp up their level of support in 2012 and gain access to the network of philanthropists they work with.”

However, the Foundation since released the following statement: “… the Charles Koch Foundation provided $25,000 to the Heartland Institute in 2011 for research in healthcare, not climate change, and this was the first and only donation the Foundation made to the institute in more than a decade. The Foundation has made no further commitments of funding to Heartland.” [29]

Donors Capital Fund/DonorsTrust

Donors Capital Fund (DCF) and its partner organization DonorsTrust allow donors to fund organizations anonymously. They appear to be a spinoff of the Philanthropy Roundtable, a group run by Whitney Ball, who also launched DonorsTrust.

The Heartland Institute has received large anonymous donations through DCF and DonorsTrust, with a combined total of at least $15,391,794.

See p. 58 of the 2012 Mashey Report for more details.John Mashey also covers DCF on page 65 of his 2012 report. According to DCF's website, “Donors Capital Fund is an IRS-approved, 501(c)(3), 509(a)(3) supporting organization that is associated with DonorsTrust, a public charity and donor-advised fund formed to safeguard the charitable intent of donors who are dedicated to the ideals of limited government, personal responsibility, and free enterprise.”

DonorsTrust refers clients to Donors Capital Fund if they expect to open donor-advised funds of over $1,000,000. [30]

DonorsTrust

DonorsTrust contributed at least $631,250 between 2008 and 2012 to the Heartland Institute: [31]

Source 990 forms:

Year Project
2007 $500
2008 general operations $11,750
2009 general operations $1,000
general operations $1,000
general operations $3,000
general operations $5,000
“advertising in response to organization's emphasis on marketing of research.” $6,500
general operations $500,000
2010 general operations $250
general operations $1,000
general operations $1,000
2012 Seventh International Conference on Climate Change $100,000
general operations $250
general operations $500
Grand Total $631,750

Donors Capital Fund

From 2005 to 2013, DCF contributed at least $16,560,544 to the Heartland Institute. See source 990 forms below: [32]

Year Project
2005 Individual projects not listed. $550,427
2007 Individual projects not listed. $2,955,437
2008 general operations $2,000,000
“the global warming research project” $900,000
“media materials” $100,000
“staff directed research” $126,000
“final installment of three-year general ops support” $1,300,000
“global warming research projects” $184,000
2009 CORE $10,590
G.W. reporting for one year” $150,000
“health care project” $190,000
“Ranthum, Australia and Old projects” $300,000
general operations $400,000
$620,940 for “GW-end” and $500,000 for annual support $1,120,940
2010 for the organization's India Meeting Project $14,150
general operations $1,650,000
2011 $49,000 for the NIPCC/Climate Change Project and $80,000 for School Choice in TX $129,000
2012 general operations $1,000,000
2013 for Climatism books & DVD projects $100,000
for the Sri Fi Project ($60,000) and the  New Zealand Project ($20,000) $80,000
general operations $1,500,000
2015 for general operations $1,800,000
Grand Total $16,560,544

Anonymous Donor

One Anonymous Donor has contributed a large percentage of Heartland's budget in past years, with a focus on their global warming projects.

According to the Heartland 2012 Fundraising Plan, the Anonymous Donor made the following contributions from 2007-2011:

Project 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
General Operating $500,000 $500,000 $500,000 $700,000 $350,000
Ramp Up Program $800,000 $800,000 $400,000 $0 $0
Global Warming Projects $1,976,937 $3,300,000 $1,732,180 $964,150 $629,000
Health Care $0 $0 $190,000 $0 $0
School Reform $0 $0 $0 $0 $80,000
Total $3,276,937 $4,600,000 $2,822,180 $1,664,150 $979,000

Illinois auditor reports for 2003-2009 reveal that a single donor (possibly the same individual as the “Anonymous Donor”) contributed the following percentages of outstanding accounts receivable in those years (also see p. 56 of John Mashey's report):

2004 (PDF — See p. 27) — 74% contributed by two donors.

2005 (PDF — See p. 32) — 74% from one donor.

2006 (PDF — See p. 33) — 25% from one individual.

2007 (PDF — See p. 32) — 38% from one donor.

2008 (PDF — from 2009 — see p. 43) — 58% from one donor.

2009 (see previous, p. 43) — 35% from one donor.

The Anonymous Donor pledged $1,250,000 for 2012, including contributions to the NIPCC Project, Anthony Watts' “Weather Stations Project,” and David Wojick's “Global Warming Curriculum Project” (See “Actions” for details):

Amount Project
$457,000 General Operating
$194,000 NIPCC Project
$44,000 Weather Stations Project
$100,000 Global Warming Curriculum Project
$105, 000 Cook County Debt Project
$100,000 Operation Angry Badger
$250,000 Additional gift (not determined)
$1,250,000 Total

Renewing 2012 Donors

Reproduced below, from Heartland's “2012 Fundraising Plan” (p. 22 - 25) is their list of organizations and foundations that they expected to donate in 2012, as well as their donations from 2010-2011.

Note that after this information became public, some donors pulled their support of the Institute. Even more pulled support after Heartland's Unabomber billboard campaign which asserted that “the most prominent advocates of global warming aren't scientists; they are murderers, tyrants, and madmen.” [33]

Some donors who no longer fund Heartland include:

  • General Motors Corporation
  • State Farm Insurance
  • Diageo
  • BB&T
  • PepsiCo
  • Eli Lilly & Co.
  • RenaissanceRe
  • XL Group
  • Allied World Assurance Company
  • USAA
  • Bayer
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Verizon
  • Wisconsin Insurance Alliance
  • Credit Union National Association

Original funders included:

Name 2010 Actual 2011 Actual 2012 Projected 2012 as
% of
2011
Project
Allied World Assurance Company Holdings, Ltd. $50,000 $60,000 $40,000 67% FIRE
Altria Client Services Inc.1 $40,000 $50,000 $50,000 100% BTN
Amgen, USA $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? HCN
Arthur Margulis2 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% GO
Arthur N. Rupe Foundation $0 $0 $10,000 ?? GO
Association of Bermuda Insurers and
Reinsurers
$50,000 $75,000 $50,000 67% FIRE
AT&T for IT&T News $70,000 $30,000 $30,000 100% ITTN
AT&T for CFIRE $0 $0 $10,000 ?? FIRE
Barney Family Foundation3 $50,000 $25,000 $50,000 200% SRN
Bartley Madden $182,277 $216,656 $400,000 185% HCN
Bayer Corporation $0 $0 $25,000 ?? HCN
BB&T (John Allison) $16,105 $0 $25,000 ?? ECN
Bernard Baltic Estate $0 $77,807 $0 0% GO
Castle Rock Foundation $0 $0 $40,000 ?? GO
Charles McQuaid $11,000 $1,000 $10,000 1000% ECN
Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation $0 $25,000 $200,000 800% HCN
Chase Foundation of Virginia4 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% GO
Chris Rufer5 $27,000 $25,000 $50,000 200% GO
Comcast Corporation $10,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% ITTN
Contran Corporation $25,000 $50,000 $50,000 100% ECN
Credit Union National Association $26,500 $30,000 $25,000 83% FIRE
CTIA - The Wireless Association $80,000 $40,000 $40,000 100% ITTN
David Albin $10,540 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
Dan Hales $20,560 $25,000 $25,000 100% GO
David Herro $35,000 $60,000 $60,000 100% ECN
David Lawson $20,864 $17,000 $15,000 88% GO
Dezenhall Resources, Ltd.6 $15,000 $27,000 $50,000 185% HCN
Diageo $10,000 $0 $10,000 ?? GO
Eli Lilly & Company $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? HCN
Elizabeth Rose7 $40,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% GO
Eric Brooks $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
Farmers' Insurance (Zurich) $0 $0 $25,000 ?? FIRE
Frank Resnik8 $5,065 $25,000 $30,000 120% GO
Fred Young $10,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% GO
General Motors Foundation9 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% SRN
Genting $0 $0 $0 ?? FIRE
GlaxoSmithKline $30,000 $20,000 $20,000 100% HCN
Gleason Family Foundation10 $0 $50,000 $50,000 100% SRN
Golden Rule Insurance Company $40,030 $250,000 $250,000 100% HCN
Herbert Walberg11 $85,000 $25,000 $50,000 200% GO
HSA Bank $0 $0 $10,000 ?? HCN
International Premium Cigar & Pipe
Retailers
$0 $0 $10,000 ?? BTN
IronBridge Capital Management, L.P. $40,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% GO
James Fitzgerald12 $10,000 $0 $25,000 ?? SRN
James McWethy $0 $20,000 $20,000 100% ECN
Jaquelin Hume Foundation13 $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? SRN
Jerry and Marilyn Hayden $120,000 $170,000 $170,000 118% GO
John William Pope Foundation $25,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% GO
Kayser Family Foundation $13,000 $15,000 $15,000 100% ECN
KCI $0 $115,000 $0 0% FIRE
Larch Communications, LLC $0 $0 $25,000 ?? BTN
Larry Smead Fund $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
Las Vegas Sands (DCI Group) $0 $0 $5,000 ?? FIRE
Leslie Rose14 $65,500 $50,000 $60,000 120% GO
LKQ Corporation $24,500 $0 $150,000 ?? FIRE
Lynde & Harry Bradley Foundation $125,000 $50,000 $50,000 100% ECN
Microsoft Corporation15 $0 $59,908 $10,000 17% ITTN
Mike Keiser $31,000 $25,000 $35,000 140% GO
Milbank Foundation for Rehabilitation $0 $0 $25,000 ?? HCN
Murray Energy Corporation $100,000 $0 $40,000 ?? ECN
National Cable & Telecommunications Association $0 $10,000 $10,000 100% ITTN
Nationwide Insurance $0 $0 $10,000 ?? FIRE
Norman Rogers $3,570 $10,000 $20,000 200% GO
Nucor Corporation $402,000 $100,000 $50,000 50% ECN
Patrick O'Meara $80,000 $0 $60,000 ??
Pfizer $130,000 $0 $150,000 ?? HCN
PhRMA16 $20,000 $0 $20,000 ?? HCN
Renaissance ReService Ltd. $90,000 $317,000 $280,000 88% FIRE
Reynolds American Inc. 0$ $110,000 $110,000 100% FIRE
Responsible Industry for a Sound Environment17 $0 $0 $10,000 ?? ECN
Robert Buford18 $21,120 $30,000 $30,000 100% GO
Rodney Fund $10,000 $12,000 $10,000 83% GO
Searle Freedom Trust19 $0 $0 $50,000 ?? ECN
State Farm (Jeff Judson)20 $114,200 $230,000 $95,000 41% FIRE
State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company $60,000 $60,000 $60,000 100% FIRE
Susquehanna International Group LLP $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% HCN
Stanley Hubbard $65 $10,000 $10,000 100% ECN
Stuart Family Foundation $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? ECN
Texas Cable Association $0 $0 $5,000 ?? FIRE
The Deramus Foundation $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
The Justice Foundation $0 $10,000 $10,000 100% SRN
The Negaunee Foundation $0 $10,000 $10,000 100% BTN
Philip Friedmann Family Charitable Trust $15,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% GO
The Robert P. Rotella Foundation $5,000 $10,000 $10,000 100% HCN
Time Warner Cable $10,000 $10,000 $20,000 200% ITTN
Triad Foundation, Inc. $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 100% ECN
USAA21 $0 $45,000 $50,000 FIRE
US Chamber of Commerce $25,000 $0 $25,000 ?? LEGAL
Will Wohler $8,000 $0 $10,000 ?? GO
William Dunn22 $150,000 $330,000 $300,000 91% HCN
Wisconsin Insurance Alliance $0 $0 $50,000 ?? FIRE
XL Group $0 $35,000 $0 0% FIRE
Verizon23 $0 $0 $10,000 ?? ITTN
Totals $2,887,896 $3,293,371 $4,145,000 126%

Notes:

  1. Altria Group is the parent company of Philip Morris USA.

  2. Appears to have been a Heartland Institute Board Member.

  3. Also funded the Cato Institute in 2006, 2007, and possibly other years.

  4. Funded the Cato Institute in 2006.

  5. Attended a June 2010 Meeting of the Koch Network, aka the “Koch Strategy Meeting.”

  6. A PR company described by SourceWatch as specializing in “'aggressive' campaigns to defend corporations from complaints by progressive groups.”

  7. Appears to have been a past Heartland Institute Board Member (2009).

  8. Frank Resnik, retired Vice-Chairman of Medline Industries, Inc., was also a past Heartland Institute Board Member.

  9. When originally asked about its funding of Heartland, GM responded: “We support a variety of organizations that give careful and considerate thought to complex policy issues and Heartland is one of them,” Greg Martin, GM’s director of policy and Washington communications said to The Guardian. This was before Heartland's billboard campaign. [34]

  10. Also funded the Cato Institute in 2006.

  11. Current Heartland Institute Board Member, and member of the Hoover Institution's Koret Task Force on K-12 Education. The Hoover Institution has received funding from ExxonMobil and Scaife Foundations among others.

  12. Past Heartland Institute Board Member (2009).

  13. Possible connection to ALEC: Gisele Huff, executive director of Jaquelin Hume Foundation, spoke at the 2001 ALEC Task Force Meeting in New York. According to the Conservative Transparency project, the foundation has also funded the Cato Instiute. [35]

  14. Member of the Board of Directors of  the “New Coalition for Economic and Social Change,” an organization with affiliations with the Heartland Institute and a member of the State Policy Network.

  15. According to a statement from Microsoft, this donation “came in the form of software licenses available to 'any eligible non-profit organization'.” Microsoft continues to support Heartland. Following Heartland's billboard campaign, Microsoft stated that “The Heartland Institute does not speak for Microsoft on climate change. In fact, the Heartland Institute’s position on climate change is diametrically opposed to Microsoft’s position. And we completely disagree with the group’s inflammatory and distasteful advertising campaign.” Microsoft continues to donate software to Heartland. [36], [37]

  16. Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) is an influential lobbying organization in Washington representing 48 pharmaceutical companies.

  17. According to SourceWatch, RISE is a lobbying and public relations trade organization, defends the “urban usage” of pesticides in homes, schools, and landscapes.

  18. Robert Buford is a Heartland Institute Board Member.

  19. Kimberly O. Dennis, President and CEO of Searle Freedom Trust is also on the Board of Directors of the Donors Capital Fund (DCF). DCF and its related Donor's Trust allow groups and individuals to donate anonymously. DCF is also a key source of Heartland's anonymous donations. [38]

  20. There is also a “Jeff Judson,” listed as president of Judson & Associates, who is on Heartland's current Board of Directors and who was the former president of the Texas Public Policy Foundation. A search does not list a connection between a Jeff Judson and State Farm, so this may not be the same individual.

  21. According to SourceWatch, one United Services Automobile Association (USAA) was listed as an American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) supporter, being a “Trustee” level sponsor of 2011 ALEC Annual Conference.

  22. William A. Dunn runs Dunn Capital Management, Inc. in Stuart, Florida. He has been a Director of the Property and Environment Research Center, the Cato Institute, Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, and the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI). Dunn's Foundation for the Advancement of Right Thinking has supported the Mackinac Center for Public Policy.

  23. According to SourceWatch, Verizon is a member of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC). It is on the corporate “Private Enterprise” board and is State corporate co-chair of Virginia and Wyoming. It has been a member of the ALEC Telecommunications and Information Technology Task Force.

Key People

The Heartland Institute has over 800 experts and staff members on their website. View the attached spreadsheet for a complete list of Heartland experts and staff (.xlsx).

Board of Directors

Name 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2015 2016[153] 2017 2018 Description
Arthur B. Robinson Y Y Cofounder, Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine
Brian Singer Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Chuck Lang Y Y Y Y Y Y Indianapolis, Indiana
Dan Hales Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Winnetka, Illinois
Herbert J. Walberg Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
James L. Johnston Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Economic Policy
Jeffrey Madden Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Jeré C. Fabick Y Y Y Y Y Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Joseph L. Bast Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y President and CEO (stepping down as of July, 2017) [182]
Robert J. Buford Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
William S. Armistead Y Y Y Y Y Duluth, Georgia
Jeff Judson Y Y Y Y San Antonio, Texas
Jeffrey V. McKinley Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Robert Buford Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Arthur Margulis Y Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Harrison H. Schmitt Y Y Y Albuquerque, New Mexico
Mike Rose Y Y Washington, DC
Paul Fisher Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
David H. Padden Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Rajeev Bal Y Y Y Y Y Y
Richard Collins Y Y
Robert J. Lamendola Y
Elizabeth Rose Y Y Y Y San Diego, California
James Fitzgerald Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Inverness, Illinois
William Higginson Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Frank Resnik Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Thomas Walton Y Y Y Y Y Y Detroit, Michigan
Biju Kulathakal Y
Roy E. Marden Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Philip Morris Companies
Walter F. Buchholtz Y Y Y
Lee Tooman Y Y
Leslie Rose Y Y Y Y Y Y
Lee H. Walker Y Y Y Y Y
John Skorburg Y Y American Farm Bureau Federation
Robert E. Russell Jr. Y Y Robert Russell & Associates Inc.
Ross Kaminsky Y Tahoe Trading LLC
David Thornbury Y Y Y General Motors Corporation
Al St. Clair Y Y Procter & Gamble
John Hosemann Y Y American Farm Bureau Federation
Ronald Docksai Y Bayer Corporation

Staff

Name 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 Description
Kevin Leonard Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Creative Director
Diane Bast Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Executive Editor and Finance Manager
Joseph Bast Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director and Senior Fellow
Nikki Comerford Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Associate Publisher and Events Manager
S.T. Karnick Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director of Publications
Gwendalyn Carver Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director of Development
John Nothdurft Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director of Government Relations
Keely Drukala Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Deputy Director of Communications
Matthew Glans Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Policy Analyst
Jim Lakely Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director of Communications
Latreece Reed Y Y Y Y Y Y Executive Vice President
Jay Lehr Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Science Director
Aaron D. Stover Y Y Y Y Corporate Relations Officer
Isaac Orr Y Y Y Y Research Fellow
H. Sterling Burnett Y Y Y Senior Fellow and Managing Editor, Environment & Climate News
Jesse Hathaway Y Y Y Research Fellow and Managing Editor, Budget & Tax News
Justin Haskins Y Y Y Executive Editor and Research Fellow
Donny Kendal Y Y Graphic Designer
Lennie Jarratt Y Y Project Manager, Center for Transforming Education
Lindsey Stroud Y Y State Government Relations Manager
Teresa Mull Y Y Research Fellow and Managing Editor, School Reform News
Tim Benson Y Y Policy Analyst
Veronica Harrison Y Y Director of Marketing
Wanda L. Davis Y Y Executive Assistant to the President
Peter Ferrara Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Entitlement and Budget Policy
Andy Singer Y New Media Specialist
Arianna Wilkerson Y Government Relations
Bette Grande Y Research Fellow
Billy Aouste Y New Media Specialist
Charles Katebi Y State Government Relations Manager
Christopher Talgo Y Marketing Coordinator
Edward Hudgins Y Research Director
Frederick D. Palmer Y Senior Fellow for Energy and Climate. Palmer joined Heartland in January, 2017. Fred Palmer is Peabody Energy’s Senior Vice President of Government Relations. [162], [163]
Herbert J. Walberg Y Senior Fellow, Education
Joseph Davis Y Librarian
Robert G. Holland Y Senior Fellow, Education
Tim Huelskamp Y President and CEO
Nathan Makla Y Y State Government Relations Manager
Kyle Maichle Y Y Project Manager, Constitutional Reform, The Heartland Institute
Logan Elizabeth Pike Y State Government Relations Manager, The Heartland Institute
MaryAnn McCabe Y State Government Relations Manager
Michael Hamilton Y
Steve Stanek Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Research Fellow, Finance Insurance and Real Estate
Robin Knox Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Administrator of Foundation Support, The Heartland Institute
Benjamin Domenech Y Y Y Y Y
James M. Taylor Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Environment and Energy Policy
Heather Kays Y Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Logan Pike Y State Government Relations Manager, The Heartland Institute
Veronica Adkins Y Marketing Manager
Joy Pullmann Y Y Y Research Fellow, Education
Taylor Smith Y Y
Jennifer Pinnell Y Vice President of Development
Conrad Meier Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Heartland Institute Staff
Mark Sulkin Y Director of Development, The Heartland Institute
Elizabeth Ow Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Graphic Designer
Kevin Fitzgerald Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Vice President
Tammy Nash Y Y Y Media Relations Manager
Alan B. Smith Y Y Senior Fellow, Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
Bruce Edward Walker Y Y Policy Advisor, Technology and Telecom
Bruno Behrend Y Y Senior Fellow, The Heartland Institute
Christian Cámara Y Y Florida Director, Center on Finance, Insurance and Real Estate.
Eli Lehrer Y Y National Director and Vice President.
Julie Drenner Y Y Co-founder, Texas Director, R-Street
Antoinette Blacconeri Y Intern, Government Relations Department
Brandon Arnold Y Director, Government and Institutional Relations, Free To Choose Medicine Project.
Deborah Bailin Y Administrator, Washington, DC Office
Don Brown Y Senior Fellow, Insurance Policy.
John Monaghan Y Legislative Specialist.
Kendall Antekeier Y Writer
R.J. Lehmann Y Public Affairs Director, R Street Institute
Rachel Rivest Dunbar Y Corporate Relations Manager
Vincent H. Galbiati Y Managing Director, Free To Choose Medicine Project
Cheryl Parker Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Administrative Assistant, The Heartland Institute
Latreece Vankinscott Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Vice President - Administration, The Heartland Institute
Latonya Harris Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Computer Systems/Web Site Manager, The Heartland Institute
Maureen Martin Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Legal Affairs
Ralph Conner Y Y Y Y Y Local Legislation Manager, The Heartland Institute
Dan Miller Y Y Y Y Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Peter Fotos Y Y Y Director of Government Relations, The Heartland Institute
Ben Boychuk Y Policy Advisor, Education
Jesse Buggs Y Administrative Assistant, Center on Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
Marc Oestreich Y Legislative Specialist, Coordinator - Heartland Digital
Paul Chesser Y Associate Fellow, National Legal and Policy Center
Rachel Rivest Y Development Assistant, The Heartland Institute
Karla Dial Y Y Y Y Y Managing Editor, School Reform News
Tonya Houston Y Y Y Administrative Assistant/Database Manager, The Heartland Institute
Brian Costin Y Y Assistant Director of Government Relations, The Heartland Institute
Darrell Moore Y Y Administrative Assistant/Data Entry Clerk, The Heartland Institute
Jeff Emanuel Y Y Managing Editor. Health Care News
John O'Hara Y Y Membership Manager, The Heartland Institute
Lauren Chrissos Y Y Vice President - Development, The Heartland Institute
Zonia Pino Y Y Legislative Specialist, The Heartland Institute
Kristine Esposo Y Corporate Relations Manager, The Heartland Institute
Alexandra (Sandy) Liddy Bourne Y Y Y Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Cece Forrester Y Y Senior Development Associate, The Heartland Institute
Amy McIntyre Y Y Y Senior Graphic Designer
Steven Titch Y Y Y Independent Policy Analyst
Dane Wendell Y Legislative Specialist
Erin Murphy Y Legislative Assistant
James Rottet Y Legislative Specialist
Jim Eiden Y Legislative Specialist
Michael Van Winkle Y Media Specialist
Trevor Martin Y Government Relations Director
George Clowes Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
Erica Lieberman Y Y Y Executive Assistant
John Skorburg Y Y Y Associate Editor, Budget & Tax News
Sean Parnell Y Y Y Research Fellow, Health Policy
Susan Konig Y Y Managing Editor, Health Care News
Carole Wadley Y Data Entry Clerk/Receptionist
Phylicia Lyons Y Executive Director, Illinois School Choice Initiative
T. Nicholas Tyszka Y
Yolanda Richardson Y
Nikki Saret Y Y Y Y Associate Publisher
Allen Fore Y Vice President - Public Affairs
Ross Van Overberghe Y
Greg Lackner Y Public Affairs Director
Jen Beranek Y Design Assistant
Toria Jones Y Executive Assistant
John R. La Plante Y Y Y Research Assistant & Librarian
Lee Alan Lerner Y Y Public Affairs Director
Robin Sikora Y Executive Assistant
Latreece Smith Y Receptionist and Administrative Assistant
Tom Randall Y Managing Editor, Environment News
Bonner R. Cohen Y Senior fellow, National Center for Public Policy Research
Michelle Jones Y Receptionist & Administrative Assistant

Experts

*Note, the following is a partial list. It includes notable names from Heartland's “Journalists Guide” to global warming, their general experts list, policy advisors, as well as their “speakers bureau” which highlights certain policy experts. As noted on the Heartland website, not all of the experts they list maintain a direct relationship with Heartland.

View the attached spreadsheet to see a full list of Heartland Experts year over year (.xlsx).

Name 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2012 2014 2015 2016 2018 Heartland Description
James M. Taylor Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Environment and Energy Policy
Jay Lehr Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Science Director
Dennis Avery Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director, Center for Global Food Issues
Craig Idso Y Y Y Y Y Y Founder and Chairman, Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change
S. Fred Singer Y Y Y Y Y Y Director, the Science and Environmental Policy Project
Tom Harris Y Y Y Y Y Y Executive Director, International Climate Science Coalition
Steve Goreham Y Y Y Y Y Author, Environmental Researcher
Anthony R. Lupo Y Y Y Y Y Professor of Atmospheric Science, University of Missouri - Columbia
Anthony Watts Y Y Y Y Y Founder, SurfaceStations.org; WattsUpWithThat.com
Craig Loehle Y Y Y Y Y Principal Scientist, National Council for Air and Stream Improvement
E. Calvin Beisner Y Y Y Y Y National Spokesman, Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation
Fred Goldberg (1942-2016) Y Y Y Y Y Climate Analyst
George Taylor Y Y Y Y Y Former State Climatologist and Faculty Member, Oregon State University
Howard Hayden Y Y Y Y Y Professor of Physics Emeritus, University of Connecticut
Ian Plimer Y Y Y Y Y Professor of Mining Geology, The University of Adelaide
Indur Goklany Y Y Y Y Y Visiting Fellow, American Enterprise Institute
J. Scott Armstrong Y Y Y Y Y Professor, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
John Coleman Y Y Y Y Y Former Meteorologist, KUSI-TV San Diego
Lord Christopher Monckton Y Y Y Y Y Former Special Advisor, UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Madhav Khandekar Y Y Y Y Y Former Research Scientist, Environment Canada
Marlo Lewis Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Myron Ebell Y Y Y Y Y Director, Energy and Global Warming Policy, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Patrick Michaels Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Cato Institute
Richard Lindzen Y Y Y Y Y Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Meteorology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Robert Bradley Y Y Y Y Y CEO, Institute for Energy Research
Robert M. Carter (1942-2016) Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow of The Heartland Institute
Roy Spencer Y Y Y Y Y Principal Research Scientist, University of Alabama in Huntsville
Stanley Goldenberg Y Y Y Y Y Hurricane Meteorologist, Miami, FL
Timothy Ball Y Y Y Y Y Environmental Consultant and Former Climatology Professor, University of Winnipeg
Václav Klaus Y Y Y Y Y President, Czech Republic
Willie Soon Y Y Y Y Y Astrophysicist and a geoscientist based in Cambridge, MA; policy advisor, The Heartland Institute
Harrison Schmitt Y Y Y Y Former NASA Astronaut and U.S. Senator
Patrick Moore Y Y Y Y Co-founder, former leader of Greenpeace; Chairman of Ecology, Energy and Prosperity with Canada’s Frontier Centre for Public Policy
Ron Arnold Y Y Y Y Executive Vice President, Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise
William Kininmonth Y Y Y Y Scientist, Australasian Climate Research
Roy Cordato Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Vice President for Research, John Locke Foundation
Norman Rogers Y Y Y Y Author, Founder of Rabbitt Semiconductor
Walter Starck Y Y Y Y Marine scientist and expert on coral reefs
Andreas Prokoph (1965-2016) Y Y Y Y Adjunct Professor, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa
Antonino Zichichi Y Y Y Y Founder and Director, Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture
Art Horn Y Y Y Y Meteorologist, The Art of Weather
Barun Mitra Y Y Y Y Founder and Director, Liberty Institute
Boris Winterhalter Y Y Y Y Senior Marine Research (retired), Geological Survey of Finland
Chris de Freitas Y Y Y Y Associate Professor, University of Auckland
Chris Horner Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Christopher Essex Y Y Y Y Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario
Daniel Simmons Y Y Y Y Director of State Affairs, Institute for Energy Research
David Archibald Y Y Y Y Director, The Lavoisier Society
David Bellamy Y Y Y Y Botanist, The Conservation Foundation
David Douglass Y Y Y Y Professor of Physics, University of Rochester
David Wojick Y Y Y Y Former consultant, Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Donald Boudreaux Y Y Y Y Chairman, Department of Economics, George Mason University
Ferenc Miskolczi Y Y Y Y Atmospheric Physicist
Freeman Dyson Y Y Y Y Emeritus Professor of Physics, Institute for Advanced Studies
Gerd-Rainer Weber Y Y Y Y Scientist, German Coal Mining Association
H. Sterling Burnett Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow and Managing Editor, Environment & Climate News
Iain Murray Y Y Y Y Director of Projects and Analysis/Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Ian Clark Y Y Y Y Professor of Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa
James O'Brien Y Y Y Y Professor Emeritus of Meteorology and Oceanography, The Florida State University
Joel Schwartz Y Y Y Y Visiting Scholar, American Enterprise Institute
Joseph D'Aleo Y Y Y Y Executive Director, Icecap.us; Co-chief Meteorologist, WeatherBELL Analytics,LLC
Kennith Chilton Y Y Y Y Director, Institute for Study of Economics and the Environment
Kesten Green Y Y Y Y Senior Research Fellow, Ehrenberg-Bass Institute, University of South Australia Business School
Lee Gerhard Y Y Y Y Senior Scientist Emeritus, University of Kansas
Marc Morano Y Y Y Y Executive editor and chief correspondent, ClimateDepot.com
Owen McShane (1941-2012) Y Y Y Y Chairman, Policy Panel, New Zealand Climate Science Coalition
R. Timothy Patterson Y Y Y Y Professor of Geology, Carleton University
Robert Essenhigh Y Y Y Y Bailey Professor of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University
Sallie Baliunas Y Y Y Y Astrophysicist and Senior Scientist, George C. Marshall Institute
Steven Milloy Y Y Y Y Portfolio Manager, Free Enterprise Action Fund
Syun-Ichi Akasofu Y Y Y Y Founding Director, International Arctic Research Center
Thomas Tanton Y Y Y Y Director of Science and Technology Assessment, E&E Legal
Todd Myers Y Y Y Y Environmental Director, Washington Policy Center
Tom Segalstad Y Y Y Y Associate Professor of Resource and Environmental Geology, University of Oslo
Vincent Gray Y Y Y Y Expert Reviewer, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
William Briggs Y Y Y Y Statistical Consultant, New York Methodist Hospital; wmbriggs.com
William Gray (1929-2016) Y Y Y Y Emeritus Professor of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University
Alan Carlin Y Y Y Carlin Economics and Science
Alan Moran Y Y Y Past Director, Deregulation Unit at the Institute of Public Affairs
Arthur B. Robinson Y Y Y Cofounder, Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine
Brian Valentine Y Y Y General Engineer, U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Fred L. Smith Y Y Y President and Founder, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Ivar Giaever Y Y Y Fellow, American Physical Society
Jan Veizer Y Y Y Emeritus Professor of Geology, University of Ottawa
John Theon Y Y Y NASA Atmospheric Scientist (retired)
Kenneth Haapala Y Y Y President, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
Kiminori Itoh Y Y Y Professor, Yokohama National University
Laurence Gould Y Y Y Professor of Physics, University of Hartford
Nir Shaviv Y Y Y Professor, Racah Institute of Physics
Peter Dietze Y Y Y Energy Advisor and Climate Modeler, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Petr Chylek Y Y Y Team Leader, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Paul Driessen Y Y Y Y Y Senior Policy Advisor, Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow and Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise
Jerome Arnett Jr. Y Y Y Y Pulmonologist
Joe Bastardi Y Y Y Chief Meteorologist, WeatherBell
Larry Bell Y Y Y Endowed Professor - Space Architecture, University of Houston
Marita Noon Y Y Y Executive Director, Citizen's Alliance for Responsible Energy
Walter Cunningham Y Y Y Apollo 7 astronaut, author
W. Kip Viscusi Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Distinguished Professor, Vanderbilt University
Randy E. Barnett Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Legal Theory, the Georgetown University Law Center
Richard Ebeling Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Distinguished Professor of Ethics and Free Enterprise Leadership, The Citadel
Richard Vedder Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Professor of Economics, Ohio University
Brad Rodu Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Bruce L. Benson Y Y Y Y Y Economics Department Chair, Florida State University
Mark Thornton Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow and Resident Faculty Member, Ludwig von Mises Institute
Steve Hanke Y Y Y Y Y Professor of Applied Economics, The Johns Hopkins University
Thomas DiLorenzo Y Y Y Y Y Economics Professor, Loyola University Maryland
William F. Shughart II Y Y Y Y Y Fish Smith Professor in Public Choice, Jon M. Huntsman School of Business, Utah State University
Joseph Bast Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director and Senior Fellow
Wendell Cox Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Wendell Cox, Principal of Wendell Cox Consultancy
John Dale Dunn Y Y Y Y Physician, Attorney, and Policy Advisor to The Heartland Institute
Cecil Bohanon Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Professor of Economics, Ball State University
Sean Parnell Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Research Fellow, Health Policy
Alan Caruba Y Y Y Founder, The National Anxiety Center
Charles W. Baird Y Y Y Former Professor of Economics, California State University, East Bay
James DeLong Y Y Y Vice President, COO and Senior Analyst, Convergence Law Institute, LLC
Jim Lakely Y Y Y Director of Communications
John Nothdurft Y Y Y Director of Government Relations
Mischa Popoff Y Y Y Author, Is It Organic?
Peter Ferrara Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Entitlement and Budget Policy
James L. Johnston Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Economic Policy
Thomas Walton Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Affiliated expert, AEG
Don Coursey Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Graduate school of public policy, University of Chicago
Ronald D. Rotunda Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Doy & Dee Henley Chair and Distinguished Professor of Jurisprudence, Chapman University
Sam Peltzman Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Emeritus, Business School, University of Chicago
Barry Poulson Y Y Y Y Emeritus Professor of Economics, University of Colorado
Dwight Lee Y Y Y Y William J. O’Neil Professor of Global Markets and Freedom, Southern Methodist University
Gary MacDougal Y Y Y Y Author, former CEO of Mark Controls, former advisor to Illinois governor's office
George L. Priest Y Y Y Y Edward J. Phelps Professor of Law and Economics, Yale Law School
Richard McKenzie Y Y Y Y Walter B. Gerken Professor of Enterprise and Society, UC-Irvine
Stan Liebowitz Y Y Y Y Director, Center for Analysis of Property Rights and Innovation, University of Texas at Dallas
Alexandra (Sandy) Liddy Bourne Y Y Y Y Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Howard Maccabee Y Y Y Founding President, Doctors for Disaster Preparedness
Michael R. Fox (1936-2011) Y Y Y
Miklos Zagoni Y Y Y Physicist and Science Historian, Eotvos Lorand University (Budapest)
Merrill Matthews Y Y Y Y Y Y Resident Scholar with the Institute for Policy Innovation
Richard Stroup Y Y Y Y Y Y Adjunct Professor, Poole College of Management, North Carolina State University
Andrew Morriss Y Y D. Paul Jones, Jr. & Charlene Angelich Jones Chairholder of Law, University of Alabama
Angela Logomasini Y Y Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Bartlett Cleland Y Y Managing Director, Madery Bridge Associates
Bill Peacock Y Y Vice President of Research and Director of the Center for Economic Freedom, Texas Public Policy Foundation
Bonner R. Cohen Y Y Senior fellow, National Center for Public Policy Research
Bruce Yandle Y Y Distinguished Adjunct Professor of Economics, George Mason University
Charles Battig Y Y Retired physician and electrical engineer
Clyde Wayne Crews Jr. Y Y Vice President for Policy, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Donald J. Devine Y Y Senior Scholar, The Fund for American Studies
Donn Dears Y Y Energy Expert; General Electric executive (retired)
Horace Cooper Y Y Senior Fellow
Isaac Orr Y Y Research Fellow
Jack Spencer Y Y Director, Roe Institute
James E. Enstrom Y Y Research Professor, University of California Los Angeles School of Public Health
James Wanliss Y Y Professor of Physics, Presbyterian College
Jeff Stier Y Y Senior Fellow, Consumer Choice Center
Jeffrey Tucker Y Y Director of Digital Development, Foundation for Economic Education
Jeré C. Fabick Y Y Milwaukee, Wisconsin
John A. Baden Y Y Chairman, Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment
John C. Goodman Y Y President, Goodman Institute for Public Policy Research
Jonathan H. Adler Y Y Johan Verheij Memorial Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Business Law & Regulation, Case Western Reserve University School of Law
Richard A. Viguerie Y Y Chairman, American Target Advertising
Robert Zubrin Y Y Founder and President, Pioneer Energy
Russell Cook Y Y Contributing Editor, Environment & Climate News
Sally Pipes Y Y President, CEO, and Thomas W. Smith Fellow in Health Care Policy, Pacific Research Institute
Sam Kazman Y Y General Counsel, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Scott Cleland Y Y President of Precursor LLC
Herbert J. Walberg Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
Benjamin Ginsberg Y
David Deming Y Professor of Arts and Sciences, Mewbourne College of Earth and Energy, University of Oklahoma
Holger J. Thuss Y President, European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE)
Jon Basil Utley Y Publisher, the American Conservative
Kathleen Hartnett White Y Distinguished Senior Fellow and Director, Armstrong Center for Energy and the Environment
Michael L. Marlow Y Professor of Economics, Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo
Tim Huelskamp Y President and CEO
Yaron Brook Y Executive Director, The Ayn Rand Institute
David Legates Y Y Y Y Climatologist and Director, Delaware Environmental Observing System
David Tuerck Y Y Y Y President, Beacon Hill Institute
Robert Balling Y Y Y Y Professor of Climatology, Arizona State University
John Charles Y Y Y Y Y Y Y President and CEO, Cascade Policy Institute
Andrei Illarionov Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Cato Institute
Dan Gainor Y Y Y Vice President, Business & Media Institute
David Schnare Y Y Y Senior Fellow - Energy and the Environment, Thomas Jefferson Institute for Public Policy
Eric Posmentier Y Y Y Adjunct Faculty Member, Dartmouth College
Fred Michel Y Y Y Director, Institute of Environmental Science, Carleton University
Hans Labohm Y Y Y Guest Teacher, Netherlands Defense Academy
John Christy Y Y Y Director, Earth System Science Center, University of Alabama - Huntsville
Julian Morris Y Y Y Executive Director, International Policy Network
Kendra Okonski Y Y Y Former Environment Programme Director, International Policy Network
Kenneth Green Y Y Y Senior Director, Energy and Natural Resource Studies, Fraser Institute
Leon Louw Y Y Y Executive Director, Free Market Foundation
Margo Thorning Y Y Y Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, American Council for Capital Formation
Paul Chesser Y Y Y Associate Fellow, National Legal and Policy Center
Randall Cerveny Y Y Y Associate Professor of Geography, Arizona State University
Richard Courtney Y Y Y Energy and Environment Consultant
Richard Rahn Y Y Y Chairman, Institute for Global Economic Growth
Robert Murphy Y Y Y Economist, Institute for Energy Research
Ross McKitrick Y Y Y Associate Professor of Economics, University of Guelph
Roy Innis Y Y Y National Chairman and CEO, Congress of Racial Equality
Yuri Izrael Y Y Y Vice Chairman, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Ann McElhinney Y Y Director and Producer, Not Evil Just Wrong
Jim Martin Y Y President, 60 Plus Association
John H. Sununu Y Y President, JHS Associates, Ltd.
Lawrence Solomon Y Y Founder and Managing Director, Energy Probe Research Foundation
Phelim McAleer Y Y Director and Producer, Not Evil Just Wrong
Sherwood B. Idso Y Y President, Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change
Ron Scheberle Y Y Executive Director, American Legislative Exchange Council
Doug Bandow Y Senior Fellow, Cato Institute
Gilbert L. Ross Y Former Executive Director, Medical Director, American Council on Science and Health (ACSH)
Henry I. Miller Y Robert Wesson Fellow in Scientific Philosophy and Public Policy, Hoover Institution
John McClaughry Y Vice President, Etahn Allen Institute
John Stephenson Y Director of the Telecommunications and Information Technology Task Force at the American Legislative Exchange Council
Jonathan Williams Y Vice President, Center for State Fiscal Reform, American Legislative Exchange Council
Michael F. Cannon Y Director Health Policy Studies, Cato Institute
Randall Holcombe Y
Robert Higgs Y Senior Fellow in Political Economy, Independent Institute
Robert Poole Y Searle Freedom Trust Transportation Fellow, Reason Foundation
Tom Giovanetti Y President, Institute for Policy Innovation
Alfred Pekarek Y Y Assistant Professor of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, St. Cloud State University
Barry Brill Y
Brian Sussman Y
Christopher Booker Y
David W. Kreutzer Y
Don Easterbrook Y
James Delingpole Y
Jennifer Marohasy Y
Joanne Nova Y
Richard A. Keen Y
Roger Helmer Y
Thomas Wysmuller Y
Eugene Volokh Y Y Y Policy Advisor, Legal Affairs.
Gordon Tullock Y Y Y
Alan B. Smith Y Senior Fellow, Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
David H. Padden Y Y Y Y Y Y
James M. Buchanan Y Y Center for Public Choice, George Mason University 
Robert B Ekelund Jr. Y Y Lowder Eminent Scholar, Economics Dept. Auburn University
Stephen A. Moses Y Y Center for Long-Term Care Financing
Maureen Martin Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Legal Affairs
Ralph Conner Y Y Y Local Legislation Manager, The Heartland Institute
Benny Peiser Y Social Anthropologist.
Bjorn Lomborg Y Director, Copenhagen Consensus Centre.
Christopher Landsea Y Science and Operations Officer, National Hurricane Center
David Henderson Y Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
G. Cornelis van Kooten Y Professor and Canada Research Chair, University of Victoria.
Gordon Swaters Y University of Alberta.
Henry Linden Y Professor, Illinois Institute of Technology.    
Paul Reiter Y Professor, Institut Pasteur.
Roger Pielke Y Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences.
Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen Y Reader in Geography, University of Hull.
Zbigniew Jaworowski Y
Angela Antonelli Y Y Y Y
Diane Bast Y Y Y Y Executive Editor and Finance Manager
Donald Leal Y Y Y Y
Frank Resnik Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Jacob Sullum Y Y Y Y
Michael Fumento Y Y Y Y
Robert Buford Y Y Y Y Chicago, Illinois
Robert Levy Y Y Y Y
Ron Utt Y Y Y Y
Steve Hayward Y Y Y Y
Candice de Russy Y
Roy E. Marden Y Y Y

Additional experts lists:

The Heartland Institute released a December 2014 flyer titled “It's Time to Debate Global Warming (PDF)” where they listed “58 experts who don't believe global warming is a crisis.” The flyer included many of the most high-profile climate change skeptics listed as “experts” on their website. DeSmogBlog researched those same 58 experts, and has produced a counter-flyer that identifies the extent of peer-reviewed research and background on each. [40][41]

Senior Fellows

Name 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 Description
Alan B. Smith Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
George Clowes Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
Wendell Cox Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Wendell Cox, Principal of Wendell Cox Consultancy
Lee Walker Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Urban Policy
Steven Titch Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Independent Policy Analyst
Brian Wesbury Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Chief Economist, First Trust Advisors L.P
James L. Johnston Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Economic Policy
James M. Taylor Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Environment and Energy Policy
Richard Dolinar Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Clinical Endocrinologist and Senior Fellow, The Heartland Institute
Robert G. Holland Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
Dennis Avery Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director, Center for Global Food Issues
Greg Scandlen Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Health Care
Herbert J. Walberg Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Education
Jay Lehr Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Science Director
Brad Rodu Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Craig Idso Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Founder and Chairman, Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change
Paul Fisher Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Legal Affairs
Peter Ferrara Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Entitlement and Budget Policy
Ross Kaminsky Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Finance
S. Fred Singer Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Director, the Science and Environmental Policy Project
Jeff Judson Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Bruno Behrend Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, The Heartland Institute
Robert M. Carter (1942-2016) Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow of The Heartland Institute
Benjamin Domenech Y Y Y Y
Gregory Conley Y Y Y Y Research Fellow
Bette Grande Y Y Y Research Fellow
Maureen Martin Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Legal Affairs
Rob Natelson Y Y Senior Fellow in Constitutional Jurisprudence for The Heartland Institute and the Independence Institute
Arthur B. Robinson Y Cofounder, Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine
Frederick D. Palmer Y Senior Fellow, Energy and Climate
H. Sterling Burnett Y Senior Fellow and Managing Editor, Environment & Climate News
Horace Cooper Y Senior Fellow
Joseph Bast Y Director and Senior Fellow
David V. Anderson Y Senior Fellow, Education
Alexandra (Sandy) Liddy Bourne Y Y Y Y Policy Advisor, The Heartland Institute
Don Brown Y Y Senior Fellow, Insurance Policy.
Eli Lehrer Y Y National Director and Vice President.
John Rutledge Y Y Y Y Y Chairman, Rutledge Capital
Conrad Meier Y Y Y Heartland Institute Staff
Jim Johnston Y Y Y energy and regulation
Merrill Matthews Y Y Y Resident Scholar with the Institute for Policy Innovation
Thomas Roeser Y Y politics

Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) — 2012

The Heartland Institute sponsors the NIPCC, an “international network of scientists who write and speak out on climate change” and contributes approximately $300,000 a year for the group to work on Climate Change Reconsidered (the NIPCC report), according to the Heartland Institute's 2012 Fundraising Plan (p. 13).

The following individuals are listed in the Heartland Institute's 2012 Proposed Budget, under the “Personnel Budget” for the NIPCC Project:

$/month Name Chapter Institution Country
$11,600 Craig Idso Senior Editor Center for the Study of CO2 & Global Change USA
$5,000 Fred Singer Co-Editor Science and Environmental Policy Project USA
$1,667 Robert Carter Co-Editor James Cook University and Institute for Public Affairs Australia
$1,000 Madhav Khandekar 1.3 Extreme Events Environment Canada Canada
$1,000 Indur Goklany** 2.5 Economics and Policy U.S. Department of Interior USA
$1,000 Robert Balling tentative Arizona State University USA
$750 Anthony Lupo 1.4 Climate Models University of Missouri USA
$750 Mitch Taylor 2.2 Terrestrial Animals Lakehead University Canada
$750 Susan Crockford 2.2 Terrestrial Animals University of Victoria Australia
$500 Joe D'Aleo 1.3 Extreme Events ICECAP USA
$125 Willie Soon contributor - paid by review Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics USA
$125 Craig Loehle contributor - paid by review National Council for Air and Stream Improvement USA
$125 David Watkins contributor - paid by review Michigan Technological University USA

** Representative Raúl M. Grijalva called for a full Natural Resources Committee hearing (PDF) to probe whether Indur Goklany improperly received payments from the Heartland Institute (including his work on the NRSP Report) while he was working as Senior Advisor to the U.S. Interior Department. 

Below is a full list of past NIPCC Climate Change Reconsidered (CCR) contributors (John Mashey also provides a summary on page 36 of his 2012 report “Fake Science, fakesperts, funny finances, free of tax” ): [43][44], [45], [46][47][48]

2008 CCR 2009 CCR 2011 CCR 2013 CCR 2014 CCR 2015 CCR
Joseph Bast Editor Editor Editor - -
Diane Carol Bast Editor Editor Editor Editor Editor
S.T. Karnick - - Editor Editor Editor
Robert Carter Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Lead Author Lead Author/Editor Lead Author/Editor Author
Craig Idso Contributor Lead Author Lead Author Lead Author/Editor Lead Author/Editor Author
S. Fred Singer Contributor/Editor Lead Author Lead Author Lead Author/Editor Lead Author/Editor Author
Warren Anderson Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
J. Scott Armstrong Contributor/Reviewer - Contributing Author -
Dennis Avery Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Franco Battaglia Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Reviewer -
Piers Corbyn - Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Richard Courtney Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Susan Crockford - - Contributor - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Joseph D'Aleo Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Contributor Contributing Author -
Don Easterbrook - Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Lead Author -
Indur Goklany - - Contributor - -
Fred Goldberg Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Reviewer Contributing Author/Reviewer
Vincent Gray Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Reviewer -
William Gray - Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Reviewer -
Kesten Green - Contributor/Reviewer - Contributing Author -
Kenneth Haapala Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
David Hagen - Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Klaus Heiss Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Sherwood Idso - - Contributor Chapter Lead Author Lead Author/Editor
Zbiginew Jaworowski Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Olavi Karner Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Reviewer -
Richard Alan Keen - Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Madhav Khandekar Contributor Contributor/Reviewer Contributor Chapter Lead Author Contributing Author/Reviewer
William Kininmonth Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Lead Author -
Hans Labohm Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Anthony R. Lupo - Contributor/Reviewer Contributor Chapter Lead Author -
Howard Maccabee - Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Michael H. Mogil - Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Christopher Monckton Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Lubos Motl Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Stephan Murgatroyd - Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Nicola Scafetta - Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Reviewer -
Tom Segalstad Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - Contributing Author Contributing Author/Reviewer
Harrison Schmitt - Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Willie Soon - - Contributor Chapter Lead Author -
George H. Taylor Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Mitch Taylor Contributor/Reviewer Contributor - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Dick Thoenes Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - - -
Anton Uriarte Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Reviewer -
Gerd Weber Contributor Contributor/Reviewer - Chapter Reviewer Contributing Author/Reviewer
Timothy Ball - - - Chapter Lead Author -
Willem de Lange - - - Chapter Lead Author -
Sebastian Luning - - - Chapter Lead Author -
Cliff Ollier - - - Chapter Lead Author Contributing Author/Reviewer
Ross McKitrick - - - Contributing Author -
Roy Spencer - - - Contributing Author -
Joe Bastardi - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Habibullo Abdussamatov - - - Chapter Reviewer -
David Q. Bowen - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Roy Clark - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Vincent Courtillot - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Christopher Essex - - - Chapter Reviewer -
David Evans - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Soren Floderus - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Stewart Franks - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Eigil Friis-Christensen - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Laurence Gould - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Howard Hayden - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Martin Hovland - - - Chapter Reviewer -
James O'Brien - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Garth Paltridge - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Donald Rapp - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Carl Ribbing - - - Chapter Reviewer -
John Shade - - - Chapter Reviewer -
Gary Sharp - - - Chapter Reviewer Contributing Author/Reviewer
Jan-Erik Solheim - - - Chapter Reviewer -
David J. Barnes - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Raymond Cloyd - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Weihong Cui - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Kees DeGroot - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Robert G. Dillon - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
John Dale Dunn - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Henrik Ole Ellestad - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Barry Goldman - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Hoese H. Dickson - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Morten Jodal - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Miroslav Kutilek - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Steven W Leavitt - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Howard Maccabee - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Jennifer Marohasy - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Jim Petch - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Robert J. Reginato - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Paul Reiter - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Walter Stark - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
David Stockwell - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Bastow Wilson - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer
Raphael Wust - - - - Contributing Author/Reviewer

Heartland Institute's International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC)

Since 2008, the Heartland Institute has hosted their annual International Conference on Climate Change where dozens of climate change skeptics converge to discuss issues and strategies to oppose climate action:

ICCC1
Date: March 2-4, 2008
Location: New York

The conference, titled “Global Warming: Truth or Swindle,” was described as a “gathering of skeptics.” Heartland contends that skeptics lack a “platform from which they can be heard,” as “Their voices have been drowned out by publicity built upon the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an entity with an agenda to build support for the theory of man-made catastrophic global warming.”  

According to conference's invitation letter, “The purpose of the conference is to generate international media attention to the fact that many scientists believe forecasts of rapid warming and catastrophic events are not supported by sound science, and that expensive campaigns to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are not necessary or cost-effective.” (emphasis added).

RealClimate reported on the conference and concluded it “is not aimed at understanding, it is a PR event aimed at generating media reports.” [49]

ICCC1 Speakers [50]. [130]

ICCC1 Cosponsors [50], [51]

ICCC2
Date: March 8-10, 2009
Location New York

DeSmogBlog researched the funding behind Heartland's Second International Conference on Climate Change and found that sponsor organizations had received over $47 million in funding from energy companies and right-wing foundations, with 78% of that total coming from Scaife Family foundations:

ExxonMobil (1998-2006):                    $6,199,000
Koch Foundations (1986-2006):          $4,438,920
Scaife Foundations (1985-2006):      $36,868,640

Grand Total:                                    $47,506,560

DeSmogBlog reported on the conference here.

ICCC2 Speakers [52], [129]

ICCC2 Cosponsors [53]

ICCC3
Date: June 2, 2009
Location: Washington, DC

Details:

The conference's theme was “Climate Change: Scientific Debate and Economic Analysis,” to reflect Heartland's belief that that “scientific debate is not over.” The conference set out to “call attention to widespread dissent to the asserted 'consensus' on various aspects of climate change and global warming.” [54]

According to the Heartland Institute, “The purpose of the event is to expose Congressional staff and journalists to leading scientists and economists in the nation's capital. Senators and Representatives will be invited to speak side-by-side with leading scientists and economists. Allied organizations have been invited to be cosponsors, to help supply speakers and promote the event to their members and supporters.” [55]

ICCC3 Speakers [56]

ICCC3 Cosponsors [57]

ICCC4
Date: May 16-18, 2010
Location: Chicago, IL

The conference's theme was “Reconsidering the Science and Economics,” and its purpose was “to build momentum and public awareness of the global warming 'realism' movement.” [196]

DeSmogBlog concluded 19 of the 65 sponsors (including Heartland itself) had received a total of over $40 million in funding since 1985 from ExxonMobil (who funded 13 of the organizations), and/or Koch Industries family foundations (funded 10 organizations) and/or the Scaife family foundations (funded 10 organizations). [197]

Summary:

ExxonMobil (1998-2008): $6,588,250 ($389,250 more than reported in 2009)
Koch Foundations (1985-2008): $17,572,210 ($13,133,290 more than reported in 2009)
Scaife Family Foundations (1985-2008): $16,352,000 ($20,516,640 less than reported in 2009*)
Total Funding 1985-2008: $40,512,460

*The Heritage Foundation sponsored the 2009 conference and is notably absent from sponsoring the 2010 ICCC. According to archived funding information at Media Matters, Heritage has received $23,096,640 from Scaife, $2,417,000 from Koch and $565,000 from Exxon between 1998 and 2006.

ICCC4 Speakers [58

ICCC4 Cosponsors [58

ICCC5
Date: October 1, 2010
Location: Sydney, Australia

A “seminar on climate change” that took place following the Pacific Rim Policy Exchange, described as “two days of workshops and brainstorming with free market advocates from the Pacific Rim.” [59]

See the draft agenda (PDF). Videos of the speakers are available at the ICCC website.  [60]

Speakers [61]

Cosponsors [141][123]

ICCC6
Date: June 30-July 1, 2011
Location: Washington, DC

The theme of the conference was “Restoring the Scientific Method,” and based on the premise that “claims of scientific certainty and predictions of climate catastrophes are based on 'post-normal science,' which substitutes claims of consensus for the scientific method.”

DeSmogBlog concluded that 17 of the 43 sponsors of the Heartland Institute's Sixth International Conference on Climate Change, including the Heartland Institute itself, had collectively received over $46 million from either Scaife Foundations, Koch Foundations, or ExxonMobil:

Scaife Foundations (1998-2010): $28,557,000  ($12,205,000 more than 2010*)
Koch Foundations (1998-2009): $11,330,980 ($6,241,230 less than 2010)
ExxonMobil (1998-2010): $6,276,900 ($311,350 less than 2010)
Total Funding (1998-2010): 

$46,164,880

*The Heritage Foundation, notably absent from the 2010 ICCC, is a sponsor again for the 2011 ICCC. Heritage has received $14,873,571 from industry sources.

ICCC6 Speakers [62]

ICCC6 Cosponsors [62]

ICCC7
Date: May 21 - 23, 2012
Location: Chicago, Illinois

The Heartland Institute’s Seventh International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC-7) was designed to follow the NATO Summit taking place in Chicago from May 19 to 21.

The theme of ICCC7 is “Real Science, Real Choices.” Heartland reports it will consist of “concurrent panel sessions exploring what real climate science is telling us about the causes and consequences of climate change, and the real consequences of choices being made based on the current perceptions of the state of climate science.”

DeSmogBlog researched co-sponsors behind the conference and discovered that they had received a total of over $67 Million from ExxonMobil, Koch, and Scaife family foundations:

ExxonMobil (1998-2010):              $7,312,500
Koch Foundations (1986-2010):     $14,391,975
Scaife Foundations (1985-2010):   $45,337,640

Grand Total:                               $67,042,115 

Heartland gives a passing mention to the “global warming scandal” where Peter Gleick obtained Heartland's documents revealing some of its plans and posting them online. Heartland frames the event as “Fakegate,” given the possibility that one of the documents was faked. However, they continue to redirect the public's eye away from the information revealed from authentic documents also released. [114]

During Joseph Bast's closing remarks for the conference, he suggested that the group no longer plans to hold future conferences as it is struggling financially after losing many of its sponsors following their unsuccessful billboard campaign.

Speakers [115]

Cosponsors [63], [122]

Sponsor Sponsorship Level
Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow Gold
Illinois Coal Association Gold
Leadership Institute Gold
Alternate Solutions Institute Silver
Americans for Tax Reform Silver
Australian Libertarian Society Silver
Beacon Hill Institute Silver
Carbon Sense Coalition Silver
Free To Choose Network Silver
Ice Age Now Silver
Independent Institute Silver
Instituto Liberdade Silver
International Climate and Environmental Change Assessment Project (ICECAP) Silver
Junk Science Silver
Power for USA Silver
Reason Foundation Silver
Science and Environmental Policy Project Silver
TS August Silver
Virginia Scientists and Engineers for Energy and the Environment Silver
Cathay Institute for Public Affairs Silver
60 Plus Association Silver
Acton Institute
African Centre for Advocacy and Human Development
American Conservative Union
Americans for Prosperity Foundation
American Tradition Institute
Australian Taxpayers’ Alliance
Austrian Economics Center
Ayn Rand Center for Individual Rights
Berlin Manhattan Institute for Free Enterprise
Capital Research Center
Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise
Center for Industrial Progress
Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change
Citizens’ Alliance for Responsible Energy
Climate Realists
Competitive Enterprise Institute
Doctors for Disaster Preparedness
Economic Thinking
Energy Makes America Great, Inc.
European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE)
Freedom Foundation of Minnesota
Frontier Centre for Public Policy
Frontiers of Freedom
Grassroot Institute of Hawaii
Heritage Foundation
Institute for Liberty
Institute for Private Enterprise
International Climate Science Coalition
Lavoisier Group
Liberty Institute
John Locke Foundation
Manhattan Project
George C. Marshall Institute
Media Research Center
National Center for Policy Analysis
New Zealand Climate Science Coalition
Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine
Science and Public Policy Institute

ICCC8
Date: November 30 - December 1, 2012
Location: Munich, Germany

The Heartland Institute partners with the Germany-based skeptic organization EIKE (European Institute for Climate and Energy) to host a combination event of the Heartland Institute's Eight International Conference on Climate Change, and EIKE's the Fifth International Conference on Climate and Energy. [64]

“This conference is more proof, if any were needed, that important issues surrounding the causes, extent, and consequences of climate change remain unresolved in the scientific community,” said Heartland Institute President Joseph Bast.

“The scientific evidence grows stronger each day that we are not facing a global warming crisis, and I look forward to presenting another conference where the scientists themselves will explain the evidence,” said Heartland Senior Fellow James M. Taylor.

ICCC8 Speakers [65], [64]

ICCC8 Sponsors [65]

ICCC9
Date: July 7 - 9, 2014
Location: Las Vegas Nevada, USA

DeSmogBlog Reported on the Heartland Institute's Ninth International Conference on Climate Change, describing the event's revival despite Joseph Bast's previous declaration that he had “no plans to do another ICCC” after losing funding from many corporate sponsors due to backlash from the unabomber billboard campaign. In order to boost attendance, Heartland joined with the libertarian FreedomFest event. [66], [67], [68]

Heartland ICCC9 speakers included the following, according to the Heartland Institute's website. Media Matters also covered the speakers in a piece titled “Climate Denial Goes to Vegas.” [70][71]

Co-sponsors to the Heartland Institute's Ninth International Conference on Climate Change included the following: [69]

ICCC10
Date: July 7 - 9, 2015
Location: Washington DC, USA

DeSmogBlog UK reported on the speakers and sponsors behind Heartland's ICCC10. DeSmogBlog UK's editor Brendan Montague was refused entry into the event and had his media credentials withdrawn.

Gene Koprowski, director of marketing, said he “refused to be drawn into a philosophical debate” when asked whether a think tank claiming to champion personal liberty and press freedom should begin blacklisting members of the media. [72]

The Heartland Institute describes the conference as coving the following “important questions”: [73]

  1. Is it time for Congress to take a fresh look at climate science and examine the economic impacts of past and current laws.
  2. Is it time for Congress to explore better science-based policies for energy and the environment?
  3. In short: Isn’t it time to start over on the question of global warming?

Keynote Speakers [74]

Panelists [74]

Moderators [74]

Cosponsors [121]

ICCC11
Date: December 11 - 12, 2015
Location:  Essen, Germany

The Heartland Institute co-sponsored the Eleventh International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC11) with the European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE). According to the Heartland Institute's event description, ICCC11 was designed to follow up the Heartland Institute's trip to Paris for the United Nations' COP-21:

“We brought a needed discussion to COP-21 in Paris by putting science before ideology,” said Jim Lakely, director of communications at The Heartland Institute. “That conversation continues, in longer form, with another great program with world-renowned scientists and policy experts in Essen. We're proud to co-host this conference with our friends at EIKE.”[135]

Speakers: [136], [137]

ICCC12

Date: March 23 - 24, 2017
Location:  Washington, DC.

The Heartland Institute's Twelfth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC12) was held in Washington, DC. with the theme of “Resetting Climate Policy.” The Washington Post reported that the gathering was attended by the Republican mega donors Robert Mercer and his daughter, Rebekah Mercer.  On the first day of the conference, they joined Joseph Bast for the lunch keynote speech where “They listened intently as Patrick J. Michaels, director of the Cato Institute’s Center for the Study of Science, argued that the Obama administration erred in finding that greenhouse gas emissions endanger public health,” reported the Post. [168], [169]

Mother Jones also reported on the conference, noting that the mood was “triumphant and hopeful” in the wake of Trump's presidency and his plans to roll back EPA regulations. [170]

We’ve been at this for 33 years. We have a lot of people in our network,” Joseph Bast told Mother Jones, “and many of these people are now in this new administration.” Transition staff and new appointees in the Trump administration “occasionally ask us for advice and names of people,” he added. [170]

Bast said that rescinding the EPA's endangerment finding on CO2 was the “number one” priority under Trump's EPA.  [170]

Speakers at ICCC12, either listed on Heartland's initial conference plan or included in Heartland's video coverage of the event, included the following: [171], [172]

November 23 – 24, 2018

EIKE hosted its 12th International Conference on Climate and Energy (12. Internationale Klima- und Energiekonferenz), also billed as the Heartland Institute's 13th International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC13). The Heartland Institute's sponsorship of the event was also noted in a press release by Heartland's director of communications Jim Lakely and amplified by the State Policy Network. Video coverage of the event (see day 1) was streamed via EIKE's YouTube channel. [236], [237]

Speakers included:

Actions

December 6, 2018

Attending the 24thUN Conference of the Parties (COP-24) in Katowice, Poland, the Heartland Institute’s James Taylor signed a joint statement with representatives of Poland’s Solidarity labor union challenging the consensus viewpoints held by parties to the convention. [239]

The document states:

We, speaking as one, believe in the restoration of the Scientific Method and the dismissal of ideological dogma at the United Nations. That means a healthy skepticism of data interpretation and policy conclusions and an end to the war on science and scientists by powerful state-backed forces.” [239]

December 4, 2018

The Heartland Institute sent representatives to the 24thUN Conference of the Parties (COP-24) in Katowice, Poland as credentialed NGO-Observers. [238]

Heartland’s Craig Idso, Dennis Avery, and James Taylor held a live-streamed presentation of a report of the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) titled “Climate Change Reconsidered II: Fossil Fuels.” The presentation also featured a spokesman for the European Institute for Climate and Energy, Horst-Joachim Lüdecke, and EIKE's general secretary, Wolfgang Müller. [238]

Heartland’s report was touted as a summary for policymakers, and featured a section on the benefits of fossil fuels to human prosperity, health, and the environment. Heartland claims that their data proves that “humans are not causing a climate crisis.” [238]

In an official statement marking the event, Taylor said:

Each year the verdict becomes stronger and clearer that the scientific evidence debunks global warming alarmism. While the United Nations’ Conference of the Parties frantically searches for reasons to justify its continued existence, The Heartland Institute is proud to present the science that debunks U.N. alarmism.

We will also be presenting examples of real-world evidence contradicting important U.N. climate claims. We will be delivering the truth that the only thing ‘settled’ about the global warming debate is that U.N. climate reports have little credibility. Skeptics present a far better scientific case.” [238]

Video from the event was posted on Heartland's YouTube channel:

November 2, 2018

Heartland Senior Fellow and “Science Director” Jay H. Lehr testified before New York City Council to “ push back at the notion the Big Apple will be underwater soon due to man-caused climate change.” View the video below, via the Heartland Institute's YouTube channel: [235]

November 2018

PBS Frontline reported Heartland's latest plan to distribute a new set of climate change materials to students. Heartland senior fellow James Taylor said he was editing a new “global warming guide” that presents “brief summaries of global warming topics.” While he didn't provide a title or distribution plan, Taylor did confirm that another mass mailing campaign was under consideration that would target students and teachers. [233]

We’re very excited about it,” said Taylor. “What we’re looking to do is present the science in a format that is accessible and digestible for educators and students.”

Also reporting in early November, Undark examined the actions of another group that has been working to modify the teaching of climate science and other topics in classrooms: the Florida Citizens' Alliance. The group was behind a Florida textbook bill, HB989, that was signed into law in 2017. The Heartland Institute had reportedly worked with the Florida Citizens' Alliance in the runup to that bill by posting an analysis of Florida textbooks on their website, and “amplifying the organization’s attempt to remove 'improper and unbalanced propaganda from the school system.” [234]

September 13, 2018

The Heartland Institute live-streamed a panel discussion designed to counter the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco, as promoted by press release at Watts Up With That. Panelists included Stanley B. Goldenberg, Richard Keen, Tom Harris, Jay Lehr, and was moderated by James Taylor. The event took place at Independent Institute headquarters. [231]

“While Global Climate Action Summit speakers attempt to make the case for heavy-handed government action to restrict carbon dioxide, The Heartland Institute will host interactive panel discussions fact-checking the summit presentations and pointing out the scientific and economic data supporting climate realism,” The press release claimed. [231]

The panelists denied any connection between extreme weather events and climate change. During the first day of the panel, Richard Keen went as far as to say that Arctic sea ice loss might not be a bad thing: [232]

“Somehow people seem to dread the loss of Arctic sea ice. I frankly don't see that as particularly a bad thing…or a good thing. And it's happened in the past with no ill effects” Keen said.

Tom Harris described modern CO2 rise as “peanuts” compared to past concentrations (SkepticalScience discusses this common climate change myth here), while Jay Lehr broke in that “there’s nothing bad about carbon dioxide. The more the better.” [232]

Lehr later reiterated a common frame put forward by industry suggesting that renewable energy is damaging for the poor: [232]

“We cannot have a world run by wind and solar and renewable energy. What we're talking about is making sure that the poor people in this world never advance their standard of living with inexpensive energy.” Lehr said. [232]

See video the first day of the event, titled “Rebutting Alarmism at the Global Climate Action Summit,” below. [232]

Video of the second day of the event below

June 7, 2018

Heartland Institute president Tim Huelkamp addressed a letter to Scott Pruitt supporting his prior statement that human emissions of carbon dioxide are not “a primary contributor to the global warming that we see.” The letter offered materials to counter a Freedom of Information Act request by the Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) demanding the release of “EPA documents that support the conclusion that human activity is not the largest factor driving global climate change.” [228], [229]

We have no doubt that PEER, with the assistance of the judge, is trying to box you in and embarrass you,” Huelskamp wrote. “Fortunately, you do not have to look far to find 'documents that support the conclusion that human activity is not the largest factor driving global climate change.'” [228]

For these documents, Huelskamp pointed to “Climate Change Reconsidered,” a report compiled by Heartland's Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) in partnership with the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. “Heartland has submitted these volumes in digital form during EPA comment periods in the past, and we are certain physical copies were also sent to the agency,” he said.  [228]

Among numerous other claims, Huselkamp stated that the NPCC report—which he included a copy of in the letter to Pruitt—contained scientific evidence that:  [228]

  • Summarizes the research of a growing number of scientists who say variations in solar activity, not greenhouse gases, are the true driver of climate change” — See SkepticalScience myth #2.
  • Challenges the IPCC’s claim that CO2-induced global warming is harmful to human health” — SkepticalScience Myth #42.
  • Explains how the sun may have contributed as much as 66% of the observed twentieth century warming, and perhaps more” — SkepticalScience myth #2.

Huselkamp described Climate Change Reconsidered as the work of a “'Red Team' that has been working to critique and correct the work of ideological alarmists on the 'Blue Team'” for more than a decade. “Feel free to cite this material, which contains more than 10,000 footnotes, in your response to the judge or in any other public setting,” Huelskamp concluded. [230]

May 26, 2018

Emails released to the Environmental Defence Fund and the Southern Environmental Law Centre, who had sued to enforce a Freedom of Information Act request, revealed the Heartland Institute was working closely with the Environmental Protection Agency. Huelskamp said in a statement: [227]

Of course The Heartland Institute has been working with EPA on policy and personnel decisions. They recognised us as the pre-eminent organisation opposing the radical climate alarmism agenda and instead promoting sound science and policy.” [227]

John Konkus, EPA deputy associate administrator for public affairs, reached out multiple times to Heartland in the emails, The Guardian reported. In one email, Konkus reached wrote to Heartland's then-president Joe Bast: “If you send a list, we will make sure an invitation is sent,” requesting recommendations for scientists and economics to attend the EPA's public hearing on science standards. Followup emails included invitees from climate change denial groups such as Plants Need CO2, The Right Climate Stuff, and Junk Science[227]

EPA spokesperson Lincoln Ferguson said their communications with the Heartland Institute was just among many working relationships with other groups in order to “ensure the public is informed.” [227]

It demonstrates the agency’s dedication to advancing President Trump’s agenda of environmental stewardship and regulatory certainty,” he said. [227]

View the full searchable FOIA documents here (PDF) and below:

May 8, 2018

A new set of documents released to the Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDCas part of a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request revealed details of Pruitt's plan to engage in a “red team, blue team” expertise on climate change. The documents showed communications between the EPA and a number of corporate-funded conservative think tanks with views that run counter to established science on climate change including the Heartland Institute, the Manhattan Institute, and the CO2 Coalition. [224]

View the original FOIA documents here[224]

According to Benjamin D. Santer, a climate researcher at the Energy Department’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, “The idea that the Heartland Institute should be dictating what E.P.A. does on climate science is crazy.” He added, “They do not have scientific expertise.” [224]

The emails also suggest that the EPA's Office of Research and Development, which normally does most of the science work of the Agency, was not active in the discussions.  In one email, a program analyst in the office, Christina Moody, wrote: “We are not involved. The Administrator is the one who wants to do this and I’m guessing his folks are putting it together. [224]

Joe Bast denied that the Heartland Institute holds views outside of the mainstream scientific consensus:  [224]

Our view is that the causes and consequences of climate change are very complex and future climate conditions are probably impossible to forecast,” Bast said in a statement. [224]

April 23, 2018

The Heartland Institute, represented by Tim Huelskamp, was among 22 groups signed on to an open letter asking President Trump to ignore recent criticism of EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt. [225]

In a speech to the U.S. Senate, a group of Democratic senators identified the organizations as front groups for the Koch Brothers and other wealthy donors, nicknamed the “Web of Deceit.” The senators outlined how, in addition to funding from the Koch network, many of the groups use untraceable “dark money” funneled through groups like Donors Capital Fund and Donors Trust to influence legislation, particularly with regards to climate and pollution.

Senator Whitehouse outlined it as “a web of deceit conceived and bankrolled by the Koch brothers and other self-interested billionaires to advocate for very selfish and unpatriotic policies.” Whitehouse added: “This web of deceit has infiltrated and populated the Trump administration, and it is swamping the interests of everyday Americans. [226]

The full list of pro-Pruitt signatories and their respective organizations is as follows:

January 3, 2018

Heartland President Joe Bast appeared on an episode of the Heartland Institute's Daily Podcast with H. Sterling Burnett to discuss the past and future of the Heartland Institute including his stepping down as President and CEO and his planned departure from the organization. Bast outlined some of the Institute's early work on climate change: [223]

[8:10] HSB: “You mentioned climate. Let's get to that. Under your leadership, the Heartland Institute became a leader and has been recognized as such in the realm of climate science, economics, and policy. Why did the Heartland Institute become so deeply involved in this one issue? What did you see that others didn't about the importance of climate change as an issue, and what impact has Heartland's efforts had?”

JB: “Well, Heartland started addressing climate actually way back, ah, 1994…1995. We did our first book that had a chapter on climate change in it. We addressed it primarily from an economic perspective, arguing that the cost of reducing emissions was really high compared to the sketchy evidence that we had about the cost of harms and offsetting benefits. Nobody listened to us. We did three, four, or five I thought really good policy studies on this topic looking specifically for example, at a carbon tax on agriculture, and the studies got almost no attention.

“It turns out the reason they got no attention is because people were afraid of catastrophic climate change. When the building is on fire, people don't argue or negotiate the price of fire extinguishers; they're all too busy running for the doors, and so we concluded that we had to put the fire out before we can get a reasonable conversation to take place here. We've got to address this underlying fear of catastrophic climate change. So we did a deep dive in 2007; we said, where is this fear coming from? Is it based on sound science? Who are the scientists who are in this debate? Do they need our help? Why aren't they getting a better hearing? And why aren't Cato, and Heritage, and AEI, and other think tanks engaged in this part of the debate? 

“And what we learned was that virtually none of the free market think tanks were addressing the science. They weren't doing that because they felt it wasn't their job. They're mostly economists and lawyers and they didn't want to start getting into the physics of climate change. I respect that. But the result was a gap: there was no free market voice on the climate science debate that was taking place, and that was a critical error on the part of free market activists. Unless we address the science, we are going to lose this debate. 

“So we recruited scientists from all around the country. We ended up producing the series called Climate Change Reconsidered for the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change. We had a tremendous impact. I mean, it's quite remarkable. That book, that series of books, has been cited over 100 times in peer-reviewed articles. The Chinese Academy of Sciences thought so highly of it that it translated it into Chinese and published a condensed volume of Climate Change Reconsidered. 

Bast also claimed credit to the Heartland Institute for both defeating cap and trade proposals, and for President Donald Trump's views on climate change: [223]

“We, I think we're responsible—one of two or three groups that could genuinely claim responsibility for defeating cap and trade and carbon tax proposals at the national level for a ten year period, pretty much from 2007 until today. 

I think we're the reason President Trump discovered, or concluded that climate change is not a real problem and not a crisis facing the country, and that by running on that—by defending coal miners for example—he could appeal to a very big base in the United States. People who expected all along that global warming was junk science, that they would rather have good jobs and inexpensive energy than pursue some liberal dream of, you know, replacing all fossil fuel with wind and solar power.”

“So Trump ran on that. He won, and it's been remarkable: for the last year, he's been implementing many of the promises that he made as a candidate.” [223]

Bast said he was “anxious about the future” given the possibility that Hillary Clinton could have won the election, but that Trump's victory gave the country “a second chance at freedom”:

“Now Donald Trump wasn't the first choice for most of us. He might not even have been the final choice, but the alternative was truly scary. You know, Hillary Clinton was committed to finishing what Barack Obama started, and that was pretty much destroying the local decentralized education system in America—replacing it with a centralized curriculum. Destroying the decentralized health care system that used to depend primarily on private insurance companies and doctors in private practice. So replacing that with Obamacare, destroying the financial sector.

“I mean all the commanding heights of a free society, President Obama targeted and did major damage for eight years, and for whatever reasons Congress and the courts didn't seem able to stop him. Hillary Clinton was committed to waging that war for another four years. I'm not sure we could have recovered from that. So we got a second chance at freedom with the election of Donald Trump. Incidentally I decided to step down, now, before the election of Donald Trump, so if anyone is wondering if that influenced my decision it didn't. But it was a second chance we probably didn't deserve to preserve freedom in America. It's very precarious. It is perched on an edge. And so I'm very anxious about the future of freedom,” Bast said.

Finally, Bast said that the Institute needs more money to grow: [223]

“What will Heartland Institute's role be in that? I am optimistic. I think Heartland is going to grow. There's a much bigger niche for what we do than what I was able to raise money for to fill. You know, I raised about six million dollars a year for the Heartland Institute. We should be at eight or ten [million]. We should have twenty, twenty five guys working in our, just in our government relations office, working with state legislators, giving them the information that they need, testifying when they need testimony, helping them draft legislation. I mean, this is all exciting stuff that they're asking us to do and we don't have the staff to do it. 

So I think under Tim Huelskamp's leadership we're going to raise that money. We're going to expand the staff and fill that niche. So Heartland should be doing well in future years. I only hope and pray that freedom in the United States is going to continue rising while the Heartland Institute is performing its job.”

March 2, 2018

At LibertyCon 2018, Heartland Institute Research Director Edward Hudgins told an attendee (in a conversation recorded at Heartland Institute’s conference booth)

One of the reasons the Trump Administration pulled out of the Paris Accord was because of our materials… Now when Obama was in there, nobody wanted to hear from us. Fortunately, we don’t have him in there and of course members of congress we give this stuff to all the time.”
 

February 7, 2018

Heartland Institute research fellow Isaac Orr was featured as part of the Heartland Institute's “The Patriot's Toolbox Speaker Series,” an event promoting their same-titled new book. Orr also wrote the second chapter of the book. [221]

During his speech, Orr argues against CAFE (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) standards to improve fuel efficiency in cars, claiming that this reduces safety. He also claims biofuels cannot replace oil, that wind and solar get much higher subsidies than coal, natural gas, and oil, and that “global warming is not a crisis.“ [221]

Orr said that the Clean Air Act was very successful in combatting air pollution. He also says that he tends “to believe the numbers that they're posting here ” when it comes to pollutants. “We've been incredibly successful,” Orr said. “The clean air act has done a really good job.” [221]

February 1, 2018

Heartland's Tim Huelskamp discussed the controversial “Energy Freedom Scorecardin a short Heartland Institute video: [220]

“The media went a little nuts about it, because the presume President Trump had this list in his hands all through his first year in the White House,” Huelskamp said, adding “Maybe he did, maybe he didn't.” [220]

Huelskamp went on to describe a few of the items on the scorecard, including Trump's approval of the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines.  Other items Huelskamp mentions include the cancelling of the Clean Energy Plan, which he claims, “the latest climate science shows is not remotely justified,” rolling back restrictions on fracking, opening up land to oil and gas drilling. [220]

He describes the Paris Climate Agreement as “Nothing more than a scheme to redistribute the wealth of the west to third-world kleptocrats at the UN” and the Social Cost of Carbon as “another trick of the left to destroy the fossil fuel industry and hamstring the United States.” [220]

Huelskamp adds Trump's decision to open the Arctic Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas drilling is “sensible policy.” [220]

January 2018

The Heartland Institute came to the defense of former marketing director Eugene Koprowski after he faced legal action over allegedly stalking a woman who worked with him. “Heartland’s contrarian skepticism on policy issues has extended to sexual harassment itself,” Huffpost reported, noting that Heartland had also defended Republican presidential hopeful Herman Cain against harassment accusations in 2011. [218]

The 2011 Heartland article was titled “Women Crying ‘Sexual Harassment’ Should ’Man Up.’” In 2017, Heartland also republished a Newsman op-ed that accused female employees at Fox News of making “disingenuous” sexual harassment allegations. [219]  

Heartland's Joe Bast released a statement claiming no wrongdoing on the part of Heartland: [218]

The Heartland Institute is being targeted because our mission is fighting for a smaller, less-intrusive government and advancing free markets and greater individual liberty,” Bast said. “Our opponents in this debate cannot win on the merits of their arguments, so they stoop to circulate lies about our dedicated staff. Shame on them, and no, we will not stop until freedom is rising again.” [218]

December 27, 2017

Writing at The Heartland Institute's blog, Joe Bast made a number of “corrections” to a story written by Neela Banerjee at Inside Climate News titled “How Big Oil Lost Control of Its Climate Misinformation Machine.” Firstly, according to Bast, the billboard campaign Heartland released in 2012 featuring an image of Ted Kaczynski and the text “I still believe in Global Warming. Do You?” was actually a success. [214], [215]

When Heartland introduced the campaign in 2012, their release included with the following statement: [216]

“The people who still believe in man-made global warming are mostly on the radical fringe of society. This is why the most prominent advocates of global warming aren't scientists. They are murderers, tyrants, and madmen.”

Heartland pulled the billboard after an outcry from supporters and opponents alike. It had run for “exactly 24 hours.” [217]

“This provocative billboard was always intended to be an experiment. And after just 24 hours the results are in: It got people’s attention,” Bast wrote in the 2012 Heartland press release announcing the cancellation of the billboard. [217]

“We know that our billboard angered and disappointed many of Heartland’s friends and supporters, but we hope they understand what we were trying to do with this experiment. We do not apologize for running the ad, and we will continue to experiment with ways to communicate the ‘realist’ message on the climate,” Bast wrote in 2012. [217]

Following the campaign, a number of corporations begant to cut their ties with Heartland, and numerous critics denounced Heartland. Shortly after, at the Heartland's 2012 International Conference on Climate Change, Joe Bast announced that Heartland would not be holding any more conferences and was struggling to pay its bills. Heartland has held several more ICCCs since then. [5], [67]

Writing in 2017, Bast claimed the billboard had actually been a success:

“The billboard hit its target hard, as good satire does. It broke a news blackout that environmentalists and the legacy media had imposed on Heartland and other groups that challenged the Gore-Obama dogma on global warming. Far from hurting Heartland, as Banerjee claims, it saved us: 2012 was a breakthrough year for us with record funds raised, record media attention, and record attendance at our events.” [214]

“That year also marked the moment Heartland’s views on climate change moved from marginal to mainstream.” [214]

Bast then claimed that Banerjee's statement “isn't true” that “Hundreds of millions of dollars from corporations such as ExxonMobil and wealthy individuals such as the billionaires Charles and David Koch have supported the development of a sprawling network, which includes Heartland and other think tanks, advocacy groups and political operatives.” [214]

“ExxonMobil did contribute around $50,000 a year to Heartland for about a decade,” Bast added, but it was “never more than 5% of our annual budget.” [214]

November 21, 2017

Heartland's CEO and former president Joe Bast spoke with Michael Bastasch of The Daily Caller, followingThe Washington Post's reporting on Heartland's closed-door meeting in Houston, Texas. [212][213]

Bastasch said that Jim Lakely, Heartland's communication director, had claimed the article was an effort to delegitimize Heartland and its work.

The tone of it is that the climate realist right isn’t happy with Trump’s progress,” Lakely told the Daily Caller News Foundation. “Nothing could be further from the truth.” [212]

Bast had similar comments, saying “the left demonizes us” while pointing to the publishing of Heartland's leaked 2012 budget documents as an example. According to Bast, Heartland also never specifically told the EPA who to pick as part of a climate “Red Team.” [212]

I have never met Scott Pruitt,” Bast said. “We’ve always tried to remain arm’s length from politics. It’s never been a priority for us to engage in politics.” 

The real way we measure our impact is through public opinion surveys,” Bast said, referring to Heartland's surveys on public global warming attitudes. 

However, Bast did admit to a relationship with former White House chief strategist Steve Bannon, telling Bastasch that he talked frequently with Bannon regarding orders to combat climate policies, like urging Trump to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement. [212]

Steve was an important channel for us to the White House,” Bast said. “[..] It’s changed with Steve Bannon leaving.” [212]

Bast also said that Heartland's new president, Tim Huelskamp, “has been invaluable to finding new allies in the administration,” Bastasch wrote. [212]

November 15, 2017

The Washington Post obtained an “Energy Freedom Scorecard,” that was distributed at a closed-door meeting at a Houston hotel. At the private meeting, sponsored by the Heartland Institute, activists discussed the actions of the Trump administration to roll back environmental regulations. [206]

The scorecard lists several items as “done” including withdrawing implementation of the Waters of the U.S. rule, “Dramatically reduce government funding of environmental advocacy groups,” “Withdraw from the Paris Accord” and also withdrawal from the Clean Power Plan. [206]

David Schnare noted that they work working to place allies in key White House positions and other areas that guide federal policy: [206]

There are ways to get names in, and we’ve used every door and window and crack in the wall we can use,” Schnare.

Heartland Institute spokesman Jim Likely confirmed that they had created the scorecard.

Items listed as “not done” include completely removing federal tax credits for wind and solar producers, withdrawing from the UN's Framework Convention on Climate Change, and ending funding for “the United Nation's Biased Climate Change Programs, in particular the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.” [206]

View the original at The Washington Post:

Energy Freedom Score Card
(as of October 15, 2017)

Mission Statement: Affordable, reliable, and plentiful energy enables us to protect the environment while also creating jobs and the goods and service she need. Expensive and unreliable energy, like the kind produced by ethanol and commercial wind and solar companies, destroys jobs and harms the environment.


Fossil fuels are the foundation of economic growth and prosperity. Taxing them or making them more scarce causes economic growth to slow, makes food and other essential goods more expensive, and many of the good things we take for granted are lost.

We owe it to future generations to leave the world a better place than we found it. Renewable energies don't protect the environment. They actually harm it by being less efficient and more land-intrusive than fossil fuels.

Status

Recommendation

1. Rein in EPA

Repeal unnecessary regulations affecting air and qater quality and energy production, end the abuse of science, end subsidies to leftist groups.

DONE

Withdraw implementation of the Waters of the U.S. rule.

DONE
Pruitt announced new EPA policy to end sue and settle.

Dramatically reduce government funding of environmental advocacy groups, including funds delivered to such groups through the “sue and settle” scam.

STARTED
Some regs on coal-powered generation have been removed or delayed. Others are up for reivew.

Roll back recent EPA regulations on ozone, small particles, and other air pollutants that are based on discredited epidemiology and toxicology.

STARTED
Trump ended terms of many long-time members of science advisory boards ith conflicts of interest.

End conflicts of interest on scientific review boards.

STARTED
Pruitt's withdrawal of the CPP said there are no health effects below EPA's standard for PM-2.5.

Formally end the use of the “linear no-threshold assumption” in determining safe levels of exposure to pollutants.

STARTED
Trump said Obama's preliminary approval of higher CAFÉ standards will be reviewed.

Roll back Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards, which result in the deaths of thousands of car and truck passengers every year, needlessly increase the price of new cars, and favor foreign car manufacturers

NOT DONE

End the use of “secret science” by EPA and other regulatory agencies.

NOT DONE

End reliance on near-zero risk ratios.

NOT DONE

Enforce the Data Quality Act with respect to the junk sicence promoted and funded by EPA on air pollution and toxicology.

NOT DONE

Congress should repeal the Delaney clause, which essentially commits the FDA and other government agencies to an impossible zero risk standard.

2. Repeal Global Warming Regulations

DONE

Withdraw from the Paris Accord and stop funding the Green Climate Fund.

DONE

Retract and rescind “social cost of carbon” estimates and stop including them in required cost-benefit analysis of new regulations

DONE

Withdraw/repeal the Clean Power Plan

STARTED
Pruitt has announced plans for a Red Team, progress has been slow

Create a President's Council on Climate Change charged with cutting through the politics and bias that infected climate science and policymaking during the Obama administration and advising the President on what policies to repeal and what policies to pursue.

STARTED
At least some research grants are being cancelled, the president's budget called for a 30% cut to EPA budget.

Dramatically reduce goverment funding of climate research pending the findings of the new President's Council on Climate Change. When funding for such research resumes, require that equal amounts go to studying natural and man-made climate change.

NOT DONE

Withdraw from the UN's Framework Convention on Climate Change

NOT DONE

Stop basing military planning and strategies on the predictions of flawed climate models.

NOT DONE

Support legislation repealing Obama's Executive Order 13693, which requires the Department of Defense to create a number of climate change programs and policies

NOT DONE

End funding for the United Nations' biased climate change programs, in particular the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

3. End Climate Profiteering

End subsidies, tax credits, feed-in tariffs, regulatory carve-outs, and mandates that benefit wind, solar, and ethanol producers yet produce no environmental benefits.

STARTED
Some states have frozen renewable energy mandate targets, some have considered repealing existing mandates, but progress is slow.

Repeal state Renewable Power Mandates (RPMs) where they exist and oppose their opion in states that don't currently ahve them.

STARTED*
A DOE proposal to FERC would start to level the playing field between coal and renewables. See footnote below.

Have FERC grant higher rates to coal generation to recognize the important role they play in provide base-load energy.

STARTED
Trump's budget proposed moving forward with Yucca Mountain

Remove regulatory obstacles to the expansion of nuclear power and open the nuclear waste storage facility at Yucca Mountain.

STARTED
Trump froze current ethanol production minimum rather than raising it.

Abolish the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) program, which mandates that refiners add ethanol to gasoline.

NOT DONE

End federal tax credits to wind and solar producers.

NOT DONE

Convice state PUCs not to implement “zombie” Obama-era regulations and subsidies that lead to the premature closing of coal-powered generation

NOT DONE

Hold solar and wind power producers to the same environmental protection standards as are applied to coal and natural gas power generators.

4. Use It, Don't Lost It

Achieve “energy dominance” by maximizing U.S. production of fossil fuels. End excessive restrictions of exploration, development, and production of fossil fuels on public lands as well as private lands.

DONE Approve Keystone XL and other pipelines blocked by President Obama.
STARTED
Some restrictions have been withdrawn, Interior is reducing size of some national monuments.
Roll back unnecessary regulations on hydraulic fracturing, mining, and oil and gas exploration offshore and on federal lands.
STARTED
Trump ended an Obama-era anti-fracking rule, states are debating restrictions on fracking.
Repeal unnecessary restrictions and state bans on fracking.
STARTED Expand U.S. exports of coal, liquefied natural gas, and oil as a way to reduce the reliance of allies and other countries on energy imports from Russia and other bad actors in the international community.

November 9, 2017

The Heartland Institute hosted the “America First Energy Conference” at the Marriott Hotel in Houston, Texas. [204]

In a fundraising letter obtained by DeSmog, Fred Palmer said the event would “review the scientific and economic evidence that exposes the fraud inherent in the Obama-era regulation regime” while discussing “the overwhelming benefits of fossil fuels to us all.” With an anticipated 300 to 400 attendees, it would be “similar to the attendance at [the Heartland Institute’s] popular International Conferences on Climate Change.” [202]

 “In particular, we are inviting state legislators, think tank leaders, energy executives, Trump administration political appointees and staff, and policy analysts who write and speak on environment and energy topics,” Palmer said in the letter. [202]

As reported at the Houston Chronicle, speakers notably included two Trump Administration officials: Richard W. Westerdale II of the State Department and Vincent DeVito of the Department of Interior. David Bernhardt, deputy secretary of the Interior Department, was also formerly listed as a Heartland conference speaker, but apparently withdrew. [207]

The Climate Investigations Center put up a parody of the America First Energy conference website, complete with profiles on the individual speakers and highlighting their corporate funding and ties to groups such as the Cooler Heads Coalition (CHC). [208]

Listed speakers included current and former industry representatives such as Heath Lovell, VP of Public Policy for Alliance Coal, former Peabody Energy senior VP Fred Palmer; high-profile climate science deniers and regular ICCC speakers like Jim Inhofe (who, while not there in person, gave a video address to the conference), Craig Idso, and Joe Bast; and former Trump Transition team members Myron Ebell and David Schnare. [209]

EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt also gave a video address to the conference, saying “we want to celebrate what's been going on this last year with respect to the changes that have taken place in Washington D.C.” He goes on to list off the “tremendous change with respect to regulatory reform” under Trump: [210]

 “Just to update you a little on what we've been doing: we've been providing clarity, regulatory reform in areas that matter. We've withdrawn the Clean Power Plan and we're providing, you know, certainty and clarity there. We've withdrawn the Waters of the United States rule, that very terrible rule that created uncertainty across the marketplace […]” 

“I want to say to you at the Heartland Institute,” Pruitt said. “Thanks for what you're doing to advance energy, thank you for what you're doing to advance natural resources. We've been blessed immensely as a country. To whom much is given, much is required. And when you have tremendous natural resources from coal, to natural gas, to oil, to generate electricity in a very cost-effective way, we should celebrate that and be good stewards. And that's something we ought to embrace.” [210]

The full list of speakers is posted on the event's website, Americafirstenergy.org:  [209]

Name Title Organization
Joe Leimkuhler
Joseph Bast CEO The Heartland Institute
Roger Bezdek President MISI
H. Sterling Burnett The Heartland Institute
Clyde Wayne Crews* Vice President for Policy Competitive Enterprise Institute
Kevin Dayaratna Senior Statistician The Heritage Foundation
Hal Doiron Co-founder, The Right Climate Stuff TRCS
Paul Driessen Senior Fellow Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow
John Dale Dunn Physician, Policy Advisor The Heartland Institute
Myron Ebell Director of Energy Policy Competitive Enterprise Institute
James Enstrom President Scientific Integrity Institute
Alex Epstein President and Founder Center for Industrial Progress
Jennifer Fielder CEO American Lands Council
Jason Funes Special Assistant, OIEA U.S. Department of the Interior
Tim Huelskamp President The Heartland Institute
Peter Hartley Professor of Economics, Energy Studies Rice University
Kenneth Haapala President President, Science and Environmental Policy Project
Craig Idso Founder and Former president CO2 Science
Mark Krumenacher Senior Vice President GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc.
Jeff Landry Attorney General State of Louisiana
Jim Lakely Director of Communications The Heartland Institute
David Legates Professor of climatology University of Delaware
Jay Lehr Science Director The Heartland Institute
Nick Loris Herbert and Joyce Morgan fellow The Heritage Foundation
Anthony Lupo Associate Professor University of Missouri -Columbia
Ross Mckitrick Professor of Economics University of Guelph
Steve Milloy Author, Founder of JunkScience.com JunkScience.com
Todd Myers Director of the Center for the Environment Washington Policy Center
John Nothdurft Director of Government Relations The Heartland Institute
Isaac Orr Research Fellow The Heartland Institute
Frederick Palmer Senior Fellow The Heartland Institute
Robert Phalen Professor of Medicine University of California, Irvine
David Schnare Director Free-Market Environmental Law Clinic
Aaron Stover Policy Analyst The Heartland Institute
Richard Trzupek Principal Consultant Trinity Consultants, LLC
Richard Burton Belzer Independent Consultant Economics, Risk, and Information Quality
Alan Chamberlain Chief Geologist Cedar Strat Corp.
Vincent Devito Counselor for Energy Policy U.S. Department of the Interior
Bette Grande Senior Fellow The Heartland Institute
Thomas B. Hayward Admiral, United States Navy (retired) Former Chief of U.S. Naval Operations
Jim Inhofe United States Senator Oklahoma
Heath Lovell Vice President for Public Affairs Alliance Coal
Harry W. Macdougald Attorney Caldwell, Propst & DeLoach, LLP
Scott Pruitt Administrator Environmental Protection Agency
Lamar Smith Chairman, House Committee Science, Space, and Technology
Michelle Smith Vice President, Land The Quiat Companies
David Stevenson Director, Center for Energy Competitiveness Caesar Rodney Institute
Richard W. Westerdale Ii Senior Advisor, Energy U.S. Department of State
Bud Weinstein Associate Director, Maguire Energy Institute Southern Methodist University

The following sponsors were listed as of November 2017: [211]

Sponsor Web URL
Colderside.com http://www.colderside.com/
Ayn Rand Institute https://www.aynrand.org/
Australian Taxpayers' Alliance http://americafirstenergy.org/sponsors/www.taxpayers.org.au/
Spark of Freedom http://sparkoffreedomfoundation.org/
Competitive Enterprise Institute https://cei.org/
Instituto Monte Castelo https://montecastelo.org/
CO2 Science http://www.co2science.org/
Leadership Institute https://www.leadershipinstitute.org/
Mackinac Center for Public Policy https://www.mackinac.org/
Frontier Centre for Public Policy https://fcpp.org/
Americans for Prosperity Foundation https://americansforprosperityfoundation.org/
Jock Locke Foundation https://www.johnlocke.org/
Caesar Rodney Institute http://www.caesarrodney.org/
Georgia Public Policy Foundation http://www.georgiapolicy.org/
Independent Institute http://www.independent.org/
Texas Public Policy Foundation https://www.texaspolicy.com/
The Heritage Foundation http://www.heritage.org/
Independence Institute https://i2i.org/
Petroleum Connection http://www.petroleumconnection.com/

September 28, 2017

The Heartland Institute held closed door meetings to identify candidates for EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt's “red team” exercise on climate change, an email from Joe Bast revealed. As E&E News reported, the email and notes provided “a broad look at skeptics' policy playbook under the Trump administration while exposing stark suspicions about Pruitt.” [205]

EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt's proposal for a Red Team-Blue Team exercise is vague, probably would not be effective, and is unlikely to come about,” Bast wrote in the email. “More likely to occur is a similar exercise directed by the head of another department (NASA, NOAA, or OSTP) with more interest than Pruitt has shown in the scientific debate and more likely to stick around to see the results.”

View Bast's complete email below:

According to the notes, those present at the meeting included David Shnare who “described how policy can be changed from 'inside the swamp' via seven 'legal points of entry' such as legal challenges under the Information Quality Act and violations of peer review,” Heartland president Tim Huelskamp, David Legates, Harry MacDougald, and Jim Lakely.

July 2017

Scott Pruitt's EPA began initial moves to assemble a “red team” designed to combat mainstream climate change science. The administration reached out to the Heartland Institute, the Washington Examiner reported. [198]

“The White House and the Environmental Protection Agency have reached out to the Heartland Institute to help identify scientists who could constitute a red team, and we've been happy to oblige,” Jim Lakely, the Heartland Institute's communications director, told the Washington Examiner

“This effort is long overdue,” he said. “The climate scientists who have dominated the deliberations and the products of the IPCC have gone almost wholly without challenge. That is a violation of the scientific method and the public's trust.”

The Heartland Institute has been a long proponent of a red team “to critically examine what has become alarmist dogma rather than a sober evaluation of climate science for many years,” Lakely said. “In fact, Heartland has worked closely with a red team that has been examining the science for several years: the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change, or NIPCC.”  [198]

According to Climatewire, a senior administration official said that EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt “believes that we will be able to recruit the best in the fields which study climate and will organize a specific process in which these individuals […] provide back-and-forth critique of specific new reports on climate science.” [199]

The official added that the program will use “red team, blue team” exercises to conduct an “at-length evaluation of U.S. climate science.” Climate scientists expressed concern that the “red team, blue team” concept could further politicize research and “disproportionately elevate the views of a relatively small number of experts who disagree with mainstream scientists,” Climatewire also reported. [200]

June 29, 2017

The Heartland Institute announced that Joe Bast would be stepping down as president, to be replaced by Kansas Rep. Tim Huelskamp starting July 2017. Bast said he would remain with Heartland as CEO until some time in 2018. [182]

According to reporting by The Hill, as the new president of Heartland, Huelskamp would continue “pushing for eliminating Environmental Protection Agency regulations and challenging 'climate change alarmists' like former President Obama and former Vice President Al Gore; advocate for school choice and voucher programs; and offer assistance to states navigating ObamaCare and the current healthcare fight.” [183]

“I have big shoes to fill given the tremendous leadership of Joe Bast and the Heartland team,” Huelskamp said in a phone interview with The Hill. [183]

Huelskamp is former chairman of the Tea Party Caucus and a member of the far-right House Freedom Caucus. [183]

June, 2017

The Heartland Institute sent out mass mailings to grade school teachers suggesting that there is debate in climate change science. The Heartland package included a free, unsolicited book entitled Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming, and an 11-minute DVD, plus a cover letter from Heartland. [191]

How do you teach global warming?” the letter begins. “I am writing to ask you to consider the possibility that the science in fact is not 'settled.' If that's the case, then students would be better served by letting them know a vibrant debate is taking place among scientists on how big the human impact on climate is and whether or not we should be worried about it.” [191]

The “educational” materials were sent to tens of thousands of teachers, with 25,000 planned to go out every two weeks, Joe Bast told PBS in March. [192]

While a Heartland spokesperson told Buzzfeed News that some teachers received the materials positively, others were more skeptical. [193]

It’s just loaded with citations,” Cheryl Manning, a Colorado science teacher at Evergreen High School who received the mailing told Buzzfeed. “But it’s circular. It’s all self-citations. Citing their own stuff instead of citing other people’s work.” [193]

Another science teacher from Georgia wrote an open letter to her colleagues after concluding it contained misleading arguments and logical fallacies: [194]

As someone who has taught college-level (Advanced Placement) environmental science for nine years, served on the Board for the Georgia Science Teachers Association, and has inspired dozens of my students to pursue scientific careers,” she wrote, “I do not take the condition of our planet, the tremendous importance of science education, or the accuracy of the information I purvey in my classroom lightly.” [194]

The mailings prompted a response by Senators Sheldon Whitehouse, Elizabeth Warren, Edward Markey, and Brian Schatz: [191]

The Heartland Institute has disseminated ‘alternative facts’ and fake science at the behest of its industry funders for decades,” the four senators wrote in a June 7 letter to Betsy DeVos, President Donald Trump's recently appointed Secretary of Education.

In the 1990s, it teamed up with Phillip Morris to challenge facts about the health risks of tobacco,” they wrote. “The tobacco industry’s conduct was found to be fraudulent. Using the same strategies, with funding from the Koch family foundations, ExxonMobil, and other fossil fuel interests, the Heartland Institute now seeks to undermine the scientific consensus about climate change.” [191]

The senators wrote that over 200,000 kindergarten through grade 12 teachers were targeted by the campaign, a number that Heartland's Joe Bast disputed, saying  there are “considerably less than 200,000” public school science teachers in the U.S. “Didn’t anyone on your staffs fact-check this letter before it was circulated?” Bast wrote.  [191]

According to the National Science Teachers' Association, which counts roughly 300,000 “science educators” on its mailing lists, the U.S. has over 150,000 high school and middle school science teachers — plus about 1.6 million elementary school teachers who teach science as well as other topics. [195]

We knew the other side, the alarmist side, was already being discussed so our goal was to try to get both sides discussed by having something from more of the realist side in the discussion,” said Lennie Jarratt, who has managed the book's distribution for Heartland. “I believe it ended up being a little over 250,000 that went out to teachers,” he added.

Drew Ising, a biology and environmental science teacher who received the Heartland materials, spoke with KCUR: [201]

We have our science expertise. We have our familiarity with sound teaching,” Ralph said. “And so it’s really frustrating to think that there’s a group of people out there investing time and money to try and create discord in our profession, because by and large science teachers know better than this.” [201]

June 1, 2017

According to The Illinois Review, Joe Bast was attended the Rose Garden event for Donald Trump's announcement his decision to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris Climate Agreement[177]

“Although The Heartland Institute has been subject to many attacks from so-called global alarmists, after Joe Bast’s presence was spotted in the Rose Garden an effort was made to harm President Trump by attacking Heartland’s Joe Bast,” The Illinois Review wrote. [177]

Bast, writing at the Heartland Institute's blog, said “I was honored to be invited, and view it as a sign that our efforts for the past 20 years on the climate change issue have not gone unnoticed.  But the left noticed my attendance as well, and so this week they tried to hurt President Trump by attacking me.” [178]

In the article, Bast also penned a response to four U.S. senators who had mailed U.S. Department of Education Secretary Betsy DeVos asking for correspondence between the Heartland Institute and her department. Bast's June 8 letter reads: [179], [180]

“For the record, The Heartland Institute has contacted nearly all members of the Trump cabinet. We have sent extensive information to more than 100 members of the administration explaining who we are, enclosing multiple publications (including books, policy studies, and videos) of most relevance to their positions, and offering to make our extensive network of some 370 policy experts available to provide further assistance. Some have gotten back to us.”  [181]

May 26, 2017

Writing at the Heartland Institute's blog Somewhat Reasonable, Joe Bast makes a few recommendations on “good short references to the climate debate to share with family and friends over the Memorial Day holiday.” Bast's article, titled “Happy Memorial Day, You Stupid, Arrogant, Liberal Global Warming Alarmist! [176]

Bast points to an outdated 1922 article on Artic ice as a good “conversation starter” and “a good way to poke a stick in the eye of your global warming alarmist friends.” [176]

“Global warming alarmists often claim the recent Arctic warming is unprecedented or must be due to the human presence. On its face, the 1922 article makes those claims dubious. Closer study reveals they haven’t made the case,” Bast wrote. [176]

Among the “short references” listed by Bast include work by Craig Idso, Robert Carter, S. Fred Singer, Joe Bast (himself), Anthony Watts, and the Heartland Institute's newsletter. [176]

May 8, 2017

The Heartland Institute, represented by Joe Bast, is listed on an open letter to President Donald J. Trump urging him “to withdraw fully from the Paris Climate Treaty and to stop all taxpayer funding of UN global warming programs.” [173]

DeSmog reported that the 40 groups represented in the letter, including the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), The Heartland Institute, and the Heritage Foundation, have received a combined total of millions of dollars from the Koch Brothers, ExxonMobil, and other industry groups. [174]

Analysis also showed that the groups accepted about $80 million through Donors Capital Fund and Donors Trust, two groups that have been confirmed is a key financial source for key U.S-based climate change denial groups. [175]

February 17, 2017

In their quarterly performance report (first quarter, 2017), Joseph Bast writes that “The Heartland Institute’s primary goal over the next four years is to win the global warming war.” [165]

The full report features a prominent image of Rosie the Riveter. DeSmog noted that while “Bast’s litany of commonly debunked arguments against the science and threat of climate change isn’t notable, Heartland’s choice of imagery is proving to be.” [166], [167]

To me, it seems like an obscene appropriation of feminist iconography, and I find it, frankly, offensive,” Sarah Myhre, University of Washington ocean and climate scientist, told DeSmog. “And I looked for a mention of women or women’s lives and there’s no mention of women in the article whatsoever.” [167]

“Bast’s article fails to make a single connection to women among his claims of 'fake science' and the scientific community being 'deeply divided and unsure over the causes and consequences of climate change',” DeSmog's Ashley Braun writes. [167]

“Those are the classic tropes that are used to inflame skepticism around the science that underlies climate change, so as to not have to look directly at the very difficult and challenging nature of economic change that is necessary to respond to the science,” Myhre told DeSmog. “I feel like I’ve read this little blurb a thousand times in other places.” [167]

According to Joe Bast, “Global warming isn’t just one of many public policy debates that free-market advocates need to win. It is a war, the most important and most consequential war of our era.” The report goes on to claim that there is no consensus on climate change: [166]

“Most scientists don’t believe computer models can predict future weather patterns or tell us whether global warming is a threat. Real peer-reviewed science shows the human impact on climate is probably too small to measure and not worth trying to prevent or undo,” the report claims. [166]

The report cites Heartland's own book, Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming, claiming it “zeroes in on the false
'consensus' claim and utterly demolishes it.” [166]

Heartland says that, in the coming months, it plans to “meetings with elected officials in 20 states, building on the success of past meetings and capitalizing on the new possibilities for passing legislation thanks to the results of the 2016 elections.” [166]

With Trump's announcement of abolishing the EPA, Heartland plans to “host a competition later this year for the best ideas for replacing EPA.” [166]

The report concludes with a call to action for donors:  [166]

“Together, we can win the most important public policy battle of our era. The stakes could not be higher, or the opportunity greater. I hope you will join us.”[166]

January 12, 2017

Joseph Bast of the Heartland Institute was a signatory to a January 12, 2017 official letter of support (PDF) for Scott Pruitt, in which numerous groups, including The Heartland InstituteAmerican Energy Alliance (AEA), and others, declared that the Senate should “swiftly approve his nomination” for Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

 Other signatories of the letter included: [164]

January 9, 2017

The Heartland Institute announced that Frederick D. PalmerPeabody Energy’s Senior Vice President of Government Relations, would be joining Heartland as a senior fellow on energy and climate.[162], [163]

Prior to working for Peabody Energy, Palmer was the CEO and general counsel of the Western Fuels Association, and also represented Western Fuels on the board of directors of the National Mining Association. [163]

December 29, 2016

The Heartland Institute announced that climate change denier Art Robinson, founder of the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine (OISM) and man behind the infamous “Oregon Petition,” would join its board of directors. The press release notes that Heartland had also named its Arthur B. Robinson Center on Climate and Environmental Policy in honor of Robinson in 2015. [222]

Heartland Institute President Joseph L. Bast commented, “Art Robinson is as bold and brave a person as I have ever met. Having him join Heartland’s Board of Directors honors us and sends a signal to the world that we will continue to ‘speak truth to power’ on the important issue of climate change as well as the need for educational choice, repealing Obamacare, and other issues as well.” [222]

November 1, 2016

The Heartland Institute promoted a new report by the Pacific Research Institute (PRI) that criticizes President Obama's Clean Power Plan. [160]

“Under President Obama's Clean Power Plan, the poorest households could see their electricity costs rise by more than 10 percent of their income,” the Heartland Institute release notes.  [160]

Wayne Winegarden, report author and PRI Senior Fellow writes: [160]

“Poor communities will be hit hard by the Clean Power Plan.  Working-class neighborhoods across the nation could see rising power costs if the Obama Administration’s plan is implemented. I hope that America’s next President will review our findings very carefully when charting our country’s energy future, and pursue free-market policies that will alleviate the problem of energy poverty.” [160]

View the full report here (.pdf). [161]

August 31, 2016

The Heartland Institute hosted a debate between its Science Director Jay Lehr and Professor Scott Denning of Colorado State University who debated film clips from Al Gore's An Inconvenient Truth. The debate was to “determine how the movie has fared through the test of time on its 10th anniversary,” writes Nancy Thorner writes at the Heartland Institute's blog. [158]

View the entire 1.5-hour-long debate below: [159]

July 12, 2016

The Heartland Institute, represented by Joseph Bast, was among 22 groups represented in a “Coalition” open letter pushing back against what the Heartland Institute describes as an “affront to free speech.” The groups are responding to the recent Web of Denial Resolution brought up in the Senate, calling out fossil fuel industry-funded groups denying climate change. [149]

According to the Climate Investigations Center, all but one of the open letter's signatory organizations have taken money (totalling at least $92 million since 1997) from the “climate denial web” including Koch Brothers' various foundations, ExxonMobil, and two “Dark Money” organizations, Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund. [152]

Championed by Senators Whitehouse, Markey, Schatz, Boxer, Merkley, Warren, Sanders, and Franken, the resolution condemns what they are calling the #WebOfDenial — “interconnected groups – funded by the Koch brothers, major fossil fuel companies like ExxonMobil and Peabody Coal, identity-scrubbing groups like Donors Trust and Donors Capital, and their allies – developed and executed a massive campaign to deceive the public about climate change to halt climate action and protect their bottom lines.” [150]

The open letter addresses the senators, calling them “tyrants”: 

“We hear you. Your threat is clear: There is a heavy and inconvenient cost to disagreeing with you. Calls for debate will be met with political retribution. That’s called tyranny. And, we reject it.” [151]

The full list of signatories and their respective organizations is as follows:

June 21, 2016

The Heartland Institute hosted an event titled “Fueling Freedom: Exposing the Mad War on Energy” featuring Stephen Moore and Kathleen Hartnett White who “make an unapologetic case for fossil fuels.” The video description reads as follows (video below): [147]

“Fossil fuel energy is the lifeblood of the modern world. Before the Industrial Revolution, humanity depended on burning wood and candle wax. But with the ability to harness the energy in oil and other fossil fuels, quality of life and capacity for progress increased exponentially. Thanks to incredible innovations in the energy industry, fossil fuels are as promising, safe, and clean an energy resource as has ever existed in history. Yet, highly politicized climate policies are pushing a grand-scale shift to unreliable, impractical, incredibly expensive, and far less efficient energy sources. Today, 'fossil fuel' has become such a dirty word that even fossil fuel companies feel compelled to apologize for their products. In Fueling Freedom, energy experts Stephen Moore and Kathleen Hartnett White make an unapologetic case for fossil fuels, turning around progressives' protestations to prove that if fossil fuel energy is supplanted by 'green' alternatives for political reasons, humanity will take a giant step backwards and the planet will be less safe, less clean, and less free.” [147]

June 16, 2016

The Heartland Institute was one of the think tanks listed in subpoenas to ExxonMobil organized by a coalition of 17 attorneys general. [143]Joseph Bast responded to the subpoena, calling it a First Amendment right violation, a claim earlier echoed by ExxonMobil's own legal team. [144], [145]

“This is not only a violation of our First Amendment rights but a clear attempt to discourage funding from businesses of organizations that don't accept the Obama administration's take on climate change as absolute truth,” Bast said.

June 3, 2016

Isaac Orr, a Research Fellow for the Heartland Institute, suggests that hydraulic fracturing (fracking) makes air cleaner. According to Orr, “[…] the small, spherical grains of frac sand mined in the Upper Midwest are helping to bring cleaner air to the entire country.” [146]

June, 2016

The Heartland Institute was among organizations named in a Massachusetts subpoena looking for communications between ExxonMobil and organizations denying climate change, reports The Washington Times. [148]

Organizations named in the Massachusetts subpoena include the following: [148]

This latest inquiry by Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey is one in a series of investigations into what ExxonMobil knew about climate change and when, started by a coalition of attorneys general in the US. [143] 

March 9, 2016

Authors of the latest NIPCC report, “Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming,” convened at the Heartland Institute's new Andrew Breitbart Center for Freedom. According to the Heartland Institute's event description, “Craig D. Idso, Robert M. Carter and S. Fred Singer offer a detailed analysis of one of today’s most controversial topics:  climate change” and “make a compelling case against claims of a scientific consensus.”

“Probably the most widely repeated claim in the debate over global warming is that '97% of scientists agree' that climate change is man-made and dangerous,” the authors write. “This claim is not only false, but its presence in the debate is an insult to science.” [138]

Notably, the “97% consensus” is supported by the Academis of Science from 80 countries and over 200 worldwide scientific organizations. [139], [140]

View the video below:

March 1, 2016

The Heartland Institute's president Joseph Bast announced the Andrew Breitbart Center for Freedom, a “public meeting space” that would be located at the Heartland Institute's new headquarters in Arlington Heights, Illinois. [131]

The launch included a poster honouring the late Andrew Breitbart, describing him as a “fearless defender of freedom and enemy of biased, lying mainstream media,” Right Wing Watch reports. [131]

Breitbart News faced controversy during 2016 election season, nicknamed “Trumpbart” by detractors. The Daily Beast writes “it is widely seen as a credulous purveyor of [Donald] Trump's angry populist, anti-immigration, anti-Muslim message, and as an enthusiastic booster of the reality show billionaire's candidacy.” [132]

Right Wing Watch notes that Glenn Beck accused Breitbart News of “having turned itself into an arm of the Trump campaign and likening its executive chairman, Steve Bannon, to Hitler's propagandist Joseph Goebbels.” [133]

Video of Joseph Bast announcing the new Freedom Center below:

The Heartland Instituteoffers the following description on their website:

“Andrew Breitbart was a genuine American hero. He inspired millions of people to stand up and speak the truth about what is happening in America,” said Joseph Bast, president of The Heartland Institute. “We could not be more pleased to have his name forever affixed to The Heartland Institute. We are honored that his family and friends believe this connection is a suitable addition to his legacy.” [134]

The Heartland Institute also plans a “dedication ceremony” in summer of 2016 which will feature a screening of 'Hating Breitbart,' a documentary “about Andrew Breitbart’s enormous impact on the media and the culture that was released one year after his death.” [134]

November 30, 2015

On the first day of the United Nations' twenty first conference of the parties (COP21) in Paris, the Heartland Institute's Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) published a book that “emphatically rejects claims of a 'scientific consensus' on the causes and consequences of climate change,” reads the Heartland press release. [127]

The NIPCC book is titled “Why Scientists Disagree about Global Warming: The NIPCC Report on Consensus.” Contrary to the book's premise, multiple studies and surveys have shown that 97 percent or more of actively publishing climate scientists agree that climate warming trends over the past century are due to human activitities (NASA, for example). [128]

The book's authors include Craig D. Idso of the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change (CSCDGC), Robert M. Carter of the Institute for Public Affairs (IPA), and S. Fred Singer of the Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)The NIPCC itself is sponsored by the CSCDGC, SEPP, and the Heartland Institute. [127]

CSDGC, IPA, and SEPP are all secretive about their funding sources. Still, available data shows they have received significant funding from ExxonMobil, Donors Capital Fund, Scaife, and Koch-related Foundations. Below is a brief summary based on data collected from ExxonSecrets and the Conservative Transparency Project:

CSCDGC IPA SEPP Total
Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation $90,000 $229,000 $319,000
Donors Capital Fund $283,800 $283,800
Exxon Mobil $100,000 $20,000 $120,000
John M. Olin Foundation $119,000 $119,000
Sarah Scaife Foundation $100,000 $100,000
Heartland Institute $15,000 $15,000
Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation $5,000 $5,000
Deramus Foundation $1,000 $1,000
Grand Total $574,800 $348,000 $40,000 $962,800

August 25, 2015

The Heartland Institute co-sponsored the “Affordable Energy Summit 8.0” with the Libertarian Party of Nevada in Las Vegas, where James Taylor was a speaker[124] According to the Affordable Energy Summit's “Events” webpage, the purpose of the summit was to “discuss the costs of climate change, as well as the fiscal and environmental impact of the so-called 'Clean Power Plan.'” [125]

The “Events” page of the Affordable Energy Summit's website goes on to state that the speakers at the National Clean Energy Summit, which took place just one day earlier, “believe that evidence of man-made global warming is enough to justify any action intended to solve the problem, without regard for effectiveness and without any regard for the expense.” [125]

James Taylor wrote in Forbes that, “Unlike the Clean Energy Summit, the Affordable Energy Summit will present the full picture on energy, economics, and the environment.” Taylor asserts that wind and solar power initiatives are “not only prohibitively expensive, but they produce worse environmental damage than the conventional power Obama and Reid seek to vilify.” [126]

March 3-4, 2015

The Heartland Institute issued statements in defense of Willie Soon in the wake of his recently published paper titled “Why Models Run Hot: Results From an Irreducibly Simple Climate Model,” published in January 2015 in China's Science Bulletin Journal. Co-authors of the paper included Lord Christopher Monckton, Professor David Legates, and Dr. William Briggs.

James M. Taylor's defense of soon is available here, and one by Robert M. Carter here. Bob Carter is an expert or advisor to over 10 climate skeptic organizations including the Global Warming Policy Foundation, International Climate Science Coalition, Science and Public Policy Institute, Australian Climate Science Coalition, and New Zealand Climate Science Coalition. His background is in geology.  [75][76]

Shortly after the Science Bulletin paper's release, a number of sources reported on Soon's connection to fossil fuel funding, including 11 papers he published since 2008 in which ommited disclosure of a potential conflict of interest. In their February 21 article titled Deeper Ties to Corporate Cash for Doubtful Climate Researcher, The New York Times reports how “in at least eight of those cases, he appears to have violated ethical guidelines of the journals that published his work.” [77

As of 2001, the Climate Investigations Center found that Soon had received $1,573,270 in funding, with “known fossil fuel funding” tabulated at $1,248,471. Coal electricity generator Southern Company, Exxon, Donors Trust, the Charles G. Koch Foundation and the American Petroleum Institute have all contributed. [78]

Soon released his own statement (PDF) on March 2, which was published on the Heartland Institute's website. [79]

April 27/28, 2015

The Heartland Institute sent a team to the Vatican City where they held a press conference in order to “inform Pope Francis of the truth about climate science” and claims to set out a “case explaining why climate science does not justify the Holy See putting its faith in the work of the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).”  

Lord Christopher Monckton, Dr Calvin Beisner of the Cornwall Alliance, and Marc Morano from CFACT all spoke at the conference, and the event was further covered by DesMog UK's Brendan Montague, who attended. [80]

Rome Heartland Vatican Audience

Nine journalists made up the audience at Heartland's press conference. Photo by Brendan Montague.

Monckton encouraged the Pope not to make a statement on climate change, saying “You will be kicking the poor in the teeth. Stand back, listen to both sides, and do not take sides in politics.”  Heartland stated their intent was to “dissuade Pope Francis from lending his moral authority to the politicized and unscientific climate agenda of the United Nations.” [81]

Heartland President Joe Bast claims that Pope Francis is being “misled by 'experts' at the United Nations who have proven unworthy of his trust,” and that “Humans are not causing a climate crisis on God’s Green Earth – in fact, they are fulfilling their Biblical duty to protect and use it for the benefit of humanity.”

The Heartland Institute's event included presentations from the following:

  • E. Calvin Beisner, Ph.D., national spokesman for the Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation
  • Hal Doiron, former NASA Skylab and Space Shuttle engineer
  • Richard Keen, Ph.D., meteorology instructor at the University of Colorado
  • Christopher Monckton, chief policy advisor to the Science and Public Policy Institute (SPPI)
  • Marc Morano, executive editor and chief correspondent, ClimateDepot.com
  • Tom Sheahen, Ph.D., vice chairman of the Science and Environmental Policy Project Board of Directors
  • Elizabeth Yore, J.D., former General Counsel at the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children in Virginia

Joe Bast has also stated “Catholics who would put ‘sustainability’ ahead of human freedom are out of step with the most important teachings of their faith.” [82]

The Heartland Institute's campaign included a series of presentations and press conferences in Rome. Searches for Pope Francis and Climate Change reveal they have also bid on AdWords to direct searches to the Heartland Institute website (see below).

Pope Francis Global Warming

Screenshot taken from Google, May 21, 2015.

July, 2014

At the American Legislative Exchange Council's (ALEC) annual meeting in Dallas, Heartland Institue President Joseph Bast led a workshop where he argued the following (as reported by the Centre for Media and Democracy): [83]

  • “There is no scientific consensus on the human role in climate change.”
  • “There is no need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and no point in attempting
  • to do so.”
  • “Carbon dioxide has not caused weather to become more extreme, polar ice and
  • sea ice to melt, or sea level rise to accelerate. These were all false alarms.”
  • The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) “is not a credible source of
  • science or economics.”
  • “The likely benefits of man­made global warming exceed the likely costs.”

The Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) led a workshop at the same meeting called “Climate change talking points 2014.”

October 29, 2014

The Heartland Institute's “energy and environment experts” commented on the ruling by the Health Board of Brown County, Wisconsin, declaring wind turbines a “human health hazard.”Tom Harris writes that “without taxpayer funded subsidies, large wind turbine projects are not economically viable … However, the government funds them regardless because of the appearance that their use helps 'fight climate change.'” [84],[85]

Harris continues:

“More importantly, the hypothesis that carbon dioxide emissions from human activity is damaging the climate has been thoroughly debunked by reports such as those of the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change. So, the main reason the government funds wind power is no longer valid.”

September 26, 2014

The Heartland Institute releases a post in their policy and commentary blog, Somewhat Reasonable, titled, “Alex Epstein Loves Fossil Fuels, Mixing it Up with Climate Marchers in NYC,” describing Alex Epstein's “courageous” visit to the People's Climate March. Within the post, Heartland encourages viewers to watch all four of Epstein's videos from the People's Climate March, share the videos with friends, “check out Alex Epstein's organization [Center for Industrial Progress], and read the first chapter of his new book,” which is titled, The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels[86]

August, 2014

The Heartland Institute's President Joseph Bast testified at a Travis County Texas court hearing regarding the Texas Taxpayers' Savings Grant Programs (“TTSGP”). The court questions Bast's credibility as a witness (PDF, p. 335 - 336):

“Mr. Joseph Bast, president and CEO of the Heartland Institute, testified for the Intervenors regarding the Texas Taxpayers’ Savings Grant Programs (“TTSGP”), a school voucher bill that failed in the 82nd Legislative Session. As a threshold matter, this Court finds that Mr. Bast is not a credible witness and that he did not offer reliable opinions in this matter. While Mr. Bast described himself as an economist, he holds neither undergraduate nor graduate degrees in economics, and the highest level of education he completed was high school. Mr. Bast testified that he is 100% committed to the long-term goal of getting government out of the business of educating its own voting citizens. Further, his use of inflammatory and irresponsible language regarding global warming, and his admission that the long term goal of his advocacy of vouchers is to dismantle the 'socialist' public education system further undermine his credibility with this Court.” [87]

July, 2014

Jay Lehr, science director and senior fellow, writes a Policy Brief for the Heartland Institute entitled, “Replacing the Environmental Protection Agency,” which he describes in the abstract as a “plan to replace the United States Environmental Protection Agency with a Committee of the Whole of the 50 state environmental protection agencies, utilizing a phased five-year transition period.”  [88]

Within the Policy Brief, Lehr writes that the ten years following the establishment of the EPA in 1971 he “helped write a significant number of legislative bills that were to make up a true safety net for our environment,” including, “Water Pollution Control Act (later renamed the Clean Water Act), Safe Drinking Water Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (which, surprisingly, covered deep mines as well), Clean Air Act, Federal Insecticide, Rodenticide, and Fungicide Act, and Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (which we now know as Superfund).” 

Following Lehr’s ten-year period of legislative bill writing, he notes in the brief that “around 1981, liberal activist groups recognized EPA could be used to advance their political agenda by regulating virtually all human activities regardless of their impact on the environment … Since that time, not a single environmental law or regulation has been passed that benefitted either the environment or society … Today, EPA is all but a wholly owned subsidiary of liberal activist groups.”

Lehr concludes the Policy Brief by writing “it’s time for the national EPA to go,” and that “the path forward is now clear and simple: A five-year transition from a federal government bureaucracy to a Committee of the Whole composed of the 50 state environmental protection … All that is missing is the political will.” 

June, 2014

The Heartland Institute sponsored an advertorial section in the Washington Times where they offer the chance for anyone to publish a challenge to the science behind climate change (at the cost of $10,000 for the right to be published.) Lindsay Abrams reports in a Salon article titled ”Attention, climate deniers: For just $10,000, your Op-Ed can be featured in the Washington Times.” [89], [90]

Below is the email originally sent around by The Washington Times:

As you may know, The Heartland Institute is hosting a Washington Times Special section to showcase organizations and scientists from around the world who question whether “man-made global warming” will be harmful to plants, animals, or human welfare. This section will be featured prominently at the 9th International Conference on Climate Change next week.

With this, you are invited to be a part of this special print and digital section with an op-ed in print and digital formats.

You can support the section and have the chance to write an edit and compliment the issue with a full page, full color display ad for your organization for just $10,000. The section will appear online at www.washingtontimes.com and will be advertised with over a million impressions online and with over 500,000 emails.

SPACE IS LIMITED and we are closing space on the issue very soon – Deadline is END OF DAY FRIDAY for a reservation and next Monday to coordinate details/edit/Ad.

Anyway, please call or email as soon as possible if you would like to participate.

Thanks and look forward to our discussion.

Joe Corbe

The Washington Times

April 30, 2014

At a mining conference in Denver, CO, Republic Report, cross-posted on DeSmogBlog, spoke to Heartland Institute's president, Joseph Bast, about his past support for the tobacco industry. When first asked by Republic Report, Bast denied that he had ever dismissed concerns about the risks of smoking. [91]

In a report entitled, “Please Don't Poop in My Salad,” (PDF) released by Heartland and written by Bast in July of 2006, Bast was quoted on page 57 (pg. 65 in PDF format), “A fourth lie is that even moderate smoking is deadly. Several experts (including two who are very anti-smoking) have told me that smoking fewer than seven cigarettes a day does not raise a smoker's risk of lung cancer.” [92]

Reporter Lee Fang captured Bast's response to the statement: [93]

“In 1998, you wrote in a Heartland op-ed that smoking cigarettes has little to no adverse health effects,” we noted. “Do you stand by that?”

“No, I never wrote that,” replied Bast. “Why would I have written something like that?” Bast asked to see the op-ed, and promised to “contest” it. Later, Republic Report returned and read Bast's op-ed to him.

March 31, 2014

The Heartland Institute released their latest NIPCC (Non Intergovernemntal Panel on Climate Change) Report. As reported by Kert Davies at the Climate Investigations Center (CIC Briefing: Craig Idso Heartland Institute NIPCC Climate Denial”) and in a repost at DeSmogBlog, much of the report's messaging (the idea that more CO2 is beneficial) can be traced back to Craig Idso, who is also one of the lead authors. [94]

The Heartland Institute NIPCC report concludes that “rising temperatures and atmospheric CO2 levels are causing 'no net harm to the global environment or to human health and often finds the opposite: net benefits to plants, including important food crops, and to animals and human health,'” as reported on the Heartland Institute press release. The full report, titled Climate Change Reconsidered II: Biological Impacts can also be viewed here (PDF), and the Summary for Policy Makers (PDF) here. [95]

Lead Authors/Editors

Contributing Authors and Reviewers

Editors

August 8, 2013

As reported by the Centre for Media and Democracy, the American Legislative Exchance Council (ALEC) teamed up with the Heartland Institute to hose a session on Climate Change. The workshop cost $40,000 to sponsor and featured Heartland President Joseph Bast.  [96]

June 11, 2013

The Heartland Institute released a statement detailing how the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) had translated two volumes of its NIPCC reports  – Climate Change Reconsidered. [116]

The main contributors to the reports, Craig Idso, Fred Singer, and Australia-based Robert Carter, were due to fly to Beijing to launch the report, Heartland said.

On June 12, Jim Lakely, Heartland’s communications director, reported on Heartland's blog Somewhat Reasonable under the headline “Chinese Academy of Sciences publishes Heartland Institute research skeptical of Global Warming.” Lakely wrote that CAS’s translation now placed “enormous scientific heft” behind the “questionable notion that man is responsible for catastrophically warming the planet.”

Lakely quotes Heartland President Joseph Bast as saying: “This is a historic moment in the global debate about global warming.” [117]

Joseph Bast also commented that China’s previous refusal to sign a deal was now justified because CAS had translated the Heartland book and this “indicates the country’s leaders believe their position is justified by science and not just by economics.” Robert Carter told Lakely that Chinese companies would soon leave their Western counterparts in the competitive dust becuase, he said, they were still “hindered by the IPCC’s leaden and outdate global warming ideology.”

Anthony Watts also ran a post on his blog, WUWT, with the title “Heartland's NIPCC report to be accepted by Chinese Academy of Sciences in special ceremony.” [118]

The Lanzhou Branch of the National Science Library of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, which carried out the translation, later released a statement in response: [119]

“…The Heartland Institute published the news titled 'Chinese Academy of Sciences publishes Heartland Institute research skeptical of Global Warming' in a strongly misleading way on its website, implying that the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) supports their views, in contrary to what is clearly stated in the Translators’ Note in the Chinese translation. The claim of the Heartland Institute about CAS’ endorsement of its report is completely false.

In fact, the translation was 'purely non-official academic activities [of] the group of translators' and 'they do not represent, nor they have ever claimed to represent, CAS or any of CAS institutes.'

The above fact was made very clear in the Translators’ Note in the book, and was known to the NIPCC report authors and the Heartland Institute before the translation started. The false claim by the Heartland Institute was made public without any knowledge of the translator group. Since there is absolutely no ground for the so called CAS endorsement of the report, and the actions by the Heartland Institute went way beyond acceptable academic integrity, we have requested by email to the president of the Heartland Institute that the false news on its website to be removed.

We also requested that the Institute issue a public apology to CAS for the misleading statement on the CAS endorsement. If the Heartland Institute does not withdraw its false news or refuse to apologize, all the consequences and liabilities should be borne by the Heartland Institute. We reserve the right for further actions to protect the rights of CAS and the translators group.”

The overarching Chinese Academy of Sciences also issued a statement urging the public to ignore Heartland’s “misleading information”. Heartland promptly deleted all pages and Joseph Bast issued an apology: Jim Lakely. [120]

“Some people interpreted our news release and a blog post describing this event as implying that the Chinese Academy of Sciences endorses the views contained in the original books. This is not the case, and we apologize to those who may have been confused by these news reports. To be clear, the release of this new publication does not imply CAS and any of its affiliates involved with its production 'endorse' the skeptical views contained in the report. Rather, as stated in the translator's preface of the book, 'The work of these translators, organizations and funders has been in the translation and the promotion of scientific dialogue, does not reflect that they agree with the views of NIPCC.”

2012 - Proposed Projects

Global Warming Curriculum

The Heartland Institute proposes to fund a “Global Warming Curriculum” for K-12 schools. They claim that there is an absence of educational materials that are not “alarmist or overtly political,” and that teachers are “heavily biased toward the alarmist perspective” (see p. 18, “2012 Fundraising Plan”).

Heartland tentatively plans to pay climate change skeptic David Wojick (whose main work has been as a policy analyst) $5,000 per module in 2012, with the first $100,000 pledged by the Anonymous Donor. 

The modules would cover how “whether humans are changing the climate is a major scientific controversy,” how climate models' “reliability is controversial,” and “whether CO2 is a pollutant is controversial. It is the global food supply and natural emissions are 20 times higher than human emissions.”

For grades 7-9, Wojick would examine how “environmental impact is often difficult to determine. For example, there is a major controversy over whether or not humans are changing the weather.”

Hydraulic Fracturing Project

Another project proposed by Heartland for 2012, The Hydraulic Fracturing Project (p. 18 - 19, “2012 Fundraising Plan”) would “raise funds from businesses with a financial interest in fracking” by “approach[ing] dozens of companies and trade associations that are actively seeking allies in this battle.”

While Heartland claims that “Fracking has been safely used for more than 50 years,” our recent DeSmogBlog report Fracking the Future suggests otherwise.

The Heartland Institute has already identified itself as “one of the most outspoken defenders of fracking in the U.S., using Environment & Climate News, its Web sites, and its PR and GR operations to comment repeated on the issue and reach large audiences.”

Weather Stations Project

Heartland proposes to fund a new web site by Anthony Watts devoted to accessing temperature data from the National Aeronautics and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and “converting them into easy-to-understand graphs that can be easily understood by weathermen and the general interested public” (p.18, Heartland's 2012 “Fundraising Plan”).

According to Heartland, examples of when temperature records are broken in the U.S. are “often used by environmental extremists” as evidence of climate change. Presumably Watts's new site, which will be “promoted heavily at WattsUpWithThat.com,” would portray temperature data in a way to counteract this.

Heartland agreed to help Watts raise $88,000 from the project in 2011, and the Anonymous Donor pledged $44,000 so far in 2012. According to Heartland, they have previously supported and promoted Watts' past work “exposing flaws in the current network of temperature stations.”

November, 2009

In February 2009, hundreds of emails from climate change experts at the University of East Anglia were unlawfully obtained through hacking a server. The Climate Research Unit hacking incident became known as Climategate by global warming skeptics, a term used extensively by the Heartland Institute. 

The Heartland Institute published the illegally hacked documents in an attempt to discredit the scientists who were researching the man-made connection to global warming. At the time, Heartland President Joseph Bast wrote:

“The release of these documents creates an opportunity for reporters, academics, politicians, and others who relied on the IPCC to form their opinions about global warming to stop and reconsider their position. The experts they trusted and quoted in the past have been caught red-handed plotting to conceal data, hide temperature trends that contradict their predictions, and keep critics from appearing in peer-reviewed journals. This is new and real evidence that they should examine and then comment on publicly.” [97]

Some accused the Heartland Institute of hypocrisy when they responded to documents revealing their 2012 plans and budget. (“I still can't get over how hypocritical Heartland Institute is being about this, given how it delighted in seeing climate scientists’ e-mails hacked in the 2009 'Climategate' non-scandal,” wrote Tyler Hamilton at The EnergyCollective.) [[98]

In 2012, Heartland had this response to their own leaked documents:

“…honest disagreement should never be used to justify the criminal acts and fraud that occurred in the past 24 hours. As a matter of common decency and journalistic ethics, we ask everyone in the climate change debate to sit back and think about what just happened.

Those persons who posted these documents and wrote about them before we had a chance to comment on their authenticity should be ashamed of their deeds, and their bad behavior should be taken into account when judging their credibility now and in the future.”  [99]

March, 2009

The Heartland Institute released their “Skeptic's Handbook,” printing 150,000 copies for distribution across the US including 850 journalists, 26,000 schools, “19,000 leaders and politicians.“ The mass printing was funded by an “Anonymous Donor.“ [100]

In 2008, the Center for Media and Democracy reports how the Heartland Institute also sent out “more than 11,000 brochures and DVDs to Canadian schools urging them to teach their students that scientists are exaggerating how human activity is the driving force behind global warming.” [101]

2008

The Heartland Institute and an “anonymous donor” funded a video, produced by the Idea Channel, titled “Unstoppable Solar Cycles: Rethinking Global Warming.”

One subject interviewed, Rie Oldenburg, curator of the Narsaq Museum, claims that she was tricked into participating. She said she had been told she was contributing to a video on Norse history, and was shocked to learn that the DVD denied the human contribution to climate change. [102]

A version of the video was distributed to schools by the advocacy organization Izzit.org, and included a “Teacher's Guide” (PDF) and lesson plan. [103]

HI's description of Unstoppable Solar Cycles questions man's influence on climate change:

“The best available records of temperature and atmospheric CO2 over the past 650,000 years indicate that the earth's temperature always rises first, followed by a rise in carbon dioxide. If a warmer earth leads to increased levels of CO2-and not the other way around-can humans' use of fossil fuels be the cause of global warming? Shouldn't this critical question remain open to scientific inquiry?” [104]

Note that this specific argument has been debunked, with a summary available at SkepticalScience.

September, 2007

The Heartland Institute promoted a list of “500 Scientists with Documented Doubts of Man-Made Global Warming Scares,” originally produced by Dennis Avery for the Hudson  Institute.

DeSmogBlog contacted 122 of the scientists, and 45 replied in outrage. They said that their research did not support Avery's conclusions, and demanded that their names be removed from the list.

In response to the complaints, the Heartland Institute changed the title of the document to “500 Scientists Whose Research Contradicts Man-Made Global Warming Scares,” but refused to remove any names from the list. 

They responded, saying that the authors, “have no right – legally or ethically – to demand that their names be removed from a bibliography composed by researchers with whom they disagree,” and that “We did not ask for those authors' permission, nor do we seek their permission now.” [105]

Joseph Bast concluded that the “complaining scientists have crossed the line between scientific research and policy advocacy.” [106]

April 2, 2007

The Heartland Institute promoted challenges by Lord Christopher Monckton and Dennis Avery to debate Al Gore on global warming. [107]

Heartland ran advertisements in the New York Times and other media promoting the requested debate.

January 15, 2007

Heartland published a “Guidebook for State Legislators” which, among other advice, suggests that legislators “should oppose unnecessary and costly global warming programs.” [108]

Bast has also published his own “Legislative Principles Series” (PDF), which was “written especially for elected officials and other opinion leaders.” [109]

November, 2006

Heartland sponsored a talk by Fred Singer and Dennis Avery titled “Unstoppable Global Warming Every 1500 Years.”

Scientists at Realclimate reported and responded with a point/counterpoint discussion. [110]


August 2, 2002

The Heartland Institute wrote to President Bush, discouraging him from attending the UN Summit on Sustainable Development. Bush did not attend.

Representatives from other right-wing organizations including Americans for Tax Reform, the American Enterprise Institute, and the Competitive Enterprise Institute also contributed to the letter. [111]

October 3, 2000

According to ExxonSecrets, Heartland filed a lawsuit against President Clinton for increasing funding for a report on climate change by the US Global Change Research Program. [112]

April 2, 1996

Heartland published “Earth Day '96,” (PDF) a compilation of articles on environmental topics. The publication, distributed on college campuses, featured “Adventures in the Ozone Layer” by S. Fred Singer, and “the Cold Facts on Global Warming” by Sallie Baliunas. The articles denied the serious nature of ozone depletion and global warming. [113]

1990s - Defending Tobacco

The Heartland Institute has consistently defended the tobacco industry, and has received funding from numerous tobacco companies including Philip Morris and RJ Reynolds.

Reproduced below is a 1999 letter from Joseph Bast to Roy Marden of Phillip Morris courtesy of the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (see original PDF) that illustrates Heartland's stance on tobacco (Emphasis Added). Note that John Mashey refers to this letter in his report (p. 44) as potential evidence of Heartland's role as a lobbying organization.

July 27, 1999

Mr. Roy Marden
Manager of Industry Affairs
Philip Morris Management Cos.
120 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10017

Dear Roy:

Thank you for inviting me to request renewed general operating support for The Heartland Institute for 1999. I note that Philip Morris contributed $5,000 last August (for a Gold Table at our annual benefit) and $25,000 in October (general operating support). It also has allowed you to serve on our Board of Directors, which has produced many positive results for the entire organization.

Because Heartland does many things that benefit Philip Morris' bottom line, things that no other organization does, I hope you will consider boosting your general operating support this year to $30,000 and once again reserve a Gold Table for an additional $5,000.

We genuinely need your financial support. Maybe by the end of this letter you'll agree that we merit even greater support; I certainly hope so!

Working with State Elected Officials

Unlike any other free-market think tank, Heartland's primary audience is the nation's 7,500 state elected officials. We reach them more often, and generate from them more requests for research, than any other think tank in the country.

  • PolicyFax, Heartland's free fax-on-demand information service for journalists and elected officials, received approximately 700 calls a month from state legislators and members of their staffs during 1998
  • Over 110 elected state officials now serve on the PolicyFax Advisory Board, meaning they have volunteered to help choose documents and topics to feature on the service. Among pro-market groups,  only ALEC has more state legislators involved in their programs.  
  • Every state and national elected official in the U.S. receives a steady stream of publications from Heartland — four periodicals and less regular mailings of policy studies and other documents — that have been designed to fill their information needs. Heartland is one of very few organizations that treats elected officials as customers, not opponents.

Supporting State-Based Think Tanks

  • Heartland works with ALEC and the State Policy Network to support conservative and freemarket think tanks around the country. Heartland does as much as either of these organizations to support the state-based think tank movement. For example:
  • PolicyFax features 6,000 documents from some 300 think tanks and advocacy groups, including all of the members of State Policy Network. PolicyFax is free for both the users and the groups that provide documents, and Heartland reports back to the publisher each month with information about how often its documents were ordered.
  • Heartland's Intellectual Ammunition is the only magazine sent to all 8,000 state and national elected officials featuring the work of free-market policy analysts on the staffs of Heritage, NCPA, CEI, the Tax Foundation, Reason Foundation, Center for the Study of American Business, and other think tanks.
  • Issues of three Heartland publications — the bimonthly Intellectual Ammunition and monthly School Reform News and Environment News — contain directories of freemarket groups and feature the work of other think tanks. Heartland is the only organization in the country that regularly promotes the work of other think tanks.

Work on Tobacco-related Issues

Heartland has devoted considerable attention to defending tobacco (and other industries) from what I view as being an unjust campaign of public demonization and legal harassment. We're an important voice defending smokers and their freedom to use a still-legal product.

  • Tobacco is well represented on PolicyFax and in the quarterly PolicyFax Updates. In recent months we posted Brill's Content's expose of EPA's corrupt science on secondhand smoke and essays by Patrick Reilly for Capital Research Center, Jacob Sullum for Reason Foundation, Matt Kibbe for CSE,. J.D. Foster for the Tax Foundation, and Sean Paige for Insight. Some 21 articles on tobacco are available through PolicyFax.
  • Intellectual Ammunition has carried two articles defending the tobacco industry since last October: the cover story of the March/April 1999 issue (“Lifting the Skirts of 'Progressive' Demonizers”) and my essay, “Dear Melissa: A Civil Libertarian's Perspective on the War against Smoking.”
  • The Heartlander, our monthly newsletter for members, has called attention to the dangerous legal precedents and discriminatory taxes that are part of the campaign against tobacco in cover essays appearing in the October, November, and June issues.
  • Recent and past Heartland publications on tobacco, including a Heartland Policy Study and several Perspectives, and the 21 documents on the subject available from PolicyFax, are all available on Heartland's Web site. Particularly popular are two of my essays, titled “Five Lies About Tobacco” and “Joe Camel is Innocent.”

Coming Up

We expect to continue publishing School Reform News, Environment News, Intellectual Ammunition, and The Heartlander in the months ahead. Changing PolicyFax from a fax-on-demand service to an Internet-based service begins this week with the conversion of all 6,000 documents available from PolicyFax into a format that will enable them to be viewed or downloaded directly from the Web site.

We are also revamping our Web site to bring together into one place all the material on tobacco — the policy study, op-eds, PolicyFax documents, and Heartlander essays — and identify it as the “Smoker's Lounge” on the homepage. And we have discussed producing an Instant Expert Guide to Tobacco Litigation and reproducing an analysis done of the effect of a federal lawsuit against the tobacco industry on the level of payments states can expect to receive. Both of these projects are likely to come about in the coming months (though the latter only if it is still timely).

Funding Request

Roy, please consider renewing Philip Morris' general operating support of The Heartland Institute at the slightly higher level of $30,000. We rely heavily on companies like yours to produce a program that is every bit as ambitious and perhaps more effective than anything produced by a Washington D.C.-based group.

Please don't hesitate to give me a call if you have questions or advice. I hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,

Joseph L. Bast
President

Heartland Institute Contact & Address

As of May, 2016, the Heartland Institute's address and contact information was listed as follows: [142]

The Heartland Institute
3939 North Wilke Road
Arlington Heights, Illinois 60004
Phone: 312/377-4000
Fax: 312/275-7942
Email: [email protected]

Related Organizations

Some of Heartland connections:

Publications

The Heartland Institute publishes six newspapers:

They also publish a monthly newsletter titled The Heartlander and there is also an online Heartlander Magazine that appears to cover similar issues to their six individual newspapers. 

Possibly most notable among these newspapers is Environment & Climate News (E&CN) which frequently features topics skeptical of climate change, and has a history of posting articles in favor of tobacco.

John Mashey devotes a large portion of his report (see p.82) to analysis of Environment and Climate News from June 2011 through January 2012 (approximately 1700 pages).

Resources

The following Heartland Institute documents (apart from the IRS Form 990, which is a public document) were released by an anonymous source on February 14, 2012 (climate scientist Peter Gleick has since come forward as the source of the release):

**The Heartland Institute disputes the authenticity of the 2012 climate strategy, claiming the document is a “fake,” and has threatened DeSmogBlog with legal action. However, the organization has yet to provide concrete evidence to support these allegations.

Mashey Report

John Mashey published the following report, also on February 14, 2012, that examines the finances of the Heartland Institute and two other like-minded organizations:

Sources

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  2. Justin Gillis and Leslie Kaufman. “Leak Offers Glimpse of Campaign Against Climate Science,” The New York Times, February 15, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  3. Richard Littlemore. “Heartland Insider Exposes Institute's Budget and Strategy,” DeSmogBlog, February 14, 2012.

  4. Toxic shock: A climate-change sceptic is melting,” The Economist, May 26, 2012. Archived July 26, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6dHm6HfsH

  5. Brendan DeMelle. “Will Heartland Institute's Corporate Funders Tacitly Endorse Comparing Climate Realists to bin Laden and the Unabomber?“ DeSmogBlog, May 4, 2012.

  6. Maureen Martin, Joseph Bast. “Welcome to Heartland's Smoker's Lounge!” The Heartland Institute, April 20, 2007. Archived July 26, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6dHm9B7Il

  7. Five Lies about Tobacco: The Tobacco Bill Wasn't about Kids,” The Heartlander, July 1998. Archived at Scribd.com by user lhfang. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  8. Nick Surgey and Lee Fang. “VIDEO: Heartland Institute Reluctantly Stands by Denial of Cigarette Smoking Risks,” Republic Report, April 30, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. 

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  12. FTC Takes On Joe Camel” (PDF)ABCNEWS.com. Reproduced by Gabriel Media Studies Center. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

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  14. Mark Ames. “Radicals for Corporate Pollution: The Koch Cartel & The Heartland Institute,” The Exiled, February 15, 2012. Archived November 24, 2015. WebCite URLhttp://www.webcitation.org/6dHrDDzDw

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