Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace

Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace

Background

The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace is a public policy think tank and library located on the campus at Stanford University in California. Founded in 1919 by Herbert Hoover, the Institution was originally known as the Hoover War Library, the “largest library in the world dealing with the Great War.” [1]

In 1946, as its agenda expanded to include more research activities, it was renamed the Hoover Institute and Library on War, Revolution and Peace. In 1956 it reached the name it holds today: the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace. [1]

According to the Hoover Institution's mission statement, the primary tenets of the organization are representative government, private enterprise, and to “limit government intrusion into the lives of individuals.” [2]

In 1959, the Institution stated that “the purpose of this institution must be, by its research and publications, to demonstrate the evils of the doctrines of Karl Marx — whether Communism, Socialism, economic materialism, or atheism—thus to protect the American way of life from such ideologies, their conspiracies, and to reaffirm the validity of the American System.” [3], [4]

According to their website, the Institute's overarching purpose is to: [1]

  • “Assemble the requisite sources of knowledge pertaining to, and to understand the causes and consequences of, economic, political, and social changes in societies, at home and abroad
  • “Analyze the effects of government actions relating to public policy
  • “Generate and disseminate ideas directed at positive policy formation using reasoned arguments and intellectual rigor, converting conceptual insights into practical policy initiatives judged to be beneficial to society”

Climate change skeptic Thomas Gale Moore, author of “Climate of Fear: Why We Shouldn't Worry About Global Warming” is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, and he has also written a number of publications on their behalf.  [5]

Research Teams

The Hoover Institution maintains a number of research teams and task forces, including the following: [6]

  • Arctic Security Initiative
  • Economic Policy Working Group
  • Energy Policy Task Force
  • Working Group on Foreign Policy and Grand Strategy
  • Health Care Policy Working Group
  • Immigration Reform Initiative
  • Working Group on Intellectual Proprerty, Innovation and Prosperity
  • Working Group on Islamism and the International Order
  • K-12 Educational Task Force
  • Working Group on the Role of Military History and Contemporary Conflict
  • National Security and Law Task Force
  • Property Rights, Freedom, and Prosperity Task Force
  • Virtues of a Free Society Task Force

Stance on Climate Change

September, 2015
“Regardless of whether global temperatures follow the historic trend and take half a millennium to rise by 4°C or follow a 'hockey stick' upturn predicted by the IPCC and take one half of a century to rise by 4°C, we have the time to adapt.” [7]

2014

“We agree with most scientists who have seriously studied the issue on the causal relationship between human CO2 emissions and a changing climate, and we also accept that it would be preferable to avoid the broad impacts that would likely result were global climate change to occur rapidly. Reaching such a conclusion, however, does not lead us to align with the global-warming alarmists who want us to precipitously abort our use of fossil fuels. To do so in the United States using current technology would be economically disastrous domestically and, on a worldwide basis, environmentally inconsequential. Climate change concerns should be an important input to our energy policies, not an overriding determinant. ” [8]

June, 2014

“In other words mitigation to slow or halt GHG emissions will be costly today with little payout over the next 100, if not 1000, years, making it unlikely that large mitigation projects have a positive net present value. And for these results to occur, the United States would have to be joined by the rest of the industrialized nations as well as the developing ones, something that is not going to happen.” [9]

July 30, 2004

“Because rich economies sequester more carbon than poor ones, stored carbon must be subtracted from emissions to determine an economy’s net addition to greenhouse gas emissions. McCormick’s data show that 'rich countries take more carbon out of the air than poorer ones' and that 'the growth rate of net carbon emission per person will soon be negative in the United States.' Put differently—richer may well be cooler.” [10]

July, 2001

“The proposals to curb industry and energy consumption to avert global warming echo the 'limits to growth' alarms of the 1970s. Back then, groups like the Club of Rome proposed Draconian curbs on industrialization and urbanization because the world was supposedly about to run out of petroleum and other natural resources. These arguments resonated with the oil crises of the decade (even though these crises were, in fact, created by strategic, political, and economic factors, not true scarcity). Eventually deregulation and a saner foreign policy exposed these arguments for the shams that they were.” [11]

Funding

The following is based on data the Conservative Transparency project collected from publicly available 990 tax records. Note that not all individual funding records have been verified by DeSmogBlog for accuracy. [12]

View the attached spreadsheet for additional information on Hoover Institution funding by year (.xlsx)

Donor Total
Sarah Scaife Foundation $11,704,500
Howard Charitable Foundation $8,750,000
Walton Family Foundation $5,398,826
The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation $5,263,500
John M. Olin Foundation $5,190,660
Smith Richardson Foundation $3,868,451
The Shelby Cullom Davis Foundation $3,200,000
William E. Simon Foundation $1,490,000
The Carthage Foundation $898,400
The Weiler Foundation $645,000
The Randolph Foundation $640,000
Earhart Foundation $502,194
JM Foundation $460,000
Bochnowski Family Foundation $422,500
Searle Freedom Trust $337,500
Fairchild-Martindale Foundation $315,000
Jaquelin Hume Foundation $250,000
William H. Donner Foundation $202,500
Stuart Family Foundation $182,000
Joyce and Donald Rumsfeld Foundation $137,500
Barney Family Foundation $125,000
Exxon Mobil $110,000
The Whitcomb Charitable Foundation $62,000
National Christian Charitable Foundation $50,820
George Edward Durell Foundation $50,000
The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation $35,000
Castle Rock Foundation $25,000
Thomas B. Fordham Foundation $23,000
DonorsTrust $22,000
American Chemistry Council $15,000
The Gordon and Mary Cain Foundation $15,000
Woodhouse Family Foundation $6,000
Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation $5,000
Aequus Institute $2,500
Donors Capital Fund $2,000
Grand Total $50,406,851

SourceWatch lists the following additional funding sources: [13]

ExxonMobil Funding

Greenpeace's ExxonSecrets reports that the Institution has received at least $295,000 from ExxonMobil since 1998. [14]

990 Forms

Key People

The Hoover Institution has been influential in the American conservative and libertarian movement with a number of notable scholars and fellows having connections to various Republican administrations.

High-profile conservative fellows have included Edwin Meese, Condoleezza Rice, George Shultz, Thomas Sowell, Shelby Steele, and Amy Zegart. In 
May, 2007 retired U.S. Army General John P. Abizaid, former commander of the U.S. Central Command, became the Institution's first Annenberg Distinguished Visiting Fellow where he served until 2010. [15][13], [16]

Below is a list of notable individuals present in the Hoover Institution's staff list between 2004 and 2016. View the attached spreadsheet for a complete list of Hoover Institution people by category (.xlsx).

Board of Overseers

Chair

Name 2004[27] 2007[26] 2012[17] 2016[18]
Herbert M. Dwight Y
Peter B. Bedford Y
Thomas J. Tierney Y
W. Kurt Hauser Y

Vice Chairs

Name 2004[27] 2007[26] 2012[17] 2016[18]
Boyd C. Smith Y Y
David T. Traitel Y
Peter B. Bedford Y
Robert J. Oster Y
Thomas F. Stephenson Y

Key Board Members (Overseers)

Name 2004[27] 2007[26] 2012[17] 2016[18]
Barbara Barrett Y Y
Burton J. McMurtry Y Y Y Y
David B. Kennedy Y Y Y
David M. Rubenstein Y
Donald L. Lucas Y
George E. McCown Y
Heather R. Higgins Y Y Y
Howard H. Leach Y Y Y
James E. Piereson Y Y
James Q. Wilson Y
Jay A. Precourt Y Y
John E. Swearingen Y
John W. Madigan Y
Kenneth T. Derr Y
Lewis W. Coleman Y
Margaret Hoover Y Y Y
Martin Anderson Y Y Y
Michael Gleba Y Y
Paul M. Wythes Y Y
Peter A. Thiel Y Y
Richard M. Scaife Y Y Y
Robert J. Herbold Y Y
Stephen D. Bechtel Jr. Y Y
Thomas F. Stephenson Y Y Y
Thomas J. Healey Y Y
Thomas J. Tierney Y Y Y Y
Wendy H. Borcherdt Y Y Y
William D. Walsh Y
William E. Simon Jr. Y Y
William H. Draper III Y
William J. Hume Y Y
William K. Bowes Jr. Y Y Y Y

Key Fellows

Name 2004[38] 2007[28][29],[30],[31],[32],[33],[34], [35] 2012[19] 2016[20]
Abbas M. Milani Y Y Y Y
Alberto Mingardi Y
Alejandro Toledo Y Y
Alex Inkeles Y Y
Allan H. Meltzer Y Y
Alvin Rabushka Y Y Y Y
Anne Applebaum Y
Boaz Ganor Y
Bobby Inman Y Y Y
Charles Blahous Y Y
Charles Hill Y Y Y Y
Chester E. Finn Jr. Y Y Y Y
Clint Bolick Y Y Y
Condoleezza Rice Y Y Y Y
Daniel Pipes Y
David Davenport Y Y Y Y
David R. Henderson Y Y Y Y
David W. Brady Y Y Y Y
Deborah Amos Y
Dennis L. Bark Y Y Y Y
Diane Ravitch Y Y
Dinesh D'Souza Y Y
Donald Rumsfeld Y
Douglass C. North Y Y Y Y
Edward Paul Lazear Y Y Y Y
Edwin Meese III Y Y Y Y
Fouad Ajami Y
Fred Barnes Y
Gary S. Becker Y Y Y
George P. Shultz Y Y Y Y
Helene Cooper Y
Henry A. Kissinger Y
Henry I. Miller Y Y Y Y
Henry S. Rowen Y Y Y Y
Herbert J. Walberg Y Y Y
Herbert Weiss Y
Jack Goldsmith Y
James C. Miller III Y Y Y Y
James E. Goodby Y Y
James L. Sweeney Y Y Y Y
John A. Bohn Y
John A. Ferejohn Y Y Y
John Abizaid Y Y
John B. Dunlop Y
John B. Taylor Y Y Y Y
John E. Chubb Y Y Y Y
John H. Bunzel Y Y Y Y
John Podhoretz Y
John Raisian Y Y Y Y
John Shoven Y Y Y Y
Kanan Makiya Y
Kenneth Anderson Y
Kevin M. Murphy Y Y Y Y
Kiron K. Skinner Y Y Y Y
Kori Schake Y Y
Larry J. Diamond Y Y Y
Laura E. Huggins Y Y Y
Lawrence Chickering Y
Lawrence Silberman Y
Mara Liasson Y
Marc Alexander Thiessen Y
Mark Harrison Y
Martin Anderson Y Y Y
Michael A. McFaul Y Y Y Y
Michael Goldfarb Y
Michael H. Armacost Y Y Y
Michael J. Boskin Y Y Y Y
Michael Mcconnell Y Y
Milton Friedman Y Y
Morris P. Fiorina Y Y Y Y
Newt Gingrich Y Y
Niall Ferguson Y Y Y Y
Nick Schmidle Y
Paul E. Peterson Y Y Y Y
Paul T. Hill Y Y Y
Pete Wilson Y Y Y Y
Peter Berkowitz Y Y Y Y
Peter Jones Y
Philip J. Romero Y
R. James Woolsey Y
Richard A. Epstein Y Y Y Y
Richard Cummings Y
Richard Sousa Y Y Y Y
Richard V. Allen Y Y Y Y
Robert E. Hall Y Y Y Y
Robert Zelnick Y Y Y
Sam Nunn Y
Sarah Anderson Y
Seymour Martin Lipset Y Y
Shelby Steele Y
Sidney D. Drell Y Y Y Y
Stewart A. Baker Y
Terry L. Anderson Y Y Y Y
Terry M. Moe Y Y Y Y
Terry Ryan Y Y
Thomas Bethell Y
Thomas Gale Moore Y Y Y Y
Timothy Garton Ash Y Y Y Y
Timothy Kane Y
William Damon Y Y Y Y
William J. Perry Y Y Y Y
Williamson M. Evers Y Y Y Y
Spencer Abraham Y
Bruce Berkowitz Y
Robert J. Myers Y Y

Other People [14], [36]

2004 2016
Donald Rumsfeld Y
Gale Norton Y
James M. Poterba Y
Richard Geddes Y
S. Fred Singer Y Y
Sallie Baliunas Y

Actions

January 28, 2015

Hoover Institution senior fellows Edward Paul Lazear published an article in the Wall Street Journal (republished in the Hoover Digest ) which suggests that we should adapt to climate change, rather than follow “far-reaching policies to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate climate change” suggested by the Obama administration. [21], [22]

“Carbon math makes clear that without major effort and a good bit of luck,  we are unlikely to control the growth of emissions enough to meet the standards that many climate scientists suggest are necessary. It is time to end the delusions and start thinking realistically about what can and will be done,” Lazear writes. [22]

December 20, 2014

Jeremy Carl, Research Fellow and Energy Policy Task Force member at the Hoover Institution, writes at CNN: [23]

“[T]he new ban on hydraulic fracturing in New York has nothing to do with public health or good science. Instead, it's an anti-scientific, political decision that will harm the country as it panders to far-left environmentalists.” [23]

New York became the first state to ban Fracking in the U.S. However, Carl says he is “reflexively hostile to deception, especially when undertaken by people who cloak themselves in the mantle of science. And that's exactly what is happening here.” [23]

2007

A number of the Hoover Institution's fellows have been actively skeptical of man-made climate change. Take the example of Thomas Gale Moore who has produced a large number of articles suggesting that global warming may actually be “good for you.”

Here is a PDF capture and summary of Moore's publication profile, courtesy of Greenpeace. The original web page here.  His papers and presentations include: [24]

Moore's “Global Warming: A Boon to Humans and Other Animals” (1995) and “In Sickness or in Health: The Kyoto Protocol versus Global Warming” (2000) were both published in the “Hoover Essays in Public Policy.” [14]

December, 1995

The Hoover Institution launched what it called the “Program on American Institutions and Economic Performance.” According to a Greenpeace web capture of the program (PDF), the aims of the project included:  [25]

Documenting the strengths and weaknesses of the American economy.
Identifying changes in social norms and institutions.
Examining the direct effects of government policies on economic performance.
Investigating the indirect effects of government policies.
In particular, the program will examine the ways in which government policies toward families, schools, and which government policies toward families, schools, and other basic American institutions provide incentives or disincentives for economic growth. Recommending public policy reforms that seek greater prosperity for Americans.

According to the Institution, the study's findings would “shape public
policy debates well into the next century,” and that to disseminate the program findings they would “employ books, television, videotapes, essays, and editorials to make their work known to policy makers and the public alike.” [25]

One of the additional research projects under consideration included a project titled “The Burden of Government Regulation” which would examine the question of “How much do agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration cost private enterprise? Are there more efficient ways of pursuing their aims?”  [25]

Another of their research projects proposes to search for evidence that “In dealing with problems such as pollution and health care costs, much work in the field of economics suggests that market solutions are far more efficient than government solutions.”  [25]

The individuals participating in this study would all be from the Hoover Institute's resident and visiting fellows. They would be directed by the advisory board, which at the time included director of the Hoover Institution, John Raisian, Hoover fellows Gary S. Becker and Milton Friedman, and Hoover fellow and former Secretary of State George P. Shultz.  [25]

Hoover Institution Contact & Location

As of June, 2016, the Hoover Institution listed the following contact information in its website: [37]

Hoover Institution
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305-6003
650-723-1754

Hoover Institution in Washington
The Johnson Center
1399 New York Avenue NW, Suite 500
Washington, DC 20005
202-760-3200

Related Organizations

Hoover Publications and projects include:

Resources

  1. About Herbert Hoover,” Hoover Institution Standford University. Archived April 5, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/dgftS

  2. Mission Statement,” Hoover Institution Stanford University. Archived April 5, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/p4UGy

  3. Cited in Paul Dixon, (1971) Think Tanks, New York: Atheneum, p. 304.

  4. George H. Nash. Herbert Hoover and Stanford UniversityHoover Press Publication, 1988. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/CTzTe

  5. Thomas Gale Moore: senior fellow,” Hoover Institution, Stanford University. Archived April 5, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/1ufhT

  6. Hoover Research,” Hoover Institution. Accessed April 6, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Sl73s

  7. Terry Anderson. “Climate Change And Human Ingenuity,” Defining Ideas (Hoover Institution Journal), September 10, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/eiUuz

  8. Thomas F. Stephenson. “A More Balanced Approach to Climate Change Policy” (PDF), Hoover Institution, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  9. Terry Anderson. “Hot Air on Climate Change,” Defining Ideas (Hoover Institution Journal), June 12, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ZxT1R

  10. Terry Anderson. “Cooling the Global-Warming Debate,” Hoover Digest, July 30, 2004. Archived April 5, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/q7zHf

  11. Bruce Berkowitz. “The Pseudoscience of Global Warming,” Hoover Digest, No 3 (July 30, 2001). Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/2wUiA

  12. Hoover Institution,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed May 18, 2017.

  13. Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace,” SourceWatch. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/goevX

  14. ExxonSecrets Factsheet: HOOVER INSTITUTION ON WAR, REVOLUTION AND PEACE, STANFORD UNIVERSITY, HOOVER INSTITUTION. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/fVgaS

  15. Former U.S. Central Command Chief General John Abizaid Appointed Hoover Distinguished Visiting Fellow” (Press Release), Hoover Institution Stanford University, May 7, 2007. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/tMAof

  16. Former U.S. Central Command Chief General John Abizaid Appointed Hoover Distinguished Visiting Fellow” (Press Release), Hoover Institution Stanford University, May 7, 2007. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/4CejY

  17. Board of Overseers,” Hoover Institution. Archived November 2, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/4CejY

  18. Board of Overseers,” Hoover Institution. Archived April 5, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/o0ucL

  19. 2010 Report: Fellows,” Hoover Institution. Archived October 21, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogblog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/SQd7Z

  20. Hoover Fellows,” Hoover Institution. Accessed April 5, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ufyJk

  21. Edward Paul Lazear. “Climate Change Realism,” Hoover Digest No 1. (Winter 2015) pp. 74. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/5ETkF

  22. Edward P. Lazear. “The Climate Change Agenda Needs to Adapt to Reality,” The Wall Street Journal, September 2, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ityxl

  23. Jeremy Carl. “Why New York is wrong about Fracking,” CNN, December 20, 2014. Archived April 6, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/TSS8G

  24. Recent Publications and Working Papers:Thomas Gale Moore,” standford.edu. Archived April 6, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/jwdx2

  25. “The Hoover Institution Program on American Institutions and Economic Performance,” (PDF), December 6, 1995. Retrieved from Greenpeace USA. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  26. Board of Overseers,” Hoover Institution. Archived November 10, 2007.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/VYc94

  27. About Hoover: Board of Overseers,” Hoover Institution. Archived October 12, 2004. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/8MSmK
  28. Senior Fellows,” Hoover Institution. Archived September 16, 2007. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/XRwrD

  29. Research Fellows,” Hoover Institution. Archived September 16, 2007. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/aGbEj

  30. Distinguished Visiting Fellows,” Hoover Institution. Archived September 17, 2007.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/1Jrp3

  31. National Security Affairs Fellows,” Hoover Institution. Archived September 13, 2007.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/6WKtw

  32. Senior Research Fellows,” Hoover Institution. Archived September 16, 2007.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/p1nKm

  33. W. GLENN CAMPBELL AND RITA RICARDO-CAMPBELL NATIONAL FELLOWS,” Hoover Institution. Archived October 29, 2007.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/MhwZt

  34. Distinguished Fellow,” Hoover Institution. Archived September 13, 2007. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Y2FfX​​​​​​​

  35. Honorary Fellows,” Hoover Institution. Archived September 16, 2007. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/eZjuI

  36. S. Fred Singer,” Hoover Institution. Archived April 6, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/oJwBv​​​​​​​

  37. Contact Information,” Hoover Institution. Archived June 8, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ke5Wu

  38. Fellows: Index By Title,” Hoover Institution. Archived November 4, 2004. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/d0bqd

Other Resources