Indur M. Goklany

Indur M. Goklany


  • Ph. D., Electrical Engineering, Michigan State University (1973). [1]
  • M.S., Electrical Engineering, Michigan State University (1969). [1]
  • B.Tech., Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (1968). [1]


Indur M. Goklany is listed as a Senior Adviser for Program Coordination at the U.S. Interior Department’s Office of Policy Analysis. [2]

His website, mentions that has “worked with federal and state governments, think tanks, and the private sector for over 35 years.”

Goklany is associated with numerous think tanks that question man-made climate change including the Cato Institute, which published both of Goklany’s books, and the Reason Foundation which published multiple “Policy Studies” by Goklany critical of the IPCC and which claim that the impacts of climate change are exaggerated.

He was involved in a Competitive Enterprise Institute film countering Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth. He's also affiliated with the Global Warming Policy Foundation and the International Policy Network, according to Sourcewatch.

Goklany was the Julian Simon Fellow at the Property and Environment Research Center (PERC) in 2000, a visiting fellow at the American Enterprise Institute (2002-2003), and the winner of the CEI's Julian Simon Prize and Award (2007). He is also a regular guest contributor on the blog Watts Up With That run by climate change skeptic Anthony Watts.

Goklany is a regular guest contributor on denier blog Watts Up With That, posting as recently as a few weeks ago. 

Goklany is listed as a Senior Adviser on the Interior Department’s Office of Policy Analysis current staff list.

According to leaked documents, Indur Goklany receives $1,000 per month from the Heartland Institute, an organization at the forefront of climate change skepticism.

Goklany is also known for his promotion of DDT as a method to fight malaria, despite the possibility for more effective measures available. [3]

Stance on Climate Change


Although Goklany does not appear to dispute the existence of climate change, he routinely argues that adaptation is the only solution. Writing at the journal Energy and Environment in 2005, Goklany said:

“[O]ver the foreseeable future, the magnitude of the problem due to unmitigated climate change is generally smaller than that due to non-climate change related factors, and, where it is not, as in the case of coastal flooding, it is more economical to remedy it via  adaptation. Therefore, global warming is unlikely to be the most important environmental problem facing the world, at least for most of the remainder of this century.” [4]

Key Quotes


Writing in the controversial journal Energy and Environment, Gokalny said:

“Climate change is not now—nor is it likely to be for the foreseeable future—the most important environmental problem facing the globe, unless present-day problems such as hunger, water-related diseases, lack of access to safe water and sanitation, and indoor air pollution are reduced drastically… Future generations should, moreover, have greater access to human capital and technology to address whatever problems they might face, including climate change. Hence the argument that we should shift resources from dealing with the real and urgent problems confronting present generations to solving potential problems of tomorrow's wealthier and better positioned generations is unpersuasive at best and verging on immoral at worst.” [5]

In the Spring, 2009 issue of the journal Regulation, he wrote:

“Considering that future generations will be far better off than current generations even after accounting for climate change, it would be more equitable for today’s industrialized world to help solve the real problems facing today’s poorer developing world than to mitigate climate change now to help reduce the burden on future populations that would not only be wealthier but also technologically superior.” [6]


In an Energy and Environment article titled, “Is a Richer-but-warmer World Better than Poorer-but-cooler Worlds?” Goklany wrote: 

“Strictly from the perspective of human well-being, the richest-but-warmest world characterized by the A1FI scenario would probably be superior to the poorer-but-cooler worlds at least through 2085, particularly if one considers the numerous ways GDP per capita advances human well-being.” [7]

Key Deeds

March 23 - 24, 2017

Goklany spoke on two panels at the Heartland Institute's 12th International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC12). [23]

Panel 2A) Fossil Fuels and Human Prosperity

Panel 5A) Sustainability

October, 2015

Indur Goklany wrote a GWPF report titled “Carbon Dioxide: The Good News” (PDF), extolling the benefits of atmospheric carbon dioxide. [18]

A December 2015 undercover Greenpeace Investigation discovered additional details on the peer review process of the Global Warming Policy Foundation. William Happer said the GWPF's peer review process consisted of members of the Advisory Council and other selected scientists reviewing the work, rather than presenting it to an academic journal. [19]

According to Goklany, he had been approached by the journalist Matt Ridley (a GWPF academic advisor) to write the report. When Ridley promoted Goklany's report, he described the report as “thoroughly peer-reviewed […] (Full disclosure: I helped edit the report.)”  [20]

However, whenThe Times paper reported on the Goklany/Ridley report on October 12, it initially described it as “not peer reviewed.” Within a week, The Times issued a correction: “We stated that Indur Goklany’s report, Carbon Dioxide: The Good News, has not been peer reviewed. We should have said it has not been published in a peer-reviewed journal.” [22]

Professor Ross McKitrick, now chairman of the GWPF advisory council, wrote to The Times on October 16 to tell the paper that the report “underwent detailed, independent peer review prior to publication.”  [22]

Matt Ridley also defended the report on social media:

Adam Ramsay, from openDemocracy, an analysis website, said: “The Times appears to have undermined its own reporter by wrongly correcting an accurate article which informed its readers that the GWPF report was not, in fact, peer reviewed.” [22]

June 30, 2015

Indur Goklany authored a GWPF paper titled “The Pontifical Academies' Broken Moral Compass” (PDF) in response to Pope Francis's Encyclical on the Environment[17] 

According to the GWPF's press release, the paper “finds the Vatican is being led astray by its advisors by statements on climate change that are scientifically lacking and ethically dubious.” They also conclude that using fossil fuels is beneficial to the environment “the beneficial impact of fossil fuels has not only been on human well-being but also on nature, because fossil fuel use has allowed more intensive use of land, thus reducing the amount of wilderness that has to be diverted to agricultural use. This means that the Vatican’s backing of reductions in fossil fuel use would actually reduce human well-being and increase the human impact on the planet” [16]

Goklany said, “The academies say that sustainability and resilience are being destroyed by over-consumption and that fossil fuels are to blame, yet almost every indicator of human well-being from life-expectancy to health to standard of living has improved beyond measure largely because of our use of fossil fuels.”

“[…]Climate change is a moral and ethical issue, but it is a strange ethical calculus that would justify wiping out the gains we have made in human well-being over the last few centuries at the same time devastating the natural world. The Vatican’s advisors appear to have lost their way.”

November, 2014

Indur Goklany authored a report (PDF) for the Global Warming Policy Foundatation that argues the 2014 report by the World Health Organization (WHO)—which had found that global warming would exacerbate undernutrition, malaria, dengue, excessive heat, and coastal flooding and in turn contribute to over 250,000 additional deaths annually between 2030 and 2050—was “fundamentally flawed.” [21]

Goklany argues that the WHO report ignores that low-income countries could “avail themselves of technology or take any commonsense steps to protect themselves.”

February 22, 2012

Representative Raúl M. Grijalva called for a full Natural Resources Committee hearing to probe whether Indur Goklany improperly received payments from the Heartland Institute while still receiving taxpayer dollars.

Goklany was listed as receiving $1,000 per month to write a chapter on “Economics and Policy” for a Heartland-funded book (the NIPCC report) on climate science.

The letter (PDF) from M. Grijalva points out that employees of federal agencies are specifically warned not to take payment from outside organizations, particularly for “teaching, speaking and writing that relates to [their] official duties.” [8]

May 16 - 18, 2010

Goklany was a speaker at the Heartland Institute's Fourth International Conference on Climate Change in Chicago, Il.

His presentation was titled “Global Warming, Global Warming Policy and Mortality Rates,” an discussed “potential death and disease from biofuel production.”

December 13, 2009

Made a presentation to the University of Pennsylvania Workshop on Markets & the Environment titled “Trapped Between the Falling Sky and the Rising Seas: The Imagined Terrors of the Impacts of Climate Change.”

October-December 2006

Goklany was one of the authors of “The Stern Review: A Dual Critique” (PDF) which criticized numerous elements of the Stern Review. [9]

Other authors included prominent climate change skeptics such as Robert M. Carter, Chris De Freitas, and Richard S. Lindzen.

According to the critique, “The scientific evidence for dangerous [climate] change is, in fact, far from overwhelming, and the Review presents a picture of the scientific debate that is neither accurate nor objective.” One could interpret this last statement to mean that not enough evidence from the “Skeptic” side was presented.

Goklany appears to have contributed to both parts of the report, as his name is listed for both “Part 1: The Science,” and “Part II: Economic Aspects.”

Although the original Stern Review is not without it's own faults, RealClimate concludes that “Stern gets the climate science largely right.” However, the Dual Critique published by Goklany et al has been criticized for it's own lack of peer review, and citation of a certain paper by Khilyuk and Chilingar. [10], [11]

August, 2009

Goklany took part in a video produced by the Competitive Enterprise Institute titled “Policy Peril: Why Global Warming Policies are More Dangerous than Global Warming Itself.”

The movie, narrated by climate change skeptic Marlo Lewis, criticizes Al Gore's film, “attacking the assumptions cited as fact in 'An Inconvenient  Truth' and the solutions Gore proposed to combat the alleged disastrous consequences of global warming.”

Goklany also participated in a panel discussion on the movie along with Marlo Lewis and Heritage Foundation policy analysts Ben Lieberman and David Kreutzer. [12]



According to a search of Google Scholar, and a list of publications provided at Goklany's website, it appears the Goklany has published numerous papers on Policy related to climate change, but has not published a single paper involving the Science relating to climate change. 

The majority of Goklany's climate-related papers are published by skeptical think tanks and by the journal Energy & Environment which has been criticized for it's peer review process and is noted for a tendency to published papers by climate change skeptics.

Sample Papers Published in Reputable Journals

Sample Papers Published by Climate Skeptic Journals and Organizations

  • Indur M. Goklany. “Discounting the Future” (PDF), Regulation (Cato Institute publication), Spring, 2009.
  • “Global Warming: From the Frying Pan into the Fire.” In R. Bate, ed., Perilous Precaution: the Folly of Disregarding Science (Cambridge, UK: European Science and Environment Forum, 2002), pp. 28-69.


  1. Indur M. Goklany: Brief Biography,” Accessed April 19, 2012.

  2. OPA - Staff Directory,” U.S. Department of the Interior. Accessed April, 2012. Archived with WebCite April 19, 2012.

  3. Tim Lambert. “Indur Goklany, DDT and Malaria,” Deltoid, September 15, 2010.

  4. “A Climate Policy for the Short and Medium Term: Stabilization or Adaptation?” Energy & Environment 16: 667-680 (2005).

  5. Is Climate Change the “Defining Challenge of Our Age?” Energy & Environment 20(3): 279-302 (2009).

  6. Discounting the Future, Regulation 32: 36-40 (Spring 2009).

  7. Is a Richer-but-warmer World Better than Poorer-but-cooler Worlds?”  Energy & Environment, vol. 18, nos. 7 and 8, pp. 1023-1048 (2007).

  8. “Dear Chairman Hastings and Ranking Member Markey” (PDF), Raul M. Grijalva, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, February 22, 2012.

  9. The Stern Review: A Dual Critique, Part I: The Science (by Robert M. Carter, C. R. de Freitas, Indur M. Goklany, David Holland & Richard S. Lindzen), and Part II: Economic Aspects (by Ian Byatt, Ian Castles, Indur M. Goklany, David Henderson, Nigel Lawson, Ross McKitrick, Julian Morris, Alan Peacock, Colin Robinson & Robert Skidelsky), World Economics  7 (4): 165-232 (2006).

  10. Tim Lambert. “Khilyuk and Chilingar: the gift that keeps giving,” Deltoid, January 17, 2007.

  11. Tim Lambert. “Paper claims human CO2 emissions are negligible,” Deltoid, December 6, 2006.

  12. Adam Brickley. “New Movie Seeks to Refute Gore’s 'Inconvenient Truth',”, August 14, 2009. Archived June 6, 2011.

  13. Indur M. Goklany. The Improving State of the World: Why We're Living Longer, Healthier, More Comfortable Lives on a Cleaner Planet. Cato Institute, 2007. Page vii.

  14. Academic Advisory Council,” The Global Warming Policy Foundation. Accessed April, 2012.

  15. Indur M. Goklany,” Profile at the International Policy Network. Accessed April, 2012.

  16. “On Climate Change & Energy, 'The Vatican’s Advisors Have Lost Their Moral Compasses'” (Press Release), Global Warming Policy Foundation, June 30, 2015. Archived August 17, 2015.

  17. Indur M. Goklany.  The Pontifical Academies’ BROKEN MORAL COMPASS (PDF). Global Warming Policy Foundation, July 2015. 

  18. Indur M. Goklany. “Carbon Dioxide: The Good News” (PDF), GWPF, October, 2015. Archived October 2, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  19. Lawrence Carter and Maeve McClenaghan. “Exposed: Academics-for-hire agree not to disclose fossil fuel funding,” GreenPeace EnergyDesk, December 8, 2015. WebCiteURL:

  20. The Benefits of Carbon Dioxide,” MattRidley Online (Blog), October 20, 2015. Archived October 22, 2015. 

  21. Indur M. Goklany. “Unhealthy Exaggeration: The WHO report on climate change” (PDF), The Global Warming Policy Foundation, November, 2014.  Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  22. Brendan Montague. “Matt Ridley Caught up in Dollars-for-Denial Scandal,” Desmog UK, December 11, 2015. 

  23. INDUR GOKLANY,” Archived April 6, 2017. URL

Other Resources

Profile image screenshot from YouTube video, Indur Goklany speaking at the  Heartland Institute's 12th International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC12).