As The Maldives Slowly Erode Away: A Review Of "The Island President" Documentary

Read time: 4 mins

Mohamed “Anni” Nasheed caught widespread attention when he held a cabinet meeting underneath the sea in the months leading up to the Copenhagen climate summit in 2009. He continued to captivate negotiators, governments, and climate advocates with his frank and outspoken demeanor, sometimes for better or for worse. As the President of the Maldives, one of the lowest lying nations in the world, Nasheed's major objective has been to stop his country from sinking into the rising seas.

A new documentary, The Island President, gives audiences a rare look into the behind-the-scenes political struggles President Nasheed faced in the year leading up to the climate summit. The filmmakers capture Nasheed's monumental task of wrestling major world leaders to agree to reduce their emissions for the sake of saving vulnerable nations from the onslaught of climate change.

Those who attended the summit will quickly remember the frustrating tension felt as the two-weeks rolled further and further into disappointment, eventually leading to Obama's strong-arming on the last day of the conference. However, the film paints the outcome of Copenhagen in a positive light, focusing on the fact that countries came together to talk about the issue of climate change at all, instead of the massive failure that many remember it as.

“No, it was not the dramatic success that some had hoped it would be,” recalled director Jon Shenk, in an interview, “but there was something unprecedented that had happened, which was that this agreement got signed by all the countries stating that there is problem and we need to do something about it. From Nasheed's point of view, it's a start.”

Throughout the movie, the audience is treated to the idyllic shots of the modern-day paradise that the Maldives resembles. Relying on the tourism that supports the country, it follows Nasheed as he travels from island to island to talk to the locals who show him the extent of the erosion that's already carrying away significant chunks of beach and shoreline.

But the film doesn't just focus on climate change. It starts off with the history of social and governmental turmoil the country endured before Nasheed took the presidency.

Long before he was fighting the rising seas, he was fighting for civil rights and the restoration of true democracy as an activist and journalist. His activities led to to several years of incarceration, torture, and even exile before returning and replacing the previous dictator's regime.

Combining these two themes puts light on a budding subject residing underneath the surface of the climate and environmental movements: sacrifice.

It's admirable to watch and listen to Nasheed recount his experiences fighting for democracy and what some would consider massive consequences he had to pay before returning to the country to enable change. It makes one self-reflect, what sacrifices are we willing to endure to fix the climate?
“Survival is non-negotiable,” says Nasheed during the movie, “If we die, at least we can die knowing we did the right thing.”

As the movie follows Nasheed as he gains the presidency, we see him applying the skills of his past towards a new threat, climate change, one that had been, for the most part, faceless and abstract up until then (can you really demonize a carbon atom?). Nasheed changed that when he brought the set of tiny little islands to center stage. Shenk said,

“This is a kind of David and Goliath struggle. I see a guy who has is a has stayed true to his own vision, what he thinks right versus wrong is, and has been a tireless advocate for civil rights, freedom of expression, all the basic civil rights that the West enjoys. Trying to get that into his country, he extends that into the climate debate. The climate debate is ultimately about human rights.

“Right now we are making decisions, we are making decisions that are going to affect people 50, 100 years down the road. That's a classic human rights struggle. In a way I just hope people see what's it's like to be a person who is trying to carry that fight on, and the strategy and passion it takes to do that.”

Unfortunately, last month on February 7th, Nasheed was forced to step down as president at gunpoint when supposedly loyalists of the previous regime staged a coup. His former vice president has since taken office.

The Island President is now in select theaters all over the country.

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I eventually found what I wanted through RealClimate;

In the Indian Ocean, the tide-gauge records at the Maldives indicate large rates of relative sea-level rise in agreement with Singh et al. (2001) and Woodworth (2005), and in disagreement with Morner et al. (2004). …

For the Maldives themselves, the estimated rate of sea-level rise over the 52 year period is close to 1 mm/yr and, in contrast to Morner et al. (2004), we find that there is no indication of a fall in sea-level of 20 to 30 cm at any time in the last 30 yrs (which would imply a rate of fall of between 7 and 10 mm/yr over 30 yrs, and double that over the “1970s to early 1980s” specified by Morner et al. (2004)). This drop in sea-level has also been shown to be inconsistent with geological data (Woodroffe, 2005;Kench et al., 2005)

And of course its Nils Morner who’s behind the myths that the ocean isn’t rising in the Maldives.

If anyone wants to learn more about the origins of the “Maldives isn’t going underwater myth” I leave you this;

Another excellent resource for all things climate change & renewable energy is Joe Romm’s Climate Progress,

Triumph, Tragedy And Climate Change: ‘The Island President’

part of the Think Progress blog network.

Island President Mohamed Nasheed Talks To Andrea Mitchell About Saving His Nation From Global Warming Extinction

“Joe Romm is a Fellow at American Progress and is the editor of Climate Progress, which New York Times columnist Tom Friedman called “the indispensable blog” and Time magazine named one of the 25 “Best Blogs of 2010.” In 2009, Rolling Stone put Romm #88 on its list of 100 “people who are reinventing America.” Time named him a “Hero of the Environment″ and “The Web’s most influential climate-change blogger.” Romm was acting assistant secretary of energy for energy efficiency and renewable energy in 1997, where he oversaw $1 billion in R&D, demonstration, and deployment of low-carbon technology. He is a Senior Fellow at American Progress and holds a Ph.D. in physics from MIT.”

One of our favorites.