Manhattan Institute for Policy Research

Manhattan Institute for Policy Research

Background

The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, originally known as the International Center for Economic Policy Studies, was founded in 1978 by Anthony Fisher and William Casey and in recent years has promoted climate science contrarianism while defending policies supporting the development of fossil fuels.

Anthony Fisher was influencial in the formation of several other think tanks, including the Atlas Economic Research Foundation, the Fraser Institute, and the London-based Institute of Economic Affairs. William Casey later became President Ronald Reagan's CIA director. The stated mission of the New York-based Manhattan Institute “is to develop and disseminate new ideas that foster greater economic choice and individual responsibility.” [1][2]

According to the Manhattan Institute's website, the think tank “produces ideas that are both literally and figuratively outside the Beltway. We have cultivated a staff of senior fellows and writers whose provocative books, essays, reviews, interviews, speeches, and op-ed pieces communicate our message and influence the debate.” [2]

The Manhattan Institute has contended that it is “unclear” whether human activity is causing global climate change: “Despite the certitude with which the media and politicians treat the issue, the science remains muddled.” [6]

Robert Bryce & the Manhattan Institute

Media Matters reports that Manhattan Institute Senior Fellow Robert Bryce regularly authors op-eds for mainstream and conservative publications advocating against renewable energy while promoting fossil fuel use. With reference to climate change, Bryce has said: “I don't know who's right. And I don't really care.” In a Wall Street Journal op-ed titled “Five Truths About Climate Change,” Bryce claimed that the “science is not settled, not by a long shot.”[47][50], [51]

Center for Energy Policy and the Environment (CEPE)

The Manhattan Institute previously maintained a section of their website titled the Center for Energy Policy and the Environment (CEPEwhich “seeks to influence today’s energy policy debate by developing and advancing ideas rooted in free-market economic principles.” The Center no longer appears to be in operation. [3]
 

The Manhattan Instituted listed the following “experts” at CEPE[3]

Stance on Climate Change

2016

MI Senior Fellow Oren Cass produces regular reports and commentary for the Institute on climate change. In a 2016 Issue Brief, Cass wrote: [63]

There is a consensus among climate scientists that human activity is contributing to climate change. However, claims that rising temperatures pose an existential threat to the human race or modern civilization are not well supported by climate science or economics; to the contrary, they are every bit as far from the mainstream as claims that climate change is not occurring or that it will be beneficial. Analyses consistently show that the costs of climate change are real but manageable. For instance, the prosperity that the world might achieve in 2100 without climate change may instead be delayed until 2102.”

2015

According to an archived page of the Manhattan Institute's “Power & Growth Initiative”:

“The United States is not running out of energy. It is time to appreciate the staggering economic and geopolitical benefits that the development of our vast hydrocarbon resources can bring. It is no overstatement to say that jobs related to extraction, transport, and export of hydrocarbons can awaken the United States from its economic doldrums and produce revenue such that key national needs can be met—including renewal of infrastructure and investment in scientific research.” [5]

2007

As of 2007, MI listed “Energy Myths” on their website. Their ninth “myth” is that “Global Warming Has Accelerated in the Past Fifty Years”:

“To what degree are human-induced greenhouse gases responsible for warming the atmosphere? The answer is unclear. Despite the certitude with which the media and politicians treat the issue, the science remains muddled. Temperatures fluctuate: they go up in some regions, down in others, and may be affected by naturally occurring phenomena, such as El Niño.” [6]

September 6, 2000

The following is an excerpt from the transcript of the Manhattan Institute's Annual James Q. Wilson Lecture, titled “Public Policy and the Media:  Do We Get the Whole Story?

“No-one doubts that carbon dioxide has increased in the earth's atmosphere profoundly over the last hundred years. Almost everything else, however, is in doubt. Do greenhouse gasses make the earth warmer? It's hard to say because eighty percent of the increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere followed, but did not precede the increase in the surface temperature that has been measured over the last hundred years. If it caused the increase in temperature, it's an odd pattern of causality, where the cause follows the effect.” [4]

Funding

The following funding data is based on data collected from the Conservative Transparency Project and Media Matters[7][9]

View the attached spreadsheet for additional information on Manhattan Institute funding by year (.xlsx).  Note that not all values have been verified by DeSmog. [45]

Donor Total
The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation $7,626,560
John M. Olin Foundation $6,779,500
Searle Freedom Trust $5,236,000
Sarah Scaife Foundation $4,615,000
Diana Davis Spencer Foundation $3,525,000
Smith Richardson Foundation $2,904,966
The TWS Foundation $2,882,896
William E. Simon Foundation $2,511,200
Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation $2,100,000
John Templeton Foundation $1,959,000
Mercer Family Foundation $1,734,225
Brady Education Foundation $1,620,000
Gilder Foundation $1,290,300
Ravenel and Elizabeth Curry Foundation $1,146,000
F.M. Kirby Foundation $1,142,500
Exxon Mobil $1,060,000
Thomas W Smith Foundation $1,009,186
Jaquelin Hume Foundation $1,000,000
Walton Family Foundation $971,512
Paul E. Singer Foundation $925,000
Donors Capital Fund $841,770
DonorsTrust $835,000
William H. Donner Foundation $814,000
Scaife Family Foundation $775,000
The Carthage Foundation $693,000
Earhart Foundation $680,000
Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation $520,662
The Shelby Cullom Davis Foundation $475,000
PhRMA $470,000
The Randolph Foundation $439,375
Stuart Family Foundation $393,957
The Galbraith Foundation $365,855
Lovett and Ruth Peters Foundation $275,000
Hickory Foundation $256,200
JM Foundation $240,000
Castle Rock Foundation $165,000
Bradley Impact Fund $117,500
Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice $108,000
Chase Foundation of Virginia $105,200
Abstraction Fund $101,000
Pierre F. and Enid Goodrich Foundation $100,000
Armstrong Foundation $94,500
Ed Uihlein Family Foundation $75,000
The Weiler Foundation $57,500
David H. Koch Charitable Foundation $50,000
CIGNA Foundation $50,000
John William Pope Foundation $50,000
Arthur N. Rupe Foundation $48,400
Charles Koch Institute $39,400
State Policy Network $30,000
Deramus Foundation $25,000
The Challenge Foundation $25,000
The Robertson-Finley Foundation $24,000
The Roe Foundation $18,500
Marcus Foundation $16,000
Holman Foundation $15,000
The Hamlin Family Foundation $14,500
Charles and Anne Johnson Foundation $10,000
George Edward Durell Foundation $10,000
The Rodney Fund $10,000
Cato Institute $7,000
Stiles-Nicholson Foundation $5,000
Sidney A. Swensrud Foundation $5,000
Lowndes Foundation $5,000
The Vernon K. Krieble Foundation $2,500
The Gordon and Mary Cain Foundation $2,000
Lynn & Foster Friess Family Foundation $1,000
Tepper Family Foundation $1,000
National Christian Charitable Foundation $1,000
National Association of Manufacturers $250
Grand Total $61,502,914

Exxon Funding

Greenpeace's ExxonSecrets reports that the Institute has received $635,000 from ExxonMobil since 1998. [8]

In February, 2012, Gabe Elsner at the Checks and Balances Project asked Robert Bryce about his funding from fossil fuel interests, Bryce refused to answer the question. DeSmogBlog reported here[12][13]

Gabe Elsner explains: 

“I asked Bryce if he had financial ties to the fossil fuel industry after his debate appearance before the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners conference on Monday. Not only did Bryce refuse to answer the question, he also launched into an angry, finger-pointing tirade saying that I’d 'made up' the amount of fossil fuel support documented by Manhattan Institute records.”

Video below: 

Gabe Elsner has also launched TrueTies.org (designed by Checks and Balances Project) and a petition by 50 journalists echoing the call for The New York Times to lead the industry by creating a disclosure policy for op-ed contributors. Media Matters additionally compiled a comprehensive page on Bryce's ties to the fossil fuel industry. [47]

Koch Funding

According to Greenpeace, The Manhattan Institute received $2,660,062 from Koch foundations between 1999 and 2015[10]

*Original tax forms prior to 1997 are no longer available for verification. If you include $25,000 in fundingfor each 1986 and 1987, the grand total jumps to $2,710,062 in Koch funding from 1986 to 2015. [10]

Year Charles Koch Foundation Charles Koch Institute Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation David H. Koch Charitable Foundation Grand Total
1986* $25,000 $25,000
1987* $25,000 $25,000
1999 $25,000 $25,000
2001 $100,000 $100,000
2003 $200,000 $200,000
2004 $200,000 $200,000
2005 $200,000 $200,000
2006 $200,000 $200,000
2007 $200,000 $200,000
2008 $200,000 $200,000
2009 $200,000 $200,000
2010 $200,000 $200,000
2011 $200,000 $200,000
2012 $100,000 $175,000 $275,000
2013 $198,000 $198,000
2014 $166,300 $15,200 $181,500
2015 $56,362 $24,200 $80,562
Grand Total $520,662 $39,400 $2,100,000 $50,000 $2,710,062

Tobacco Industry Funding

SourceWatch found that the Manhattan Institute has sought funding from tobacco companies including Brown & Williamson. The Institute received funding from R.J. Reynolds and in 1991, Lorillard, Inc. budgeted a $4,000 contribution to the Manhattan Institute and contributed the same amount in 1996. Philip Morris budgeted $25,000 for the Institute in 1995. [11]

990 IRS Tax Forms

Key People

Board of Trustees

(* denotes Former Trustee)

Name 2012[17] 2015[14] 2016[48] 2018 Description
Andrew Cader Y Y Y Y New York City
Ann J. Charters Y Y Y Y New York City
Bruce G. Wilcox Y Y Y Y Chairman, Management Committee, Cumberland Associates, LLC
Donald G. Tober Y Y Y Y Chairman of the Board, Sugar Foods Corporation
Fleur Harlan Y Y Y Y New York City
Jay H. Newman Y Y Y Y Elliott Management Corporation
Kathryn S. Wylde Y Y Y Y President & CEO, The Partnership for New York City
Kenneth B. Gilman Y Y Y Y New York City
Kenneth M. Garschina Y Y Y Y Principal, Mason Capital Management
Lawrence J. Mone Y Y Y Y President
Maurice R. Greenberg Y Y Y Y Chairman & CEO, C.V. STARR & Co., Inc.
Michael J. Fedak Y Y Y Y Vice Chairman. New York City.
Nathan E. Saint-Amand Y Y Y Y New York City
Paul E. Singer Y Y Y Y Chairman of the Board.Elliott Management Corporation.
Ravenel Curry Y Y Y Y Eagle Capital Management, LLC
Richard Gilder* Y Y Y Y Chairman Emeritus. Gilder, Gagnon, Howe & Co. LLC.
Robert Rosenkranz Y Y Y Y Chairman, Delphi Financial Group, Inc.
Rodney Nichols Y Y Y Y New York City
Roger Hertog* Y Y Y Y Chairman Emeritus. New York City.
Roger Kimball Y Y Y Y The New Criterion
Sean M. Fieler Y Y Y Y Analyst, Equinox Management Partners, L.P.
Thomas W. Smith Y Y Y Y Prescott Investors
Timothy G. Dalton, Jr. Y Y Y Y Dalton, Greiner, Hartman, Maher & Co.
William Kristol Y Y Y Y Founder and Editor, The Weekly Standard
Harvey Golub Y Y Y Chairman - Miller Buckfire & Co., LLC
Nick Ohnell Y Y Y Ohnell Family Foundation
Rebekah Mercer Y Y Y
Anthony P. Coles Y Y DLA Piper
Donald G. Smith Y New York City
Michael A. Kaufman Y MAK Capital
Thomas E. McInerney Y Bluff Point Associates
Charles H. Brunie Y Y Y Chairman Emeritus. Brunie Associates.
Daniel Loeb Y Y Y Third Point, LLC
David Malpass Y Encima Global, LLC
Clifford S. Asness Y Y
Dietrich Weismann Y Y
Frank J. Macchiarola Y
Peter M. Flanigan Y
Thomas F. Mcwilliams Y

Recently-Deceased Trustees

Name 2015[14] 2016[48] 2018

Description

Frank J. Macchiarola Y Y Y
Peter M. Flanigan Y Y Y
William Tell, Jr. Y Y Y
Dietrich Weismann Y Y
Charles H. Brunie Y Chairman Emeritus. Brunie Associates.

Manhattan Institute Staff

Name 2012[18] 2015[15] 2016[52] 2018 Description
Alan Fenster Y Y Y Y Research Assistant
Antonio Rivera Y Y Y Y Equipment Manager
Brian Anderson Y Y Y Y Editor, City Journal
Dan Geary Y Y Y Y Senior Development Officer
Debbie Ezzard Y Y Y Y Events Coordinator
Howard Husock Y Y Y Y Vice President, Research & Publications
Marilou David Y Y Y Y Controller
Michael Barreiro Y Y Y Y Vice President, Operations
Michael Dotsikas Y Y Y Y Director, IT
Patricia Rondinelli Y Y Y Y Assistant to the President
Paul Beston Y Y Y Y Managing Editor, City Journal
Peter Pappas Y Y Y Y Associate Director, IT
Taisha Camacho Y Y Y Y Event Director
Tatyana Kustas Y Y Y Y Director, Web Services
Alison S. Mangiero Y Y Y Senior Director, Adam Smith Society
Alissa Yi Y Y Y Manager, Operations & Conferences, Adam Smith Society
David Kimble Y Y Y Managing Editor, Publications
Joanna Faranda Y Y Y Office Manager, Development
Leigh Harrington Y Y Y Vice President, Communications & Marketing
Matt Toyer Y Y Y Deputy Director, Development
Michele Jacob Y Y Y Director, Media Relations
Aaron Ricks Y Y Online Content Editor
Charlyce Bozzello Y Y Program Officer, Adam Smith Society
Howard Dickman Y Y Executive Managing Editor
Jamie Meggas Y Y Senior Graphic Designer
Jennifer Tanner Y Y Web Designer
Rebecca Sidial Y Y Receptionist
Sarai Mason Y Y Assistant to the Controller
Seth Barron Y Y Project Director, NYC Initiative
Troy Senik Y Y Vice President, Policy & Programs
Alan Farnham Y Development Editor
Alena McGonigle Y Program Officer, Adam Smith Society
Ann Browning Hollingsworth Y Regional Development Officer
Bradley Anhouse Y Digital Marketing Manager
Brian Stewart Y Director, Media Relations
Gregory Fitton Y Marketing Communications Manager, Adam Smith Society
Jeff Peacock Y Program Manager, Adam Smith Society
Jessica Phillips Tyson Y Development Officer, Policy Initiatives
Lawrence Mone Y President
Philip Sabella Y Development Officer, Membership & Special Events
Rachel O'Brien Y Media Manager, State & Local
Tara-Marie Lynch Y Director, Marketing
Theodore Stephan Y Development Associate
Vanessa C. Mendoza Y Executive Vice President
Charles Sahm Y Y Y Director, Education Policy
James Copland Y Y Y Senior Fellow & Director, Legal Policy
Jessica Perry Y Y Y Director, Development
Lawrence J. Mone Y Y Y President
Matthew Hennessey Y Y Y Associate Editor, City Journal
Paul Howard Y Y Y Senior Fellow & Director, Health Policy
Vanessa Mendoza Y Y Y Executive Vice President
Alex Armlovich Y Y Policy Analyst
Ben Boychuk Y Y Associate Editor, City Journal
Dean Ball Y Y Policy Manager, State & Local Policy - Strategic Manager
Isaac Gorodetski Y Y Director, State & Local Policy
Katherine Lazarski Y Y Senior Media Manager
Michael Toscano Y Y Development Officer, Policy Initiatives
Molly M. Harsh Y Y Director, Programs, Adam Smith Society
Robert Sherwood Y Y Broadcast Outreach Manager
Abigail Salvatore Y Communications Associate
Carolyn Gorman Y Project Manager
Casimer Crane Y Development Associate
Diana Furchtgott-Roth Y Senior Fellow & Director, Economics21
Jack Solowey Y Project Manager, Health Policy
James Velasquez Y Editorial Manager
Leonard Sadosky Y Communications Manager, Adam Smith Society
Margaret O'Keefe Y Project Manager, Proxy Monitor
Marin Schlossberg Y Development Officer, Membership & Events
Preston Cooper Y Policy Analyst, Economics21
Rafael Mangual Y Project Manager, Legal Policy
Rebecca Calhoun Y Project Coordinator, NYC Initiative
Elaine Ren Y Y Senior Graphic Designer
Jared Meyer Y Fellow
Judah Bellin Y Associate Editor
Leslie Gonzales Y Receptionist
Natalie Nakamura Y Communication Associate
Nichole Adrian Y Development Officer
Stephen Eide Y Senior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership
Yevgeniy Feyman Y Fellow. Deputy Director, Health Policy.
Alison Smith Y Director, Center for the American University.
Ben Plotinsky Y Managing Editor, City Journal.
Bridget Carroll Y Press Officer.
Chantilly Cobb Y Editorial Assistant.
Clarice Smith Y Director, Media Relations.
Jaclyn Kiely Y Development Officer.
Kasia Zabawa Y Deputy Director, Communications.
Lindsay Young Craig Y Vice President, Communications & Marketing.
Mary Ellen Millett Y Office Manager, Empire Center.
Matthew Olsen Y Press Officer.
Michael Allegretti Y Director, Center for State and Local Leadership.
Raymond Niemiec Y Press Officer.
Timothy Hoefer Y Director, Empire Center for New York State Policy.

Manhattan Institute Experts

Name 2012[19] 2015[16] 2016[49] 2018 Description
Brian C. Anderson Y Y Y Y Editor, City Journal.
Diana Furchtgott-Roth Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow & Director, Economics21
Fred Siegel Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
George L. Kelling Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Guy Sorman Y Y Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Heather MacDonald Y Y Y Y Thomas W. Smith Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Howard Husock Y Y Y Y Vice President, Research & Publications
James R. Copland Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow. Director, Legal Policy.
Judith Miller Y Y Y Y Adjunct Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Kay S. Hymowitz Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Michael Knox Beran Y Y Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Myron Magnet Y Y Y Y Editor-at-Large, City Journal
Nicole Gelinas Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Peter D. Salins Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow.
Richard A. Epstein Y Y Y Y Visiting Scholar
Robert Bryce Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Stephanie Hessler Y Y Y Y Adjunct Fellow
Steven Malanga Y Y Y Y Senior Fellow. Senior Editor, City Journal.
Ted Frank Y Y Y Y Adjunct Fellow
Theodore Dalrymple Y Y Y Y Dietrich Weismann Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal
Victor Davis Hanson Y Y Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Oren Cass Y Y Y Senior Fellow
Yevgeniy Feyman Y Y Y Fellow. Deputy Director, Health Policy.
Aaron M. Renn Y Y Senior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Charles Upton Sahm Y Y Director, Education Policy.
E. J. McMahon Y Y Senior Fellow
Edward L. Glaeser Y Y Senior Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Jacob L. Vigdor Y Y Adjunct Fellow.
Jason L. Riley Y Y Senior Fellow.
Jim Manzi Y Y Senior Fellow
John Tierney Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Lawrence J. Mone Y Y President
Mark P. Mills Y Y Senior Fellow
Max Eden Y Y Senior Fellow
Tom Coburn Y Y Advisor, Project FDA.
Daniel Disalvo Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (New York City)
Peter W. Huber Y Y Y Senior Fellow, Center for Medical Progress
Charles W. Calomiris Y Y Adjunct Fellow, Manhattan Institute (New York City)
Alex Armlovich Y Policy Analyst
Beth Akers Y Senior Fellow
Brian Riedl Y Senior Fellow
Chris Pope Y Senior Fellow
Marcus A. Winters Y Senior Fellow
Stephen Eide Y Senior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership
Ben Boychuk Y Y Y Associate Editor, City Journal
Paul Howard Y Y Y Senior Fellow & Director, Health Policy
Sol Stern Y Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Adam White Y Y Adjunct Fellow. Contributing Editor, City Journal.
Jared Meyer Y Y Fellow
Josh B. McGee Y Y Senior Fellow
Scott Winship Y Y Walter B. Wriston Fellow
Andrew von Eschenbach Y Chairman, Project FDA.
Isaac Gorodetski Y Director, State & Local Policy
Andrew Klavan Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal (Los Angeles
Avik Roy Y Y Senior Fellow, Manhattan Institute (New York City)
Claire Berlinski Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal (Paris
Edmund J. Mcmahon Y Y Senior Fellow, President
Edward Glaeser Y Y Senior Fellow and Contributing Editor, City Journal (Boston)
Harry Stein Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
Herbert London Y Y Senior Fellow, Center for the American University (New York City)
Jacob Vigdor Y Y Adjunct Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (North Carolina)
James Manzi Y Y Senior Fellow, Manhattan Institute (Boston
James Piereson Y Y Senior Fellow, Director
Joel Kotkin Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal (California)
John H. Mcwhorter Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
John Leo Y Y Senior Fellow, Center for the American University (New York City)
Lester Brickman Y Y Visiting Scholar, Center for Legal Policy (New York City)
Luigi Zingales Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal (Chicago)
Marcus Winters Y Y Senior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (New York City)
Peter Reinharz Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
Richard Greenwald Y Y Adjunct Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (Newark
Rick Baker Y Y Adjunct Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (St. Petersburg
Stefan Kanfer Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal
William J. Stern Y Y Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
Aaron Renn Y Senior Fellow and Contributing Editor, City Journal (New York City)
Andrew C. Von Eschenbach Y Chairman, Project FDA (New York City)
Charles Sahm Y Director, Education Policy
Jason Riley Y Senior Fellow, Manhattan Institute (New York City)
Mark Mills Y Senior Fellow, (New York City)
Richard C. Dreyfuss Y Adjunct Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (Pennsylvania)
Stephen D. Eide Y Senior Fellow, Center for State and Local Leadership (New York City)
Christopher Papagianis Y Managing Director, e21.
Russel Sykes Y Senior Fellow, Empire Center for New York State Policy.

Actions

March 2018

The Manhattan Institute announced a lecture and new report by senior fellow Oren Cass.  The lecture is titled “Overheated: How Flawed Analyses Overestimate The Costs Of Climate Change.” [60]

The event was originally scheduled for March 7, 2018, but was “cancelled due to anticipated inclement weather” with a new date set for March 20. [61], [62]

“What kind of disruptions should Americans anticipate from climate change? According to the studies that have informed federal policy, the scenario is dire: increased deaths from extreme heat and air pollution, as well as reduced economic productivity. In a groundbreaking new report, however, MI senior fellow Oren Cass argues that the situation is not nearly so grim,” the event description read, adding “the long-term costs of climate change are being consistently overstated while too little energy is being devoted to plans for adaptation.” [60]

Cass released the report on March 11, with an accompanying article in The Wall Street Journal titled “Doomsday Climate Scenarios Are a Joke.” In the WSJ article, Cass argued that estimates of the cost of climate change come from “laughably bad economics,” and that adaptation is the answer to climate-change related deaths. [64], [65]

“If you imagine society is static and incapable of innovation, the prospect of climate change must be terrifying,” Cass wrote at WSJ. He reiterated this focus in the conclusion of the full Manhattan Institute report: [66]

“[C]orrelation-based temperature-impact studies that produce very high estimates of the economic and social costs of projected climate change—meanwhile ignoring or downplaying the possibility of adaptation and obscuring the inaccuracy of underlying estimates—are distinctly unhelpful,” Cass concluded.

Skeptical Science has noted that the cost of preventing global warming is relatively cheap when compared to the accelerating costs of climate-change-related damages. With regards to adaptation, mass species extinctions of the past have also been strongly linked to climate change.

Cass presented his report on March 20, 2018: [67]

June, 2016

The Manhattan Institute (MI) released a report titled “Missing Benefits, Hidden Costs: The Cloudy Numbers in the EPA's Proposed Clean Power Plan” (PDF). [57]

There are few benefits, which have been massively overestimated, and huge costs, which have been massively underestimated […] from a cost benefit perspective, there’s simply no justification for the EPA’s Clean Power Plan,” reads the report. [57]

The MI contends that the Clean Power Plan will have “will have no measurable impact on world climate. And if those emissions reductions have no measurable impact on world climate, they will not have any measurable impact on world GDP, either.” [57]

The report's author, Jonathan A. Lesser, is president of Continental Economics and “has over 30 years of experience working for regulated utilities, government, and as an economic consultant.”  [57]

May 4, 2016

The Manhattan Institute released a report titled “What Happens to an Economy When Forced to Use Renewable Energy?” (PDF) written by Robert Bryce. [58]

Bonner R. Cohen promoted the new study at the Heartland Institute. He writes that policies to combat climate change in Europe “have led to soaring electricity costs for residential and commercial customers, leading the authors to recommend the United States reject similar policies.” [59]

“To avoid the kinds of results seen in Europe, U.S. policymakers at the federal and state levels should be required to do rigorous cost-benefit analyses before imposing renewable-energy mandates,” Robert Bryce said. “U.S. policymakers must also consider the impact higher energy costs will have on overall employment and industrial competitiveness.” [59]

April, 2016

Oren Cass wrote a Manhattan Institute report titled Who Pays the Bill for the Obama Climate Agenda?” (PDFclaiming that “President Obama’s climate agenda represents an enormous tax increase on low- and middle income Americans, nearly tripling the federal tax burden on the poorest households.” [55]

“[T]he policy pays only lip service to 'action' on climate change and will not affect the trajectory of global greenhouse-gas emissions or temperatures,” Cass claimed.  [55]

October 16, 2015

The Manhattan Institute's Center for Energy Policy and the Environment released a report titled “Leading Nowhere: The Futility and Farce of Global Climate Negotiations” (PDF) on the Paris COP21 Climate Change negotiations. [53]

Oren Cass, MI senior fellow, suggested that “The U.S. Congress should pass a resolution preemptively rejecting any agreement that omits enforceable developing-nation commitments to emissions reductions or that transfers substantial wealth to the developing world.” [54]

“Whatever ineffectual 'deal' may emerge from the Paris talks will only underscore what has been true all along: no negotiated agreement will significantly reduce global emissions of CO2. The U.S. Congress should pass a resolution preemptively rejecting any agreement that omits enforceable developing-nation commitments to emissions reductions or that transfers substantial wealth to the developing world. Constraining the options in Paris to either a genuine and enforceable agreement, or no agreement, will have a valuable, clarifying effect on the future of international climate policy,” Cass wrote. [53]

August, 2015

The Manhattan Institute has strongly opposed President Obama's Clean Power Plan. Diana Furchtgott-Roth, senior fellow and director of Economics at the Manhattan Institute wrote in the National Review that the Clean Power Plan as “a way of punishing the stated that did not vote for Obama.” [20]

In the same article, Furchtgott-Roth questions whether carbon dioxide should be mitigated:

“The question to ask is why any of this is necessary. […] Carbon dioxide is not a pollutant. Everyone breathes it out every day. It even helps the growth of trees and other greenery.” [20]

Oren Cass, another senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute (who also served as Mitt Romney's domestic policy adviser during the 2012 presidential campaign), described the Clean Power plan in a statement republished at Politico New York:

“It is an illegal overreach that claims power never given to the E.P.A. and bullies both states and private businesses. […] Its primary effects will be to disrupt markets and drive up costs, handing victories to politically-favored 'green' industries and sending the bill to consumers.” [21]

Cass also went on the On Point radio show in Boston to discuss the Clean Power Plan (CPP):

Cass claimed that the CPP would have no impact on climate: “For no actual impact on climate change, what we get is something that's, I think, pretty radical,” he said.

July, 2015

The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research released a report titled “Less Carbon, Higher Prices:  How California’s Climate Policies Affect Lower-Income Residents” (PDF).  [22]

The report suggests that renewable energy sources have caused electric prices to rise, leading to “energy poverty” in low income households. They suggest that California should do a cost-benefit analysis of renewable energy sources, and poses the question:

“Do the benefits of California’s proposed GHG reductions—which, even if realized, will negligibly affect global emissions and climate—outweigh their considerable and rising cost to local businesses and households, particularly low-income Californians?”

Report authors Robert Bryce and Jonathan Lesser discussed their report in The Orange County Register:

“In short, California's renewable energy mandates and climate change policies may make wealthy coastal residents feel virtuous, but those policies are having a disproportionate economic impact on the poor,” they write. [23]

The Manhattan Institute Report was heavily promoted in Conservative media, and has appeared in numerous papers and other sources including Investors Business DailyFox & Hounds, and the Breitbart

June 22, 2015

The Manhattan Institute's Robert Bryce wrote a column in the National Review titled “The Poor Need More Energy: What BP Knows and Pope Francis Doesn’t,” where he  maintained that the best, low-cost energy source for developing countries is coal. [24]

According to Bryce, “[Pope Francis's] new encyclical on climate change, Laudato Si’ (Be praised), shows a shallow understanding of global energy use and, in particular, of how energy consumption is soaring among the people he claims to care most about: the poor.” 

“But if developing countries are going to prepare for possible changes in the climate, they will have to get richer so they can afford to deal with any calamities that may occur. And how will they get richer? The answer is obvious: by consuming more energy. And for countries throughout the developing world, the lowest-cost energy is still coal,” Bryce writes. [24]

September 18, 2014

DeSmogBlog reports how Lisa Murkowski (AK) and Tim Scott (SC) worked with the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research to fashion a white paper opposing the EPA's new power plant emissions standards. [25]

According to The Hill, a representative from Murkowski’s office said that the Senators will be speaking about “the economic, political, and social consequences of allowing energy insecurity to rise in America.” [26] 

The paper put forward the theory that government regulations and environmental safeguards are costing American consumers too much money and destroying jobs. Murkowski and Scott introduced the paper at a September 18 Manhattan Institute event titled “Is Energy Insecurity on the Rise in America?” [27]

July 7, 2013

Manhattan Institute Senior Fellow Diana Furchtgott-Roth published an article in The Globe and Mail titled “Quebec tragedy reminds us pipelines are safest way to transport oil” that pushing to speed up the Keystone XL pipeline after an oil train explosion. [29]

“After Saturday’s tragedy in Lac-Mégantic, Que., it is time to speed up the approval of new pipeline construction in North America. Pipelines are the safest way of transporting oil and natural gas, and we need more of them, without delay,” she wrote.

DeSmogBlog reports that Furchtgott-Roth has been advocating on behalf of the oil industry in one form or another for more than 25 years. She has also worked as an economist at the American Petroleum Institute (API) and the industry-funded American Enterprise Institute (AEI). [30]

August, 2011

According to records on file at the Center for Media and Democracy's (CMD) SourceWatch, Manhattan Institute Senior Fellow Paul Howard, spoke at the 2011 American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) Annual Conference in a Workshop titled “Rationing By Any Other Name: Medicare's Independent Payment Advisory Board.” [11]

CMD offers the following description of the American Legislative Exchange Council:

ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve 'model' bills.”

More information is available at ALECexposed.org

June 7, 2011

Robert Bryce, the Manhattan Institute's Senior Fellow for their “Center for Energy Policy and the Environment” ran an Op-Ed in The New York Times titled “The Gas Is Greener.” [31]

DeSmogBlog reports how Bryce suggests that fracked shale gas and nuclear are more environmentally preferable energy options to solar and wind power. Bryce had published a similar article in the Wall Street Journal earlier that week. DeSmog also notes how the New York Times failed to state the “clear conflict of interest” of the fossil-fuel funded Manhattan Institute. [32], [33]

Bryce's argument was debunked by the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), which points out a number of factual errors and omissions in the Manhattan Institute representative's piece. Climate Progress also debunked Bryce's claims in detail. [34],[35]

After DeSmogBlog initially contacted The New York Times regarding these conflicts of interest, the Checks and Balances Project picked up the issue, using Bryce as an example of the “disturbing trend of special interests surreptitiously funding 'experts' to push industry talking points in the nation's major media outlets.” DeSmogBlog further reported on this issue here. [36]

April, 2009

The Manhattan Institute has released multiple editions of its report “Energy and the Environment: Myths and Facts” by Drew Thornley. Its second edition was released in April, 2009. 

The report includes a list of “myths” including how “Humans are the main drivers of the greenhouse effect which is likely to cause global warming.” [37]

According to the Institute's press release (PDF), “Thornley concludes that policymakers should focus on energy policies based on facts that meet our needs today without creating liabilities for us tomorrow.” [38]

The executive summary for the report describes it as a “primer for educators, journalists, and public officials—for concerned citizens generally.” [39]

April 10, 2008

The Manhattan Institute hosted “the skeptical environmentalist,” Bjorn Lomborg, for a speech in New York City, DeSmogBlog reported. [40]

2005

Sponsored THE BOTTOMLESS WELL: The Twilight Of Fuel, The Virtue Of Waste, And Why We Will Never Run Out Of Energy by Manhattan Institute senior fellow Peter W. Huber and by Mark P. Mills. [41]

The book argues that the “quantity of raw fuel matters less to energy security than our ability (both technological and political) to extract the fuel. In this passage, they make the counter-intuitive point (one of many in this book) that energy consumption, rather than limit our supply of energy, actually increases it.” [42]

Manhattan Institute Contact & Location

The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research listed the following contact information in its website as of May, 2016: [56]

Manhattan Institute
52 Vanderbilt Ave.
New York, NY 10017
(212) 599-7000

Related Organizations

Resources

  1. The Manhattan Institute,” Spectrum Policy: Property or Commons? Accessed May 13, 2012. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/7WQlY

  2. About the Manhattan Institute,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived September 3, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/JmaXj

  3. About the Center for Energy Policy and the Environment,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived September 3, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/kLvyE

  4. “Public Policy and the Media: Do We Get the Whole Story?” (Transcript), Manhattan Institute Annual James Q. Wilson Lecture, September 6, 2000. Archived September 3, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/WaP9Z

  5. Manhattan Institute's Power & Growth Initiative,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived September 5, 2015.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/KoPX0

  6. Max Schulz. “MYTH 9: GLOBAL WARMING HAS ACCELERATED IN THE PAST FIFTY YEARS,” Energy & The Environment: Myths & Facts (manhattan-institute.org). Archived September 5, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/lOazl

  7. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research,” Conservative Transparency. Accessed September 3, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/92anm

  8. ExxonSecrets Factsheet: Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, Manhattan Institute. Accessed September, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/E0pwL

  9. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research,” Media Matters. Archived June, 2012. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/mQPz2

  10. The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research: Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group,” Greenpeace. Archived March 13, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/cjugc

  11. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research,” SourceWatch profile. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/dHD9

  12. Gabe Elsner. “Anti-Clean Energy ‘Pundit’ Unhinged By Basic Question: Are You Bankrolled By Fossil Fuels?” The Checks and Balances Project, February 9, 2012. Archived September 4, 2015.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/a4Pn3

  13. Brendan DeMelle. “Accountability Moment: Manhattan Institute's Robert Bryce Squirms And Evades Question on Fossil Fuel Funding,” DeSmogBlog, February 9, 2012. 

  14. Manhattan Institute Board of Trustees,” Manhattan Institute. Archived September 4, 2015.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Mt9Zo

  15. Manhattan Institute Staff Directory,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived September 4, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/nTuAJ

  16. Manhattan Institute Experts,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived September 4, 2015.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ZiPb4

  17. Manhattan Institute Board of Trustees,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived May 10, 2012. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/oV9Bq

  18. Manhattan Institute Staff Directory,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived May 10, 2012. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/0lucL

  19. Manhattan Institute Experts,” Manhattan Institute for Public Policy. Archived May 4, 2012. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/AH9Np

  20. Obama’s ‘Clean Power Plan’ Punishes Workers, Consumers, and States That Voted for Romney,” National Review, August 10, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/BKON6

  21. Scott Waldman. “Obama emissions plan has roots in New York debate,” Politico New York, August 4, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/c99pr

  22. Jonathan A. Lesser. “Less Carbon, Higher Prices:  How California’s Climate Policies Affect Lower-Income Residents” (PDF), Manhattan Institute, July, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. 

  23. Robert Bryce and Jonathan Lesser. “Renewable energy mandates same as a tax on the poor,” The Orange County Register (Opinion Section), July 26, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/pYOB7

  24. Robert Bryce. “The Poor Need More Energy: What BP Knows and Pope Francis Doesn’t,” National Review, June 22, 2015. Archived September 5, 2015.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/1n9ds

  25. Farron Cousins. “Republican Senators Push Manhattan Institute's Dirty Energy Propaganda Paper,” DeSmogBlog, September 16, 2014. 

  26. Timothy Cama. “Senators tackle energy cost impacts,” The Hill, September 12, 2014. Archived September 4, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/CNtON

  27. Is Energy Insecurity on the Rise in America?” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, September 18, 2014. Archived October 31, 2014. Video no longer available.

  28. Contact Information,” Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Archived September 5, 2015.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/q1tCO

  29. Diana Furchtgott-Roth. “Quebec tragedy reminds us pipelines are safest way to transport oil,” The Globe and Mail, July 7, 2013. archived September 5, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/2qOd9

  30. Kevin Grandia. “Shameful: Keystone XL Proponent Using Deadly Lac-Megantic, Quebec Oil Train Tragedy To Promote Pipeline,” DeSmogBlog, July 8, 2013. 

  31. Robert Bryce. “The Gas Is Greener,” The New York Times (Opinion Pages), June 7, 2011. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/DP8Pu

  32. Brendan DeMelle. “Manhattan Institute Op-ed Exemplifies Why NY Times Should Require Disclosure of Financial Conflicts,” DeSMogBlog, June 16, 2011.

  33. Robert Bryce. “America Needs the Shale Revolution,” The Wall Street Journal (Commentary Section), June 13, 2011. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/fftqP

  34. Tom Gray. “Fact check: Bryce stumbles on land use, sound, steel, benefits,” Into the Wind (The AWEA Blog), June 8, 2011. Archived June 12, 2011. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/QEN2a

  35. Stephen Lacey. “'Small IS Beautiful'! Robert Bryce Pushes Nuclear Power by Quoting Famous Author Who Called It 'an Ethical, Spiritual, and Metaphysical Monstrosity',” ThinkProgress, June 10,2 011. Archived September 5, 2015.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/r38Dv

  36. Brendan DeMelle. “Journalists Ask NYTimes To Set Disclosure of Conflicts Policy For Op-Ed Contributors,” DeSmogBlog, October 11, 2011.

  37. Myth 10,” Energy & the Environment Myths & Facts Second Edition, April, 2009. Archived September 4, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/3tteQ

  38. (Press Release) “New Report! Energy and the Environment: Myths and Facts Second Edition” (PDF), Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, April 20, 2009. Archived September 4, 2015. 

  39. Executive Summary,” Energy & the Environment Myths & Facts Second Edition, April, 2009. Archived September 4, 2015.  Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ESNQb

  40. Mitchell Anderson. “Bjorn Lomborg and the Anti-Climate Crowd,” DeSmogBlog, April 10, 2008.

  41. THE BOTTOMLESS WELL: The Twilight Of Fuel, The Virtue Of Waste, And Why We Will Never Run Out Of Energy,” Manhattan Institute. Archived September 5, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/gh8rw

  42. The Bottomless Well: How Energy Consumption Creates More Energy,” JunkScience.com, November 16, 2011. Archived January 4, 2012. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/RHs2R

  43. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research,” State Policy Network. Archived September 4, 2015. Archive.is URL:  https://archive.is/s6NEc

  44. Independent Task Force on Immigration and America's Future,” Migration Policy Institute. Archived September 4, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/4v8fx

  45. Manhattan Institute,” Conservative Transparency. Search performed May 3, 2016. 

  46. About,” Manhattan Institute. Archived May 4, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/hkNsd

  47. Who Is Robert Bryce?” Media Matters for America, October 7, 2011. Archived May 3, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/t9sET

  48. About: Board of Trustees,” Manhattan Institute. Archived May 3, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/vb7FA

  49. Experts,” Manhattan Institute. Archived May 3, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/TMM4f

  50. Robert Bryce. Power Hungry: The Myths of 'Green' Energy and the Real Fuels of the FuturePublicAffairs; First Edition edition (April 27, 2010). Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/6BsgV

  51. Robert Bryce. “Five Truths About Climate Change,” Wall Street Journal, October 6, 2011. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  52. About: Staff Directory,” Manhattan Institute. Archived May 3, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/H0MSg

  53. Oren Cass. LEADING NOWHERE: The Futility and Farce of Global Climate Negotiations” (PDF), Energy Policy & The Environment Report No. 19 (October, 2015). Manhatan Institute. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  54. Oren Cass. “Leading Nowhere: The Futility and Frace of Global Climate Negotiations,” Manhattan Institute, October 16, 2016. Archived May 4, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/jp7tB

  55. Oren Cass. “Who Pays the Bill for the Obama Climate Agenda?” (PDF), the Manhattan Institute. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  56. About,” Manhattan Institute. Archived May 29, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/7D7hC

  57. Jonathan A. Lesser. “Missing Benefits, Hidden Costs: The Cloudy Numbers in the EPA's Proposed Clean Power Plan” (PDF), Manhattan Institute, June, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  58. Robert Bryce, “What Happens to an Economy When Forced to Use Renewable Energy?” (PDF), The Manhattan Institute, May 4, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmogBlog.

  59. Bonner R. Cohen. “Study Shows the High Economic Costs of Renewable Energy,” Heartland Institute, June 14, 2016. Archived June 25, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/UPr4W

  60. Overheated: How Flawed Analyses Overestimate The Costs Of Climate Change,” Manhattan Institute. Archived March 5, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/fwDyP

  61. Overheated: How Flawed Analyses Overestimate The Costs Of Climate Change,” Manhattan Institute. Archived March 7, 2018. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/nUDRA

  62. Overheated: How Flawed Analyses Overestimate The Costs Of Climate Change,” Manhattan Institute. Archived March 8, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/FdvYd

  63. Climate Costs in Context” (PDF), Manhattan Institute, December 1, 2016.

  64. Overheated: How Flawed Analyses Overestimate the Costs of Climate Change,” Manhattan Institute, March 11, 2018. Archived March 12, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/CG65Y

  65. Oren Cass. “Doomsday Climate Scenarios Are a Joke,” The Wall Street Journal, March 11, 2018. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/LdeAF

  66. Oren Cass. OVERHEATED: HOW FLAWED ANALYSES OVERESTIMATE THE COSTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE” (PDF), Manhattan Institute, March 2018.

  67. HAPPENING NOW: @oren_cass presents his new paper on climate research, 'Overheated'” He was introduced by @BrianAcity,” Twitter post by user @ManhattanInst, March 20, 2018. Archived .png on file at Desmog.

Other Resources