Marlo Lewis, Jr.
- Ph.D. in Government from Harvard University and a B.A. in Political Science from Claremont McKenna College. 
Marlo Lewis is a senior fellow at the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), a group that has received funding from a range of energy industry groups and conservative foundations such as the Koch family foundations, ExxonMobil, Texaco, Arch Coal, and the American Petroleum Institute (API) among others. , , , 
Lewis has also served in various governmental positions, working briefly as a policy analyst in the State Department during the Reagan administration. His position at the CEI, where disclosures show he is payed approximately $100,000-a-year, also allows him influence over elected officials. For example, he was given access to Congress when he was permitted to give a rebuttal to Al Gore’s film “An Inconvenient Truth” to the assembly. Lewis was also allowed to present the supposed “dangers” of the Kyoto Protocol to Congress in 1998. , , , 
The CEI pays for and maintains the website of the Cooler Heads Coalition (CHC), a global warming denial group that Lewis formerly chaired and remains a prominent contributor to.  Lewis has previously defended the “benefits” of Keystone XL pipeline and the Canadian tar sands. 
Cooler Heads Coalition
Marlo Lewis served as the former Chairman of the Cooler Heads Coalition (CHC), a group describing itself as an “informal and ad-hoc group focused on dispelling the myths of global warming.“ SourceWatch notes that the Cooler Heads Coalition originally had close ties to the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) where Lewis is now a senior fellow. , 
Stance on Climate Change
The following are summarized points from a presentation Lewis gave to train new interns at the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) on why he believes that “climate change is not a 'crisis' or 'planetary emergency.'” 
“My thesis, then and now, is that climate change is not a 'crisis' or 'planetary emergency.' Here’s a quick overview:
- 'Worse than we thought' is a political mantra pretending to be a scientific finding. The state of the climate is better than they told us.
- An unanticipated 17-year warming pause, the growing divergence between model predictions and observed warming, and a pile of recent studies indicate that 'consensus' science overestimates the key variable: climate sensitivity. Lower sensitivity means less warming and smaller impacts.
- The scariest parts of the 'planetary emergency' narrative – dire warnings about ocean circulation shutdown triggering a new ice age, ice sheet disintegration raising sea levels up to 20 feet, malaria epidemics coming to a neighborhood near you, mass extinctions from runaway warming – are science fiction, not science.
- The only card left in the alarmist deck is extreme weather. However, there has been no long term trend in the strength or frequency of hurricanes, tornadoes, U.S. floods and drought.
- Heat waves have become more frequent but, paradoxically, the more common hot weather becomes, the more heat-related mortality declines: People adapt!
- There is no long-term trend in 'normalized' extreme weather damages (losses adjusted for increases in wealth, population, and the consumer price index).
- Globally, mortality rates and aggregate mortality related to extreme weather have declined by 98% and 93%, respectively, since the 1920s.
- The state of the world keeps improving as CO2 emissions increase.”
Lewis told BBC News in December 2008:
“There has been no net warming of the planet since 1998, or if you want to pick a more fair baseline, since 2001.” 
In testimony to congress in 1998, Lewis declared:
“There are several reasons why we shouldn’t worry about global warming. […] [T]he probability of catastrophic warming is low. Indeed, it is not clear global warming is something we should prevent, even if that were easy and cost little. Spending trillions to avoid better weather and a greener planet would make no sense at all.” 
Marlo Lewis wrote in The Daily Times:
“The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) so-called Clean Power Plan (CPP) is an unlawful power grab that will increase consumer electricity prices, reduce U.S. job and economic growth, and have no discernible impacts on global warming or sea-level rise.
“To overturn the CPP, Trump should direct the Justice Department to side with the 28 states and numerous industry and nonprofit petitioners challenging the Plan as unlawful and unconstitutional, if the litigation reaches the Supreme Court.” 
Lewis wrote in Fox News on why he believes Trump should repudiate the Paris climate agreement:
“The election of Donald J. Trump to be the next president will soon enable congressional advocates of pro-growth energy policy to go on the offense for the first time in eight years—and they should, for the sake of our Constitution, among other things.” 
Writing at the Cooler Heads Coalition's blog, Lewis denounced President Obama's State of the Union speech:
“The State of the Union speech? Yeesh. The energy and climate stuff was disingenuous and dumb.” 
“Cap-and-trade, carbon taxes, renewable energy mandates, and the like will accomplish little except to centralize power and transfer wealth from consumers to special interests.” 
“As energy analyst Alex Epstein puts it, fossil energy companies did not take a safe climate and make it dangerous, they took a dangerous climate and made it much safer.” 
According to Lewis, writing at the Cooler Heads Coalition blog, “The President should have approved the KXL long ago. The Keystone controversy is completely artificial — a fabrication of green politics.” 
Writing at the Cooler Heads Coalition's Blog, Lewis outlined portions of his “Las Vegas Slide Show” presentation at the Heartland Institute's 9th International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC9):
“A 'conservative' carbon tax is so loopy that at times I half believe it must be a passing fad, a bad joke, or a piece of blackboard econometric foppery rather than a grimly-determined political agenda,” Lewis wrote. 
Marlo Lewis criticizes the American Lung Association (ALA)'s campaign to promote the Clean Power Plan. In his “fact check,” Lewis provides his reasons that CO2 should not be described as pollution:
“[M]ercury emissions from power plants do not poison anyone’s air. […] The case is somewhat similar for arsenic. […] More importantly, carbon dioxide (CO2), the substance targeted by EPA’s Clean Power Plan, is non-toxic to humans and animals at multiple times today’s atmospheric concentration […]” 
Writing at the Cooler Heads Coalition's blog, Marlo Lewis criticizes a column Michael Mann wrote on the Keystone XL pipeline:
“Despite climategate, the death of cap-and-trade, the 17-year warming pause, the epic failure of climate models, and the growing popularity of skeptic blogs, Hockey Stick inventor Michael Mann still tries to pull rank and tell policymakers what to do because, after all, he and his 'colleagues' in the climate alarm movement are 'scientists.' […]
I will let others with the relevant expertise debate whether Prof. Mann is a competent paleo-climatologist. His writings on the Keystone XL pipeline are indistinguishable from those of a political hack.” 
Writing at the Cooler Heads Coalition's “Globalwarming.org,” Lewis declared:
“Divorced from analysis of carbon’s social benefits, SCC [Social Cost of Carbon] estimation even at its theoretical best is partisan advocacy posing as objective research.” 
According to Marlo Lewis, writing at the Cooler Heads Coalition's blog, global warming is “not even close” to the world's biggest problem. He writes:
“If global warming is the world’s most hyped problem, global warming alarm may well be the world’s most underrated problem.
[…] In the global warming debate, there has been far too little discussion of whether the proposed cure is worse than the alleged disease.” 
Writing in an October 25, 2012 Forbes opinion column, Lewis declared:
“The big attraction of carbon taxes these days is not as a global warming policy but as a revenue enhancer.” 
January 1, 2009
In an interview, Lewis outlines what he believes would be negative impacts of California's greenhouse gas reduction law (A.B. 32). See video at [0:34]:
“I predict that if we implemented AB32 over the next several years, as the increased energy costs kick in, you will begin to see job flight and capital flight from California.” 
May 2, 2008
Lewis told Fox News that the idea of ExxonMobil and the Rockerfeller family moving investment to more green fuels was “ridiculous”:
“This idea that renewable fuels or alternative energy is the wave of the future is ridiculous,” he said in the interview. 
Marlo Lewis was featured on a “Debate” at Fox News opposing David Roberts. Video below:
“The big question here is whether our children and our grandchildren will inherit a world that is energy rich, or energy poor,” Lewis said. “And if we put people like Al Gore in charge, and especially if we put Robert Kennedy in charge, this world is going to be put on an energy diet when much of the world is already energy starved.” 
Marlo Lewis delivered a June, 1998 testimony to the Committee on Small Business where he opposed the Kyoto Protocol:
“There is no a priori reason to assume that global warming, on net, would be harmful rather than beneficial,” Lewis stated. “Millions of America’s senior citizens adapt to climate change every decade – when they move from the Snow Belt to the Sun Belt.” 
“Yet precisely because carbon dioxide emissions may linger in the atmosphere for a century or longer, it makes no practical difference in the long run whether carbon withdrawal policies are implemented now or a decade or more from now.” 
“The road to Hell, we all realize, is often paved with good intentions. The global warming debate illustrates that maxim very well; even a baby step on this destructive path should be avoided.” 
October 22, 2016
Marlo Lewis spoke at the 20th Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights held in Albany, NY. 
DeSmog reported on Lewis's talk, which was titled “Standing for Accuracy About Global Warming.” After Lewis argued that Obama’s Clean Power Plan and the signing of the Paris Agreement were equivalent to a “burning of the constitution,” he outlined the three main points of his presentation: 
“One is that however strong the scientific case may have appeared at one time for alarm about global warming, there’s really nothing to it.”
“Another key point that all of these folks forget about is that fossil fuels have actually done more to make our climate a livable system than any other force on this planet. If it weren’t for fossil fuels our lives would all be nasty, brutal, and short.”
“My final point is that all of these emission reduction policies, which they claim are necessary to save the world, are one of two things. They’re either all pain for no gain, in other words, they’re a highly costly exercise in symbolism, or they’re a cure that’s worse than the alleged disease. They are a humanitarian disaster in the making.”
Lewis then ran through a PowerPoint presentation “disproving” climate science.
“The other thing is if this were really the terrible crisis that we can’t adapt to that they say, then the population shifts in the United States should have all been moving in the other direction, which is what my next slide shows. It shows that the states that are warmest are the states that have had the most rapid population growth over the last fifty years. People are voting with their feet by the millions to embrace and endure more climate warming in a short space of time than even these outlandish models predict will happen in a century. If you move from Albany to Florida or to Texas, the climate is really going to change for you.”
February 25, 2016
Marlo Lewis authored a “policy paper” (PDF) document claiming that the Paris Agreement is a treaty as opposed to an executive agreement. As a treaty, Lewis argues that it would be “would be dead on arrival” in the senate. , 
“Far from being toothless, the Paris Agreement is the framework for a multi-decade global campaign of political pressure directed chiefly against Republican leaders, Red State voters, and the fossil fuel industry,” Lewis warns. “To safeguard America’s economic future and capacity for self-government, congressional leaders must expose Obama’s climate diplomacy as an attempted end-run around the Constitution’s treaty-making process.” 
September 23, 2015
“Maybe we also need to rethink the fuel economy standards, for example,” he said, “so that companies aren't tempted to do this sort of thing.”
June 23, 2015
Marlo Lewis participated in a panel discussion hosted by the Heritage Foundation and moderated by David Kreutzer titled “The Social Cost of Carbon: A Controversial Tool for Misguided Policy.” Climate Change deniers Jim Inhofe and Patrick Michaels also spoke on the panel. Lewis's powerpoint presentation can also be viewed here (PDF). , , 
June 11 - 12, 2015
September 22, 2014
- Kristin Sundell — Director of Policy and Campaigns, Action Aid.
- Former Senator Wayne Allard — VP for Government Relations, American Motorcycle Association.
- Nicole Wood — Program Manager, Government Affairs, Boat U.S.
- Ben Schreiber — Climate and Energy Program Director, Friends of the Earth.
- Emily Cassidy — Biofuels Research Analyst, Environmental Working Group.
- Nan Swift — Federal Government Affairs Manager, National Taxpayers Union.
July 7 - 9, 2014
Marlo Lewis was a speaker at the Heartland Institute's Ninth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC9) in Las Vegas, Nevada. His speech was titled “Is a Carbon Tax a Conservative Idea Whose Time Has Come?“ 
Lewis was also on a Q&A Panel with Ken Haapala and David Kreutzer:
November 7, 2013
“Don’t use the guidelines either to shut down existing coal plants, or to enact a national clean energy standard through the regulatory back door,” Lewis said in a summary of his comments. He added that the EPA needed to be careful that “guidelines for reducing CO2 emissions from existing power plants do not adversely affect the economic viability of existing coal power plants.” 
November 5, 2013
Marlo Lewis, Jr. outlines a global warming presentation that he gives to new interns at the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), teaching them the reasons why he believes that “climate change is not a 'crisis' or 'planetary emergency.'” 
In is presentation, titled “Climate Change: Be Not Afraid!” (PDF), Lewis cites the debunked “global warming pause,” says there is no link between extreme weather and climate change, and suggests that “The state of the world keeps improving as CO2 emissions increase.” 
August 26, 2011
“A win for Keystone XL is a defeat for the global warming movement. Green groups view Keystone as an opportunity to regain momentum and offset their losses after the death of cap-and-trade. If friends of affordable energy win this fight, which seems likely, the greenhouse lobby will take another hit to its prestige, morale, and influence.
Keystone XL strains relations between Obama and his environmentalist base. If Obama approves the pipeline, greenies will be less motivated to work for his re-election. If he disapproves, Republicans and moderate Democrats will hammer him for killing job creation and increasing pain at the pump. Either way, the prospects for new anti-energy legislation should be dimmer.
Keystone XL is bringing aging, New Lefties out of the woodwork, where they can misbehave and get themselves arrested.”
August 10, 2011
When he made a trip to Canada to view the existing Keystone pipeline. Lewis documented his trip in a post at the Cooler Heads Coalition website in a post titled “My Excellent Journey to Canada’s Oil Sands.” 
March 8 - 10, 2009
Marlo Lewis was a speaker at the Heartland Institute's Second International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC2) in New York. His speech was titled “Economic Train Wreck: Regulating CO2 Emissions Under the Clean Air Act.” 
DeSmog researched the funding behind Heartland's Second International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC2) and found sponsor organizations had received over $47 million in funding from energy companies and right-wing foundations, with 78% of that total coming from Scaife Family Foundations. 
Commentator: “Is it the case that you don't believe in global warming at all, or do you consider it merely to be global alarmism?”
Marlo Lewis: “I do believe there is global warming, although global warming has slowed down over the last decade, which I think is interesting because none of the climate models used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to forecast global warming over the 21st century anticipated a roughly 10 year period with no net global warming. Which suggest that those models may be too sensitive or too hot.”
C: “If it's slowed, by which mechanism are you using to evaluate that?”
ML: “The Hadley data and the data which is land-surface data mostly. And also the Alabama-Huntsville satellite data. So two datasets confirm that basically there's basically been no net warming since 2001. And or none since 1998 if you want to include a year with a very big El Nino.
C: “Ok, now Kert Davis From Greenpeace, I expect you're going to disagree with that. Do you believe that global warming has stagnated or almost slowed since 2001?
Kurt Davies: “No. Marlo, people living in the real world see global warming every day and in fact what the science is telling us is that it's worse than we thought. All of the modelling projects exactly what we're seeing. That is, extremes in weather, extremes heat waves like we're seeing in the winter in California, loss of snow cover, the protracted drought in the southeast in the United States. And all around the world—extreme typhoons, hurricanes—things are getting worse, not better.
It's also a misnomer to look at just warming. In fact, the warming is worse at the poles. We're watching the icecaps break apart, polar bears are being left without ice to walk and feed and live on. And this is affecting people in their lives. Farmers are not planting crops in California this year. That means the food supply is threatened. In fact, what the IPCC found was that poor people around the world are going to be affected first and worst by global warming. That means their lives are at risk. It's a dangerous distraction to say that global warming does not affect people or is not as bad as we think it is.”
C: “Kert Davies, so presumably then you're not going for Marlo Lewis's assertion about the kind of data that he follows and recommends.”
KD: “Marlo Lewis is not a scientist. He comes from a think tank that also worked for the tobacco industry to deny that smoking causes damage. He took money from Exxon for over a decade—two million dollars plus—even Exxon dropped Competitive Enterprise Institute from its funding ranks because they were out of touch with reality.” 
Marlo Lewis was one of the “experts” to appear in a video funded by the Cascade Policy Institute titled “Climate Chains.” Cascade describes the video as “22-minute documentary that exposes extreme environmentalism and the misguided pursuit of cap-and-trade legislation. Climate Chains not only explains the dangers of this legislation but offers an alternative to top-down regulation in the form of free market environmentalism.” 
- John Charles (President of CPI)
- Myron Ebell
- Robert Ferguson
- Kenneth P. Green
- Chris Horner
- Drew Johnson
- David Kreutzer
- Marlo Lewis
- Ben Lieberman
- Ann McElhinney
- Patrick Michaels
- Todd Myers
- Floyd Brown
June 25, 2008
Marlo Lewis testified before the Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming (PDF), arguing against fuel economy standards. Some notable quotes below. 
“The new mpg standards enacted in December 2007 will do nothing to measurably cool the atmosphere.”
“Global warming policies can adversely affect human health and life expectancy.”
[…] Please note, I am not saying that global warming is a myth or that there are no health, environment, and safety risks associated with climate change. What I am saying is that there are also risks associated with global warming policy.”
“The global warming debate suffers from a profound lack of balance. Proponents of carbon suppression policies spotlight, trumpet, and even exaggerate the risks of climate change but ignore or deny the risks of climate change policy.
This one-sided perspective dominates recent attempts to link global warming to national security concerns. The remotest possibility of abrupt climate change is seized upon as a rationale for policies with enormous potential to harm people, the economy, and, indeed, national security. This hearing will have served a valuable purpose if it begins to redress the balance.”
March 2 - 4, 2008
Marlo Lewis was a speaker at the Heartland Institute's First International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC1) in New York. His speech was titled “The Economic and Regulatory Perils of Massachusetts v. EPA.” 
October 12, 2007
“A preponderance of scientists do believe that the recent warming, the warming of the past 30 years, is largely the result of the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere,” Lewis admitted. “I would say that most scientists, though, understand—even if they don't publicly say—that there isn't a whole lot we can do about it.”
“An Inconvenient Truth is basically a lawyer's brief for a political agenda. It's completely one-sided. Gore only mentioned or cites studies that support his point of view, then he exaggerates in many cases the evidence that he presents, ” Lewis said. “He is presenting global warming as a planetary emergency […] and that is simply not based on science.”
August 20, 2007
Marlo Lewis testified in the Senate before the Environment and Public Works Committee. Video and partial transcript below. 
“Jonah Goldberg, the columnist, notes that the earth warned about 0.7 degrees Celsius in the 20th century while global GDP increased by some 1800 percent.
For the sake of argument, says Goldberg, lets agree that all of the warming was anthropogenic; the result of economic activity. And let's further stipulate that the warming produced no benefits, only harms. That's still an amazing bargain, Goldberg remarks.
Average life expectancies doubled in the 20th century. The human population nearly quadrupled, yet per-capita food supplies increased. Literacy, medicine, measure, and even in many respects the environment improved, at least in the prosperous west.
This suggests a thought experiment. Suppose you had the power to travel and time and impose carbon caps on previous generations. How much growth would you be willing to sacrifice to avoid how many tenths of a degree of warming? Would humanity be better off today if the twentieth century had half as much warming, but also a half or a third, or even a quarter less growth? I doubt anyone on this committee would say yes.
A poorer planet would also be a hungrier, sicker planet. Many of us might not even be alive. How much future growth are you willing to sacrifice to mitigate global warming? That is not an idle question.”
[…] “Regulatory climate strategies put the policy cart before the technology horse.” 
August 15, 2007
Marlo Lewis appeared on NBC News In-Depth to talk about climate change. 
Discussing funding from the oil industry including companies like ExxonMobil which funded the Competitive Enterprise Institute, Lewis said:
“We don't take that position because they invest. It's the other way around. And any environmental group that is honest and has any familiarity with us knows that to be the case.”
May 2, 2007
Marlo Lewis published a “Congressional Working Paper” titled “A Skeptic's Guide to An Inconvenient Truth” (PDF) with the Competitive Enterprise Institute. The paper describes Al Gore's film as “Science Fiction.” 
For example, Marlo Lewis claims that Gore failed to note the “environmental, health, and economic benefits of climatic warmth and the ongoing rise in the air’s carbon dioxide (CO2) content,” a common myth among climate change skeptics. 
January 26, 2003
Marlo Lewis co-wrote a letter to President Bush with Fred Smith, discouraging Bush from supporting the McCain-Lieberman bill that would have regulated carbon dioxide emissions. Signatories represented a range of climate change denial think tanks and conservative foundations: 
- Fred L. Smith — Jr., President, Competitive Enterprise Institute
- Marlo Lewis, Jr. — Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
- Paul Beckner — President, Citizens for a Sound Economy
- John Berthoud — President, National Taxpayers Union
- L. Patricia Callahan — President, American Association of Small Property Owners
- David Keene — Chairman, American Conservative Union
- Karen Kerrigan — Chairman, Small Business Survival Committee
- James Martin — President, 60 Plus Association
- Grover Norquist — President, Americans for Tax Reform
- Duane Parde — Executive Director, American Legislative Exchange Council
- John Powell — Senior Vice President & Chief Operating Officer, The Seniors Coalition
- Alex-St. James — Chairman, African American Republican, Leadership Council
- Tom Schatz — President, Citizens Against Government Waste
- Fran Smith — Executive Director, Consumer Alert
- Benjamin C. Works — Executive Director, Strategic Issues Research Institute
October 2, 2002
Lewis co-wrote an open letter with Fred L. Smith, Jr. to President Bush opposing GHG reduction credit. The letter expresses concern “that the Administration’s plan to award regulatory credits for 'voluntary' greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions will strengthen pro-Kyoto forces here at home – interests adverse to your supply-side economic and energy policies.” 
July 1, 2002
Lewis gave a speech titled “Precautionary Foolishness,” where he attempts to “challenge the pro-Kyoto coalition's strongest argument in favor of an international climate treaty. This is the argument that, ‘if we do it smart,”’ Kyoto will provide low-cost planet insurance for present and future generations.” 
Lewis said that “the Precautionary Principle is incoherent, an ethical empty suit.“ 
“[D]o we have more to fear from Kyoto than from global warming itself? The purpose of the Precautionary Principle is to sweep such questions under the rug,” he said. 
On the subject of global warming, Lewis suggests that we have little to fear and goes on to discuss the science and he sees it: 
“A variety of empirical evidence suggests we have little or nothing to fear,“ Lewis begins. “[M]uch of this century's modest warming may be due to natural causes such as changes in solar energy output. Second, since the models overestimate the warming of the past 100 years, they likely also overestimate the warming of the next hundred years. 
“From such facts, we may conclude that the climate system is probably less “sensitive” to ‘greenhouse forcing’ than the climate models assume.” 
When it comes to extreme weather events, he defers to fellow climate change deniers for evidence of a lack of connection: 
“What about extreme weather events, melting ice sheets, and the spread of tropical diseases? Here I would simply refer you to the work of hurricane scientists like Chris Landsea and William Gray, glaciologists like Howard Conway, and infectious disease experts like Paul Reiter. During the past fifty years, the period of the most rapid increase in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, the frequency and intensity of Atlantic hurricanes have declined.” 
June 5, 2002
Writing on behalf of the CEI, Lewis urged President Bush to reconsider his proposal on Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, established under section 1605(b) of the 1992 Energy Policy Act: 
“A crediting program would energize and expand the “greenhouse lobby” – the coalition of politicians, advocacy groups, and companies supporting the Kyoto Protocol and kindred energy rationing policies,” Lewis said. 
September 25, 2002
Marlo Lewis co-authored an open letter with Myron Ebell to select senators, attempting to convince them to oppose the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), which they describe as “a regressive and coercive policy.” 
July 29, 1998
According to Lewis, “There are several reasons why we shouldn’t worry about global warming.” He adds “the probability of catastrophic warming is low. Indeed, it is not clear global warming is something we should prevent, even if that were easy and cost little. Spending trillions to avoid better weather and a greener planet would make no sense at all.” 
“In candid moments, Administration spokespersons will admit that the theory of catastrophic warming has not been validated by experimental or empirical evidence,” Lewis claimed. “They’ll concede that scientists know too little about the underlying physics, that computer models are too slow, and that the evidence is too conflicted, to permit a genuine resolution of the global warming debate. In other words, they’ll admit, at least privately, that the science supporting the Kyoto Protocol isn’t really clear, compelling, or ‘settled.’ But they don’t see this as a great liability. Indeed, in their view, our very ignorance about the extent of human influence on the climate system is reason enough to justify an enterprise like the Kyoto Protocol.” 
- Institute for Energy Research (IER) — Formerly listed as a “Scholar.” 
- Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) — Senior Fellow (2002 to Present). 
- Heartland Institute — Expert. 
- Reason Foundation — Former Director of External Relations. 
- National Center for Policy Analysis (NCPA) — Member, Environment Team (E-Team). 
- Citizens Against Government Waste (CAGW) — Former Research Director. 
- Cooler Heads Coalition (CHC) — Contributor. Former Chairman. , 
- Tech Central Station (TCS) — Contributor. 
- House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade — Former Staff Consultant. 
- State Department Bureau of Inter-American Affairs and Bureau of International Organization Affairs — Former Special Assistant. 
- Claremont McKenna College — Former Visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science. 
Marlo Lewis, Jr. has written for several publications including Tech Central Station (TCS), Washington Times, Investors Business Daily, the National Review and Interpretation, a journal of political philosophy.
- Donald Trump and Environmental Regulation, Washington Times, Dec 29, 2016.
- Here's why the Senate should help Trump repudiate the Paris climate agreement, Fox News, Dec 20, 2016.
- The EPA's “Power Plan” Is An Unlawful Power Grab, Daily Caller, Sep 23, 2016.
- Can Alternative Energy Replace Fossil Fuels?, Inside Sources, May 31, 2016.
- Crunch time: Will Congress rescue America from the Paris Agreement?, The Hill, Apr 20, 2016.
- M.I.A.: GOP Leaders and the Paris Agreement, Real Clear Policy, Mar 31, 2016.
- Schneiderman Targets Peabody Energy: Shareholder Protection or War on Coal?, CEI, Mar 30, 2016.
- IPCC's Latest Report: The End Is Nigh Unless Mankind Repents of Its Fuelish Ways, CNS News, Nov 10, 2014.
- EPA: The Obama Administration's New Legislative Branch, Fox News, May 29, 2014.
- National Climate Assessment Report: Alarmists Offer Untrue, Fox News, May 06, 2014.
- The Environmental Protection Agency's Breathtakingly Lawless Attempt To Regulate Greenhouse Gases, Forbes, Feb 25, 2014.
- Supreme Court Global Warming Case: What Legislative History Reveals about Congressional Intent, Master Resource, Dec 19, 2013.
- Balance is not bias – Fox News critics mislead public on climate change, Fox News, Oct 16, 2013.
- Memo to Al Gore – IPCC Report Confirms the “Planetary Emergency” is Over, Fox News, Oct 11, 2013.
- Models of misinformation – climate reports melt under scrutiny, Fox News, Sep 26, 2013.
- Keystone XL: Not Enough Attention to Core Issues, National Journal, Aug 07, 2013.
- The Climate's Alright, National Review, Jun 05, 2013.
- A Supreme Court EPA Decision That Could Cost Taxpayers $21 Billion Per Year, Forbes, May 08, 2013.
- Explaining Energy Gridlock, National Journal, Apr 22, 2013.
- EPA Nominee Gina McCarthy Has A History Of Misleading Congress, Forbes, Mar 12, 2013.
- Missing in Action: Constitutional Environmentalism, The Environmental Forum, Jan 01, 2013.
- The EPA vs. State Economies, National Review, Nov 19, 2012.
- Why You Should Care That Courts Overturn EPA's Carbon Pollution Standard, Forbes, Nov 14, 2012.
- Carbon Tax: Will Tweedle Dum Snatch Defeat From the Jaws of Victory?, Forbes, Oct 25, 2012.
- Carbon Tax: Bad Politics, National Journal, Jul 31, 2012.
- Nix the U-MACT, National Journal, Jun 12, 2012.
- Big Costs, Forbes, Jun 12, 2012.
- Carbon Pollution Standard: 4 Ways Weird, National Journal, Apr 02, 2012.
- An EPA Power Grab, National Review, Mar 15, 2012.
- One Law for Me, National Journal, Feb 29, 2012.
- Ethanol Subsidies: Down But Not Out, Human Events, Jan 26, 2012.
- Biggest Hidden Cost Is to Democracy, CEI, Jan 11, 2012.
- Secretary Chu's 'Clean Energy Race' Blather, PJ Media, Nov 18, 2011.
- Dissing the National Interest, National Journal, Nov 14, 2011.
- Why Obama Officials Had to Lie to Congress About Fuel Economy Standards, Breitbart, Nov 08, 2011.
- Bureaucrats Have Gone Rogue, New York Times, Aug 25, 2011.
- Mandated Mischief: Obama's 54.5 MPG Standard, PJ Media, Jul 29, 2011.
- EPA's Greenhouse Power Grab: Baucus's Revenge, PJ Media, Mar 21, 2011.
- Put the REINS on EPA, PJ Media, Feb 25, 2011.
- Will Congress Stop EPA's End-Run around Democracy?, Breitbart, Feb 09, 2011.
- The Environmental Protection Agency's End-Run Around Democracy, PJ Media, Jan 01, 2011.
- Will the Supreme Court Empower Trial Lawyers to 'Legislate' Climate Policy?, PJ Media, Dec 11, 2010.
- Ethanol's Policy Privileges: Heading for History's Dustbin?, PJ Media, Dec 03, 2010.
- Cap-and-tax is Dead but Kyotoism is Alive and Well at the EPA, Washington Examiner, Nov 15, 2010.
- Let's You and Him Fight, National Journal, Sep 30, 2010.
- Obama Urges Court to Vacate AGW Decision. I Smell a Rat (or Two!), PJ Media, Aug 30, 2010.
- The Greenhouse Protection Racket, PJ Media, Jul 09, 2010.
- Blowout Prevention Actâ€“or Oil-Production Prevention Act?, Master Resource, Jun 30, 2010.
- Time For A Real Win-Win, National Journal, Jun 21, 2010.
- Cap-And-Trade Prospects Dimmer Than Ever, National Journal, Jun 14, 2010.
- Cuff 'Em, National Journal, Jun 07, 2010.
- EPA Endangerment Showdown: Should Congress Heed Russell Train's Advice?, Master Resource, Jun 01, 2010.
- Overturning EPA's Endangerment Finding Is a Constitutional Imperative, PJ Media, May 24, 2010.
- The EPA's Shocking Power Grab, Forbes, May 18, 2010.
- MoveOn's Triple Whopper, PJ Media, Feb 10, 2010.
- An EPA Power Grab, New York Post, Dec 08, 2009.
- Rationalizing Rationing, Washington Times, Oct 08, 2009.
- EPA's Endangerment Finding: Legislative Hammer or Suicide Note?, Washington Examiner, Apr 22, 2009.
- Granting Emissions Waiver Will Lead to De-stimulus, CEI, Feb 02, 2009.
- Indefensible Biofuels, CEI, Jul 23, 2008.
- Food for Fuel Is No Laughing Matter, CEI, May 05, 2008.
- European Railroads Not a Model for U.S. April 23, CEI, Apr 23, 2008.
- Will Greenery Promote Growth and Save the World (and Money)?, CEI, Apr 12, 2008.
- Miles to Go: How many vehicles actually meet Speaker Pelosi's 35-mpg fuel-economy standard?, CEI, Dec 04, 2007.
- Painting the Court Green, CEI, Sep 26, 2007.
- Ignorance Is Strength, Dissent Is Treason, CEI, Jul 16, 2007.
- Economic Climate Changes, CEI, Jul 10, 2007.
- Waxman's Kyoto Strategy, CEI, Jan 30, 2007.
- Energy Diet for a Starving World?, CEI, Jan 01, 2007.
- The Snowe-Rockefeller Road to Kyoto, CEI, Nov 02, 2006.
- Katrina and Her Policy Waves, CEI, Aug 29, 2006.
- Judicial Activism in Overdrive: Massachusetts et al v. EPA, CEI, Aug 24, 2006.
- EPA, State AGs Argue Climate Change in Appellate Court, by Marlo Lewis, Jr., CEI, Jun 01, 2006.
- A Windfall of Bad Ideas, CEI, Dec 04, 2005.
- Energy security and natural disasters, CEI, Oct 06, 2005.
- All Cost, No Benefit, CEI, Jul 20, 2005.
- Kyoto-by-Inches Is Just as Foolish, CEI, Jun 21, 2005.
- The McCain-Lieberman and Bingaman Climate Amendments: Kyoto-by-Inches Is Just as Foolish, by Marlo Lewis, Jr., CEI, Jun 20, 2005.
- Climate Reports, Edited to Fit, CEI, Jun 10, 2005.
- Crazy on Carbon Dioxide, CEI, Apr 21, 2005.
- Reef Madness, CEI, Jan 06, 2005.
- Bigger, “Renewable” Boondoggle, CEI, Dec 09, 2004.
- Air Board's Greenhouse Rule: Raw Deal for Dealers, CEI, Nov 11, 2004.
- No to Kyoto Treaty, CEI, Oct 31, 2004.
- Carbon dioxide is your friend, CEI, Oct 06, 2004.
- Junk Law: The CO2 Litigation of the State Attorneys General, CEI, Jun 17, 2004.
- Et Tu, Edison?, CEI, Apr 27, 2004.
- Lewis Letter to DOE, CEI, Oct 22, 2003.
- Russia Could Sink Kyoto â€” and McCain-Lieberman, CEI, Oct 21, 2003.
- McCain's Nose-Under-the-Tent Strategy, CEI, Oct 15, 2003.
- Thank You, Pew!, CEI, Jul 29, 2003.
- Killing Energy: Beware the “Soft Kyoto” Strategy, CEI, Jul 28, 2003.
- Common Sense, CEI, Jun 04, 2003.
- Nix the Energy Bill: Better No Bill than an Anti-Energy Bill, CEI, Apr 03, 2003.
- A Backwards Step in U.S. Energy Policy, CEI, Apr 01, 2003.
- The Anti-Power Act: A Jeffords Special, CEI, Jun 26, 2002.
- Multi-Pollutant Madness, CEI, Jun 12, 2002.
- CEI's Marlo Lewis submits comments to DOE on the proposed Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, CEI, Jun 05, 2002.
- Greenhouse Road To Ruin: Bad Regulations In Cali, CEI, May 13, 2002.
- Heed Hillary's Herald, CEI, May 08, 2002.
- Cali's Kyoto: Working Off A Bad Model - Corrected, CEI, Apr 29, 2002.
- Kyoto Lobby Kills Small Business, CEI, Mar 04, 1999.
- Mining Law 'Land Grab' (Letter to the Editor), CEI, Feb 18, 1999.
Selection of Cooler Heads Coalition Posts by Marlo Lewis
- Clean Power Plan: EPA’s Updated Base Case Now Tallies with EIA Data — Nov 03, 2016
- Clean Power Plan Oral Argument Transcript Available Here! — Oct 14, 2016
- Posting: Little-Known Documents Pertinent to Assessing the Legality of EPA’s Clean Energy Incentive Program — Aug 22, 2016
- Kyoto-Financed Cook Stoves Fail as Health/Climate “Intervention” — Aug 08, 2016
- CEQ Finalizes NEPA Guidance for Greenhouse Gases: Will Pointless Keystone XL Controversy Become ‘New Normal’? — Aug 02, 2016
- EPA’s PM2.5 Co-Benefits PR Trick Exposed — Jun 15, 2016
- More Good News on Climate — Jun 01, 2016
- House Panel Asks McCarthy: How Is EPA’s Continuing Implementation of the Clean Power Plan Legal under the Stay? — May 13, 2016
- Carbon Dioxide Fertilization Greening Earth, Study Finds — Apr 27, 2016
- What Every Conservative in Congress Needs to Know about the Paris Agreement — Apr 22, 2016
- Paris Climate Agreement: What Should a Republican President Do? — Apr 12, 2016
- Carbon Capture and Storage: Adequately Demonstrated? — Mar 31, 2016
- Renewable Fuel Standard: Fact Checking RFA Chief Bob Dinneen — Mar 24, 2016
- Climate Bullies: Dems Ask S.E.C. to Target Shell — Mar 08, 2016
- Warren Buffett on Climate Change Risk — Feb 29, 2016
- Exxon Bashing, the AGU, and the Folly of Position Statements — Feb 23, 2016
- Will EPA Abide by the Stay? — Feb 16, 2016
- Peabody Energy: New York Times Blames Victim for Shareholder Losses; Ignores Obama Duplicity — Feb 14, 2016
- The Motion that Won the Stay — Feb 11, 2016
- Satellites and Global Warming: Dr. Christy Sets the Record Straight — Feb 05, 2016
- Mandating 100% Renewable Energy: It’s About Jobs? — Jan 06, 2016
- Paris Agreement: Recycled “Process” Socialism — Jan 03, 2016
- Paris Agreement Is a Real Tiger: Lock and Load — Dec 27, 2015
- Climate Change Hearing: Lessons from Data vs. Dogma — Dec 21, 2015
- Is the Paris Climate Agreement a Treaty? — Dec 16, 2015
- Should GOP Leaders Trade Renewal of the Wind Production Tax Credit for Repeal of the Crude Oil Export Ban? — Dec 11, 2015
- House Ds Demand Fossil Energy CEOs Confess Funding “Denial and Disinformation” — Dec 10, 2015
- Clean Power Plan Litigation: Stern Tries Some Climate Diplomacy on the Judges — Dec 07, 2015
- EPA Increases Renewable Fuel Blending Targets: Corporate Welfare Clients Demand More — Dec 01, 2015
- Paris Climate Conference: Fact Checking Obama’s Renewables Boast — Nov 30, 2015
- 2014: Lowest U.S. Severe Weather Death Toll in Ten Years — Nov 23, 2015
- Reports: Renewable Fuel Standard Imposes $22 Billion Ethanol Tax on Illinois, $42 Billion Tax on California — Nov 20, 2015
- Manchin Shoots Hole Through EPA Power Plant Rule — Nov 20, 2015
- NY AG Schneiderman vs. Peabody Energy: Climate Thuggery, Part 2 — Nov 13, 2015
- NY Attorney General Schneiderman Targets Exxon Mobil: Climate Thuggery, Part 1 — Nov 12, 2015
- Lomborg Exposes Paris Accord’s Climatological Insignificance — Nov 10, 2015
- Motion to Stay Nails Unlawfulness of EPA “Clean Power Plan” — Oct 29, 2015
- Obama’s Greenhouse of Cards: Doomed to Collapse or Too Big to Fail? — Oct 27, 2015
- Record-Breaking Major U.S. Hurricane Landfall Drought Continues — Oct 09, 2015
- Sierra Club President’s Testimony Reveals It’s Worse Than We Thought. Climate Change? No. Group Think About Climate Change. — Oct 07, 2015
- Free Market Groups Submit Joint Comment Letter on Obama Administration’s Heavy Truck Greenhouse Gas/Fuel Economy Standards — Oct 02, 2015
- ‘Moderate’ Rs Call for ‘Action’ on Climate (Crank Me-Too Amplifiers Up to Eleven) — Sep 17, 2015
- What Has the Pause Done to the Warming Rate? — Sep 08, 2015
- Economic Growth Is the Best Climate Insurance Policy — Sep 03, 2015
- Obama’s Alaska Trip: Do We Have a Climate Change Problem or a Russia Problem? — Sep 01, 2015
- Clean Energy Incentive Program: New Unlawful Element in EPA’s Power Plant Rule? — Aug 19, 2015
- Keystone XL Review Five Times Longer than Average — AP — Aug 13, 2015
- Gasoline or Ethanol: Which Is More Polluting? — Aug 07, 2015
- Clean Power Plan: Reactions to EPA’s Preview “Fact Sheet” — Aug 03, 2015
- Hearing Shines Light on Social Cost of Carbon Sophistry — Jul 26, 2015
- EPA’s Climate Action Flimflam Report, Part 2 — Jul 23, 2015
- Dueling Opinion Polls: Is Climate Change the Top Global Concern — or Lowest? — Jul 19, 2015
- Is Carbon Capture and Storage a ‘System of Emission Reduction’? — Jul 16, 2015
- Climate Change and Health: What Does the Gray Lady Say? — Jul 15, 2015
- If You Only Read One Commentary on the Papal Encyclical … — Jul 13, 2015
- PNAS Study Implicitly Confirms Climate Treaty Threatens Developing Country Economies — Jul 09, 2015
- OMB Acknowledges (Most) of Our Comments on the Social Cost of Carbon, Engages None — Jul 06, 2015
- IER Study: Existing Coal Much Less Costly than New Gas, Wind — Jun 30, 2015
- EPA’s Climate Action Flim-Flam Report — Jun 29, 2015
- Computer-Aided Sophistry: My Power Point on the Social Cost of Carbon — Jun 23, 2015
- Does EPA’s Clean Power Plan Endanger Manatees? — Jun 16, 2015
- Renewable Fuel Standard: Can EPA Regulate America Beyond the ‘Blend Wall’? — Jun 16, 2015
- EPA’s Renewable Fuel Standard Proposal Ignores Root Cause of Blend Wall — May 29, 2015
- Will EPA Scrap the Carbon Capture Mandate? — May 28, 2015
- EU Climate Policy: Unsustainability Update — May 22, 2015
- Tom Steyer’s Windfall Profits Tax: Recyling Junk Policy — May 20, 2015
- Ethanol Industry Ad Campaign: Fuels America or Fools America? — May 14, 2015
- Is Ethanol a Green Fuel? — May 06, 2015
“Competitive Enterprise Institute,” Conservative Transparency. Data retrieved May 27, 2016.
“Competitive Enterprise Institute,” Capital Research Center. Archived July 2, 2003.
ExxonSecrets Factsheet: Competitive Enterprise Institute, CEI. Data retrieved August, 2016. Most recent data on file at Desmog.
Competitive Enterprise Institute 990 Forms. Retrieved from DocumentCloud.
“Testimony on Why Kyoto Is Not an Insurance Policy, House Small Business Committee,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, July 29, 1998. Archived July 2, 2002. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/qAp3a
“Marlo Lewis on Global Warming & The Economy,” YouTube Video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, December 18, 2008. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
Marlo Lewis. “Here's why the Senate should help Trump repudiate the Paris climate agreement,” Fox News, December 20, 2016. Archived January 4, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/o69mK
Marlo Lewis. “Some Free Market Talking Points on the Keystone XL Pipeline Amendments,” Global Warming.org, January 13, 2015. Archived January 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/PsoAW
Marlo Lewis. “My Las Vegas Slide Show on the ‘Conservative’ Case for a Carbon Tax,” Global Warming.org, July 9, 2014. Archived January 3, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/tDza6
Marlo Lewis. “American Lung Association Manipulates 'Maternal Instinct' to Sell EPA Power Grab,” Global Warming.org, June 15, 2014. Archived January 3, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Zd8Ag
Marlo Lewis. “At Last: A Report on the Social Benefits of Carbon,” Global Warming.org, January 22, 2014. Archived January 3, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/rVU5v
“Carbon Tax: Will Tweedle Dum Snatch Defeat From the Jaws of Victory?” Forbes, October 25, 2012. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/vj1V1
“Marlo Lewis on California's Global Warming Regulation,” YouTube Video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, January 1, 2009. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
“Marlo Lewis on ExxonMobil and the Rockefeller Family,” YouTube Video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, May 2, 2008. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
“Marlo Lewis Debates Global Warming (7/11/07),” YouTube video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, July 12, 2007. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
“Testimony before the Committee on Small Business, Hearing on the Kyoto Protocol,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, June 4, 1998. Archived July 4, 2002. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/y4bWl
“Twentieth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights,” Property Rights Foundation of America, October 22, 2016. Archived November 5, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/YgUFY
Justin Mikulka. “Insights Into the Thinking of Trump Advisor Myron Ebell’s Competitive Enterprise Institute on Climate Change,” DeSmog, November 27, 2016.
“The Paris Climate Agreement Is a Treaty Requiring Senate Review,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, February 24, 2016. Archived January 4, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/6rXuN
“The Paris Climate Agreement Is a Treaty Requiring Senate Review,” On Point No. 213 (February 24, 2016). Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“Marlo Lewis discusses EPA fuel standards on Fox Business,” YouTube Video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, March 25, 2016. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
Marlo Lewis. “Computer-Aided Sophistry: My Power Point on the Social Cost of Carbon,” Global Warming.org, June 23, 2015. Archived January 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/iRhb2
“Social Cost of Carbon: A Controversial Tool for Misguided Policy,” The Heritage Foundation, June 23, 2015. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archived January 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/gtd6i
“Social Cost of Carbon: Computer-Aided Sophistry, Menace to Society” (PDF), Competitive Enterprise Institute, June 23, 2015. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Marlo Lewis. “OMB Should Uphold Proposed Rollback of 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Targets,” Global Warming.org, September 22, 2014. Archived January 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Hn36E
Marlo Lewis. “Climate Change: Be Not Afraid!” Competitive Enterprise Institute, November 6, 2013. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“Marlo Lewis Debates Global Warming,” YouTube video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, February 3, 2009. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
“Statement of Marlo Lewis” (PDF), Competitive Enterprise Institute, June 25, 2008. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“Marlo Lewis Discusses Al Gore & the Nobel Prize (10/12/07),” YouTube Video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, Oct 15, 2007. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
“Marlo Lewis on Al Gore's Nobel Peace Prize 2 (10/12/07),” YouTube video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, October 12, 2007. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
“Marlo Lewis Testifies in the Senate on Global Warming,” YouTube video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute on Aug 20, 2007. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
“Marlo Lewis on Global Warming Skeptics (8/15/07),” YouTube video uploaded by user Competitive Enterprise Institute, August 23, 2007. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.
Marlo Lewis, Jr. “Al Gore's Science Fiction: A Skeptic's Guide to An Inconvenient Truth” (PDF), Competitive Enterprise Institute. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Marlo Lewis. “A Skeptic’s Primer on Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth” (PDF), CEI on Point, March 15, 2007. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Marlo Lewis, Jr. “Some Convenient Distortion” (PDF), CEI On Point, March 16, 2007. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Fred L. Smith, Jr. “CEI's Fred Smith and Marlo Lewis Send Coalition Letter To President Bush On The Proposed Greenhouse Gas Registry,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, January 26, 2003. Archived January 3, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/7LOHj
Myron Ebell and Marlo Lewis, Jr. “An Open Letter To Selected Senators On Their Support For The Renewable Portfolio Standard,” Competitive Enterprise Institute. Archived November 5, 2002. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/9sCZ5
Marlo Lewis, Jr. and Fred L. Smith, Jr. “An Open Letter To President Bush About His Plan To Award Regulatory Credits For 'Voluntary' Greenhouse Gas Reductions,” Competitive Enterprise Institute, October 2, 2002. Archived November 9, 2002. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/sPv2w
Marlo Lewis, Jr. “CEI Comments On The Department Of Energy's Voluntary Greenhouse Gas Reporting Proposal,“ Competitive Enterprise Institute, June 5, 2002. Archived November 27, 2002. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/aLMjh
Farron Cousins. “Meet Marlo Lewis: The Dirty Energy Industry’s Best Friend,” DeSmog, September 8, 2011.