- M.A., Government, The Johns Hopkins University (1998 - 2000). 
- B.A., Political Science, Philosophy, Fordham University (1991 - 1995). 
Michael (Mike) J. Catanzaro was named a top energy policy aid to President Donald Trump in February, 2017. Catanzaro was most recently a lobbyist for CGCN Group, and before that position spent two years working as a managing director for FTI Consulting. FTI runs Energy in Depth, a front group funded by the oil and gas industry. Born during the rise of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in the U.S., Energy in Depth was created to fend off criticism from the media, grassroots activists, environmental groups, scientists, and others. , , , 
Before embarking on his career, Mike Catanzaro studied at the National Journalism Institute and then briefly worked as a reporter and editor for the Evans and Novak Political report. He then served as the communications director for the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, which was then chaired by Sen. James Inhofe (R-OK), a prominent climate change denier. During this time, Catanzaro also worked as Deputy Policy Director for the 2004 Bush-Cheney presidential campaign. 
Catanzaro transitioned into positions for the George W. Bush White House first as Associate Director for Policy for the Council on Environmental Quality and then Associate Deputy Administrator for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Following this, Catanzaro became a lobbyist and director of Federal Legislative Relations for the coal utility company Pennsylvania Power & Light (PPL). He later moved back into government, and working as Deputy Staff Director again under Senator Inhofe on the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. , 
After serving two and a half years under Inhofe, Catanzaro began working as the top policy aid for then-Speaker of the House, Rep. John Boehner (R-OH). Ever since, Catanzaro has worked as a lobbyist, with a client list featuring the likes of Koch Industries, America's Natural Gas Alliance (ANGA), and Halliburton, in addition to his current clients. Catanzaro is also a senior fellow for the industry-funded American Council on Capital Formation (ACCF), according to his LinkedIn profile. 
During the fourth quarter of 2016, Catanzaro lobbied against the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) methane regulations, against U.S. Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement offshore drilling regulations, and for oil and gas development on U.S. public lands. In the Trump administration, Catanzaro's activities would include “implementing the president's domestic energy and environment agenda and kind of managing the inter-agency process that deals with those issues,” a source close to the Trump administration told GreenWire. “This is likely to be the most influential domestic energy policy position within the White House [and] will comfort industry and conservatives who view him as a champion for free-market energy and environment policy.” 
|Lobbying Firm & Client||2008||2014||2015||2016|
|21st Century Fox||Y||Y|
|America's Natural Gas Alliance||Y|
|American Chemistry Council||Y||Y|
|American Fuel & Petrochem Manufacturers||Y|
|American Institute of CPAs||Y||Y|
|Americas Trading Group||Y||Y|
|Bradford White Corp||Y||Y|
|Broadcasting Media Partners||Y|
|BSA The Software Alliance||Y||Y|
|Coalition for Patient Vision Care Safety||Y|
|Consumer Credit Industry Assn||Y|
|Electronic Payments Coalition||Y||Y|
|Federal Home Loan Bank||Y||Y|
|Financial Services Forum||Y||Y|
|Financial Services Roundtable||Y||Y|
|Hay Island Holding||Y||Y|
|Heartland Consulting Group||Y|
|Investment Co Institute||Y||Y|
|Mortgage Bankers Assn||Y||Y|
|National Alliance for Public Charter Schools||Y||Y|
|National Assn of Children's Hospitals||Y||Y|
|National Women's History Museum||Y||Y|
|Natl Conference of Insurance Legisators||Y|
|Organization for Intl Investment||Y|
|Promontory Interfinancial Network||Y|
|Property Casualty Insurers Assn/America||Y||Y|
|Resolution Copper Co||Y||Y|
|Streamlined Sales Tax Governing Board||Y||Y|
|Talen Energy Supply||Y||Y|
|US Chamber of Commerce||Y||Y|
|US Travel Assn||Y||Y|
|Walt Disney Co||Y||Y|
|FTI Government Affairs|
Stance on Climate Change
Catanzaro, formerly an assistant editor with Human Events before beginning his political career, has written that “there is no connection between global warming and extreme weather,” as well as “when it comes to the science of global warming, the alarmists, of course, think all the complexities and uncertainties have been settled.” , , 
October 31, 2003
“It is a truism in climate science that climate is always changing. Further, the qualifiers 'likely' and 'mostly' belie claims that mankind is unequivocally the only cause of global warming.” 
October 23, 2003
“There is no connection between global warming and outbreaks or increases in disease, tropical or otherwise.” 
October 21, 2003
[T]here is no connection between global warming and extreme weather. Case in point: Dr. William Gray, professor of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University, and the world’s foremost expert on hurricanes, found that hurricane activity follows a natural 20 to 30 year cycle in ocean currents.” 
November 17, 2003
“It takes a Herculean effort to believe that national environmental groups are interested more in the environment than charlatanism.” 
November 11, 2003
“As it turns out, the EU cynically employed Kyoto as a political bargaining chip in deciding whether to support deposing Saddam Hussein.
“To put it more bluntly, EU officials used Kyoto to commit political blackmail: do something on Kyoto and we might just support a war to oust a brutal, tyrannical dictator from power–otherwise, no deal.” 
November 6, 2003
“Advocates of so-called 'green power' are comically utopian in their belief that America’s economy can be fueled almost entirely by wind, solar, and biomass.” 
February 21, 2017
GreenWire reported that Donald Trump chose Mike Catanzaro, as a top energy policy aide, and also formerly led Trump's energy transition team. Catanzaro started work on February 21, 2017, E&E News reported. , , , 
As DeSmog reported, Catanzaro served as a top energy aide during Trump's presidential campaign. According to GreenWire, he is expected to serve as special assistant to Trump for energy and environmental issues under the umbrella of the White House National Economic Council. 
“Trump’s anointment of Catanzaro to head his energy transition team, if elected, doesn’t pass the laugh test. As someone who has spent his entire career shilling for the dirty energy industry, it’s hard to imagine anyone more compromised,” Wenonah Hauter, Executive Director of Food and Water Action Fund, told DeSmog. “When future generations study how self-serving climate deniers gained public prominence, he will be one of the people named.” , 
In 2015, Catanzaro gave a presentation noting that if a Republican wins the White House, one of the first things he will do in office is overturn incorporating climate change into National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) reviews of proposed federal energy infrastructure projects, something called for in 2016 by the Obama Administration. , 
August 21, 2014
While employed by FTI, Catanzaro testified (PDF) in Congress against the Clean Power Plan. He argued before Congress that the EPA's proposed rule would endanger coal-fired power plants: 
“Not only does EPA’s proposed rule threaten the financial viability of plants like Homer City, it also presents grave difficulty for communities dependent on these facilities for good-paying jobs, affordable, reliable electricity and economic development,” he said. 
“A significant number of coal-fired power plants serving communities across the country, including Homer City, face the dire prospect of bankruptcy and retirement, threatening to disrupt the communities that rely on those plants,” Catanzaro concluded. 
June 27, 2013
Catanzaro co-authored a paper titled “Age of Abundance” (PDF), published by FTI Consulting and Sidley Austin LLP, supporting the export of U.S. crude oil. Authors included Mike Catanzaro, Casey O'She and Jamie McInerney of FTI Consulting and Roger Martella of Sidley Austin. 
Mike Catanzaro advocated for weakening the Endangered Species Act. He attended an Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA) meeting in florida on the Endangered Species Act (ESA), which he described as providing a forum “to discuss effective ways to minimize, even eliminate, the threat ESA poses for American energy development.” 
January 15, 2004
According to Mike Catanzaro, in a Human Events article preemptively critiquing a speech by Al Gore, a “fact” is that: 
“The IPCC’s work has been systematically dismantled over the past year. Pursuant to a new study undermining the IPCC’s temperature assumptions, the Economist accused the UN body of 'dangerous incompetence.'” 
Responding to an expected quote by Gore that “A recent study in Nature shows that global warming, clearly a man-made phenomenon, will cause thousands of species to go extinct by 2050,” Catanzaro quotes climate change denier Ian Murray as “fact.” “Iain Murray of the Competitive Enterprise Institute penned a devastating critique of this study,” Catanzaro said. 
January 8, 2004
Writing in Human Events, Catanzaro argues that because an announcement from the AGU suggesting “no single threshold level of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere exists at which the beginning of dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system can be defined,” this means “that targets under Kyoto and McCain-Lieberman are totally arbitrary (not to mention economically destructive and environmentally useless).” 
August 4, 2003
“Kyoto will do nothing for the environment or have any impact on global temperatures.” 
“Now, even if one concedes that man-made greenhouse gas emissions are causing global warming or damaging climate (they’re not), according to Matteoli, the world would have to reduce emissions by 50 percent to have any effect,” Catanzaro adds. “Put another way, the world would need 25 Kyotos to stop global warming. That translates into big costs for Europe, which can’t even meet its initial Kyoto targets.” 
“As President Bush rightly understood, Kyoto is unrealistic, provides no environmental benefits, and is economically destructive.” 
July 29, 2003
Catanzaro was the press contact for a hearing of The Committee on Environment and Public Works discussing “the science of climate change and mercury.” The hearing featured climate change deniers Willie Soon and David Legates. 
July 28, 2003
Catanzaro's name appeared as the press contact for a 12,000-word floor speech given by Senator James Inhofe in 2003, in which the senator said, “Much of the debate over global warming is predicated on fear, rather than science,” and “I have offered compelling evidence that catastrophic global warming is a hoax.” 
July 18, 2003
“Following California’s lead is not exactly sound advice,” Catanzaro writes. “There is a serious natural gas crisis, and it can be traced in large part to lawsuits filed by NRDC and its extremist allies, who have blocked natural gas production on federal lands for years.” 
July 9, 2003
“Dr. Richard Lindzen, an MIT scientist and member of the National Academy of Sciences, who has specialized in climate issues for over 30 years, told the Environment and Public Works Committee on May 2, 2001 that there is a 'definitive disconnect between Kyoto and science. Should a catastrophic scenario prove correct, Kyoto will not prevent it. If we view Kyoto as an insurance policy, it is a policy where the premium appears to exceed the potential damages, and where the coverage extends to only a small fraction of the potential damages.',” Catanzaro wrote. 
July 3, 2003
Mike Catanzaro wrote about the so-called “Climate-Gate” controversy in Human Events. In the article, he cites a wide range of previously-debunked petitions including the infamous Oregon Petition, a document organized by climate change denier Frederick Seitz and the Oregon Institute for Science and Medicine (OISM). He also cites a study by the industry-funded Citizens for a Sound Economy (CSE) claiming that a majority disagree that there is evidence that human activities are disrupting the global climate. 
The article critiqued O'Neill's views on climate change, which Catanzaro referred to as “global warming” (in scare quotes), and said that “O'Neill's alarmism on the subject is not new.” Catanzaro wrote that there is a “lack of consensus on whether global warming is occurring or what its impact on climate and weather might be.” 
In January 1998, Catanzaro wrote an article about naturally occurring greenhouse gas emissions emanating from Yellowstone National Park's geysers. His piece was titled, “If the World is Warming, Blame Old Faithful” and referred to a study published in December 1997. 
The study Catanzaro cited said that Yellowstone's geothermal features emit 4.4 million tons of carbon dioxide per year, the equivalent of about 10 medium-sized coal-fired power plants. Even with coal-fired power plants in decline in the U.S. today, there are still 363 plants open for business and located in the U.S., according to U.S. Energy Information Administration data. That would be the greenhouse gas equivalent of 36 Yellowstones, according to the study cited by Catanzaro. 
Catanzaro further states that “only about 2%-3% of greenhouse gases actually come from anthropogenic, or man-made, sources, such as smokestacks or power plants.” A 2011 study refutes this, finding at least 74 percent of global warming can be linked directly to human activity. 
December 12, 1997
In a 1997 profile (PDF) of the Heartland Institute, an organization that has long focused on climate change denial, Catanzaro described the free-market think tank as a place where “good things usually happen.” 
“The most important subject the institute is dealing with right now is environmentalism,” he wrote. “Of particular interest […] is global warming and Heartland has been ahead of the curve in unraveling some of the confusions and obfuscations spewed by left-wing environmentalists on that very issue.” 
Catanzaro wrote that “Heartland remains a testament to the power and influence of the grassroots.” 
November 28, 1997
Catanzaro wrote a profile piece (PDF) on climate change denier Fred Singer, in which he juxtaposed Singer with other scientists whom he said were guilty of “using pseudo-scientific postulates to scare the public into accepting the disastrous international global-climate treaty that will be debated in Kyoto, Japan, next month.” 
“Contrary to what [global-warming proponents] say, there is no global warming,” Singer told Catanzaro for the article. “And contrary to what [those proponents] say, there is no scientific consensus either.” 
October 17, 1997
Catanzaro wrote a 1997 article in Human Events titled ”Clinton Launches Propaganda Campaign for Global-Warming Treaty.” 
“The Clinton Administration has launched an all-out propaganda campaign to facilitate passage of a United Nations-sponsored global-warming treaty that, if ratified, could wreck havoc on middle-class American families while allowing major polluters such as Communist China and India to escape the treaty's restrictions on so-called 'greenhouse' gas emissions,” He wrote. “Worse, there is no scientific consensus that global warming is indeed taking place — the reason Clinton has mounted a massive propaganda campaign,” he added. 
- American Council for Capital Formation (ACCF) — Senior Fellow. 
- CGCN Group — Partner, (January 2015 – Present). 
- FTI Consulting — Managing Director (December 2012 – December 2014). 
- Office of the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives — Senior Policy Advisor (March 2011 – December 2012). 
- Romney Transition Team — Lead, Environmental Protection Agency, Policy Implementation Team (August 2012 – November 2012). 
- U.S. Senate — Deputy Republican Staff Director, Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works (March 2009 – March 2011). 
- PPL Corporation — Director, Federal Government Relations (April 2007 – March 2009). 
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Associate Deputy Administrator (2005 – 2007). 
- The White House, Council on Environmental Quality — Associate Director for Policy (January 2005 – August 2005). 
- Bush 2004 — Deputy Policy Director (January 2004 – December 2004). 
- Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works — Communications Director (January 2003 – January 2004). 
- Human Events — Former Assistant Editor.
- National Journalism Institute — Alumnus. , 
Below are some of Mike Catanzaro's most recently available publications. DeSmog also reviewed articles found in the Human Events archives, no longer found on the publication's website. 
Catanzaro's archived articles, obtained through the University of Wisconsin Libraries System, purport that mainstream U.S. environmental groups are driven by Marxist ideology and that global warming is a “liberal concept” (as opposed to a scientific reality). They also reveal that Catanzaro has written pieces on organizations denying climate change such as the Heartland Institute and on prominent individual climate change deniers like Fred Singer. , 
Sample Archived Publications
- Senate Is Ratifying Liberal Concept of Global Warming, Human Events — 2001-09-10
- Energy Secretary May Be Barrier to Sound Energy Policy, Human Events — 2001-03-26
- If the World is Warming, Blame Old Faithful, Human Events — 1998-01-16
- The Heartland Institute, Human Events — 1997-12-12
- Dr. S. Fred Dinger, Human Events — 1997-11-28
- Clinton Launches Propaganda Campaign for Global-Warming Treaty, Human Events — 1997-10-17
- Conservative Spotlight, Human Events — 1997-08-08
Currently Available Human Events Publications
- The Facts Al Gore’s Typical Enviro Rhetoric is Missing — 2004-01-15
- CAFE Insanity — 2004-01-13
- ‘Stabilization’ Undefined — 2004-01-08
- Setting the Record Straight: Clintonite Misleads, Again — 2003-12-08
- More From RFK, Jr.: Factless Diatribes of a Leftist Enviromentalist — 2003-12-03
- RFK, Jr.: Factless Diatribes of a Leftist Enviromentalist — 2003-12-01
- Willing to Stop Driving Your Car for Kyoto? — 2003-11-24
- Environmentalist Charlatans — 2003-11-17
- How Far is Far Enough to Satisfy Enviros? — 2003-11-13
- Kyoto, Iraq, Global Warming, and Political Blackmail — 2003-11-11
- Green Power — 2003-11-06
- No Evidence of Support for Kyoto-Style Energy Restrictions — 2003-11-04
- No Global Warming Consensus — 2003-10-31
- Deflating Liberal Myths About Superfund — 2003-10-29
- Be Afraid!!! Global Warming and Malaria — 2003-10-23
- Green Alarmist Fantasy — 2003-10-21
- Kyoto: A Heavy Dose of Realism for the Left — 2003-10-17
- More Leftist Enviro Scare Tactics — 2003-10-16
- Glaciers, ‘Global Warming,’ and NY Times Hysteria — 2003-10-08
- Setting the Record Straight:The White House, 9/11, and Air Quality — 2003-10-02
- ‘Moderate’ Alternative to Bush’s ‘Clear Skies’ is Anything but Moderate — 2003-09-30
- Molly Ivins Doesn’t Get It — 2003-09-25
- Isabel and Global Warming — 2003-09-23
- Unions, Citing Jobless Concerns, Oppose Kyoto-Style Legislation — 2003-09-17
- Fungi and Global Warming — 2003-09-16
- Harming Manufacturing — 2003-09-11
- CO2 Regulation Certainty? — 2003-09-10
- Judge Puts Whales Above the Safety of Naval Officers — 2003-09-05
- The Truth About ‘Clean Air Act’ Authority — 2003-09-02
- A Guarantee of Higher Gas Prices — 2003-08-28
- Environmenalists’ Distortion of New Source Review Reform — 2003-08-27
- Energy Policy: Bush and Cheney were Right — 2003-08-18
- Environmental Extremism vs. Healthy Forests — 2003-08-14
- A Revelation on Healthy Forests — 2003-08-07
- Regulatory Burdens and Limits on Natural Gas — 2003-08-05
- Even Italy Realizes Economic Dangers of Kyoto — 2003-08-04
- The CO2 Emissions Reports the NY Times Ignored — 2003-07-31
- State-By-State Impact of Carbon Cap and Trade Pact — 2003-07-30
- Democrats’ Policies Would Raise Energy Costs on Poor, Elderly — 2003-07-26
- The Costs of Enviros’ Carbon Trading Schemes — 2003-07-25
- Where Are the Enviros Concerns for the Poor? — 2003-07-23
- Senate EPW Committee Responds to Columnist’s Faulty Claims — 2003-07-21
- No Natural Gas Crisis? — 2003-07-18
- Europe and Kyoto — 2003-07-17
- Enviros Use Global Warming Scare to Impose Restrictive Taxes — 2003-07-15
- The Science of Climate Change — 2003-07-09
- Fund-raising and Fear-mongering — 2003-07-08
- Liberals Exacerbate the Nation’s Natural Gas Problem — 2003-07-07
- Climate-Gate — 2003-07-03
- NRDC Praises U.S. Use of Coal Then Compares It to WMDs — 2003-07-02
- EPW’s 2003 Scorecard on the League of Conservation Voters — 2003-07-01
- O’Neill Wants Bush to Focus on ‘Global Warming’ — 2001-03-26
“Michael Catanzaro,” LinkedIn. Accessed February 23, 2017. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Steve Horn. “Trump Names Industry Lobbyist and Climate Science Denier Mike Catanzaro as Top White House Energy Aide,” DeSmog, February 8, 2017.
Lisa Graves. “'Energy In Depth' – A Reporters' Guide to Its Founding, Funding, and Flacks,” PR Watch, December 28, 2012. Archived February 23, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/LYIpx
Brendan DeMelle. “'Energy In Depth' Was Created By Major Oil and Gas Companies According to Industry Memo,” DeSmog, February 17, 2011.
Jamison Foser. “How many conservative columnists did Jack Abramoff rent for his clients?” Media Matters, December 21, 2005. Archived February 23, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/J5o7Y
“LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 361180101. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 361180088. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 300851398. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 300851249. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 300848782. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Robin Bravender. “Energy lobbyist expected to land key White House slot,” E&E News, February 7, 2017. Archived February 22, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/YymAY
“LOBBYING REPORT: CGCN GROUP, LLC (formerly known as Clark Geduldig Cranford & Nielsen, LLC),” Clerk of the House of Representatives, Q4 2016. House ID# 361180096. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“Catanzaro, Michael J,” OpenSecrets.org. Accessed February 23, 2017. Archived .xlsx on file at DeSmog.
“Human Events: Michael Catanzaro,” Human Events. Accessed February 23, 2017.
“Newspaper Roundtable,” C-SPAN, April 4, 1998. Archived video on file at DeSmog.
Michael Catanzaro. “Kyoto, Iraq, Global Warming, and Political Blackmail,” Human Events, November 11, 2003. Archived February 23, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/ekgD3
Steve Horn. “Koch Industries and Fracking Lobbyist Mike Catanzaro To Lead Trump Energy Team,” DeSmog, October 4, 2016.
Hannah Northey. “Opponents of NEPA climate guidance hoping for Republican White House,” E&E News, May 12, 2015. Archived February 24, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/qY3RG
Steve Horn. “Weeks Before Dakota Access Pipeline Protests Intensified, Big Oil Pushed for Expedited Permitting,” DeSmog, September 8, 2016.
“Statement of Michael Catanzaro Managing Director, FTI Consulting, Inc. Hearing of the Pennsylvania Senate Environmental Resources and Energy Committee 'Energy and Environmental Effects of EPA’s Clean Power Plan'” (PDF), FTI Consulting, August 21, 2014. Retrieved from Environmental Resources & Energy Committee website. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
“Age of Abundance: The Legal and Political Implications of Crude Oil Exports” (PDF), FTI Consulting and Sidley Austin LLP. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.
Michael Catanzaro. “The Facts Al Gore’s Typical Enviro Rhetoric is Missing,” Human Events, January 15, 2004. Archived February 23, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/yKhZW
“EPW Hearing Highlights: The Science of Climate Change, Mercury,” U.S. Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works, July 29, 2003. Archived February 24, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/4rW1j
(Press Release). “Sen. Inhofe Delivers Major Speech on the Science of Climate Change 'Catastrophic global warming alarmism not based on objective science' Part 1,” U.S. Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works, July 28, 2003. Archived December 27, 2007. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/GkfXJ
“Top energy aides get to work” (PDF), E&E News, February 21, 2017. PDF archived at DeSmog.
Steve Horn. “Before Becoming Trump's Top Energy Aide, Mike Catanzaro Peddled Climate Change Denial as a Writer,” DeSmog, February 23, 2017.
“O'Neill Wants Bus to Focus on 'Global Warming',” Human Events, March 26, 2001.
Michael Catanzaro. “If the World is Warming, Blame Old Faithful,” Human Events, January 16, 1998.], [Associated Press. “Yellowstone Park Emits Tons of Carbon Dioxide, Study Finds,” The New York Times, December 26, 1997. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/i0atN
“Table 4.1. Count of Electric Power Industry Power Plants, by Sector, by Predominant Energy Sources within Plant, 2005 through 2015,” EIA.gov. Archived February 24, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/dbphC
“Conservative Spotlight” (PDF), Human Events, August 8, 1997. PNG archived at DeSmog.
“Senate Is Ratifying Liberal Concept of Global Warming,” Human Events, September 10, 2001. PNG archived at DeSmog.
“The Heartland Institute” (PDF), Human Events, December 12, 1997. PDF archived at DeSmog.
Michael Catanzaro. “Clinton Launches Propaganda Campaign for Global-Warming Treaty,” Human Events, October 17, 1997. PDF archived at DeSmog.
“Dr. S. Fred Singer” (PDF), Human Events, November 28, 1997. PDF archived at DeSmog.
“Michael Catanzaro,” Sourcewatch.
Steven Mufson. “Trump’s energy and environment team leans heavily on industry lobbyists,” The Washington Post, September 29, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/9u0N3
“Michael Catanzaro,” Ballotpedia.
“Speaker Boehner's New Energy Policy Advisor Is A Global Warming Denier,” Political Correction, May 3, 2011. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/SlshS