Rick Perry

Rick Perry

Credentials

  • Rick Perry graduated Texas A&M University in 1972. He majored in animal science. [1]

Background

Former Texas Republican Governor James Richard (Rick) Perry is Donald Trump's pick to lead the U.S. Department of Energy, approved for the position in January 2017. [2], [3]

Rick Perry served as the 47th governor of Texas, sworn in on December 21, 2000 and was elected to four-year terms in 2002, 2006, and 2010. Perry began his political career in 1985, working as a representative for a rural West Texas district in the state House of Representatives. He was elected to statewide office in 1990, and served as Texas Commissioner of Agriculture for two terms. Perry graduated Texas A&M University in 1972. [1]

Following Rick Perry's appointment by Donald Trump as Energy Secretary, Perry resigned from his position on the board of Energy Transfer Partners, the company behind the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline. [4]

In the past, Perry has said that global warming is an unproven scientific theory and that climate has changed since the Earth was formed. He has also opposed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), suing the agency on the climate issue in 2010. He has also advocated to reduce restrictions on oil and gas drilling, saying that there is little proof that hydraulic fracturing (fracking) contaminates groundwater. Perry is the author of Fed Up!, a 2010 book where he speculated that the earth was “experiencing a cooling trend.” [5], [6]

During his 14 years as governor, Texas filed 19 lawsuits agains the EPA. Perry has also called the EPA a “cemetery for jobs.” [7]

Rick Perry & the U.S. Energy Department

Rick Perry made what the Washington Post described as “the worst stumble of the presidential campaign” during a 2011 Republican presidential debate when he struggled to remember the name of the third federal agency he would eliminate if he became president (the Energy Department, which he now runs). Video below. [8]

It is three agencies of government when I get there that are gone,” he said, beginning to lay out one of the staples of his stump speech. “Commerce, Education, and the — what’s the third one there? Let’s see,” Perry said.

Commerce and, let’s see,” he continued. “I can’t. The third one, I can’t. Sorry. Oops.” [8]

In 2016, The New York Times (NYT) discussed Perry as the pick as Energy Secretary, noting that Perry would be heading a post that he once wanted to eliminate. NYT notes that the agency is far more devoted to national security than it is to the extraction of fossil fuels that is Perry's expertise. [9]

The Rick Perry choice is so perplexing,” said former Senator Byron L. Dorgan, Democrat of North Dakota, who previously led the committee that oversees the Energy Department’s budget.

I think very few people understand that the Energy Department, to a very substantial degree, is dealing with nuclear weapons,” he said. “And Rick Perry suggested the agency should be abolished. That suggests he thinks it doesn’t have value.”  [9]

Mother Jones noted a potential conflict of interest in Perry's position on nuclear waste given his past association with Waste Control Specialists (WCS), a company eager to get in on interim storage for nuclear waste that applied for a license with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 2016. [10]

WCS had formerly lobbied the Texas legislature for six years in order to pass legislation that would allow private companies to be responsible for low-level nuclear waste. That legislation passed in 2003 and was signed by Perry. When WCS applied for a state license to handle waste, a panel of state engineers and geologists found in 2007 that groundwater contamination at the proposed disposal sate was “highly likely.”   [10]

Despite this, members on the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (appointed by Perry) signed off on the license. Three staffers at the agency resigned in protest over the decision. “We knew from the beginning that this permit was intended to be issued,” Glenn Lewis, a member of the review panel, said in a 2011 interview with NPR.  [10]

Critics noted that Harold Simmons, since deceased, had been one of Perry's largest financial contributors over the years, contributing over $1.3 million to  his campaigns.  [10]

“Lo and behold, the company that lobbied to get the legislation passed and gave lots of political contributions was the only applicant, so it was a real corporate sweetheart deal,” Cyrus Reed of the Texas Sierra Club said. [10]

Climate change denier Kathleen Hartnett-White, whom Perry appointed to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality from 2001 to 2007, called Perry’s leadership “a win for the environment and a win for the economy.” [11]

Energy Industry Connections

Some critics brought up potential conflicts of interest regarding Perry's appointment at the Energy Department, noting he sat as a board member for two pipeline companies that are part of Energy Transfer, the group behind the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline among others in South Texas. [12], [13]

“I don't know if you could have a worse pick for Secretary of Energy than a person who is so much in bed with the fossil fuel energy sector,” said Robin Schneider, executive director of Texas Campaign for the Environment.

Rick Perry has received more than $11 million from 1998 to 2010 in campaign contributions from the Oil and Gas industry. Top oil and energy industry contributors include $189,188 from ExxonMobil, $147,895 from Valero Energy, and $116,000 from Koch Industries[2], [14]

In February, 2015, Rick Perry was named a board member of Energy Transfer PartnersDeSmog reported that while Perry promised he would not publicly advocate for the Dakota Access pipeline in Iowa, he had already promoted the pipeline just two days prior to his appointment on the board of the company. Energy Transfer Partners CEO Kelcy Warren, a major donor who contributed $250,000 to Perry's 2012 presidential super PAC, was on the advisory board of Rick PAC which helped fund Perry's 2016 presidential campaign. Warren contributed a total of $6 million to Super PACs supporting Perry. [15]

Rick Perry & The EPA

Rick Perry sued the EPA multiple times between 2009 and 2011. When 17 states sued the EPA over new regulations that would control global warming, Texas was the only state to pursue an “unfriendly” approach, as described by the National Journal. While other states simultaneously worked on plans of compliance with the EPA in case their lawsuits fell through, Texas was the only state that did not opt for what experts described as the “friendly FIP [federal implementation program].” Perry made it clear that Texas would not comply. [16]

Talking with The Texas Observer, Ken Kramer of the Sierra Club compared Perry with George W. Bush's time as governor: [17]

I never felt that Bush was anti-environmental so much as clueless about the environment,” said Kramer. “I see Perry as more proactively carrying out an anti-environmental agenda primarily for political purposes.”

Perry said that, in suing the EPA, the state was “defend[ing] Texas’s freedom to continue our successful environmental strategies free from federal overreach.” [2]

Stance on Climate Change

January, 2017

Speaking in prepared testimony on global warming, Perry said: [18]

I believe some of it is naturally occurring, but some of it is also caused by man-made activity.”  

The question is how do we address it in a thoughtful way that doesn’t compromise economic growth, the affordability of energy or American jobs,” he added. [18]

Dallas News reports that he said flatly that “climate is changing” and that some of the cause is human activity. [19]

June, 2014

Speaking with reporters at a hotel near the White House, Rick Perry criticized Obama's policies on climate change and cutting carbon emissions. Speaking of oil and gas exploration, including the Keystone pipeline, Perry said: [20]

“I don’t believe that we have the settled science by any sense of the imagination to stop that kind of economic opportunity.” [20]

Perry also said that reducing the use of coal would “strangle our economy.” [20]

“Calling CO2 a pollutant is doing a disservice the country, and I believe a disservice to the world,” he said. [20]

I’m not a scientist,” he said. But “short term, I’m substantially more concerned about Iran changing the temperature of New York,” he said, alluding to potential nuclear conflict. [20]

September 7, 2011

Speaking at the 2012 Republican presidential debate, Rick Perry said climate change science was “not settled”: [21]

“Well, I do agree that there is – the science is – is not settled on this. The idea that we would put Americans' economy at – at – at jeopardy based on scientific theory that's not settled yet, to me, is just – is nonsense. I mean, it – I mean – and I tell somebody, I said, just because you have a group of scientists that have stood up and said here is the fact, Galileo got outvoted for a spell. [21]

But the fact is, to put America's economic future in jeopardy, asking us to cut back in areas that would have monstrous economic impact on this country is not good economics and I will suggest to you is not necessarily good science. Find out what the science truly is before you start putting the American economy in jeopardy.” [21]

Responding to a followup question on whether there were “specific scientists or specific theories that you've found especially compelling,” Perry said: [21]

 “Let me tell you what I find compelling, is what we've done in the state of Texas, using our ability to regulate our clean air. We cleaned up our air in the state of Texas, more than any other state in the nation during the decade. Nitrous oxide levels, down by 57 percent. Ozone levels down by 27 percent. [21]

That's the way you need to do it, not by some scientist somewhere saying, “Here is what we think is happening out there.” The fact of the matter is, the science is not settled on whether or not the climate change is being impacted by man to the point where we're going to put America's economics in jeopardy.” [21]

August, 2011

Speaking to an audience of voters in Bedford, N.H., Rick Perry claimed that global warming was an unproven theory and that scientists had been manipulating data: [5]

We are seeing almost weekly, or even daily, scientists are coming forward and questioning the original idea that man-made global warming is what is causing the climate to change. Yes, our climate's changed — they've been changing ever since the Earth was formed.” [5]

Without referencing sources, Perry said that implementing “anti-carbon programs” would cost billions of dollars. [5]

“I don't think, from my perspective, that I want America to be engaged in spending that much money on what is still a scientific theory that hasn't been proven, and from my perspective is more and more being put into question,” he said. [5]

Again, without citing sources, Perry claimed: [5]

“[T]here are a substantial number of scientists who have manipulated data so that they will have dollars rolling into their projects.” [5]

2010

The Washington Post reported that Perry's book Fed Up! outlined a number of his views on climate change, where he mentioned things like “doctored data” and “so-called science.” [22]

“It's all one contrived phoney mess that is falling apart under its own weight,” he declared. “Al Gore is a prophet all right, a false prophet of a secular carbon cult.”

According to The Texas Observer, Perry also speculated that the planet was “experiencing a cooling trend.” [6]

Key Quotes

January, 2017

In 2017, after being chosen by President-elect Donald Trump to lead the Department of Energy, Perry said that he regretted his previous statements about eliminating the very department he sought to lead. In his confirmation hearing, Perry said: [23], [24] 

My past statements made over five years ago about abolishing the Department of Energy do not reflect my current thinking,” Perry said during his confirmation hearing. “In fact, after being briefed on so many of the vital functions of the Department of Energy, I regret recommending its elimination.”

February 27, 2015

Speaking at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), Rick Perry said that he cares about “real pollution,” but not about reducing carbon dioxide emissions. He said Texas “decreased our nitrogen oxide levels, which by the way is real. It’s a real emission. He then highlighted emissions reductions that took place while he was governor. “Our carbon dioxide levels were down, whether you believe in this whole climate change concept or not,” he said. [25]

December 18, 2011

Rick Perry reacted after a student questioned his support for fracking during an event in Decorah, Iowa, Politico reported: [26]

“We can have this conversation, but you cannot show me one place — not one! — where there is a proven pollution of groundwater by hydraulic fracturing,” Perry told 22-year-old Carrie Kaufmann, a student at Luther College. “I am truly offended that the American public would be hoodwinked by stories that do not scientifically hold up.” 

October 12, 2011

Speaking to a crowd of Hoosier State Republicans, Perry accused the Obama administration of pursuing an “activist agenda”: [27]

“The next economic boom is right under our feet. Our own oil resources alone are vast enough to meet the next 300 years of energy demand at today's levels,” he said. “… And what has been this administration's response to our energy potential? They've thrown up every bureaucratic obstacle possible in order to advance an activist agenda.” [27]

September, 2011

Speaking with a Tea Party group, Rick Perry described the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a “cemetery for jobs”: [28]

”[…] EPA, we don't need you monkeying around and fiddling around and getting in our business on every kind of regulation that you can dream up. You're doing nothing more than killing jobs. It is a cemetery for jobs, at the EPA.” [28]

September, 2006

In a September 2006 op-ed, Rick Perry accused an “extreme element of the environmental community” for opposing coal plants: [29]

“ I would argue they want to return us to the era of horse and buggy except they would probably complain about the methane gas from horse manure, too,” Perry wrote. [29]

2010

The Texas Observer notes that in his book Fed Up!, Perry (or his ghostwriter) writes: [17]

 “EPA in particular illustrates how Washington’s command-and-control environmental bureaucracy is destroying federalism and individuals’ ability to make their own economic decisions.”  [17]

Key Deeds

June 19, 2017

In an interview with CNBC's “Squawk Box,” Rick Perry said that he doesn't believe man-made CO2 emissions are a primary driver of climate change. [45]

Asked if carbon doixide was the main driver, Perry replied: [45]

“No, most likely the primary control knob is the ocean waters and this environment that we live in.”

“The fact is this shouldn't be a debate about, 'Is the climate changing, is man having an effect on it?' Yeah, we are. The question should be just how much, and what are the policy changes that we need to make to effect that?” he added. [45]

The Washington Post notes that Perry's comments echo those of and Environmental Protection Agency administrator Scott Pruitt, who also said he didn't believe CO2 was a major driver of climate change on the program in March. [46]

“Both men’s views contradict the conclusions of scientists at Pruitt’s own EPA as well as NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,” the Post adds. [46]

ThinkProgress also covered Perry's announcement, accusing CNBC's host of having “failed to perform the most basic fact checking,”and writing that “Perry’s denial of the role of CO2 in global warming is wrong, according to science.” [47]

January 19, 2017

Rick Perry attended his confirmation hearing for his position to lead the U.S. Department of Energy where he addressed questions about his previous statements about eliminating the very department he sought to lead. Full video below. [30]

Perry said that he regretted his past statements about the department: [23], [24] 

My past statements made over five years ago about abolishing the Department of Energy do not reflect my current thinking,” Perry said during his confirmation hearing. “In fact, after being briefed on so many of the vital functions of the Department of Energy, I regret recommending its elimination.”

August 15, 2014

Rick Perry was indicted by a Travis Country grand jury (PDF) for two charges: The first was abuse of official capacity for threatening to veto $7.5 million in funding for the Public Integrity Unit. The second charge was coercion of a public servant, for seeking the resignation of Travis County District Attorney Rosemary Lehmberg. Perry pleaded not guilty to both charges, and has since been cleared on all charges. [31], [32], [33]

June 23-26, 2011

In his capacity as chairman of the Republican Governors Association, Rick Perry was an attendee of the Koch brothers' private retreat at the Bachelor Gulch. [34]

According to Perry's spokesman, Mark Miner, Perry “discussed the need to elect more Republican Governor's around the country.”  Miner said that “This was no different than other speeches the governor gives talking about job creation and the economy in Texas.” He added that Perry “flew on a private plane and no taxpayer dollars were used.” [34]

April, 2006

Mother Jones reported, in an article titled “Rick Perry's Dirty Deals With Big Coal,” that Perry signed an executive order to fast-track the approval of new coal-fired power plants in Texas. The order shortened the process that previously took several years to a matter of months. At the same time, “Perry was raking in tens of thousands of dollars in donations from TXU,” the largest utility and CO2-emitter in the state. [35]

“Perry is very pro-coal, and will bend over backward to do whatever the coal industry asks of him,” said Tom Smith, director of Public Citizen's Texas office. “He's the longest ongoing natural disaster in Texas history.”

The Texas Observer noted that on the same day that Perry issued the order, retired TXU chairman Erle Nye gave $2,000 to Perry’s campaign while TXU sources donated a total of $104,000 to Perry during his 2006 re-election bid. Between 2001 and 2011, Perry took more than $630,000 in contributions from TXU. [17][2]

Only three of the proposed 11 powerplants were eventually built. [2]

April, 2014

In 2014, Perry wrote a letter to the Texas House urging lawmakers “to develop a Texas solution for the long-term resolution of [high-level waste] currently residing inside our borders.” [36]

While he did not specify Waste Control Specialists in the letter, he did mention to a local tv station that there was “a legitimate site in West Texas.” [36]

Sure. I think there are a couple of sites in the State of Texas that the local communities actively are pursuing that possibility,” Perry told KCBD. [36]

In addition to the letter, Perry forwarded a 49-page report by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, outlining storage options for high-level nuclear waste in Texas. [37]

Finding a site that has local and state support would greatly enhance the chance of a private centralized interim storage site being successfully sited and constructed,” the report concludes. [37]

2003

Rick Perry signed a bill to privatize nuclear waste disposal in Texas. The legislation was tailored for Waste Control Specialists, a company owned by Harold Simmons, a Dallas billionare (now deceased) who was also one of Perry's largest financial supporters over the years. A panel of eight sate employees reviewed a disposal site proposed by WCS, working for for years to make their report. However they said that they knew the permit would be issued regardless of their findings: [38]

“We knew from the beginning that this permit was intended to be issued,” said Glenn Lewis, who was on the panel. “The realization that Harold Simmons was a top campaign contributor to Gov. Perry,” Lewis said. [38]

The panel, still, found that the waste site should not be buried so close to large aquifers: [38]

“I am frankly surprised even now that a team of engineers and geologists, knowing what the political expectations were, still worked up the nerve to say, 'No, it's not safe,' ” Lewis said. [38]

WCS had their license approved by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. All three commissions on the panel had been appointed by  Perry, and they chose to ignore the environmental review. [38]

One commissioner, Larry Soward, said that there were numerous complaints and that a call for a public hearing had been denied by the other commissioners. [38]

“They voted to issue the license without sending it to a hearing, and I voted against that,” Soward said. “I think that generations to come are going to have a real problem from that site that they're going to have to deal with,” he added. [38]

Also in 2003, Perry also signed a bill making permanent a tax break for “high cost” natural gas. [39]

Affiliations

Publications

Rick Perry has authored a number of books including the following:

Resources

  1. Texas Governor Rick Perry,” Office of the Governor Rick Perry. Archived May 24, 2011. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  2. Naveena Sadasivam. “Get Ready, America: Rick Perry’s Environmental and Energy Record is Awful,” The Texas Observer, December 14, 2016. Archived January 30, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/OfxYC

  3. Rick Perry confirmation vote: former Texas governor heads to full Senate,” CBS News, January 31, 2017. Archived February 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Zg15Q

  4. Patrick Svitek. “Rick Perry resigns from board of Dallas company building Dakota Access Pipeline,” The Texas Tribune, January 5, 2017. Archived January 31, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/5CD69

  5. Maeve Reston. “Rick Perry calls global warming an unproven, costly theory,” Los Angeles Times, August 17, 2011. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/9L5Q8

  6. Forrest Wilder. “2012 was Hottest Year on Record for Texas, U.S.The Texas Observer,  January 10, 2013. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/qYPLE

  7. Neon Satija. “Texas vs. the Feds — A Look at the Lawsuits,” The Texas Tribune, January 17, 2017. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/mfzqE

  8. Amy Gardner and Philip Rucker. “Rick Perry stumbles badly in Republican presidential debate,” The Washington Post, November 10, 2011. Archived February 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/saPkU

  9. Coral Davenport. “Rick Perry, Ex-Governor of Texas, Is Trump’s Pick as Energy Secretary,New York Times, December 13, 2016. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Fo8Oa 

  10. Ashley DeJean. “Will Rick Perry Privatize America's Nuclear Waste Storage? Mother Jones, January 24, 2017. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ILglM

  11. Neon Satija. “The Perry Legacy: Environment,” The Texas Tribune, December 28, 2014. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/aRfas

  12. Sophia Stamas. “Some call Trump administration job conflict of interest for Perry,” CBS Austin, December 13, 2016. Archived February 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/NSHPE

  13. Leif Reigstad. “Examining Rick Perry’s and Rex Tillerson’s Potential Conflicts of Interest,” Texas Monthly, December 19, 2016. Archived February 1, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/iJlit

  14. Brad Johnson. “Rick Perry Is Big Oil’s $11 Million Man,” ThinkProgress, August 15, 2011. Archived January 30, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Sqb1o

  15. Steve Horn. “Facing Felony Charges, Rick Perry Joins Board of Energy Transfer Partners, Owner of Proposed Oil Pipeline Across Iowa,” DeSmog, February 6, 2015. 

  16. Coral Davenport. “Rick Perry’s Air War,” National Journal, September 10, 2011. Archived October 21, 2012. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/RBjdC

  17. Forrest Wilder. “Examining Rick Perry’s Environmental Record,” The Texas Observer, September 6, 2011. Archived January 30, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ssICr

  18. Reena Flores. “Rick Perry regrets push to eliminate Energy Department,” CBS News, January 19, 2017. Archived February 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/YYi1u

  19. Tom Benning. “Rick Perry clears first hurdle to becoming energy secretary, signalling easy confirmation,” Dallas News, January 31, 2017. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/04TiT

  20. Todd J. Gillman. “In DC, Gov. Rick Perry talks 2016, Ted Cruz, climate change, border security,” Dallas News, June, 2014. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/iSogp

  21. The Republican Debate at the Reagan Library,The New York Times, September 7, 2011. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/5b0pt

  22. Washington Post Editorial: Perry is no champion of science,” The Salt Lake Tribune, December 15, 2016. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/RQPVw

  23. Michael Collins. “Rick Perry: I've changed my mind about eliminating Energy Dept.” USA Today, January 19, 2017. Archived January 31, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/VL237#selection-5007.0-5007.63

  24. What we learned from Rick Perry's confirmation hearing,” The Hill, January 19, 2017. Archived February 1, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/bOJHg

  25. Rebecca Leber. “Rick Perry: I Care About 'Real' Pollution, Not Climate Change,” New Republic, February 27, 2015. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/eTppB

  26. Patrick Reis. “House to reject Senate Keystone, payroll pact - Utility MACT on tap this week - Rig sinks off Russian coast - Industry angry over GOP's light bulb bluster,” Politico, December 19, 2011. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/nImVW

  27. Michael Conroy. “Perry gives Indiana audience a preview of his energy proposal,” CBS News, October 12, 2011. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/nUnFL

  28. Rick Perry: EPA is 'cemetery for jobs',” YouTube video uploaded by user League of Conservation Votors, September 12, 2011. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog.

  29. Support for Sustainable Energy,” Office of the Governor Rick Perry, September 8, 2006. Archived June 24, 2010. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/PMWNu

  30. WATCH LIVE: Rick Perry confirmation hearing,” YouTube Video uploaded by user PBS NewsHour, January 19, 2017.

  31. INDICTMENT: Count I - Abuse of Official Capacity 39.02 DPS 23990064…” (PDF), Retrieved from Cnn.com. Archived July 17, 2014. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  32. Arlene Saenz. “Rick Perry Pleads Not Guilty to Felony Charges,” ABCNews, August 30, 2014. Archived August 30, 2014. Archive.is URL:  https://archive.is/U1rbD 

  33. Angela Morris. “Texas Court of Criminal Appeals Dismisses Former Governor Rick Perry's Criminal Case,” Texas Lawyer, February 24, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/xaHJj

  34. Perry, McDonnell at latest Koch summit,” Politico. Republished by Seattle pi, June 27, 2011. Archived February 7, 2017. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  35. Andy Kroll. “Rick Perry's Dirty Deals With Big Coal,” Mother Jones, September 21, 2011. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/x2DZ1

  36. Forrest Wilder. “Is Rick Perry Cheerleading for a Nuclear Trans-Texas Corridor?The Texas Observer, April 4, 2014. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/BK0Nq

  37. “Assessment of Texas's High Level Radioactive Waste Storage Options,” Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Retrieved from DocumentCloud. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  38. Peter Overby. “Perry Donor's Radioactive Waste Site Deal Scrutinized,” NPR, September 15, 2011. Archived February 7, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Wlhp2

  39. Jim Malewitz and Kiah Collier. “Rick Perry’s energy legacy is more complicated than you think,” The Texas Tribune, December 13, 2016. Archived February 7, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Z21Ar

  40. William Petroski. “Rick Perry, exploring Iowa caucus bid, joins pipeline board,” The Des Moines Register, February 8, 2015. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/SRpE5

  41. David Saleh Rauf. “Rick Perry received more than $365,000 in 2015 total compensation for two corporate board positions,” San Antonio Express-News, April 22, 2016. Archived February 7, 2017. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  42. Director & Officer Biographies,” Sunoco Logistics. Archived January 18, 2017. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  43. Jonathan Martin. “Rick Perry to lead RGA,” Politico, November 12, 2010. Archived February 7, 2017.  Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  44. Governor's Information: Texas Governor Rick Perry,” National Governors Association. Archived April 30, 2011. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/iVzEK 

  45. Energy Secretary Rick Perry says CO2 is not the main driver of climate change,” CNBC, June 19, 2017. Archived June 19, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Ac4Mo

  46. Steve Mufson. “Rick Perry just denied that humans are the main cause of climate change,” The Washington Post, June 19, 2017. Archived June 19, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/x5ZhU

  47. Joe Romm, “CNBC allows Rick Perry to spout nonsense on live TV without any fact checking,” ThinkProgress, June 19, 2017. Archived June 19, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/XRNuT

Other Resources