Steve Bannon

Stephen (Steve) K. Bannon

Credentials

  • MBA, Harvard University. [1]
  • MA, Georgetown University. [1]
  • Bachelor's Degree, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. [1]

Background

Steve Bannon is Chief Strategist and Senior Counselor to the President, a role that BBC news writes gives him a “direct line to President Trump.” Trump initially appointed Bannon as campaign CEO in August, 2016, and then appointed him to his current position following his victory. [2], [3]

Bannon was formerly the Executive Chair of Breitbart News, a far-right news website that Bannon described in 2016 as the “the platform for the alt-right.” He took a leave of absence from Breitbart while working on Trump's campaign, and after Trump's election announced his resignation. [4], [5]

Bannon worked at Goldman Sachs as an investment banker after serving as an officer in the U.S. Navy for seven years. In 1990, Bannon & Co., a boutique investment bank specializing in media. He briefly worked in the entertainment business, obtaining stakes in five television shows including Seinfeld[6], [7]

After selling off Bannon & Co., he briefly worked as an executive producer of movies including Anthony Hopkins’s 1999 Oscar-nominated Titus. He produced a number of movies including a documentary on Ronald Reagan titled In the Face of Evil, as well as Fire from the Heartland: The Awakening of the Conservative Woman, The Undefeated (on Sarah Palin), and Occupy Unmasked[6], [7]

Bannon is the Executive Chairman and co-founder of The Government Accountability Institute (GAI), a conservative nonprofit investigative research organization that conducted research for the 2015 book Clinton Cash and received significant funding from the Mercer Foundation (Rebekah Mercer is also a GAI board member). GAI maintains ties to a range of conservative groups including Citizens United, the American Conservative UnionYoung America's Foundation, and the Hoover Institution, through its key staff and board members. [42], [43]

Breitbart News

When Andrew Breitbart passed away in 2012, Steve Bannon took over as the head of Breitbart News, a group Bannon described as “virulently anti-establishment, particularly 'anti-' the permanent political class.” [3]

We call ourselves ‘the Fight Club.’ You don’t come to us for warm and fuzzy,” Bannon told The Washington Post. [8]

Breitbart was supportive of Trump in the election, with one November 2015 piece calling him the “John Wayne” of politics, saying “we should thank God that Trump is in this race. […] He will set back the destruction of America.” [9]

Breitbart as been accused of becoming a mouthpiece for the alternative right, or “alt-right.” A March, 2016 Breitbart column described the movement as having “a youthful energy and jarring, taboo-defying rhetoric.” The Southern Poverty Law Centre called it “a loose set of far-right ideologies” with the preservation of “white identity” at its core. [10], [3]

Bannon himself, when interviewed by Sarah Posner of Mother Jones at the Republican National Convention (RNC) in July 2016, said ”We're the platform for the alt-right.[11]

Former Breitbart editor-at-large Ben Shapiro, who had quit the news site “when it became clear to me that they had decided that loyalty to Donald Trump outweighed loyalty to their own employees.” Shapiro wrote in The Daily Wire: [12]

“Andrew Breitbart despised racism. Truly despised it. With Bannon embracing Trump, all that changed. Now Breitbart has become the alt-right go-to website, with [technology editor Milo] Yiannopoulos pushing white ethno-nationalism  as a legitimate response to political correctness, and the comment section turning into a cesspool for white supremacist mememakers.” [12]

MediaMatters reported that Breitbart Editor James Delingpole has called NOAA scientists “Talentless low-lives who cannot be trusted,” while most scientists, businesses, and politicians supporting action on climate change are “abject liars.” Delingpole went as far as calling climate action advocates “eco nazis,” “eco fascists,” and “scum-sucking slime balls.” He also cited studies from the industry-funded Heartland Institute to claim that “global warming is good” and “co2 is our friend.” [13]

MediaMatters also documented some of the most outrageous headlines that appeared on Breitbart News during Bannon's tenure there: [14]

  • “Bill Kristol: Republican Spoiler, Renegade Jew”
  • “World Health Organization Report: Trannies 49 xs Higher HIV Rate
  • “Big Trans Hate Machine Targets Pitching Great Curl Schilling
  • “Sympathy for the Devlis: The Plot Against Roger Allies—And America”
  • “There's No Hiring Bias against Women in Tech, They Just Suck at Interviews”
  • “Gabby Giffords: The Gun Control Movement's Human Shield”
  • “Planned Parenthood's Body Count Under Cecile Richards Is up to Half a Holocaust”
  • “Birth Control Makes Women Unattractive and Crazy”
  • “Physician: Mainstream Media 'Strangely Silent' About Hillary  Clinton's Health”
  • “Roger Stone: Huma Abedin 'Most Likely a Saudi Spy' with 'Deep, Inarguable Connections' to 'Global Terrorist Entity'”
  • “How Donald Trump made it Cool to be Gay Again”
  • “Lesbian Bridezillas Bully Bridal Shop Owner over Religious Beliefs”
  • “After the Pulse Club Massacre, it's Time for Gays to Come Home to Republican Party”
  • “The Solution to Online 'Harassment' Is Simple: Women Should Logg off”
  • “Hillary Clinton's Muslim Brotherhood Problem”
  • “Teenage Boys with Tits: Here's My Problem with Ghostbusters”
  • “Exclusive—Kimberly Guilfoyle Blows up Gretchen Carlson's Allegations against Roger Ailes: 'The Truth Should Matter”
  • “Trump 100% Vindicated: CBS Reports 'Swarm' on Rooftops Celebrating 9/11”
  • “Donald Trump Praises Breitbart's Washington Political Editor Matthew Boyle: 'Very Good Reporter'”
  • “Data: Young Muslims in the West Are a Ticking Time Bomb, Increasingly Sympathizing with Radicals, Terror”
  • “Racist, Pro-Nazi Roots of Planned Parenthood Revealed”
  • “Breitbart News Posts Factual Headline About 'Race War' Double Murder, Internet Melts Down”
  • NAACP Joins Soros Army Plotting DC Disruptions, Civil Disobedience, Mass Arrests”
  • “Exclusive—Donald Trump Plans to Continue GOP Legacy of Leading on Women's, Civil Rights against Racist, Sexists Democrats”
  • “6 Reasons Pamela Geller's Muhammad Cartoon Contest Is No Different from Selma”

Mercer Family Connection

The Mercer family provided the initial $10 million to help Steve Bannon start up Breitbart News. Since then, the site has become very successful, outdoing the Huffington Post, and ranking as the 29th most popular site in America, The Guardian reported. [15]

Rebekah Mercer is a funder and board member of the Government Accountability Institute (GAI), a conservative nonprofit investigative research organization founded by Peter Schweizer and Steve Bannon. [33]

Stance on Climate Change

November, 2016

E&E News reported on how Steve Bannon might shape Donald Trump's views on climate change, noting how the Breitbart News Network has handled climate change coverage: [16]

“Climate change” isn't real in the Breitbart News Network, and often, though not exclusively, appears in scare quotes, as does “global warming.” NOAA and NASA are full of fraudulent scientists peddling a “cynical exploitation of mass crowd hysteria,” according to Bannon's chief climate change columnist, and wind turbines are “bat-chomping, bird-slicing eco-crucifixes,” E&E News reported. [16]

The noted climate change skeptic James Delingpole, who Bannon hired to run Breitbart's office in Britain as Executive Editor, wrote in The Spectator: [17]

“One of his [Bannon's] pet peeves is the great climate-change con. It's partly why he recruited a notorious skeptic like myself.”  [17]

“Basically,” Delingpole added, “we won.” [17]

December 2, 2015

While hosting the December 2, 2015 edition of the SiriusXM radio show Breitbart News Daily, Bannon declared that the Pope has “fallen into this hysteria” about climate change. Pope Francis's encyclical on the environment calls for reduced fossil fuel use in order to help the world's poor. [18]

In the radio show, Bannon interviewed theologist Thomas D. Williams on the encyclical. Bannon said “a lot of practicing Catholics” were “quite confused” by the encyclical, and stated to Williams:

You mentioned the fact that he has got advisers around him that really crafted this message and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences has been overrun by what you call cultural Marxists.” [18]

Williams responded that the Pope’s encyclical is “closely aligned to a redistributionist mentality” and about poorer countries “looking for handouts under the guise” of reducing carbon emissions, to which Bannon replied: [18]

Yes. That’s the climate justice.” [18]

2010

In a 2010 speech at a Tea Party event in New York City, Bannon said global warming was a “manufactured crisis” (starting at [4:38] in his speech), Quartz reported: [19]

“The accumulated debt in all levels of our society pose an immediate, existential threat to America. […] Now, unlike the manufactured crisis of global warming and healthcare, this is a true crisis.” [19]

1995

In a 1995 interview for C-SPAN about Biosphere 2, as Mother Jones noted, while he was consulting for the project Bannon seems to support climate change concerns: [20], [21]

“A lot of the scientists who are studying global change and studying the effects of greenhouse gases, many of them feel that the Earth's atmosphere in 100 years is what Biosphere 2's atmosphere is today,” Bannon explained. “We have extraordinarily high CO2, we have very high nitrous oxide, we have high methane. And we have lower oxygen content. So the power of this place is allowing those scientists who are really involved in the study of global change, and which, in the outside world or Biosphere 1, really have to work with just computer simulation, this actually allows them to study and monitor the impact of enhanced CO2 and other greenhouse gases on humans, plants, and animals.” [20], [21]

Key Quotes

May 31, 2016

The following are excerpts from a Radio interview for Breitbart's radio program on Sirius XM Patriot where Bannon questioned Trump economic adviser, Stephen Moore of the Heritage Foundation, who had just published a book, Fueling Freedom: Exposing the Mad War on Energy. InsideClimateNews reported that the interview also gave a look at Bannon's views on energy policy: [22]

“We could be energy independent,” Bannon said in the interview. “There is an American renaissance, and an industrial renaissance in front of us, if we can just get the government out of our way.” [22]

“Whether you believe in alternative energy or not, one thing we can tell you for a fact—whether it works or not, that's all to be seen in the progress of time—it's up to its neck in crony capitalism,” said Bannon. “The venture capital guys getting bailed out, the private equity guys getting bailed out, subsidies for these things. [22]

“Why [have] the Republicans not had a more full-throated saying, 'No, we're just going to shut this stuff down. We don't care if the president vetoes it or not, but we're not going to fund this continual madness?' [22]

“And by the way it is madness, at least according to your book, this alternative energy which really tries to compete with dollars for fossil fuel,” Bannon said to Moore. [22]

Moore countered by saying, “I'm not against renewable energy. I'm just against taxpayer subsidies.” [22]

November 12, 2013

Speaking with The Daily Beast's Ronald Radish at a book party held in his Capitol Hill townhouse on Nov. 12, 2013, Bannon said: [23]

Lenin wanted to destroy the state, and that’s my goal too. I want to bring everything crashing down, and destroy all  of today’s establishment.” [23]

Key Deeds

March/April, 2017

The New York Times reported that Bannon's financial statements, among disclosures by Trump administration staff members, revealed that he had received more than $1 million from the conservative network that included at least $500,000 from entities connected Robert Mercer and Rebekah Mercer. [45], [46]

In addition to the $191,000 Bannon recieved from Breitbart News, he also received $125,333 from Cambridge Analytica, the data firm that worked for Trump's campaign and whhich also had major backing to the Mercers. [47]

February 23, 2017

Steve Bannon made a public appearance at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), The Guardian reported via Reuters. Bannon criticized the mainstream media for misrepresenting Donald Trump, See video below. [24]

“If you think they’re going to give you your country back without a fight, you’re sadly mistaken,” Bannon told the crowd.  “The mainstream media better understand something: all of those promises are going to be implemented,” he concluded. [24]

January, 2017

An executive order by Donald Trump formally have Steve Bannon a seat on the National Security Council’s principals committee. Bannon held that position unitl April 5, 2017, when Trump reorganized his National Security Council. The same executive order removed the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the director of national intelligence, and the secretary of energy. [25], [44]

“Their new diminished role is not unprecedented, but some still find it a troubling piece of this larger picture,” Foreign Policy (FPwrote. [26]

FP reported that, even before he was given the seat, Bannon had been making decisions with little input from the National Security Council staff. [26]

He is running a cabal, almost like a shadow NSC,” an intelligence official said. “They ran all of these executive orders outside of the normal construct,” he added. [26]

November 15, 2016

Donald Trump appointed Steve Bannon as his chief strategist. Democrats rejected the appointment, and demanded that President-elect Donald Trump rescind the appointment, Politico reported. [27]

Bannon “in the White House is a major mistake,” Vermont Sen. Patrick Leahy said. “Instead of bringing the country together, it condones intolerance, hate and disinformation.” [27]

“We call on President-elect Trump to exclude the proponents of discrimination and hatred from the ranks of his administration, and that includes immediately firing Steve Bannon as his chief strategist,” said Oregon Sen. Jeff Merkley. [27]

Quite frankly,” Hawaii Sen. Mazie Hirono said, “it’s sad that we are having a debate about whether a white supremacist should serve as a senior counselor to the president-elect.” [27]

August 17, 2016

Mr Trump appointed Bannon as campaign CEO in August 2016, The New York Times reported. [28]

Critics spoke out against Bannon's appointment by Donald Trump, arguing that as head of Breitbart News he had “helped propel a divisive strain of white nationalism,” wrote the Financial Times. [29]

The racist, fascist extreme right is represented footsteps from the Oval Office. Be very vigilant America,” tweeted John Weaver, a Republican strategist. [29]

The Southern Poverty Law Center accused Bannon of being the “main driver behind Breitbart becoming a white ethno-nationalist propaganda mill.” The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) also opposed Bannon's appointment. [29][3]

“It is easy to see why the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) views Trump as their champion when Trump appoints one of the foremost peddlers of white supremacist themes and rhetoric as his top aide,'' Adam Jentleson, spokesman for Senate Democrat Harry Reid, said in a statement.  [3]

David Duke, former Ku Klux Klan leader, also praised Bannon's appointment: [30]

You have an individual, Mr Bannon, who’s basically creating the ideological aspects of where we’re going,” he told CNN. “And ideology ultimately is the most important aspect of any government.” [30]

August 17, 2016

The Washington Post reported that Rebekah Mercer played a key role in introducing Stephen Bannon to Donald Trump at a fundraising event: [31]

According to three Republicans familiar with that event, Trump was confronted by several supporters there, including mega-donor Rebekah Mercer, about news reports on his advisers’ desire to tame his personality” The Washington Post reported. “Trump was visibly infuriated at the news stories, the Republicans said, and he conferred with Mercer about potential steps he might take to remake his campaign and populate his inner circle with voices more like his own. Bannon’s name soon came up.” [31]

July 10, 2016

Writing at Breitbart, Bannon accused the “Left” of a “plot to take down America” by a focus on police shootings of black citizens. He argued that police officers slain in Dallas were murdered “by a #BlackLivesMatter-type activist-turned-sniper.” He accused the mainstream media of a “bait-and-switch as reporters and their Democratic allies and mentors seek to twist the subject from topics they don't like to discuss—murderers with evil motives—to topics they do like to discuss, such as gun control.” [32]

May 5, 2015

The Government Accountability Institute (GAI), a conservative nonprofit investigative research organization founded by Peter Schweizer and Steve Bannon, conducted research for the 2015 book Clinton Cash: The Untold Story of How and Why Foreign Governments and Businesses Helped Make Bill and Hillary Rich. The book was later adapted into a film and graphic novel. [7]

GAI obtained the information behind the book by trolling “The Deep Web” for information, a process requiring extensive computing power. [7]

Published in May by HarperCollins, Bloomberg reported the book” dominated the political landscape for weeks and probably did more to shape public perception of Hillary Clinton than any of the barbs from her Republican detractors.”  [7]

Notably, Rebekah Mercer is a funder and board member of the Government Accountability Institute. [33]

February, 2014

When Breitbart.com expanded to Britain, they recruited noted climate change denier James Delingpole for the position of execuitve editor. The Guardian reported that the announcement of the London expansions was coupled with a similar announcement for a Texas team, run under Brandon Darby. “We look at London and Texas as two fronts in our current cultural and political war,” said Breitbart's executive chairman Stephen Bannon. [34]

“There is a growing global anti-establishment revolt against the permanent political class at home [in the US], and the global elites that influence them, which impacts everyone from Lubbock to London.

This expansion is a recognition that technology has removed the barriers that limit the reach of the news that shapes our day-to-day lives and the media establishment that once monopolised it.” [34]

1990s

Steve Bannon was hired to take over the Biosphere 2 project, a self-contained ecosystem built in Arizona in the early '90s, which was intended to test whether people could survive if it became necessary to build similar facilities in outer space. While the original project focused on survival—scientists tried to live two years inside a literal bubble—the project changed under Bannon to focus on researching environmental issues like air pollution and climate change, Mother Jones reported in 2016. [21]

Bannon initially quit the project in late 1993 when Space Biosphere Ventures refused to accept Bannon's proposal to remove top Biosphere 2 management. However, he returned as CEO in the following year when they gave into his requests. Upon Bannon's return, two of the original eight researchers “staged a mutiny,” as Motherboard  described it.”They opened doors and broke glass seals, letting outside air into the dome,” the Chicago Tribune originally reported in 1994. “In no way was it sabotage,” said Abigail Alling, one of the researchers. “It was my responsibility.” [35], [36]

Bannon left the project after two years, however a civil lawsuit was filed against Space Biosphere Ventures by the former crew members who around the time of his departure. During a 1996 trial, Bannon testified that he had called one of the plaintiffs a “self-centered, deluded young woman” and a “bimbo.” He also testified, after she had submitted a complaint about safety issues at the site, he promised to shove the complaint “down her fucking throat.”  At the end of the trial, Space Biosphere Ventures was ordered by the court to pay them $600,000, but also ordered the plaintiffs to pay the company $40,089 for the damage they had caused. [37], [38], [39]

Bannon notably produced a movie starring Val Kilmer titled The Steam Experiment (aka The Chaos Experiment), which LA Weekly noted shared similarities with the real-life experiment as both the movie and the Biosphere 2 project “featured equal numbers of men and women taking part in an unprecedented experiment where they’re contained in a quarantined space to see what happens.” [40]

Affiliations

Other Affiliations

  • American Vantage Media Corp. (wholly-owned subsidiary of American Vantage Companies) CEO (May 1, 2004 to March 2005), President (until March 2005). Consultant (January 2004 - April 2004). [1]
  • American Vantage Companies — Director (May 2002 to March 2005) and Vice Chairman (until March, 2005). [1]
  • Genius Products, Inc. — Chief Executive Officer and President (Feb 2005 -). Co-Chairman until Sept, 2005. [1]
  • The Firm — Head, Strategic Advisory Services (April 2002 - December 2003). [1]
  • Jefferies & Company Inc. — Managing Director and Head of media and entertainment investment banking (July 2000 - April 2002). [1]
  • SG Cowan Securities Corporation — July 1998 to March 2000.  [1]
  • Genius Products, Inc. — Chairman (September 30, 2005 –), Director (March 2005 –). [1]
  • Points International Ltd. — Chairman ( February 15, 2007 - November 2009).  [1]
  • First Look Media Inc. (AKA First Look Studios) — Chairman of the Board (December 1993 - October 1996).  Director (December 1993 – February 2004). [1]
  • Points International Ltd. — Director (February 2007 –). [1]
  • SinoFresh HealthCare Inc. — Director (September, 2003 – March 12, 2007). [1]
  • SARS Corporation — Director (October, 2007 –). [1]

Social Media

Publications

Breitbart News

Resources

  1. Executive Profile,” Stephen K. Bannon,” Bloomberg. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/SksPP

  2. (Press Release). “President-Elect Donald J. Trump Announces Senior White House Leadership Team,” GreatAgain, November 13, 2016. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/mNNEx

  3. Steve Bannon: Who is Trump's key adviser? BBC News, February 6, 2017. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/JEnbs

  4. Breitbart News Corporate Statement on Stephen K. Bannon,” Breitbart News, August 17, 2016. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/7LkCQ

  5. David Bauder. “Editor: Breitbart plans to be 'best place for news on Trump',” AP, November 14, 2016. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/0HMIR

  6. Mark D. Faram. “Trump's controversial new adviser promoted conservatism even in the Navy,” MilitaryTimes, August 20, 2016. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/nJJjI

  7. Joshua Green. “This Man Is the Most Dangerous Political Operative in America,” Bloomberg, October 8, 2015. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/sHoKR

  8. Paul Farhi. “How Breitbart has become a dominant voice in conservative media,” The Washington Post, January 27, 2016. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/yoex0

  9. Robert Davi: Donald Trump is the John Wayne of Politics,” Breitbart, November 30, 2015. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/1RIsG

  10. Album Bokhara and Milo Yiannopoulos. “An Establishment Conservative’s Guide To The Alt-Right,” Breitbart, March 29, 2016. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/ugLTz

  11. Sarah Posner. “How Donald Trump's New Campaign Chief Created an Online Haven for White Nationalists,” Mother Jones, August 22, 2016. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/cYSgS

  12. Ben Shapiro. “I Know Trump's New Campaign Chairman, Steve Bannon. Here's What You Need To Know.” The Daily Wire, August 17, 2016. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/NMKJv

  13. Denise Robbins. “Before Joining Trump White House, Steve Bannon Ran A Website That Viciously Attacked Climate Scientists,” Media Matters, November 15, 2016. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/Bo3Of

  14. Breitbart News’ Worst Headlines,” Media Matters, August 17, 2016. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/GTksY

  15. Carole Cadwalladr. “Robert Mercer: the big data billionaire waging war on mainstream media,” The Guardian, February 26, 2017. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/EA2XE

  16. Erika Solstad. “How Steve Bannon is shaping Trump's views on 'climate change',” E&E News, November 18, 2016. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/9L3kE

  17. James Delingpole. “It's tough being the only British journalist who's right about everything,” The Spectator, November 19, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/QvHwM

  18. Breitbart News Daily - Dr. Thomas D. Williams - December 2, 2015,” Breitbart via Soundcloud, December 2, 2015. Archive .mp3 on file at DeSmog.

  19. Gwynn Guilford and Nikhil Sonnad. “What Steve Bannon really wants,” Quartz, February 3, 2017. Archived March 2, 2017. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/rdDPt

  20. Steve Bannon and Biosphere 2 Steve Bannon and the Biosphere 2 project,” C-SPAN, August 26, 2016.

  21. Tim Murphy. “Trump’s Campaign CEO Ran a Secretive Sci-Fi Project in the Arizona Desert,” Mother Jones, August 26, 2016. Archived March 2, 2017. Archived .mp4 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/TIGLm

  22. “Steve Bannon's Trip From Climate Conspiracy Theorist to Trump's White House,” InsideClimate News, November 16, 2016. Archived May 2, 2016. Archived .mp3 on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/j2qaR

  23. Ronald Radish. “Steve Bannon, Trump's Top Guy, Told Me He Was 'A Leninist' Who Wants To ‘Destroy the State’,” The Daily Beast, August 21, 2016. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/tWGnC

  24. Bannon scorns media in rare public appearance at CPAC – video,” The Guardian, February 23, 2017. Archived February 27, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/iqdRE

  25. Julian Borger and Spencer Ackerman. “Steve Bannon's role in inner circle of Trump team raises fears of security crisis,” The Guardian, January 31, 2017. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/yS1PP

  26. Kate Brannen. “Steve Bannon Is Making Sure There’s No White House Paper Trail, Says Intel Source,” Foreign Policy, January 30, 2017. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/NbyVb

  27. Nolan D. McCaskill. “Democrats demand that Trump rescind Bannon appointment,Politico, November 15, 2016. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/shDxW

  28. Jonathan Martin, Jim Gutenberg, and Magie Habermas. “Donald Trump Appoints Media Firebrand to Run Campaign,” The New York Times, August 17, 2016. Archived .pdf one ill at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Mao3c

  29. Demetria Sevastopulo and Sam Fleming. “Trump appointment of Bannon raises ‘white nationalist’ fears,” Financial Times, November 14, 2016. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/fZ0hj

  30. Andrew Kaczynski and Chris Massie. “White nationalists see advocate in Steve Bannon who will hold Trump to his campaign promises,” CNN, November 15, 2016. Archived February 28, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/AfMmt

  31. Robert Costa, Jose A. DelReal, and Jenna Johnson. “Trump shakes up campaign, demotes top adviser,” The Washington Post, August 17, 2016. Archived February 27, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/9SnjF

  32. Stephen K. Bannon. “Sympathy for the Devils: The Plot Against Roger Ailes — and America,” Breitbart, July 10, 2016. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/vTggZ

  33. Joshua Green and Zachary Mider. “New Super-PAC Launches for Donors Who Won't Back Trump But Loathe Clinton,” Bloomberg, June 21, 2016. Archived February 27, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/qcEDG

  34. Roy Greenslade. “James Delingpole and Raheem Kassam head Breitbart's new London team,” The Guardian, February 17, 2014. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/P3p8P

  35. Samantha Cole. “The Strange History of Steve Bannon and the Biosphere 2 Experiment,” Motherboard, November 15, 2016. Archived March 2, 2016. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/W7DoH

  36. George de Lama. “Biosphere 2 Proves A Hothouse For Trouble,” Chicago Tribune, April 16, 1994. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/d6WD9

  37. Political Notebook: Trump point man's bullying goes back to Biosphere,” Arizona Daily Star, Aguust 25, 2016. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/xlPbI

  38. Eric Stern. “Manager vowed revenge on Alling, her lawyer says,Tucson Citizen, May 24, 1996. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/f3MRU

  39. SBV firm on 'sabotage' claim, Tucson Citizen, June 1, 1996. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/nmpWL

  40. April Wolfe. “The Story Behind Steve Bannon's Hilariously Terrible Movie About the Horrors of Climate Science,” LA Weekly, February 15, 2017. Archived March 2, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/8XawS

  41. Breitbart plans global domination after helping send Donald Trump to White House,” Independent, November 16, 2016. Archived March 1, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/fUu1h

  42. “Form 990 Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax: GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY INSTITUTE” (PDF), Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved from DocumentCloud. Archived .pdf on file at DeSmog.

  43. Government Accountability Institute,” SourceWatch. Accessed March 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/XH2TQ

  44. Jennifer Jacobs. “Bannon Taken Off Trump National Security Council in Shake-Up,” Bloomberg, April 5, 2017. Archived April 5, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/zy9qN

  45. Steve Eder, Eric Lipton and Andrew W. Lehren. “Trump Aides’ Disclosures Reveal Surge in Lucrative Political Work,” The New York Times, April 2, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/Bodku

  46. Who’s Worth What at the White House: The Financial Disclosures,The New York Times, March 31, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/qER9c

  47. Michael Kranish. “Trump’s plan for a comeback includes building a ‘psychographic’ profile of every voter,” The Washington Post, October 27, 2016. Archived March 8, 2017. Archive.is URLhttps://archive.is/EYVr3

  48. Rachael Revesz. “Steve Bannon’s data firm in talks for lucrative White House contracts,” Independent, November 23, 2016. Archived April 10, 2017. Archive.is URL: https://archive.is/6F3Fi

Other Resources

Image of Steve Bannon by Gage Skidmore via Wikimedia Commons.